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Questions tagged [ethics]

Ethics is a branch of philosophy dealing with questions of morality, including justice, virtue and vice, and good and evil

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Is harming others always considered bad?

Do any philosophers either explicitly avoid condemning harm, or condone it, especially harming others, in their ethics? Why do humans consider causing bad to others as bad and represent it as bad act ...
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Would it be morally wrong for an AI to intentionally harm “inferior” and “irrational” humans?

Suppose in the future we develop super intelligent AI beings, which in addition to their superior intelligence, also posses superior powers of rationality, emotional capacity, and free will. Now ...
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How comes AI is expected to be ethical?

To question ethics of people doing science is completely legitimate to me. So, there can be ethically questionable things you research like bio-weapons or experiments on animals. Also for sure while ...
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Is this short summary of phenomenology accurate?

"Classical, pure phenomenology aims to comprehend “those structures of experience and understanding that permit different types of beings to show themselves as what they are.” It does this by ...
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Is it moral to push the button and let the earth disappear? [closed]

1) Children and adults are tortured to death in the most gruesome ways by sadist serial killers or "terrorist organizations (IS)" etc dragging out on the pain resulting in unimaginable suffering for ...
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Key philosophical ideas

This is a soft question and as such is rather opinion based. Nor am I entirely sure how to phrase it and will therefore edit as advised. Finally I apologise if there is any other thread here that ...
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Is a selfish action that helps others worthy of praise?

TL:DR Is a selfish man who only does stuff for his own benefit, worthy of praise if his actions just so happen to help others? (And am I wrong in assuming someone always attempts to gain something?). ...
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Why do peeps pursue reputation? [closed]

We have been told many times by many wise people (and in few ancient languages) to think of reputation as immaterial yet one sees characters wildly pursuing badges, titles, and funny hats. Why? ...
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Has anyone used Aristotle's philosophy to study social media?

It is my understanding that Aristotle believed one shouldn't work too many hours in the day (I am currently having a hard time finding any references on this, sorry). He (or maybe this was just the ...
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Why/when would discrimination of people who do less, try less and pursue a path of “easiness” be wrong?

Why/when would discrimination of people who do less, try less and pursue a path of "easiness" be wrong? Since if we accept their attitude, then that would mean that we in some respect regard it "...
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Can we abandon the concept of evil as useless and lacking in explanatory power?

According to Stanford Encyclopedia, the concept of evil can be discarded.But without the presence of evil, how the good can be defined by itself? https://plato.stanford.edu/entries/concept-evil/
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Is having a “type” ethical?

Some people have a particular “type”, a person with particular physical aspects that they look for in a partner. What ethical frameworks can be used to evaluate this phenomena? Do those frameworks ...
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Do necessary ought nots follow from impossible oughts?

I'm reading about Hume's is-ought gap and how oughts can't follow from is's. My question is if there are impossible oughts and if these impossible oughts create necessary ought nots. Example: "you ...
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Privacy in the modern context [closed]

In Roman times, 'privacy' had more to do with one’s “private” domain where one is the master of one’s own house rather than the sense we have today where the emphasis is more on one’s private thoughts,...
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For a utilitarian, is a lie morally equivalent to a mistake?

As far as I know, utilitarians consider that only the consequences should be considered as the calculation of the morality of an action. Since a mistake and a lie differ only in their intent, are ...
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Is Kantian deontological ethics just consequentialism?

Kant's second formulation of the Categorical Imperative states that "Act in such a way that you treat humanity, whether in your own person or in the person of any other, never merely as a means to ...
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How is it possible to encourage morality in others when everyone is morally imperfect?

No human begin is morally perfect. My question is then, how can any one human being encourage another to improve their ways when that other person can always just reverse the question and ask "Why don'...
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Is ethics the primary purpose of Kant's philosophy?

My professor said that he believes the primary purpose behind Kant's Critique of Pure Reason is to respond to the empiricist view that morals are ultimately subjective. He believes that the primary ...
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Moral nihilism & teleology

Can one be a moral nihilist and hold teleological beliefs at the same time? More specifically, can I be a moral nihilist, whilst also being a utilitarian? And further, is teleology a branch of moral ...
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If you alone discover that all forms of full anesthetic are ineffective, should you keep it a secret? [closed]

Suppose that you alone discover that full anesthetic only makes the user look unconscious and not form memories, but does not prevent him from feeling pain; if someone needs to undergo surgery, there ...
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1answer
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Which philosopher first claimed that social impatience is ethically indefensible

Partha Dasgupta's book Economics: A Very Short Introduction (Oxford University Press, 2007) contains a chapter on sustainable economic development. Dasgupta here writes that, Philosophers have ...
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Anything that is wrong involves some kind of imbalance (true or false?)

I had a friend who claimed this to be true: Anything that is wrong involves some kind of imbalance Examples where it works: Overweight. Imbalance in the amount of calories eaten and calories ...
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How does the phenomenon of moral luck pose a problem for Kantian ethical theories?

I was reading the paper "Moral luck" by Thomas Nagel which left me rather confused. In the paper, he describes four different kinds of moral luck:: constitutive luck, resultant luck, circumstantial ...
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Does an informal logical fallacy require deception?

Bo Bennett's criteria distinguishing a logical fallacy from a pseudo-logical fallacy has three parts. The third part is: It must be deceptive in that it often fools the average adult. ...
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10 : 1 - Blackstone's Principle

So, Blackstone's law states that 1 innocent man going to jail is worse than 10 guilty men being set free. This principle seems to be a fundamental principle for all Western governments. I'm ...
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How similar are Kantian Ethics to Virtue Ethics?

