The Stack Overflow podcast is back! Listen to an interview with our new CEO.

Questions tagged [ethics]

For questions about ethics, a branch of philosophy dealing with morality, justice, virtue, vice, good and evil.

Filter by
Sorted by
Tagged with
7
votes
4answers
409 views

I'm being drafted to the military but I have the option to refuse (legally), would it be immoral for me to serve?

I’m set to enlist in the Israel Defense Forces but I have the option to exempt from the military if I wish to. So I’m in a big moral dilemma on whether I should serve or not, I’m currently leaning ...
1
vote
2answers
32 views

In the philosophy of Josiah Royce, is there a tension between the individual and society?

I'm reading through Josiah Royce's view on the self and this is what I think he believes the tension to be between the individual and society: "The tension between the individual and society is ...
1
vote
2answers
50 views

What is the link with nihilism and hypocrisy?

What is the link with nihilism and hypocrisy? I know that Nietzsche mentions hypocrisy. I think to the effect that the old values helped it flourish, that it is now debased, with at least the ...
1
vote
1answer
41 views

Love triangle: ethical state

An ethical problem: Daniel is in love with Rose, who is in a long-term romantic relationship with David. Rose enjoys Daniel's love. Daniel asks Rose that David should know that they text each other, ...
-1
votes
0answers
30 views

Is reverse Injustice Mercy or Justice or both of them?, Hence, is Justice reverse both Mercy and Injustice?

Approximately, there's no doubt about considering Justice reverse Injustice. But the doubt is about Mercy. In new approach I indicated that it's more accurate to define Mercy as Inversed (Reversed) ...
-1
votes
2answers
74 views

Is Mercy for the Merciful, Justice for the Just and Injustice for the Unjust constitute a type of Justice? [closed]

Of course, there are types of Justice found in Philosophy, Social studies and Humanities like: - Distributive. - Retributive. - Compensatory. - Procedural. All of these types speak about a style of ...
2
votes
1answer
94 views

Morality, Animal Cruelty, and Non-Vegetarianism

This is a very common question, but I've always been torn about how I can give a rational moral justification for being a non-vegetarian. Is it not hypocritical for me to condemn other acts of animal ...
0
votes
1answer
363 views

Is Mercy Reverse Injustice or Reversed Injustice? [closed]

The problem, so easily, is that: To have Mercy is to abuse against myself,i.e: to loss, or to give up some rights of mine to the real abuser or the real oppressor or whoever does the act of Injustice. ...
1
vote
1answer
80 views

The Full Scope of Sloth [closed]

Disclaimer one: I am not a Christian, nor do I have any religious agendas with this post. Disclaimer two: This is a quite lengthy post, with a considerable amount of preliminary stuff, and also a few ...
0
votes
0answers
27 views

Is ethics (and its content) based on idiosyncratic arguments, interpretations or expectations? [closed]

As the title indicates, I'd like to know how ethics is affected by subjective and idiosyncratic judgement. Think, for instance, about how care, respect, or empathy can be defined. How do we decide if ...
0
votes
1answer
74 views

Can responsibility or the lack thereof justify self-defence?

Ryan Cheyney argues that when an innocent Victim defends himself against an Aggressor by killing the Aggressor, he can justify his killing the Aggressor by saying he was not responsible for killing ...
1
vote
1answer
61 views

Can we be morally responsible for our actions when luck is concerned?

I came across an argument against moral responsibility that follows like this: P1 A person P is morally responsible for the occurring of an event only if the event was not a matter of luck. ...
1
vote
1answer
42 views

If we are rationally obliged to be moral, and morality is not arbitrary, then are some decisions not freely made?

If we are rationally obliged to be moral, and morality is not arbitrary, then are some decisions not freely made? I mean 'not arbitrary' to mean that some values, e.g. courage, are more rational than ...
7
votes
5answers
238 views

Why is murder wrong?

Let's start with the idea that for something to be wrong it has to harm a conscious being, in this case a human. This could involve active harm (punching them), or harm which they remain ignorant of. ...
-2
votes
1answer
60 views

What would you do? [closed]

To give some background, I'm trained in biology (UCSC) and seem to have a knack for it. My success with software probably gives credibility to my ability with simple logic. I've worked on a long term ...
3
votes
1answer
146 views

Why did Kant condemn masturbation?

