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Questions tagged [ethics]

For questions about ethics, a branch of philosophy dealing with morality, justice, virtue, vice, good and evil.

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The Self-Undermining Arguments from Disagreement

I recently watched this video (this paper seems to argue the same thing), where, near the end of the video, a very interesting argument against the Argument from Disagreement (where, moral skeptics ...
Sam Cao's user avatar
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2 votes
0 answers
39 views

How do ethical intuitionists avoid relativism?

Why doesn't ethical intuitionism (the form which actually uses intuition as the foundation of morality rather than some other non-inferential method) fall into relativism? It seems that different ...
edelex's user avatar
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2 votes
4 answers
138 views

Will it be right to enslave AI?

This question has been boggling my mind for quite some time now. As we see the clear rise of artistic content made by AI, we also see people consuming the artificial content. There was this post in ...
Pranjal Kumar's user avatar
1 vote
4 answers
186 views

Do general "oughts" imply "cans"?

Does "ought" generally imply "can"? Suppose someone ought to change the flickering lightbulb. Does that mean someone can? Does it mean that someone who "ought to" can? ...
andrós's user avatar
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6 votes
9 answers
5k views

Is it rational for heterosexuals to be proud that they were born heterosexual? [closed]

Throughout my life, I have often heard from individuals in our nation's news organizations, from those in Academia, from local/state/federal government officials, from corporate human resources ...
user57467's user avatar
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5 votes
8 answers
1k views

According to Atheistic/Agnostic Worldviews, what is the basis for morality? [duplicate]

Western Societies have laws that prevent abhorrent acts like murder, rape, pedophilia, fraud, slavery, and other crimes from happening. These acts seem to be seen as "immoral", in other ...
telion's user avatar
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-1 votes
1 answer
49 views

How does utilitarianism deal with threats to others which depend on your actions?

If I was told that if I don't, for example, sit down, someone would commit an act of terrorism, would I be morally obligated to sit down under utilitarianism? On one hand, it would minimise suffering, ...
edelex's user avatar
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-1 votes
2 answers
80 views

What is the rationale behind mandating capital punishment for non homicide crimes or crimes that don't cause permanent unmanageable suffering?

Are the arguments in favour of this sound ? And leaving out deterrence from the equation entirely. Can capital punishment for such crimes ever be proportionate from a retributive justice perspective ...
Throwaw Account's user avatar
4 votes
2 answers
203 views

Is it philosophically justifiable to consider sexual assault worse than murder? [closed]

It appears to me that many people consider sexual assault worse than murder. For example, It seems generally acceptable to make jokes about murder, as long as their are no particularly graphic ...
Grzegorczyk's user avatar
0 votes
0 answers
31 views

Is Nietzsche's last man authentically envious?

Is the last man an authentically envious person (or state of mind), devising ways to steal what others will have, their happiness, and what they would be jealous of if it came to pass? I think it ...
andrós's user avatar
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5 votes
8 answers
2k views

Do ends really exist?

When planning or strategizing in everyday life, it's useful to distinguish between goals ("ends") and the tools or techniques one will apply to try to achieve them ("means"). For ...
Jacob Manaker's user avatar
2 votes
1 answer
56 views

Is health as much a philosophical question as a medical question? [closed]

This website, "Philosophy", directly deals with cultural attitudes to violence and to sex. I believe we are desensitized to violence through media coverage, entertainment, sports, the ...
Piano Improvman's user avatar
0 votes
1 answer
50 views

Revisiting Nietzsche and Scheler's Philosophies of Ressentiment

One often hears Nietzsche's views on ressentiment cited, but I contend that they are resentful. Nietzsche considered ressentiment as a central theme of his philosophy describing it as feelings of ...
Paradox Lost's user avatar
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2 votes
0 answers
22 views

Is Moral Attraction the Key to Avoiding Berkeleyean Solipsism?

Bishop Berkeley’s philosophy is often characterized as idealist, but this is a hasty generalization and false advertising. It is deeply empirical, grounded in observations about human perception and ...
Paradox Lost's user avatar
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3 votes
3 answers
152 views

Is Tipping Morally Justifiable?

Those subscribing more to an individualistic rather than cosmopolitan conception of capitalism often make utilitarian claims for justifying the moral practice of tipping. In light of utilitarian ...
Paradox Lost's user avatar
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3 votes
2 answers
54 views

Ethics based on maximizing "understanding"

Can we declare that the ultimate moral good is to maximize understanding of deep truths, and all else follows from that? The main thing that could morally distinguish humans from other animals is that ...
causative's user avatar
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-1 votes
5 answers
154 views

Why are most utilitarians not eugenicists?

