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Questions tagged [ethics]

For questions about ethics, a branch of philosophy dealing with morality, justice, virtue, vice, good and evil.

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1answer
47 views

How can I maintain integrity when requested to use gender pronouns yet still be loving?

I have friends who request certain gender pronouns are used, which I do not believe to be correct. I have thought about this topic at some length and concluded that while using these pronouns would be ...
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2answers
45 views

Wittgenstein on ethics and the big book experiment

This is taken from the lecture Wittgenstein delivered on ethics. Wittgenstein proceeds to establish a controversial position in ethics. Although all judgments of relative value can be shown to be ...
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137 views

Is philosophy a tool or a means for some to portray pseudo-intellect or a self-affirming conception of brilliance or personal value? [closed]

Possibly not suitable here, but I've wondered if the very idea of "deeper thinking" like older world philosophy would have it is grounded in the very need of one to satisfy their own desire to feel ...
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3answers
141 views

Is the death penalty a philosophical necessity if the murdered can come back to the living? [closed]

I mean, the death penalty is there because we want the murderer to pay. But if medicine can bring the killed back to life, what would be the point of it then? Not just philosophy, but also law ...
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3answers
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Where is the limit between moral relativism and absence of morality?

I am able to understand that there is a irreconcilable difference between considering morality as an absolute and considering it being relative to individuals and groups. However, if I take the point ...
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3answers
113 views

What is the difference between letting someone die and not creating someone?

Imagine, for a moment, that you are emergency medical personnel. You are working on the victim of a car accident, who is unconcious, and has no pulse. At that moment - to the person you are working ...
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19answers
15k views

Why do atheist euthanasia proponents consider nothingness preferable to suffering? [closed]

I have heard some atheists support euthanasia, on the grounds that death is preferable to agony. But I don't understand this; if there is no afterlife, death isn't a relief. It's true nothingness, the ...
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11answers
12k views

What are the ethics of having children today?

Please receive this question as having come from a young person who wants to have children, but given the state of affairs (climate change, growing costs of living and wealth inequality, "technology", ...
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1answer
39 views

Which of Adorno's books explains best his ideas on moral autonomy?

Which of Adorno's books explains best his ideas on moral autonomy? Can anyone provide a quick outline of them?
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1answer
84 views

Spinoza's adequate knowledge: Can he avoid being called a dogmatist?

Within Spinoza's System (laid down in the Ethics), the difference of inadequate from adequate knowledge is crucial. Perhaps it is even the central cornerstone of his system, because adequate knowledge ...
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4answers
72 views

Is it ethical to force someone to evacuate from their home?

Suppose a bushfire (wildfire) is approaching someone's home. They have a strong connection to their home but are unable to defend it. They would be utterly devastated if it burnt down. Is it ethical ...
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3answers
113 views

Why think that retributive justice has an intrinsic value?

Obviously, punishment itself can have an extrinsic value: it may encourage fewer people to offend. But how has anyone argued for the intrinsic, rather than extrinsic, value of retributive justice? I ...
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1answer
78 views

What would a system that aims to maximize my own well-being be called?

I was wondering what a moral system that says things are good if they benefit me would be called. At first I was thinking of normative egoism, but it seems like normative egoism says that everyone ...
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1answer
279 views

What distinguishes a Hypocrite from Demagogue? [closed]

What distinguishes a Hypocrite (Hypocrisy) from Demagogue? Both are speaking out lies and are socially considered "evil" persons, correct. Thus, for me they sound similiar. Or are there precise ...
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27 views

Is voting on taxes ethical without being presented the “numbers”?

if I base my vote (on taxes) based on republican or democrat anecdote, as well as my own paycheck, is it the right thing for for me to do, to vote on taxes? I am trying to skeptically look at voting (...
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2answers
583 views

If other versions of us existed in a multiverse, would we be morally responsible for the actions of these alternate versions of us? [closed]

Hypothetically, if we lived in a multiverse which contained an infinite number of identical versions of each of us containing our respective memories and experiences, with the exception of key ...
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24 views

What's the status of applied ethics?