That such an unnatural use (and so misuse) of one's sexual attributes is a violation of one's duty to himself and is certainly in the highest degree opposed to morality strikes everyone upon his ...
1
vote
1answer
80 views

What did Camus want to say in his book The Fall?

'So tell me, please, what happened to you one evening on the banks of Seine and how you managed never to risk your life. Say the words that for years have not ceased to echo through my nights and that ...
1
vote
3answers
105 views

Evil for its own sake

My readings/beliefs about weakness of will have led me to think that "evil for its own sake" is impossible. Yet, some actions seem to be done as such. So I think this difference is important: (A) I ...
2
votes
1answer
31 views

What were the moral and aesthetic ideas that Camus was interested in?

I have read most of the books by Albert Camus thoroughly. I know that Camus' theory is absurdity but I want to know his take on morality. I mean, what were the moral and aesthetic ideas that Camus was ...
-1
votes
0answers
68 views

Is it morally wrong to be happy while knowing that people somewhere are suffering?

Most people tend to be happy when things are going well in their life. For example, they are doing well on their jobs or they are getting married and so forth. However, they are also fully aware of ...
4
votes
2answers
94 views

Is it less immoral to lie to the less intelligent (moral deceptionism)?

According to Hugo Grotius, it is not immoral to lie to someone who does not possess "the right to exercise liberty of judgment". He then proceeded to give two examples: (i) you cannot lie to a madman (...
1
vote
1answer
52 views

Looking for existing discourse on the category of fallacies exemplified by “paradox of tolerance”

Popper coined the phrase "paradox of tolerance" when discussing how unlimited tolerance is self-contradictory (paradoxical) in that it precludes self-preservation (resisting intolerance). The seeming ...
0
votes
2answers
80 views

Taking help after feeling suicidal is ethical or not?

A true case : Suppose a student is feeling helpless, alone because he has just shifted to a new city in a foreign country and is unable to find a place to live because rents are too high. Also, he ...
3
votes
0answers
27 views

What is a good example where the Doctrine of Double Effect is inconsistent?

Our ethics class was just analyzing the DDE and the professor tried to draw a parallel between two cases to show how the DDE isn't perfect. The first case had the scenario where a trolley is rolling ...
1
vote
1answer
86 views

Is willful ignorance ethically acceptable? [closed]

Disclaimer: This is an open/opinion based question. Coming from StackOverflow something like this isn't looked fondly upon but I hope it's more commonly accepted practice over here. Also I am not a ...
4
votes
6answers
365 views

Are “universal human rights” demonstrable? How?

Are "universal human rights" (as per definitions by United Nations or others who try to argue for them) demonstrateable? How? I personally question this concept due to several reasons: Universality ...
28
votes
13answers
11k views

Was Robin Hood's point of view ethically sound?

The story of Robin Hood was a favourite of mine as a child. But as an adult, I am beginning to change my mind for a couple of reasons. The first being that if we assume a free market exists, ...
2
votes
3answers
103 views

How does Spinoza derive his ethics while keeping with his definition of an “unfree” Will

In the Ethics, Spinoza does refute any definition of Will as being free, as Will for men is an illusion which proceeds from inadequate ideas and Will for God is that of the necessity of his Being. ...
6
votes
2answers
101 views

The concept of eudaimonia

The usual definitions of eudaimonia as "happiness" or "flourishing" or the like, don't seem to fit the actual translation of the word. The word means "a good spirit," where "spirit" has semi-mystical ...
0
votes
1answer
54 views

Is there any ethical system wherein all obligations are prohibitions against an action?

Is there any ethical system wherein all obligations are prohibitions against an action? So, thou shalt not kill. But never, help those in need of it, or be kind to those you have been unreasonable to,...
1
vote
0answers
66 views

How much censorship is justified for a free society's survival? [closed]

JFK discusses self-censorship in the interests of "the common good" in the linked speech "that killed him", and it is key to the reasons I have asked this question. What are the positions in ethics ...
2
votes
1answer
124 views

The Sartre Paradox

"According to Sartre, humans are the only beings that dont have an essence." Do't look a little "weird" J.P Sartre, tells that the "Man is comdemned to be free", in case conjuring that, the freedom ...
2
votes
0answers
38 views

How to argue that some inequality is justifiable in order to maximize the well-being of the worst off in Rawls's theory of justice?

In context, I have to describe what we think is a just society by Rawls theory of justice. I want to try and use Scandinavia, for example, the Nordic Model as a representation as a just society. ...
3
votes
2answers
119 views

What is the difference between praxis and poiesis?

