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Questions tagged [ethics]

For questions about ethics, a branch of philosophy dealing with morality, justice, virtue, vice, good and evil.

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Is it unethical for antinatalists to buy animal leather, if artificial leather offers much less warranty? [on hold]

I lighted upon this question at r/changemyview. Assumptions - please don't challenge these. For her birthday, I'm gifting my grandma a Steelcase office chair worth $2000 USD, with 2 choices of seat ...
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Do morality requires a grounding (especially a being)?

The Moral argument for God's existence as used by William Lane Craig is: If God doesn't exist, objective moral values do not exist. Objective moral values do exist. Therefore, God exists. Now, I ...
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3answers
91 views

Would it be ethical to use AI to determine a user’s gender from the content they upload, without them knowing?

I originally tried to find an answer on /UX but was told that this would get a better response here. I’ve been thinking about this for a while, and am unsure how the average user would feel about ...
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39 views

Are these Two Premises Potential Flaws in Kant's Moral Theory?

In the Preface of the Groundwork of the Metaphysics of Morals Kant says he believes that moral philosophy must be devoid of inputs from human nature (“anthropology”): [Starting at about 4:389] “...
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Determining Ethical System [on hold]

Is it possible to determine a moral system where the axioms aren't arbitrary? If no, then how could you prove that anything is right or wrong?
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advantages of philosophical and non-philosophical approaches [closed]

Question : Given the differences between philosophical and non-philosophical approaches to ethics, what do you think the advantages are to each? Is a philosophical approach to ethics obviously ...
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1answer
36 views

Ethics of saying “this cause is a just cause, but now is not the time to fight for it”?

This question stems from a discussion I heard with regards to LGBTQ rights in Arab and Muslim communities: Arab progressive: LGBTQ rights are very important, and I respect LGBTQ people and think ...
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For Kant, is it immoral to offer solutions that may backfire when generalized?

I once read long ago Immanuel Kant came up with a model of Maxim. What I interpreted of it is basically that "if everyone does this and it still works in the long run, then it is right." This makes ...
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Is there a perfect duty against self deception about imperfect duties?

I assume that Kant says that the categorical imperative exhausts all morality? I'm guessing so, both perfect and imperfect duties. There's, I think, a particular conclusion that appears a little ...
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30 views

How does 'moral luck' link up with 'blame'? [duplicate]

How does 'moral luck' link up with 'blame'? I have a specific question. Suppose something very evil happens, and it is reasonable to suppose that without a course of action you partook in it would not ...
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1answer
65 views

Is it ethical to profit from an anomaly at some else’s expense?

In some states in the US you can return your cans/bottles for a fee. This fee was added to your purchase and you redeem the fee by returning the can/bottle. The process of collecting your fee is ...
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1answer
52 views

Views on identity of an individual [closed]

I have been wondering for a while that I technically have specific traits of specific people around and have known the fact that humans tend to emulate other people. My question is that is it alright ...
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1answer
86 views

Is the following application of Kant's Categorical Imperative valid?

I'm reading about Kantian ethics and my question is if the maxim/prescription "Increase my Darwinian Fitness" is valid according to Kant's Categorical Imperative.
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2answers
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For Kant, is the bad will bad in itself?

I'm taking ethic classes in college and the last author we studied was Kant, in his Groundwork for the metaphysic of morals, of which we read only the first book, where Kant states the good will is ...
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2answers
103 views

What does Slavoj Zizek mean by Hegel's reading of “felix culpa”?

Recently I watched "The duel of the century" between Slavoj Zizek and Jordan Peterson. Briefly in 2:17:45 min. Zizek points out to Hegel reading of "The story of the fall", a quote from Zizek This ...
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Notions of Right and Wrong in Perfectionist Ethics

In perfectionist ethics, there are self-regarding duties -- that is, duties that prescribe responsibility to strive for excellence. However, one particular passage in the linked text seems ...
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Vegan ethics : purchase vs consumption

In a recent debate we came to blows about whether or not it was immoral to eat meat. (I’m vegan so I’m surrounded by people who say it is). But I made the case that eating meat isn’t immoral. The ...
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Are there moral objections to a life motivated purely by money? How to sway a person from this lifestyle? [closed]

Let’s say there’s a person, Z. Z has decided that his goal in life is to get as much money as possible, and at the end, to upload his consciousness into a robot/computer to live forever in his ...
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Is there any moral dilemma/situation clearly showing the usefulness of virtue ethics?

I have to study a case where I take any moral dilemma or situation I want to and apply virtue ethics on it but I can't really seem to find anything.
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Organ Donation Obligation

Mike has a genetic kidney disease, which caused his kidney to fail at the age of 7. Mike has a biological child named John, who Mike knew would have a 100% chance of getting the disease. Now John is 7 ...
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Hume's argument for the subjectivity of morality

I am trying to analyze the following argument by Hume in his Treatise of Human Nature: But can there be any difficulty in proving, that vice and virtue are not matters of fact, whose existence we ...
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What are the justification for Kants moral philosophy?

I have trouble understanding the justification Kant gives for his moral philosphy. My main problem is: Why is practical reason the way humans can figure out the morality of an action? Why is it ...
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1answer
43 views

Are deontologists arguing against virtue ethics, and if so does it matter?

This question got me thinking. If deontology and virtue ethics are not reconcilable but in direct competition with each other, does that mean that in arguing for one we are arguing against the other? ...
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42 views

Can we measure “braverity” objectively?

By saying "bravery/courage", we implicitly mean a hard task that we wouldn't do it in daily life, and we have to sacrifice something to get it - we are scared. It is, after all, just a cost-benefit ...
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What is the connection between celibacy and the acts/omissions distinction?

