Questions tagged [ethics]

For questions about ethics, a branch of philosophy dealing with morality, justice, virtue, vice, good and evil.

Filter by
Sorted by
Tagged with
0
votes
1answer
24 views

How would you apply John Rawls “Theory of justice” to everyday decisions?

How can I apply John Rawls theory of justice to everyday decision making?
0
votes
0answers
18 views

Is it a voluntary action (and therefore something one is responsible for) to remain alive?

Creating a life is (normally) a perfectly voluntary action with well known consequences, and hence the people involved are morally responsible for the result. But, what are the arguments for that the ...
-6
votes
4answers
244 views

Isn't the circle in mathematics the greatest unnoticed fallacy in the entire human history? [closed]

Imagine for a while that a circle you see by your own eyes is in fact no circle but a regular constructible polygon with large number of sides where the side distance length is ultimately too small ...
1
vote
0answers
27 views

Examining and challenging the IS-OUGHT gap and the FACT-VALUE dichotomy

Could anyone recommend undergrad-level intro papers or secondary literature on the is-ought gap and fact-value dichotomy please? Keen to read examinations and challenges. thanks
3
votes
3answers
445 views

Is the killing of animals justified because of humans being at the top of the evolution/food chain?

I recently argued with a friend about veganism. My position was basically that everyone who can allow a dietery change in their lives ought to be vegan. I argued that these days there are sufficient ...
2
votes
1answer
50 views

How do the authors show that arguments based on property rights can't be used to determine the wrongness of rape in Gardner's paper?

In "The Wrongness of Rape" by Gardner and Shute, (section 3: Infringing the proprietor's rights), what do the authors mean when they say that The analogies between rape and burglary here ...
1
vote
4answers
120 views

Is this moral philosophy consequentialist or deontological?

I'm working on an article in which I attempt to defend a "unified" theory of morality that takes insights from all the most popular moral theories in Western philosophy. The main principle ...
1
vote
1answer
63 views

Moral issues in cyber technology [closed]

Is anyone of deontology or utilitarianism adequate to handle moral issues in cyber technology? Or do we need some other theory?
0
votes
0answers
39 views

Can an inaction be moral or immoral? [duplicate]

Lets say, someone walking through a road saw an accident happened beside his walkway. Now if the person who was walking didn’t go and save the injured, can we say he did an immoral act? Can an ...
0
votes
7answers
138 views

Are there always non-moral reasons to act morally?

Consider a situation where one would not suffer social sanctions for being immoral (maybe nobody knows he is doing something wrong, or maybe society is ok with it). Are there any non-moral reasons to ...
2
votes
1answer
54 views

Canonicity and moral fictionalism

Fictionalism about sets of sentences (or propositions?) has it that the sets in question are not "literally" true. When it comes to such sets, hereafter narratives, normally recognized as ...
1
vote
1answer
92 views

What is ethical subjectivism?

I'm having difficulty understanding ethical subjectivism. Taken from wikipedia here: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ethical_subjectivism Ethical sentences describe propositions. Some such propositions ...
-2
votes
4answers
188 views

Is being gay the opposite of being straight, or just different?

Caveat: one of the basic ethics beliefs I have is that right and wrong are opposites, such that wrong just is whatever cancels out what's right. It is impossible, on this view, to establish free-...
6
votes
6answers
2k views

Are pursuing the well-being and reducing the suffering of sentient beings objectively good things?

I think that most people intuitively agree that increasing their own well-being and minimizing their own suffering are the right things to do. Everyone wants to be happy, enjoy a good health, etc. The ...
-1
votes
2answers
137 views

What philosophical significance is there in the now scientifically proven fact that all humans are the same biological organism?

Before quite recently, it was only a belief whether all humans are the same. Before Darwin and even afterward, many people held to polygenism, which posits that humans were descendant from many ...
1
vote
0answers
41 views

How would infinitism intersect ethical beliefs?

Assuming that some moral knowledge is to be action-guiding, how could one appeal to an infinite chain of reasons to justify moral beliefs? (This is at least another "proof-of-concept" issue ...
1
vote
4answers
150 views

Ethical principle about “it's wrong for one if it is harmful if everyone does it”

I seem to recall that there is an ethical principle (in some systems) that while one person might do something with minimal, but still negative, effect, it is still wrong if it is the case that it ...
1
vote
2answers
72 views

Is a nation state morally obliged at all times to put its own citizens' interests before every other person's?

