Questions tagged [ethics]

For questions about ethics, a branch of philosophy dealing with morality, justice, virtue, vice, good and evil.

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Trying to understand reality lead to understanding useless things?

If one sets his purpose as achieving the truest possible understanding of reality (I know one might die and not achieve it), then doesn't this mean that he needs then to understand all the things that ...
Neo Granicen's user avatar
2 votes
0 answers
70 views

Hume's Guillotine

I struggle to understand how logic doesn't validate the deduction of a moral judgement that's not present in the first premise, even if we add a second premise? I might not be profound upon the matter,...
Saad Sameer's user avatar
-3 votes
1 answer
214 views

What type of fallacy is used here? [closed]

For the sake of argument,Let us say some special group of people use definition of masculinism as "raising voices for Equality between men and women", One fine day, A Man Busy on mobile ...
Dheeraj Gujrathi's user avatar
0 votes
3 answers
116 views

A bit of help refuting jiwoon hwang's pro mortalism

So today I stumbled upon this paper written by this person named jiwoon hwang. It's about why it is better to cease existing, he uses benatars assymatry to come to a pro mortalist conclusion but ...
Rayyan khan's user avatar
4 votes
3 answers
236 views

Are all morals grounded in the family structure?

How important is family? Family comes first is an old maxim, if a parochial one. No-one is asking anyone to sacrifice their children by limiting that, but I wonder whether our moral duties only really ...
user66697's user avatar
2 votes
3 answers
394 views

Classifying the ethical characteristics of entities by cognitive properties, non-human-specific

I am wondering if any theorists have developed a way of classifying entities by their cognitive properties in order to build general theories such as ethics, based on such properties. It should ...
D J Sims's user avatar
3 votes
8 answers
196 views

Why would private property be considered less valid than personal property?

I see personal and private property rights as unconditionally unethical to violate, and I'd appreciate it if someone were to steelman the case that private property rights are less valuable than ...
edelex's user avatar
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0 votes
2 answers
98 views

Origin of a story about the dilemma involved in helping the turtle cross the road

I'd like to know the origin of the story I heard/read long ago (translated to English here) so that I can perhaps have a more accurate version and quote it. I did several searches on the Internet ...
Sadi's user avatar
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1 vote
4 answers
103 views

What is the difference between sublimity and fearsome things? [closed]

What is the difference between sublimity and fearsome things? Is a despot sublime in their immoral actions? I would suggest critical thinking. See e.g. Burke and a "delightful horror"
user66697's user avatar
5 votes
3 answers
176 views

Can moral theories be "elegant" or beautiful or sublime?

It is often said that mathematics has some (peculiar) sort of beauty to its name. Whether beauty attaches as such primarily to the notation/style of mathematical writing, or to the interplay of the ...
Kristian Berry's user avatar
4 votes
2 answers
58 views

What's the best introductory book to philosophy of ethics?

Well there are many suggestions already there and many books available about ethics, but what I want is not just a overly simplified book for a complete beginner. I have spent some time studying ...
Aref Haji Ghasemi's user avatar
2 votes
2 answers
331 views

I wanted to ask about "EGO", how philosophers have defined ego? [duplicate]

Many philosophers have touched the topic of "Ego". For instance, Freud, Buddha, Iqbal and many others. We all have fragile ego. In simple terms, how ego can be defined? What is the most ...
Rabail Anjum's user avatar
2 votes
7 answers
2k views

How much destructive capability should a person have, and why?

In general, how much capability to harm or destroy should any given human have? If humans were effectively barred from even minor forms of destructive capability, would it be a better or worse society?...
D J Sims's user avatar
0 votes
1 answer
56 views

When does permission equal moral permissibility?

When does permission equal moral permissibility? I definitely feel there is a difference, but am struggling to verbalize it. In Nazi Germany, I may be legally permitted to execute Jewish people, but ...
user avatar
14 votes
12 answers
5k views

How to start learning philosophy and overcome my bias towards mathematics?

I am interested and curious about philosophy, especially topics like morals, justice, ethics, etc. I want to read books that explain the philosophy behind them. However, I am very ignorant and I don’t ...
pie's user avatar
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8 votes
12 answers
5k views

When is it ethical to be ethical towards the unethical?

Suppose there are some criminals who have no respect for ethics and will lie/cheat/steal/kill whenever they perceive it could gain them some advantage. Suppose that to treat these people with fairness ...
causative's user avatar
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1 vote
1 answer
55 views

How does the quasi-realist claim that the claim to moral mind-independence is a moral claim work?

As part of metaethical quasi-realism, a noncognitivist (expressivist and projectivist) position which attempts to justify the use of realist language without committing itself fully to cognitivism or ...
edelex's user avatar
  • 478
3 votes
2 answers
126 views

What would be the ethical argument for (or against) taking the initiative to try to “deprogram” someone who is in a cult?

