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Questions tagged [ethics]

For questions about ethics, a branch of philosophy dealing with morality, justice, virtue, vice, good and evil.

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4answers
1k views

A doctor saves lives, but he is a murderer in normal life. Is he good or bad? Or Both? [on hold]

Is he or is he not? Does the society accept him/her like that? This question came up to my mind when my father mentioned about a professional killer whose nickname was The Iceman. Normal life means ...
0
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1answer
38 views

Any contemporary/older philosophers who criticize the Christian concept of “preservation in the memory of others”? [on hold]

I'm trying to sort out my ideas, so bear with me here if my questions is not abundantly clear. There's a Christian understanding that when one dies, only the body dies, therefore, the spirit remains, ...
51
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11answers
13k views

Does human life have innate value over that of other animals?

Does human life have innate value over that of other animals? If so, why? And is it wrong to murder another human, but morally permissible to hunt or fish?
0
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1answer
54 views

If people didn’t have a moral sense, would we still have enforced cultural moral codes?

Diverse, contradictory, and bizarre as they are, people commonly feel that everyone ought to conform to their culture’s moral norms and even feel violators deserve punishment, though perhaps that ...
3
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2answers
119 views

Are there any solutions to the Euthyphro dilemma?

Is there a way to believe that God is the source of morality without also having to believe that morality is arbitrary?
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5answers
261 views

Frustration in studying philosophy

I have a question about why philosophers seem to disagree on virtually everything. I have been reading up on philosophy since I was 16 (now 19) with the goal of finding an end solution to the ...
3
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2answers
75 views

Can there be objective moral facts that have no innate imperative bindingness – what everyone ought to do regardless of their needs and preferences?

My interest is in presenting results from the science of social morality in ways that will be culturally useful. (This science is the study of the origins and function of behaviors motivated by our ...
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3answers
78 views

Is “showing-off” ethical? [closed]

The argument can be made that "showing-off" is not ethical since that behaviour will likely make other people jealous and feel bad about themselves. But on the other hand, jealousy and self-loathing ...
2
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4answers
78 views

How do utilitarians defend their moral philosophy against the impracticality objection?

https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s11098-005-3021-y This paper made me think what there's left for Utilitarianism when "utilitarians are worried about the impracticality objection, they ...
6
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3answers
132 views

Is Socrates' happiness possible for average, normal people?

Socrates talked a big game in the Republic: we don't need money, family or friends to be happy; all that requires is that we pursue truth and wisdom. I can sort of see how this can make sense for ...
0
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2answers
79 views

What does it mean for something to be “evil”?

Is evil a perception or is it something that is objective? Here's my line of thought on it: "If evil were a perception then the law would be moot to some extent. However, if evil were objective then ...
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3answers
156 views

How is Cannibalism any different from eating animals and plants? [closed]

I'm stuck thinking that Both are similar and thus equivalent. Am I wrong?
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3answers
159 views

Is this argument about abortion being both right and wrong valid or invalid?

Abortion is either right or wrong. If it is right, then people should be allowed to kill fetuses. Killing fetuses is wrong. Hence, abortion is not right. If it is wrong, then women won’t have the ...
2
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0answers
113 views

How do compatibilists understand “responsible”?

In Scott Christensen's book "What about free will?" on page 119 is "Pharaoh is held responsible for his actions". The reason given for God attributing culpability is "You are exalting yourself...". ...
2
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3answers
104 views

Aside from Jesus who have put justice (legalism) and friendliness (benevolence) in opposition?

I'm more interested in ancient thinkers. Maybe there are notable people with such views who lived before Jesus. I will use the term friendliness as a treatment of someone as a potential friend. And a ...
0
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2answers
62 views

If you “know best”, should you refuse to fulfil your previously sworn duty? [closed]

Say you are a law-maker elected to represent the views of a population in the legislature. The population are specifically and deliberately asked how to proceed on a political issue and use the ...
4
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7answers
197 views

What am I missing in texts that say things that are so obvious as to seem pointless?

