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Ethics is a branch of philosophy dealing with questions of morality, including justice, virtue and vice, and good and evil

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'What to do?' versus 'Who to be?' and the focus of moral philosophy

In Normative Ethics, Shelly Kagan writes: I have suggested that the central question of moral philosophy as a whole, and of normative ethics in particular, is how one should live. I take this ...
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Really original ideas in philosophy papers?

Plagiarism is wrong, no question. Searching the internet before writing a paper might help, but philosophy is done not only in English. There are philosophy publications of all sorts in other ...
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Classifying Arrogance

Are you aware of any philosophers who have attempted a classification of arrogance? For example, I envision arrogance as a comparison with 1) a subject, or 2) other people. An example of #1 is a ...
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What is fair in this example and why?

Imagine you're asked to decide the pay of partners that start a business. They each give you a vote of how much they should make. If they agree with each other the answer is obvious - give them what ...
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Philosophical approaches for a response to rape

I wasn't sure whether to post this here, or on law, or on politics. But I eventually landed here since this SE seemed like the most middle of the road option. My question concerns rape and how we ...
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What are the most copleentary analyses of Stirner's work

Difficult to underestimate the influence of e.g. Nietzsche, but has anyone done the same with Stirner?
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Moral skepticism and “walking the talk”

It would seem that a substantial minority of philosophers agree with the moral anti-realist position that we have a problem going from "is" to "ought"--that there is no objective correlate of the ...
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Ethics vs manipulation: Is it ethical to manipulate and is ethics a form of manipulation?

Are there ethical frameworks in which manipulation is acceptable? Knowing that we are being raised and conditioned to accept an ethical framework since early childhood is it fair to say that all ...
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How does Aristotle analyse justice in Nicomachean Ethics, V?

Aristotle draws a distinction between general and particular justice at the start of NE, V. Can anyone explain this distinction to me ? General justice seems like merely all-round moral rectitude and ...
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Why is Utilitarianism called an unfalsifiable ethic?

Is it true that Utilitarianism is not falsifiable in principle? What would be an example of falsifiable ethics?
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Can utilitarianism make anything moral if someone profits enough from it?

Ever since I first heard about utilitarian system of ethics, there is one thing that has been on my mind. Since utilitarianism is about creating the greater amount of total good (and, the smaller ...
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Maxim: **Choose Choice**

Choose choice, means: When all other things are equal, then the preferred choice would be the one that allows for the greatest number of subsequent choices. Has any philosopher proposed this or ...
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91 views

What good is it to ground morality?

What good is it to ground morality? It's a somewhat bad question. Philosophers like proving things. But, specifically, does it make me more moral if I can ground my moral values? What generated the ...
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Regardless of whether God exists, should humans separate their ethical views and moral behavior from religion? [closed]

I do not intend to argue that God does not exist and humans should use logical thinking to determine ethical behavior. I would argue that it does not matter if God exists because humans should ...
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Categorical imperative defeating division of labor?

Suppose the following maxim. Goal: satisfy basic needs: food, water, sleep, etc. Method: having a specialization, getting money for work, spend money to satisfy basic needs. Conditions: capitalism, ...
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Can my attitude kill you? Part 2

This question follows on (sort off): Can my attitude kill you? Taking attitude to mean: The unique medley of ideas that makes the person. Suppose I'm a doubly depressed neurotic pessimist. Who can ...
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Reversal of moral orientation?

Morality gives a certain structure to society. It puts everyone, or at least the majority of people, on the same page concerning how to treat others. Those that do not fit within this code of how to ...
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Is there a branch of philosophy that deals with the definitions, varieties, systems, ethics, and issues of general social equality?

Is there such a thing as a philosophy of social equality? I'm interested in current schools of thought based upon the equality of all people as a given, regardless of races, religions, sexes, spouses,...
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Can my attitude kill you?

Would it be morally reprehensible to tell a truth to someone if I know or suspect that it may cause them harm or discomfort? Of course there are trivial instances like telling a dying man he is going ...
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argument for causing species extinction is a moral wrong

While I think causing species extinction is a moral wrong, it is difficult for me to come up with a positive justification for this intuition. The most direct approach is perhaps through biodiversity. ...
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The Euthyphro Dilemma (complete philosophy newbie here)

I have never taken a philosophy course or even asked a philosophy question in my life, although I do have some experience with mathematics and some logic. So, permit me to ask a question that is not ...
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How do we define a bad person?

Considering the following facts; Some fundamental vices of human nature like greed, ignorance, lust, or the seven sins are inherent in a human which are there for not his/her choice. We don't know ...
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Is it true that 'socialization' solves all problems? [closed]

I have discovered the following formula : If any problem then socialize with right people. If hungry then I look for cook. If sad then I look for entertainers. If any dispute then I seek a authority. ...
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How do moral skeptics respond to the concept of permissible heinous acts

The Problem Let's say I am debating my friend Jake who believes that morality exists. But I am a hard determinist who believes that all actions are predetermined by some act or event beforehand. Jake ...
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Can a ban on certain words be justified rationally?

In our world there is a notion of political correctness. There are some words which can be considered rude or abusive in themselves, regardless of the thought behind them. However, this seems awkward ...
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How can we prove something ethical?