In "Kuhse, Helga and Singer, Peter. Should the baby live?: The problem of handicapped infants. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1985," the authors argue in Chapter 4 that there is no distinction ...
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1answer
210 views

Are we facing a new form of social prejudice and discrimination? [closed]

How is it different from previous forms of social injustice? Why is this a new kind of systematic prejudice and discrimination? - Firstly, the "old" way was entrenched in law and custom, whereas now ...
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3answers
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Is fallibilism a better option than absolute certainty?

Fallibilism is the epistemological thesis that no belief (theory, view, thesis, and so on) can ever be rationally supported or justified in a conclusive way. Always, there remains a possible doubt as ...
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2answers
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Judging importance by one's actions

If you'd ask people about what's important to them, you'd get answers that might differ from their actions. For example: someone who states that playing soccer is important to them, yet always skips ...
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70 views

Does foreverism imply that AI is potentially more moral than us humans are? [closed]

To set the groundwork, the argument goes like this: behaviors that don't exist, are not-good. An agent that has a wider array and duration of behaviors is not-good in fewer cases than an agent that ...
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8answers
392 views

Why is equality assumed to be good?

I personally hold the belief, like most, that human beings are equal and that they should be treated equally under the law. However, I am still curious as to why this claim is true and if it is not ...
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How Kant's second formulation of the categorical imperative interacts with consent

Kant's second formulation (or the "ends in themselves" formulation) says: use humanity, whether in your own person or in the person of any other, always at the same time as an end, never merely as ...
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1answer
236 views

How can God allow someone that is immoral to become highly successful?

How can God allow someone that lies, cheats, steals, homosexual and/or other acts considered bad by ancient religious moral texts to become successful? Are the negative consequences of karma and sin ...
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Why do ethics inherently matter?

On SE you can often find questions like: is something-something ethical? is it ethical to do x, y, z? etc. For example: Academia: Is pseudonymous publication ethical? Workplace: Is it unethical ...
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Does “Binary Exam” make philosophical sense? [closed]

My teacher gives what he calls "binary exams" where student either gets 100 or get 0. He said that this is consistent with his belief in absolute truth (like some sort of "platonic ideal") in that a ...
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5answers
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How does atheism answer the problem of goodness? [closed]

If God does not exist how do we explain all the good in the world? All the charities that operate of the goodwill of the public? All the doctors working in Somalia for doctors without borders? If we ...
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2answers
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What is moral inquiry in the context of James Lenman's paper?

I’ve been trying to understand this concept on my own, but I’m unable to grasp it. Google keeps referring to a paper published in the Aristotelian Society, but that article is hidden behind a paywall. ...
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1answer
64 views

Questions on Descartes' Certainty? [closed]

1)What is the certainty that Descartes discovers in the Second Meditation? 2)What does Descartes go on to attempt to prove in the Third Meditation and how is this proof related to what was ...
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Quantifying Ethics

It seems like a relation like '<' exists in morality, as most ethical systems view moral actions as more evil/good than other actions. Has any philosopher tried to quantify this, e.g. how much ...
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1answer
72 views

What kind of counterevidence is there against “morality is inborn”?

What kind of counter-evidence is there against "morality is inborn"? Since "morality is inborn" is not the only view on the source of morality. And yes, intuitively, one can conceive that ...
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89 views

What are some realistic situations where Kantian ethics can be applied?

By 'realistic' I mean ones which have a good chance of happening with someone.
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What does Marx mean by “the real will of the cooperative”?

This is an extract from A Darwinian Left by Peter Singer: Marx: Under collective property, the so-called will of the people disappears in order to make way for the real will of the cooperative. ...
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1answer
109 views

Amoral argument for god?

Has there been a push for or the development of an amoral argument for a god that is indifferent to the moral practices of humanity, a sort of anti-moral argument for an indifferent god? This idea ...
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3answers
202 views

Is it morally excusable for poor people to buy pirated copies of books?

In the light of development theories that show how the poor are doomed to remain poor under the status quo, is it morally correct for poor people to buy pirated copies of books? Original books cost ...
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1answer
65 views

Is it ethical for an employer to fire an employee who has criticized the company?

I understand in the United States it is perfectly legal for a company to fire employees who have made critical comments about the company. The 1st Amendment rights do not extend to employer/employee ...
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3answers
137 views

How to explain value and goodness of things without resorting to Hedonism?

This has been bothering me for a while. I do not believe that the ethical theory of hedonism represents the world of which we live in truthfully, neither does it appeal to my common sense. However, ...
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5answers
179 views

How to avoid nihilism as an agnostic?

As an agnostic I end up as a nihilist on morality. Philosophers say we need a framework for morality but if that framework is religious, which itself is not empirical and sometimes is contradictory, ...
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283 views

A typology of ethical theories for beginners?

Ethical theories can doubtless be classified, cross-connected and contrasted in many ways. I am not looking for a definitive classification, only a useful typology to get me started. Refinements and ...
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How can an army be justified with the right to physical and psychological integrity?

The human being has a right to physical and psychological integrity. If a person dies during a military operation, the relatives receive compensation from the state. However, financial compensation is ...
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3answers
182 views

How can you soundly argue for antinatalism based on lack of consent?

Of the many arguments that bolster antinatalism, I'm contemplating only consent here: Consent: The fact that life contains suffering might be tolerable under certain circumstances, i.e. if one ...
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Ethics of downloading copyrighted printed material

At first blush it's "theft of services" (among other things), as already pointed out by @MichaelDorfman's answer to Is unauthorized downloading of music stealing? Below's my maybe (or maybe not) more ...