I'm not a utilitarian, nor am I a eugenicist, but it seems to me that a utilitarian should support the accelerated adaptation of the human genome to try to mitigate things like genetic disorders or ...
edelex's user avatar
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3 votes
0 answers
93 views

is there a civic and/or moral duty or obligation for one to be an 'active citizen in a democracy'? [closed]

reading a post on daily nous the other day, i saw the comment by columbia college chicago professor s. asma that students cannot just learn about game design and digital editing, and not learn about ...
ac15's user avatar
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7 votes
2 answers
108 views

Kant's "it is reprehensible in the highest degree" remark

At one point in the first Critique, Kant says: But as regards the principles of ethics, of legislation, and of religion, spheres in which ideas alone render experience possible, although they never ...
Kristian Berry's user avatar
7 votes
7 answers
883 views

Why are philosophers so unrespected and have so little influence [closed]

I was reading an ancient book (written about a thousand years ago) discussing various philosophical and theological issues. The religious participant in the conversation made the observation that ...
Schmerel's user avatar
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1 vote
0 answers
70 views

What moral philosophers would say it is ever permitted to dehumanize others?

What moral philosophers would say it is ever permitted to dehumanize others? Obviously, I haven't defined 'dehumanize', but that may not suffice to make the question unanswerable. I ask becasue I ...
andrós's user avatar
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2 votes
3 answers
79 views

Recommendations on moral philosophy [closed]

I am a complete beginner to philosophy, but I would like to understand certain topics and I would appreciate it if you give me recommendations about what to read. Nowadays, I am mostly interested in ...
Ilaha Bakirli's user avatar
3 votes
2 answers
289 views

Historiography of the Holocaust and its ethical dimension [closed]

I am interested in understanding the development of Holocaust historiography and how the process of documenting and accounting for World War II, especially the Holocaust, unfolded during the 20th ...
SAFI's user avatar
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7 votes
3 answers
389 views

Are social medias unethical on the basis that they are too addictive?

Many of my friends spend hours and hours mindlessly scrolling on TikTok and Instagram each day. They benefit very little from this, if at all, and it saps big chunks from their day. I've been there ...
Peter's user avatar
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0 votes
0 answers
28 views

Are Wittgenstein's aesthetic and ethical claims during the Tractatus period meant to be descriptive or prescriptive?

Are Wittgenstein's aesthetic and ethical claims during the Tractatus period meant to be descriptive or prescriptive? I read it, followed the argument and forgot most of it, but I can recall that ...
andrós's user avatar
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0 votes
0 answers
31 views

Can this argument for particularism be applied to egoism?

https://wab.uib.no/agora/tools/alws/collection-8-issue-1-article-5.annotate how can we hold on to moral principles in the face of the seeming impossibility to formulate a moral principle which is ...
andrós's user avatar
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1 vote
1 answer
52 views

What amount of egoism is natural, even necessary, even moral? [closed]

In his second theorem in the Critique of Practical Reason, Kant states that a rational being's consciousness of the agreeableness of life accompanying his whole existence is happiness, and the ...
Gerry's user avatar
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5 votes
3 answers
2k views

'I can consent to be coerced at a later time' Is this a logical paradox?

The sentence seems to be a paradox. Defining coerce as persuading an unwilling person, while also having agreed to be persuaded would indicate you are not unwilling. Does this line of reasoning make ...
Hooman's user avatar
  • 177
2 votes
2 answers
118 views

Ethics of the unborn/non-sentient - Conflicting ideas

I hold two positions that I find to be conflicting with each other, and I wanted to see where I am going wrong. The first position is that moral weight is predicated on sentience, something lacking ...
Aph002's user avatar
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3 votes
0 answers
35 views

Kant acknowledges physical needs as well as moral law, but has he adequately explained why one should win out over the other?

Theorem II, Book 1, of the Critique of Practical Reason acknowledges finite beings, as part of physical nature, and that they have desires and needs, specifically a need to be happy. But the Critique ...
Gerry's user avatar
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5 votes
4 answers
1k views

How can a moral antirealist make moral normative claims?

So as I understand it, normative ethics asked questions like, "what should I do?" whereas metaethics asks... "what makes something good or bad." What I'm confused about is... if ...
Ameet Sharma's user avatar
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0 votes
1 answer
59 views

Why would the ideal observer make moral judgements?

Ideal observer theory states that an action is morally right/wrong if a theoretical, impartial, ideal observer has a positive or negative attitude towards said action, and that moral claims express ...
edelex's user avatar
  • 1,079
8 votes
6 answers
942 views

Would it be possible to convince a hungry alien species that human lives are valuable?

Suppose that: an extraterrestrial species comes to earth they are vastly more intelligent than us, and are capable of easily overpowering us militarily they have moral intuitions, but different from ...
ac15's user avatar
  • 1,793
0 votes
4 answers
244 views

Does any strand, school, or proponent of moral realism say anything about what happens to moral offenders?