I am writing an essay for the question 'Critically evaluate the view that ethics should be more concerned with who you are than what you do'. I have done some of Kant's ethics and some virtue ethics,...
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Which current moral philosophers take similar positions to those taken by Anscombe on moral obligation?

I would like to read current moral philosophers who take similar positions on moral obligation as those taken by G. E. M. Anscombe in Modern Moral Philosophy. Her view, as I understand it, is that ...
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What does “service” mean in Bubeck's feminist ethics of care

Bubeck thus distinguishes care from “service”, by stipulating that “care” involves meeting the needs for others who cannot meet their needs themselves, whereas “service” involves meeting the needs ...
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Ethical dilemma about withholding/disclosing information

As a master student, our class is getting assigned homework weekly as part of a statistics related module. These assignments are graded and will contribute to the final mark with a weight of 70%. ...
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Does expressing an emotion change it?

Does expressing an emotion change it? A feeling is a sensation that has been checked against previous experiences and labelled. It is personal and biographical because every person has a ...
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Aristotle on assisted suicide

If someone cannot positively contribute to society, can they then rationalize going through physician assisted suicide? I have to write a paper the prompt is about picking an ethical dilemma and then ...
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Does a behavior/ideology need to be before it can be moral? [closed]

It seems that there are some characteristics that are dependent on other characteristics. For example: for a machine to be productive, it must first be functioning, so it must first be turned on, so ...
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Request for references: Moral values as the result of minimizing friction

Is there a name for a position on the origins of morality that is compatible with the following: "Good" and "bad" are not intrinsic properties of actions. The purpose making a moral judgment is to ...
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Is there a difference between utilitarianism and consequentialism?

In the Wikipedia entry about Anscombe, there is a quote where she juxtaposes traditional utilitarianism to 'consequentialism'. In what sense are they different and what are some points of divergence (...
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What is the difficulty with the concept of pleasure that Anscombe claims Ryle addressed?

In Modern Moral Philosophy G. E. M. Anscombe writes (page 2) Bentham and Mill do not notice the difficulty of the concept of "pleasure". She claimed the ancients found the concept of pleasure "...
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Is there a term for the belief that what is popular in society defines what is moral?

I have observed a number of people who believe, either explicitly or implicitly, that what is popular in a person’s society is what is moral. For instance, someone might say: Polls say that 90% of ...
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Is accusing an opponent of committing any fallacy a red herring?

Suppose one person in an argument claims that the other has committed a fallacy. Whether or not the accusation is true, the accused is now distracted from the original argument and has to defend ...
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Nietzsche's departure from Schopenhauer

I'm attempting to understand the will to power by first presenting Nietzsche's first mentor, Schopenhauer, and his notion of the will to survival/life. In very simple terms, I believe S believed that ...
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What would Kant do in this situation of a drowning child in the pond? [closed]

Suppose you see a drowning child in a pond and there is no one else around except you. You want to save the child, but you know you cannot swim. And there is no other means other than swimming in the ...
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Philosophically, is it morally wrong for someone to masturbate to images or videos of children?

Let’s say there is someone who is attracted to children. They do not have to be exclusively attracted to children; it is possible they could be attracted to adults, as well as children. Maybe they ...
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If descriptions can be objective, then can prescriptions be objective too? [duplicate]

I don't get the whole "prescriptions can't be objective" argument from nihilists. If something as subjective as a human's description of a flower can be considered as objective according to those same ...
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Can good come from war? [closed]

Stimulus “Every gun that is made, every warship launched, every rocket fired signifies, in the final sense, a theft from those who hunger and are not fed, those who are cold and are not clothed.” ...
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Has anyone claimed that no decision is inherently better or more rational than any other decision?

The is-ought problem, for those who believe it is an actual problem, is the problem that you can not deduce an ought statement from any number of is statements. It seems natural for this to lead to a ...
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Proof of objective moral values [closed]

Definitions: Objective moral values= a particular moral action which you ought to do. 1)Someone makes the statement "There are objective moral values". 2)People respond and say 'there are no ...
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What is Ethics of care ? Why does it encourage relationships and dependency over autonomy?

I'm not sure I fully grasp what ethics of care is, to me it seems the idea that your moral development is dependent on how much you help those around you.
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Modern Epicureanism

I heard people talking about Epicureanism on the radio this morning and it struck me that I am an Epicurean. Apparently it was a popular philosophy in the Ptolemaic era, as Greece and Rome coexisted ...
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Is globalization immoral? [closed]

My question pertains to when Morality becomes so defined and homogenous to the entire population if this isn’t immoral to the diversities that it umbrellas. In a world that now demands membership as ...
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Are forms of discrimination necessarily wrong? Why wouldn't discrimination serve a “developmental” purpose?

Are forms of discrimination necessarily wrong? Why wouldn't discrimination serve a "developmental" purpose? That is, in order to perceive "better" or "worse", there must be a way to discriminate ...
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What is the difference between 'immoral', 'amoral' and 'non-moral' ('unmoral')?

In different sources there are variating explanations. What are their standard definitions? Further more, I have here a definition in German. Does "Unmoral" in German mean "Immoral"? ''„Unmoralisch" ...
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Are there contemporary adherents to this view about systemised ethics?

In some parts of the field of truth, no doubt, men who work by these divergent ways are apt as men to represent antithetical types. But over the whole field this need not be ...