Is a nation state morally obliged at all times to put its own citizens' interests before every other person's? it may sound odd to ask about obligation as it applies to a state, as they themselves ...
1
vote
0answers
27 views

Is “I should behave morally” a moral statement?

I am a new hand in learning English. And I feel confused when I am trying to distinguish between moral statements and non-moral statemnts. Consider the following statements: You shouldn't steal ...
9
votes
2answers
4k views

Should we pay for the errors of our ancestors?

Just came across a post from a Jesuit claiming Historical revisionism is one of the worst, and dangerous, mistakes one can make. It appears to be with regards to the latest news of Jesuits in US ...
1
vote
2answers
44 views

Can I be both a utilitarian and a non-cognitivist?

I'm trying to clarify my moral position, so I've been doing a lot of research into ethics (both meta-ethics and normative). On one hand, I definitely align with utilitarianism (especially rule ...
0
votes
1answer
15 views

Source of Crassus quote on greed?

"Greed is but a word the jealous inflict upon the ambitious" This quote is often attributed to Marcus Licinius Crassus. Unfortunately, I'm struggling to find much on Google beyond various &...
3
votes
7answers
110 views

If I am unsure about the existence of morality, Am I morally obligated to find out the answer?

Since we do not know if morality has an independent existence, are we morally obligated to know if it exists?
-1
votes
3answers
136 views

Am I morally obligated to reject my scholarship?

I was recently chosen as one of multiple winners of a $10,000 scholarship. It was one that was open to anyone, and the selection criteria was just a resume, recommendation letter, and personal ...
2
votes
1answer
127 views

How does Aristotle motivate that there is no universal good?

I'm reading the Nicomachean Ethics written by Aristotle and there's this one statement (and it's motivations) that I'm really struggling with. In my version of the book it is written in rather ...
0
votes
0answers
31 views

Do contractualist deontological theories face any difficulties with the trolley problem?

I was wondering what problems contractualist approaches face with the trolley problem. Also, what other problems may contractualism have with aggregation as a whole?
0
votes
3answers
162 views

Is this also moral nihilism?

Looking at moral nihilism here: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Moral_nihilism It's defined as the view that nothing is right or wrong. So it seems to me like a moral nihilist agrees that the words &...
3
votes
1answer
100 views

Has there ever been a successful, philosophically defensible refutation of the Epicurean Paradox?

"God said it, I believe it, and that settles it", is the final refuge of faith-based rhetoric, not a viable philosophical position. Has any significant religious thinker of any stripe ...
0
votes
6answers
259 views

Is morality possible under mereological nihilism?

My understanding of mereological nihilism is that the only things that truly exist are fundamental particles. There are no humans, no planets, no stars, no animals, no trees, etc. There are only ...
0
votes
0answers
47 views

Do we have a moral obligation to be informed of the news?

I have been reading a debate that took place in a few parts, here: https://www.overthinkingit.com/2017/06/21/moral-obligation-read-news-part-1/ The debate mostly discusses whether we can choose to ...
0
votes
1answer
85 views

Is there a branch of philosophy that deals with what long-term goals the human species should be pursuing? [closed]

I'm wondering if there's a branch of philosophy (I'm guessing probably a subdivision of ethics)... which deals with long-term questions of what kind of goals the human species should overall be ...
0
votes
0answers
47 views

Is this a point of contact between Marxism and Heidegger?

Is this a point of contact between Marxism and Heidegger? Marx complains (bitterly) about exploitation by your - class - enemies Heidegger complains about inauthenticity, which I might gloss as ...
0
votes
0answers
40 views

Can morally good actions be considered beautiful/aesthetic?

Ive been trying to find resources on whether morality can be considered aesthetic. I found philosophers who suggest ideas can be aesthetic, so I was wondering whether something as abstract could be ...
1
vote
4answers
193 views

Is it wrong to build addictive apps?