By deprogram, I mean an attempt by ethical means to alter someone’s beliefs (for example, therapeutic conversations). “Cult” is not well-defined, which I see as a flaw in the question, but which it is ...
D J Sims's user avatar
5 votes
10 answers
310 views

Why is emotivism unpopular?

I grew up in a protestant American household. I worked hard to redefine my beliefs, epistemology, and ultimately my meta-ethical views as those that I could defend. I find that emotivism is easily the ...
April's user avatar
  • 51
6 votes
12 answers
3k views

Are morals and justice meaningless? What do philosophers think about them?

I am curious about the concepts of morals and justice. Do they have any objective reality, or are they just subjective illusions that we create for ourselves? Are they meaningless? How can we define ...
pie's user avatar
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7 votes
6 answers
4k views

Is there a name for the idea that some actions are good because they solve problems, even if they hurt people?

I wonder if there is a name for the idea that some actions are good because they solve problems, even if they hurt people. For example, if a country has an overpopulation problem and it decides to ...
pie's user avatar
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1 vote
3 answers
71 views

When will a Philosopher stop asking questions? [closed]

Apparently Philosophers keep asking questions and "ALL" of their questions involve some form of contradiction, or some form of critical analysis. What will be the "end game" where ...
steveK's user avatar
  • 11
2 votes
2 answers
109 views

Is cultural appropriation bad? [closed]

Cultural appropriation, as a commonly touched-upon concept, could be defined as “taking” something from a “culture” that you are “not a part of”. Naturally, each of the above words and phrases in ...
D J Sims's user avatar
5 votes
3 answers
448 views

Is it bad to seek power? [closed]

I'm a 17-year-old high school student interested in human nature. I've always been a curious kid by nature, so unfortunately, I ask a lot of questions, especially when something goes against my ...
3r1cqk's user avatar
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2 votes
3 answers
343 views

Questioning the category of the “moral”

Briefly: it occurs to me that taking as given the pre-existence of the terms “morality” and “ethics” structures our thinking preemptively and heavily. In the manner of discursive analysts like ...
D J Sims's user avatar
6 votes
11 answers
5k views

What are valid rebuttals to utilitarianism?

From Britannica, utilitarianism is an ethics concept in which an action (or type of action) is right if it tends to promote happiness or pleasure and wrong if it tends to produce unhappiness or pain—...
megamonster68's user avatar
1 vote
0 answers
13 views

Relativistic formal ethics

I was contemplating the ethics of abortion. It seems like people expect that we have to make a definitive decision about at what age it becomes unethical to abort a fetus / young person. And yet, it ...
D J Sims's user avatar
1 vote
6 answers
1k views

What are the moral arguments for slavery? [closed]

We undoubtedly must have read and heard passionate arguments justifying the abolition of slavery, be it from the clergy, and philosophical and political clerisy; however, what has been absent from the ...
Ptah-hotep's user avatar
18 votes
17 answers
3k views

Is the existence of free will even important?

I don't see the existence/non-existence of free will as meaningful, ethically speaking. I'll explain what I mean. Let's say we have some agent, and the agent takes an action we think is bad. In a ...
philosodad's user avatar
  • 3,296
7 votes
4 answers
826 views

Is the doctrine of modern Human Rights considered to be supreme form of Ethics by modern philosophers?

I am from a suburban place in India and honestly, people usually look towards common sense, combined with some Hindu Ethics to live their lives here. Pretty much nobody knows or cares about Human ...
Suradoe Uchiha's user avatar
3 votes
3 answers
233 views

How mature must one be to be able to have sex?

For context, I don't study philosophy; however, I often have philosophical discussions with fellow university students. One of the topics that came up recently was: Disregarding any moral obligation ...
David Raveh's user avatar
1 vote
0 answers
19 views

Is psychological egoism, or some other descriptive theory about some inescapable pattern of human nature, compatible with normativity?

Can true normative statements exist if our behaviour is determined by some uncontrollable process? If we can only act in our self-interest, is the norm 'you ought not kill' reasonable to hold someone ...
edelex's user avatar
  • 478
1 vote
2 answers
81 views

Should animals be ethically considered?

I've heard lots of people say that animals just shouldn't be considered ethically, and so actions against them that they would consider morally wrong to do to humans don't matter. This doesn't make ...
edelex's user avatar
  • 478
-4 votes
2 answers
287 views

Should Native Americans have peacefully given up their lands to White settlers during the 18th and 19th centuries? [closed]

I have sometimes thought that a lot of trouble could have been avoided if Native Americans had chosen to peacefully give up their lands to White settlers back during the 18th and 19th centuries, ...
user57467's user avatar
  • 155
1 vote
1 answer
73 views

Do companions in guilt arguments wrongly assign the burden of proof to the antirealist?