I'm currently taking a course in early modern philosophy. The focus is on psychology, morality, and aesthetics. I've taken philosophy courses in the past, but I'm having a lot of trouble with this one,...
0
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2answers
130 views

What does it mean exactly to live a good life in a place like earth?

I don’t know what living a good life means - people say being honest, truthful, generous, or to possess and practice many of the most important virtues. But all these things depend upon the way we ...
0
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1answer
45 views

What is Don Marquis argument that a being does not have to be a person to have a right to life; even potential persons have a right to life?

The original Don Marquis paper "Why Abortion is Immoral". Many moral theories agree that the bearers of rights should be “persons”, not merely biological humans. What are the counter-arguments for it?...
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0answers
13 views

What are the examples of cases that would be judged differently by relational and Kantian conceptions of autonomy?

Relational concept of autonomy and Kantian concept of autonomy- Are there any examples from the real world where a case can be judged differently using these two aspects?
2
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1answer
42 views

What is the historical entitlement conception of justice? How does it differ from the patterned conception?

Related to Nozick. What are the policy implications of the two approaches? Any examples?
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1answer
33 views

According to Nozick, what is a “patterned” conception of justice?

Any examples of a policy issue on which a patterned conception of justice might plausibly disagree with a historical entitlement based conception of justice
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4answers
105 views

Does this experiment really prove dishonesty?

The experiment: People are asked to guess the outcome of a coin flip. If they guess correctly, they get a reward. However, people only reveal their initial guess after they've seen the outcome of ...
5
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3answers
261 views

According to Popper, what is logical positivism's role in scientific ethics?

What are the arguments for and against this? Any resources that are easy to read would help
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2answers
166 views

Defending the value of Moral Philosophy against Scientism

What are the best arguments against someone who believes 'Moral philosophy is useless, what we call morality is simply evolutionary instincts to do what we were designed to do as a species'. This ...
6
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1answer
67 views

What did Confucius mean by saying that the 'rectification of names' is the first thing required to rule a state?

In Analects XII, a disciple asked Confucius the right principle of government whereupon Confucious said: The one thing needed first is the rectification of names. What did Confucius mean by this?
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1answer
57 views

Ethical question: Student unknowingly benefitted from cheater [closed]

Hypothetical: Alice and Bob are students, and will be tested in a week. Bob steals a copy of the test (and answer key) ahead of time. Bob likes Alice, so he helps her prepare for the test, but doesn't ...
2
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1answer
135 views

Is harming others always considered bad?

Do any philosophers either explicitly avoid condemning harm, or condone it, especially harming others, in their ethics? Why do humans consider causing bad to others as bad and represent it as bad act ...
2
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6answers
184 views

Would it be morally wrong for an AI to intentionally harm “inferior” and “irrational” humans?

Suppose in the future we develop super intelligent AI beings, which in addition to their superior intelligence, also posses superior powers of rationality, emotional capacity, and free will. Now ...
2
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7answers
86 views

How comes AI is expected to be ethical?

To question ethics of people doing science is completely legitimate to me. So, there can be ethically questionable things you research like bio-weapons or experiments on animals. Also for sure while ...
1
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0answers
54 views

Is this short summary of phenomenology accurate?

"Classical, pure phenomenology aims to comprehend “those structures of experience and understanding that permit different types of beings to show themselves as what they are.” It does this by ...
2
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7answers
146 views

Is a selfish action that helps others worthy of praise?

TL:DR Is a selfish man who only does stuff for his own benefit, worthy of praise if his actions just so happen to help others? (And am I wrong in assuming someone always attempts to gain something?). ...
-5
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1answer
78 views

Why do peeps pursue reputation? [closed]

We have been told many times by many wise people (and in few ancient languages) to think of reputation as immaterial yet one sees characters wildly pursuing badges, titles, and funny hats. Why? ...
4
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1answer
95 views

Has anyone used Aristotle's philosophy to study social media?