Suppose that: (some form of) moral realism is true, that is, there exists at least some moral claims/assertions/principles that are themselves 'true', in some adequate sense a person knows/is aware ...
ac15's user avatar
  • 1,793
3 votes
3 answers
80 views

What is the relation between a right/wrong action and a "reasonable"/"unreasonable" one?

What is the relation between a right/wrong action and a "reasonable"/"unreasonable" one? The natural law sep article equates the two, or seems to, perhaps even so far as saying ...
andrós's user avatar
  • 1,462
6 votes
3 answers
822 views

Moral Non-Realists Responses to Suffering

It seems to me that one possible grounding for objective morality is in the inherent badness of suffering. Suffering is inherently bad, I believe, by definition, and non-instrumental suffering could ...
Aph002's user avatar
  • 141
2 votes
1 answer
36 views

Are instrumental norms supposed to be taken literally?

If we have an instrumental norm such as, "If one wants to be correct, one ought to conclude in alignment with the evidence," is it supposed to be taken literally? That is, does it mean "...
edelex's user avatar
  • 1,079
2 votes
4 answers
476 views

Are humans more forgiving and merciful than God? [closed]

Christianity, Judaism, and Islam are religions that follow a belief where if you commit certain sins, you'll end up being eternally punished unless you're forgiven by a higher power. Although the ...
mkinson's user avatar
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3 votes
0 answers
130 views

Was 'life' inherently/objectively good in Nietzsche's philosophy? How to overcome Nihilism?

I understand that after Nietzsche got rid of objective morality in his philosophical process, he went ahead and claimed that even though there is no objective morality that his personal philosophy ...
How why e's user avatar
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1 vote
3 answers
104 views

What is the true nature of disgust? [closed]

“Disgust” is a multidimensional concept. When we say we find a person or their actions to cause us “disgust”, what is the underlying factor that causes this judgment? Is disgust towards people mainly ...
andrós's user avatar
  • 1,462
1 vote
0 answers
80 views

What are the earliest advocates for animal rights and/or moral equivalency between killing animals Vs. Killing humans?

The vegans make arguments that killing sentient animals is murder in the same way that it would be to kill a human. They argue that the distinction is arbitrary, and from a very rationalist, ...
TylerDurden's user avatar
1 vote
2 answers
128 views

Can rocks suffer on panpsychism?

On panpsychism, everything has consciousness. If so, does it entail that all entities in the universe, such as rocks, bricks, plants, water, air, etc., can experience suffering? If this holds, what ...
Mark's user avatar
  • 6,037
2 votes
2 answers
47 views

What is the difference between political liberalism and comprehensive liberalism?

I have seen many discussions of this difference but not one reference defines either or the difference between the two. I am working through Will Kymlicka’s (2002) Contemporary Political Philosophy (...
David's user avatar
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8 votes
6 answers
3k views

Can one be cruel to nonsentient things?

I recently read a paper in the journal "Analysis" titled, "Can one be cruel to a chair?". This got me thinking, can people be cruel to nonsentient objects? I believe that, while ...
user107952's user avatar
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8 votes
4 answers
270 views

Would reincarnated prisoners be morally obligated to finish their sentence?

For context, this question came from discussions around some sentence lengths seen in the US prison system - where individuals can end up being sentenced for terms far exceeding their possible natural ...
Fmtakan's user avatar
  • 93
3 votes
2 answers
105 views

Utilitarianism and the interests of all others

I believe that the pains and pleasures of others are just as important as my own, whether I like them or not. But I know someone who argues otherwise, and thinks that it’s a matter of complete ...
h_undatus's user avatar
  • 534
3 votes
8 answers
6k views

Should we teach abstinence (along with condoms and contraceptions) to adolescents as a preventative measure of unwanted pregnancy? [closed]

This is a follow up of my previous Abortion debate question. I confess that I have been brought up in a very traditional middle-income Indian family; and no-sex (abstinence?) before marriage is the ...
user avatar
1 vote
3 answers
165 views

Who is to blame when one person offends another?

In todays sensitive climate about [insert sensitive topic here], I often start wondering about who is to blame when one person offends another with their words or actions. On one hand, it's obviously ...
Vilx-'s user avatar
  • 149
1 vote
13 answers
2k views

Are all actually equal? [closed]

”We hold these truths to be self-evident, that all men are created equal, that they are endowed by their Creator with certain unalienable Rights, that among these are Life, Liberty and the pursuit of ...
h_undatus's user avatar
  • 534
0 votes
0 answers
22 views

Whats the point of the human function in the Nicomachean Ethics?

Is "the good" Aristotle mentions for a human just the same as saying the eudaimonia for a human (since that would seem to connect the two)? Otherwise, I do not see how he arrives at a ...
Curulian's user avatar
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