Meta-ethics, normative ethics and applied ethics are commonly listed as the three main branches of ethics. However, I can't find an article about applied ethics in the Stanford Encyclopedia of ...
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3answers
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Is a good being, also just?

Question: Does a good being, also have to be just/fair? Side Question: What philosophers/resources would be recommended to research such an idea?
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1answer
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Is there any intellectual advantage in reading the Grand Ethics or the Eudemian ethics?

I have already read Nicomachean Ethics 2 times and loved it. I especially like Arisotle's prose style and especially his sense of humor. It is said that his other two works on ethics cover ...
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1answer
90 views

Do we have a right to know some things?

Do we have a right to know some things? Obviously you don't have a moral right to know what I had for breakfast today -- though you might be able to find out [it was pizza]. And we have a right to ...
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44 views
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98 views

How can the mere observation of race (without an assertion of equivalence) logically be considered racism?

During a social situation in which one observes the race of a person, I have heard the argument that it is racist to refer to that person by his or her race. Let's say that I have "hypothetically" ...
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3answers
94 views

What's ethically appropriate here? [closed]

First let me preface that I have searched this network of Exchanges, and do not see an Ethics Exchange; this is the closest I could find. One evening this week after work, I was grocery shopping. As ...
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Why does Benatar say suffering outweighs joy?

I looked up Benatar's Asymmetry and he says that suffering outweighs joy because in his words: the existent feel suffering: bad the existent feel joy: good the nonexistent don't feel ...
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4answers
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Is it immoral to take something from someone who stole it from you?

I had a discussion with a friend. It was based on this scenario: You had a bike that was very dear to you and your neighbor a few houses down stole it from you and you knew it. If this bike is ...
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0answers
97 views

How do you motivate morally that children should support themselves when they reach adulthood? [closed]

At least in a Western context people widely agree upon the idea that you have to do something voluntarily to be responsible for it. If you sign a contract voluntarily you are bound by it but if ...
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1answer
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If C is evil, when's it unethical to fail to boycott C? [closed]

My son said that causation and remoteness are part of the answer. Which philosophers write on this topic? I don't know philosophy and just use examples. Presume I'm vegan. If C's one steakhouse, then ...
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3answers
85 views

Why do some deontological ethical frameworks seem to reduce to consequentialism?

I may have a defunct understanding of deontological ethics, but for some reason it seems to me that deontological ethics ultimately reduce to consequentialist theories. Take, for instance, Kant's ...
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1answer
101 views

Why do we personally identify with our future selves, but not mental copies? [closed]

I'm sure this question has been asked somewhere before, but I don't know the name of this type of question, and so I've been unable to find it. Any pointer to literature written on the topic would be ...
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6answers
474 views

Can any Christian action truly be morally good?

If someone does a morally good action because they fear God, which is a selfish motive, surely this means it is not a morally selfless action. In the same way, if any morally good action is not ...
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0answers
33 views

Is there consensus on the framework of truth one should use when talking about moral statements?

My understanding is that for a moral realist, moral statements are propositions that have a true/false property that can guide reasoning. However, most articles I have read do not talk about what ...
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2answers
147 views

Is civilization really a good thing? [closed]

According to Bertrand Russell Change is one thing, progress is another. Change is scientific, progress is ethical; change is indubitable, whereas progress is a matter of controversy. Sigmund Freud ...
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1answer
98 views

Ethics of behaviour if gender identities are shown to be functionless [closed]

Here I'll use the word "functionality" to refer to the range of capabilites of an object. For example a table has, within its functionality, the capability to be eaten off of. I claim here that ...
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5answers
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Is it ethical to research potentially harmful topics? [closed]

Some truths are very unpleasant. Some fields may even be unpleasant to research, because the researcher may wind up discovering something very disconcerting about the world. Should we investigate ...
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2answers
103 views

Should we pursue knowledge for the sake of knowledge without considering the possible consequences? [closed]

For example, should Alfred Noble be blamed for suicide bombers as he created dynamite?
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47 views

What is the idea that a moral system is ethical if it can function when everyone in a community adheres to it?