It is my understanding that Aristotle believed one shouldn't work too many hours in the day (I am currently having a hard time finding any references on this, sorry). He (or maybe this was just the ...
2
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1answer
99 views

Why/when would discrimination of people who do less, try less and pursue a path of “easiness” be wrong?

Why/when would discrimination of people who do less, try less and pursue a path of "easiness" be wrong? Since if we accept their attitude, then that would mean that we in some respect regard it "...
0
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1answer
106 views

Is having a “type” ethical?

Some people have a particular “type”, a person with particular physical aspects that they look for in a partner. What ethical frameworks can be used to evaluate this phenomena? Do those frameworks ...
3
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1answer
99 views

Do necessary ought nots follow from impossible oughts?

I'm reading about Hume's is-ought gap and how oughts can't follow from is's. My question is if there are impossible oughts and if these impossible oughts create necessary ought nots. Example: "you ...
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2answers
58 views

Privacy in the modern context [closed]

In Roman times, 'privacy' had more to do with one’s “private” domain where one is the master of one’s own house rather than the sense we have today where the emphasis is more on one’s private thoughts,...
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4answers
3k views

For a utilitarian, is a lie morally equivalent to a mistake?

As far as I know, utilitarians consider that only the consequences should be considered as the calculation of the morality of an action. Since a mistake and a lie differ only in their intent, are ...
2
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1answer
52 views

Is Kantian deontological ethics just consequentialism?

Kant's second formulation of the Categorical Imperative states that "Act in such a way that you treat humanity, whether in your own person or in the person of any other, never merely as a means to ...
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4answers
78 views

How is it possible to encourage morality in others when everyone is morally imperfect?

No human begin is morally perfect. My question is then, how can any one human being encourage another to improve their ways when that other person can always just reverse the question and ask "Why don'...
4
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2answers
77 views

Is ethics the primary purpose of Kant's philosophy?

My professor said that he believes the primary purpose behind Kant's Critique of Pure Reason is to respond to the empiricist view that morals are ultimately subjective. He believes that the primary ...
2
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1answer
62 views

Moral nihilism & teleology

Can one be a moral nihilist and hold teleological beliefs at the same time? More specifically, can I be a moral nihilist, whilst also being a utilitarian? And further, is teleology a branch of moral ...
2
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1answer
64 views

If you alone discover that all forms of full anesthetic are ineffective, should you keep it a secret? [closed]

Suppose that you alone discover that full anesthetic only makes the user look unconscious and not form memories, but does not prevent him from feeling pain; if someone needs to undergo surgery, there ...
2
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1answer
27 views

Which philosopher first claimed that social impatience is ethically indefensible

Partha Dasgupta's book Economics: A Very Short Introduction (Oxford University Press, 2007) contains a chapter on sustainable economic development. Dasgupta here writes that, Philosophers have ...
3
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3answers
81 views

Anything that is wrong involves some kind of imbalance (true or false?)

I had a friend who claimed this to be true: Anything that is wrong involves some kind of imbalance Examples where it works: Overweight. Imbalance in the amount of calories eaten and calories ...
3
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1answer
35 views

How does the phenomenon of moral luck pose a problem for Kantian ethical theories?

I was reading the paper "Moral luck" by Thomas Nagel which left me rather confused. In the paper, he describes four different kinds of moral luck:: constitutive luck, resultant luck, circumstantial ...
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0answers
77 views

Does an informal logical fallacy require deception?

Bo Bennett's criteria distinguishing a logical fallacy from a pseudo-logical fallacy has three parts. The third part is: It must be deceptive in that it often fools the average adult. ...
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1answer
81 views

10 : 1 - Blackstone's Principle

So, Blackstone's law states that 1 innocent man going to jail is worse than 10 guilty men being set free. This principle seems to be a fundamental principle for all Western governments. I'm ...
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1answer
84 views

How similar are Kantian Ethics to Virtue Ethics?

I am writing an essay for the question 'Critically evaluate the view that ethics should be more concerned with who you are than what you do'. I have done some of Kant's ethics and some virtue ethics,...