Modern social media apps are built and continuously optimized for engagement. The makers of these apps do their job so well that it gets people to spend time on the apps instead of spending it with ...
2
votes
3answers
113 views

Empiricism and Morality

How would an empiricist develop a moral philosophy without running into the is-ought problem? The Moral Landscape by Sam Harris tries to formulate one but does not effectively resolve the is-ought ...
1
vote
1answer
47 views

Examples for real-world instances of trolley cases [closed]

Trolley cases are scenarios that play an important role in a specific kind of thought experiment, famously published by Philippa Foot. Here's just one of the many formulations: Consider a pair of ...
3
votes
0answers
65 views

Is absolute moral relativism impossible?

Is my rationale correct here?: If relativism is relative, relativism is a contradiction in itself, because you’re forced to believe what other people think is morally correct, is correct for them, and ...
1
vote
0answers
59 views

How does one reconcile Nietzsche's view of kindness?

On the one hand, N espouses that people shall almost ignore the needs of other people to achieve one's own greatness. But on the other hand he describes kindness as "Kindness and love, the most ...
0
votes
0answers
64 views

Choosing a topic/question for a bachelors thesis

Next semester I’ll be writing my bachelor thesis within the subject of Practical philosophy. This will be my first big original essay within philosophy and I know picking a good subject is key. I’ve ...
3
votes
2answers
71 views

What branch(es) of Philosophy considers happiness to be the ultimate purpose of human life?

Is happiness the ultimate purpose of human life? To which philosophical branch belongs this statement? Also the subbranch would be very helpful. Thank you in advance
3
votes
3answers
167 views

Is the tyrannicide perpetrated by William Tell morally legitimate?

I have recently been reading Friedrich Schiller's fantastic Drama William Tell, in which he not only relates the folkloric-mythological origin of Switzerland upon its liberation from the yoke of the ...
2
votes
2answers
103 views

Would Nietzsche approve of the concept of dictatorship?

My understanding of Nietzsche is still quite rudimentary but something I keep thinking about while reading his texts, is whether he would approve of the concept of dictatorships. N is fine with ...
0
votes
0answers
64 views

Humanistic Philosophies and how to achieve it?

Question So I believe in humanism but I often feel while there is a disconnect between the lofty ideals of humanism and how to achieve it. For example, I could have someone practicing an anti-...
1
vote
0answers
39 views

Do any philosophers discuss the ethics of the possible negative repercussions from doing what is morally good?

Aside from utilitarianism, most ethical systems seem to advocate actions that might hurt somebody or at least inconvenience them. For example, standing up to a bully might hurt them. Making a stand ...
1
vote
3answers
113 views

If virtue is determined by the golden rule, doesn't it need to add the clause “unless you absolutely have to”?

Assuming virtue is one thing we'd like to achieve in life. One way to determine whether we live a life with virtue is the golden rule, "Don't do the thing to others, when you don't like it to be ...
1
vote
1answer
92 views

Is there a formal name for the “philosopher's fallacy” or “fallacy of underwhelming exception”?

I'm looking for the name for a particular logical fallacy that I think of variously as the "philosopher's fallacy" or the "annoying middle school kid fallacy", based on the ...
2
votes
1answer
63 views

Historically, were most philosophers moral realists before the rise of physicalism?

Moral facts seem weird because they don't seem to mesh too well with a purely physicalist ontology (although there is such a thing as ethical naturalism). It somehow seems odd that alongside the facts ...
3
votes
1answer
57 views

Aristotle on forgiveness?

Discussing "complaints" in friendship (Ethics book 8), Aristotle does not mention the role of forgiveness in resolving such complaints (ἐγκλήματα) or quarrels (μέμψεις). Does Aristotle ...
0
votes
2answers
84 views

Is libertarian free will a necessary condition for moral responsibility? [duplicate]

Does it make sense to hold a rock morally responsible for falling downhill due to the law of gravity and crushing somebody's head? Likewise, does it make sense to hold humans morally responsible for ...
1
vote
1answer
59 views

What does Spinoza mean in propositions 11,12 and 13 in part 2 of the ethics?

In the propositions prior to these Spinoza was discussing the way the human soul was 'constituted' by another finite idea of an existing thing, and also about how the human soul was again 'constituted'...

1
2 3 4 5
35