I have found online this distinction, but I cannot wrap my mind around it: poiesis - means 'to make'; it is an action that transforms; it refers to 'bringing-forth'; a threshold occasion: a ...
4
votes
2answers
68 views

Why did Kant think that you should be responsible for the consequences of lying but not for the consequences of telling the truth?

Can someone here clarify what Kant meant with the following statement: if you have by a lie prevented someone just now bent on murder from committing the deed, then you are legally accountable for ...
0
votes
1answer
64 views

Do Nietzscheans think not lying to yourself has intrinsic value?

Do Nietzscheans think not lying to yourself has intrinsic value? It's just a guess, that they might, even though Nitezsche claimed "everything is permitted". I don't think it works completely in the ...
0
votes
2answers
116 views

What do we mean by “impossible” when we say “morality does not require doing the impossible”?

"Morality does not require us to do the impossible" has long been an axiom in ethics, but the definition of "impossible" seems to be vague when we examine some extreme cases. For example, silly ...
2
votes
1answer
46 views

Are there any notable works that touch on pursuing a moral good that is likely futile?

I'm slightly at a loss for the correct terminology and context here.. Apologies if the question isn't all that precise. It is relatively uncontroversial to state that if someone identifies a morally ...
5
votes
9answers
644 views

What are the basis of all or a majority of moral systems?

What are the basis of all or a majority of moral systems? By basis, I intend to say "core principles" of all or a majority of moral systems. After analyzing moral systems, I found that most of them ...
1
vote
1answer
25 views

Why does the ethical doctrine of double effect presume “the bad consequence is not a means to the good consequence”?

I trust it's obvious why this presumption looks as it is supposed to - "the bad consequence IS a means to the good consequence"? Consider Herring's example on p. 169 with the surgeon. If the bad ...
2
votes
1answer
198 views

Does Gandhi's paraphrase of Augustine's phrase distort its meaning?

His [St. Augustine's] Letter 211 (c. 424) contains the phrase Cum dilectione hominum et odio vitiorum, which translates roughly to “With love for mankind and hatred of sins.” The phrase has become ...
1
vote
0answers
25 views

How does particularism fare with descriptive relativisim and its relation to moral skepticism?

As I understand it, descriptive relativism, acknowledging that there are very many disagreements about morality, ones which are often practically intractable, feeds into moral skepticism. As I'd ...
0
votes
0answers
85 views

Is brain reward hacking immoral?

Consider the following scenarios, each of which at their core refer to a form of 'reward hacking'. Based on personal observation, each scenario below generally elicits an immediate, visceral feeling ...
1
vote
3answers
83 views

Do percentages of negative things in a given sample matter more or less than the quantity of negative things?

Do percentages of negative things in a given sample matter more or less than the quantity of negative things? And is there a name for this concept? Is it some sort of fallacy to appeal to percentages? ...
4
votes
3answers
989 views

Authors on the Credibility and Corruption of Modern Science

During the Renaissance and Industrial eras science was a way to remove superstition, religious misconception, and irrational fears. The scientific method was proved to be valid and available to ...
7
votes
8answers
3k views

What is to be understood by the phrase “Israel's right to exist”? [closed]

As someone who is interested in the Israeli-Palestinian question one phrase that comes up in the pro-Israeli position is the insistence that the Palestinians recognise '"Israel's right to exist". ...
1
vote
0answers
41 views

Death in utilitaranism

Define utilitarian: Utilitarianism is a family of consequentialist ethical theories that promotes actions that maximize happiness and well-being for the majority of a population. (Wikipedia) Is ...
1
vote
3answers
86 views

Reconciling Utilitarianism and Rawls's Theory of Justice as Fairness

I will argue that John Stuart Mill's greatest happiness principle (GHP) should be revised to avoid problematic implications and to better fit humans' intuitive sense of morality. Furthermore, the ...
0
votes
1answer
145 views

Does anyone claim freedom toward death is not for me, but for others?

My "freedom toward death" (Being and Time, p255, SUNY Press, 1 Jan 1996) is key for authenticity, according to Heidegger. It seems obvious that he means that this freedom is me, and that claim for be ...
3
votes
1answer
163 views

Why do we punish crime?

I have no formal training whatsoever in philosophy but have a question nonetheless. I am sorry if this is way off topic for this site. Crime begets punishment: let us say that punishment is prison. ...