Proving the existence of epistemic normativity might pose issues for some arguments for antirealism, like the queerness argument, but it doesn't seem like sufficient proof. There is one ground on ...
edelex's user avatar
  • 478
1 vote
3 answers
129 views

A possible counterargument for a theoretical argument in support of antinatalism

I have seen some of the common arguments for anti-natalism, one being David Benatar's asymmetry argument. I am worldbuilding for a science fiction story in which there are some technologically-...
Nudibranch's user avatar
2 votes
2 answers
114 views

Where do morals come from? (Specifically someone who doesn't belive in God) [duplicate]

If someone doesn't believe in a God that gives Objective morals, where do they get their morals from? If life is this straightforward then no objective morality or even truth can be claimed. So why do ...
Timmy Fry's user avatar
  • 289
5 votes
13 answers
3k views

Why is having true beliefs so important?

Of course, when you need to describe reality or make predictions about it, it's important that the beliefs correspond to reality, but say a religion makes an unfalsifiable and unverifiable claim. Does ...
Sayetsu's user avatar
  • 125
0 votes
2 answers
69 views

Self discipline moral or immoral?

violating someone's autonomy or free will raises ethical concerns, then isn't controlling own thought (that is supressing certain thoughts and nurturing specific thoughts which is function of thought ...
Junsui's user avatar
  • 177
1 vote
4 answers
182 views

Resource request for philosophical arguments regarding the ethics of killing animals

If we consider the animals have a right to live, then killing them for consumption should be considered a violation of their rights. On the other hand, if we don't consider that animals have a right ...
Amir reza Riahi's user avatar
0 votes
1 answer
55 views

Aristotle's Happiness Argument [closed]

In Aristotle's view and Nicomachean Ethics, why does a person always have happiness if he once has happiness?
Wwwy's user avatar
  • 23
1 vote
1 answer
37 views

Using the Universal Quantifier, Existential Quantifier, and logical connectives, write a description of a time when somthing bad for you was not bad

The following is an exercise in ethics, logic, the use of the universal quantifier and the the use of the existential quantifier. In the following context, the syntax for the universal quantifier is ...
Toothpick Anemone's user avatar
0 votes
3 answers
116 views

Does childism influence evolution of humans?

Childism can be defined as follows : Childism can refer either to advocacy for empowering children as a subjugated group or to prejudice and/or discrimination against children or childlike qualities....
SacrificialEquation's user avatar
3 votes
5 answers
624 views

On a reductionist/functionalist account of consciousness, would we have ethical obligations toward robots?

If consciousness arises from specific functions instantiated by physical systems, consider a robot with functions mirroring those found in carbon-based life, particularly in humans. Would this imply ...
Mark's user avatar
  • 2,709
1 vote
0 answers
45 views

About ethical sleeping in Islamic philosophy [closed]

In Islamic philosophy, those who die are divided into those who die in sleep and those who do not die in sleep. The following link is the relevant question: Sleep and Death The truth is that if a ...
fkybrd's user avatar
  • 101
2 votes
4 answers
134 views

Is Ethics essentially the same as Utilitarianism?

I have no training in philosophy so bare with me here. I often feel like the way people, including philosophers, talk about it is irrational. I am here to ask if you agree with me on the following. If ...
typorum's user avatar
  • 31
1 vote
0 answers
30 views

Have philosophers debated the notion that "existence or the capacity for experience" may be homo sapiens' fundamental value?

I assume the 2600-year search for an ethical principle has two challenges: establishing homo sapiens' fundamental value; and articulating principles of action that target that value. Have philosophers ...
Greg's user avatar
  • 11
4 votes
6 answers
314 views

Does every nation on Earth have a right to exist or do only peaceful nations have a right to exist?

I have been wondering lately as to what it is that gives every nation on Earth the right to exist. Throughout human history, at any point in time, the Earth has been a mixed bag of nations that were ...
user57467's user avatar
  • 155
4 votes
1 answer
144 views

Ethics of involuntary participation in an unethical hegemony

If you're an anticapitalist in the West or Global North you're an unwilling participant in the prevailing hegemony (capitalism), but usually without much choice. You can't find shelter without ...
thosphor's user avatar
  • 141
1 vote
5 answers
117 views

Is there any idea of goodness which is absolute?

Suppose I am very generous and forgiving then can I call myself good? Is this goodness absolute in time(past ,present and future)and space( east , west , north , south) ? Generally, is there any ...
Dheeraj Verma's user avatar

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