What is the ethical paradigm from the title called? To restate the concept in the negative, a moral system would be considered unethical if, when universally adhered to by everyone in a community, ...
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1answer
103 views

How do we determine the line of life that is acceptable and not acceptable to kill?

My question might be worded funny, but I don't know where to start. I'm looking for help. I understand each of the following situations should be approached individually, but I am more concerned about ...
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75 views

Is it ethical to be a mock juror?

I enjoyed being a mock juror and got paid for my time. It was a couple weeks before the trial. The Plaintiff laid out their case and I explained in detail everything they should not say to the real ...
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2answers
106 views

What should you do in this situation?

You've been on a cruise for two days when there's an accident that forces everyone on board to abandon ship. During the evacuation, one of the boats is damaged, leaving it with a hole that fills it ...
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0answers
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What prominent Nietzsche experts give 'empathy' a role to play in his transvaluation?

What prominent Nietzsche experts give 'empathy' a role to play in his trans-valuation? I found a paper that lists proponents of the opposite view, but it is not peer reviewed, and is just a Masters ...
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2answers
35 views

predicative and attributive adjectives?

I'm reading Peter Geach's Good and Evil, and am struggling to understand what predicative and attributive adjectives mean, the significance of the words and how they be applied to good and bad.
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1answer
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How could I possibly apply rule-utilitarianism in real life?

If I believe in rule-utilitarianism as the best moral system we have to judge what actions are right and wrong, how would I go about applying this system pratically in real life decisions? For ...
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34 views

Problem with a practical application of rule-utilitarianism

I sort of accepted rule-utilitarianism as my system for evaluating morals as there are many problems with strict utilitarianism but at the same time utility still seems to be the most logical factor ...
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On an answer to Taurek's trolley problem

https://philosophy.stackexchange.com/a/51440/38075 As I see it, the decision is made unknowingly, but is that really making a decision? Because it's not meant to give a 50/50 chance. Plus, in reality,...
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1answer
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Where does this utility equation come from, and what does the zero or uppercase “o” mean?

(1/n)(B + g/n) + ([n–1]/n)(0 + g/n) What is zero or uppercase O mean? Page 16: http://www.stafforini.com/library/kagan-2011.pdf#page=16 My best guess is that it's found somewhere in Reasons and ...
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12answers
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I'm being drafted to the military but I have the option to refuse (legally), would it be immoral for me to serve? [closed]

I’m set to enlist in the Israel Defense Forces but I have the option to exempt from the military if I wish to. So I’m in a big moral dilemma on whether I should serve or not, I’m currently leaning ...
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In the philosophy of Josiah Royce, is there a tension between the individual and society?

I'm reading through Josiah Royce's view on the self and this is what I think he believes the tension to be between the individual and society: "The tension between the individual and society is ...
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113 views

What is the link with nihilism and hypocrisy?

What is the link with nihilism and hypocrisy? I know that Nietzsche mentions hypocrisy. I think to the effect that the old values helped it flourish, that it is now debased, with at least the ...
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1answer
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Love triangle: ethical state

An ethical problem: Daniel is in love with Rose, who is in a long-term romantic relationship with David. Rose enjoys Daniel's love. Daniel asks Rose that David should know that they text each other, ...
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Is Mercy for the Merciful, Justice for the Just and Injustice for the Unjust constitute a type of Justice? [closed]

Of course, there are types of Justice found in Philosophy, Social studies and Humanities like: - Distributive. - Retributive. - Compensatory. - Procedural. All of these types speak about a style of ...