We as humans have ethics, giving us the ability to know what's good and evil, what's ethical what's not, yet what I consider ethical, others don't, so in theory how can we prove anything is ethical ...
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Can someone be a left-wing libertarian and support free speech?

Is it possible for someone with strong leftist values to support freedom of speech, even if it means hate speech?
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If a false scientific theory is seemingly 'proven', and contributes to the progress of society, is proving it wrong detrimental?

If, some well known and extremely well respected scientist of the modern world makes a seemingly unmistakable correlation between x (eating 33 bananas a day for instance) and y (ease in anxiety). The ...
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What were the changes to philosophy after the second world war?

I just want to know, like existentialism, what were the other theories in philosophy that changed due to the second world war and what new philosophical theories emerged due to the second world war.
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Is “promoting the survival of humanity” a simple formula for assessing whether a decision is ethical?

I was wondering whether it is possible to boil down ethics to a simple formula. I ended up with the formula A decision is ethical if and only if it promotes ultimately the survival of humanity. I ...
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What principle of morality can be applied in the case on Hiroshima and Nagasaki World War Bombing?

I am confused as to which principle of morality is applicable to World War II bombings. I am choosing between the lesser of two evils principles and the double effect. I think it can be justified ...
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Are human moralities morally objective or subjective or morally skeptic (always ask critical questions)?

Moral objectivism means that something that is not moral ought to change to something morally absolute or constant. Moral subjectivism means that moral ideas are relative. They can change over time. ...
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When does something immoral become morally justifiable?

There are actions in human societies which are considered immoral/unethical. Most of them have to do with causing harm to other members of the community and violating their rights as they are defined ...
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Can morality be defined as something that leads to a basic human 'purpose'?

For example, religious people define morality based on what God wants them to do. Because that's their fundamental purpose: to obey God. Other people select their purpose for life and define right ...
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Does the value of truth have an approximation threshold?

In other words, a truth value in a mathematical sense is binary, but human communication is fallible and runs the risk of fallacy, error, and distortion. The idea of being "close enough" to the truth ...
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Is (almost) every store unethical due to its pricing strategy?

Almost every store sells a majority of their products using cheap, manipulative tricks such as setting the sales price at a number ending in 9. So instead of 50, they'll ask for 49. Instead of 250, ...
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Where did the conventional notion of human nature become popularized?

Oftentimes in popular media today, we see many themes that boil down to "human nature is to be greedy" or that "human nature is to abuse power that is given". This is not always posed as a negative ...
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Do future selves have duties to the current self?

I think there are clear cases in which my future selves have rights against me (or I have duties to my future selves). For example, my future selves have the right to enjoy a healthy life and thus I ...
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Is it wrong to keep a friendship with a person who is racist?

I have grown an enjoyable friendship with a person I have known for a few years. I have become aware over time that this person is a racist in particular towards Australian Aboriginals. This person ...
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An intriguing definition of Morality

The definition of morality is a topic that is heavily debated in philosophy. In this post, I will provide a possible definition of morality and will try to argue why the definition is generalized and ...
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Morality of watching porn

Of late, I have been thinking about certain things and I am not sure if I am thinking the right way about them. I am a 23 year old Indian student. During my undergrad, like everyone else around, I ...
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Does engineering have an intrinsic moral dimension?

If you think engineering has an intrinsic moral dimension, please share your point of view. I think it does, but I would love to hear other points of view.
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What's wrong with the following argument regarding temporal limits?

Let us suppose there is a limit: you cannot buy something after 10:00PM. From the position of law, of course "cannot" must be taken directly. But from the position of common thinking, people are less ...
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How would psychological anti-egoist respond to the following argument?

At first, my theory of psychological egoism consists of perfect desires and imperfect desires. They are based on the notions of hypothetical and practical choices. Hypothetical choice - a choice ...
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Is there any normative theory within pragmatic ethics?

I've read wikipedia's article on pragmatic ethics and it does not produce any norms. Rather, it is only a template for normative ethical theories, like how deontology is a template and CI is a real ...
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It is oppressive for youths to have laws that prohibit something exclusive to them? [closed]

I don't belong to the group of youths, but one does not need to belong to the particular group in order to defend their interests, like in the case of animal rights movements. Also, I belonged to it, ...
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Nietzsche’s despising of the herd

A question that I haven’t been able to answer: Nietzsche despised the herd and mentioned in many essays that we must reevaluate our ethics and the set of moralities Christianity has provided us (not ...
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Is there a distinction between Subjective and Objective Ethics, or not?

So, from what I understand, subjective ethics refers to when one's personal taste, emotional state, and contextual situation can cause one person to reach a different moral conclusion in a situation ...
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Eating meat and the intelligence or perception of the creature create ethical morality

It struck me when we eat meat and some call this immoral, why? Is the value placed on meat based on necessity, choice, intelligence of the animal involved, means of death, life of the animal, ...
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The Moral Law and the Categorical Imperative in Kant

In the Groundwork for the Metaphysics of Morals, Kant begins his task by developing, through analysis of ordinary moral concepts, a theory of the 'supreme principle of morals,' the criteria for a ...