Questions tagged [ethics]

For questions about ethics, a branch of philosophy dealing with morality, justice, virtue, vice, good and evil.

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1answer
63 views

Does utilitarianism demand a 5 mph speed limit?

Ok, so a bit of forewarning: this is going to delve into current events a little bit (not too much though). I was having a discussion with someone about the response to the recent pandemic and I said ...
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1answer
36 views

What are some arguments in favour of objective morality?

By objective morality, I mean the belief that there exist moral principles which makes actions moral or immoral regardless of subjective perception. I want to know if there are (reputable) articles ...
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Value of things, Objectivity, Definition

What is (abstractly) the value of things, how is it defined, is it objective and inherent to the item? In day to day life and even court decisions, the value of things is the average price it would ...
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1answer
39 views

Existentialism and morality

I'm quite confused about Sartre and his relationship to morality. He talks a lot about responsibility. When I think of responsibility, punishment and law come to my mind. But I suppose Sartre's ...
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0answers
28 views

What are the advantages and disadvantages of having the name/category 'Kantian ethics' [closed]

I gather that the term 'Kantian ethics' is meant to refer to one of a small number of broad clusters of ethical views that enjoys currency in contemporary (western) philosophy. I'm wondering if people ...
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Can we accept differences and still have a moral? [closed]

If asked to be tolerant, respectful, non judgmental, open minded toward groups of people living among us with different beliefs and lifestyle, how to define what is good or bad ? Does it mean that we ...
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27 views

How would luck egalitarianism deal with AI and automatisation in production?

Mainstream theories of justice, particularly luck egalitarianism, accept that the "good fortune," the goods that result from endowments, not from choice or effort, be redistributed to aid those ...
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1answer
35 views

Why is Savulescu's (2001) Nuclear Accident case a case of harmless wrong-doing rather than a case of harmful wrong-doing?

Savulescu (2001) writes: "Or consider the Nuclear Accident. A poor country does not have enough power to provide power to its citizens during an extremely cold winter. The government decides to open ...
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2answers
152 views

In light of COVID-19, what scientific justification is there for CERN? [closed]

Among the myriad of questions pertaining to scientific research and any cost/benefit analysis might justify said research which has been amplified by the current pandemic crisis, one glaring one is ...
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25 views

The future of an ethical action is to become a moral 'rule'? [closed]

I've been thinking about ethics and moral (actualy just because of Chidi, the caracter from the tv series named "The Good Place"), and then I got stucked with this situation... An ethical action, if ...
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1answer
59 views

Is this conditional donation morally permissible?

About a week ago, at the onset of the COVID-19 epidemic in Bulgaria, a Bulgarian entrepreneur (Ivaylo Penchev, founder of Walltopia), offered a conditional donation of medical ventilators to a state-...
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How do you compare the classical(Aristotilean) and Humean picture of the relationship between desire and practical reason?

From my basic understanding, Hume thinks desire leads the intellect, while Aristotle thinks it is more complicated? So we have more agency of our desires in the classical picture?
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Does the principle of double-effect apply to supererogatory acts?

Does the principle of double-effect apply to supererogatory acts, or only to acts one is obliged to perform?
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43 views

Who said something like “It is as stupid to not accept something as it is…”

So I'm writing an essay and I'd really like to implement this one phrase but I can't recall on who said it, therefore I can't put it in. It goes something like this: "It is as stupid to not accept ...
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2answers
325 views

Is Sam Harris's view of morality innovating? What philosophers innovated specifics on morality?

Sam Harris in his book, The moral landscape (2010), has certainly ignited discussions on morality, but did Sam Harris create his view or popularize someone else's? side== I am also curious if anyone ...
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30 views

Kant and putting your own interests first

Is it ethically justifiable to place your own interests first if we lived by Kant? Say someone asks you to help them move houses, help them study, etc. So something that isnt life threatening but ...
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3answers
72 views

Is self-interest ethical even when it means not helping others?

I'm having trouble reconciling common sense self-interest with the mainstream systems in ethics. Say I'm taking a life-changing exam, and I've studied and am super prepared; yet, the guy behind me ...
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2answers
84 views

Who were the famous moral nihilists (philosophers) of 20th and 19th century?

If existential nihilism claims nothing has meaning does it also take moral values in to account?
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1answer
45 views

What was Sartre's thought on good and evil?

If existentialism according to Sartre hold everyone responsible. Why Sartre said "men are condemned to be free"?
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Are moral values invention or discovery?

Is there any actual karma or reward and punishment based on good or bad deeds , or everything order, society is an human invention?
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3answers
42 views

Why is moral cognitivism called 'cognitivism'

I don't get it? "Cognitive" usually refers to do with the mind, mental processes, thinking, or the brain. In ethics, it refers to whether or not something is a "statement" or can be "true or false". ...
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2answers
106 views

Do I have to do something rather than nothing?

Disclaimer: I'm a newbie in Philosophy, and this question is most probably answered somewhere (on this site or not), but I've been looking for a while now and it's a little difficult to steer myself ...
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1answer
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Up to date Moral Philosophy textbooks for self-study

I wonder if there's an up to date account in moral philosophy that can be used in principle as a textbook for university courses. I have digged a little bit but I have only found for example Paley's ...
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Is it possible that Israel - despite being a self-named Jewish state is not a Jewish state at all? [closed]

An aunt of mine, when she arrived in Britain, once jeered at me, calling me a Christian, mostly because she thought of Britain as being Christian. These were the only categories of thought she had. I,...
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Was the goal of Spinoza's Ethics a state of mind with intrinsic value but no existence at all?

The Untruth of Reality: The Unacknowledged Realism of Modern Philosophy By Jure Simoniti, p148 I've not read the book, or all of the Ethics. I wanted to know whether Spinoza means that there is ...
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3answers
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Should we place our own good before our nation's good? [closed]

I'm currently writing a screenplay, and one of the philosophical themes arises out of a very specific conflict, with I call: INDIVIDUAL BENEFIT vs STATE BENEFIT. One of the characters sacrifices ...
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1answer
244 views

Is “practical atheism” really so different from “practical christianity?”

First time questioner here! Apologies if this is not specific enough/would better belong on a different StackExchange. If one takes a second to peruse any number of Christian apologetics books, the ...
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54 views

Is it ethical to offer money for a contractor (such as a realtor) to reach an agreement in the your favor?

Say that a realtor suggests that you need a certain subjective requirement to be approved, but that the owner is somewhat flexible. Now, this is not a legal requirement, which would be illegal to ...
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Harm Principle and the eventual harm of creating needs

A necessity or a need is a necessary condition for something else. A need in Economics and particularly a consumer need is something needed to be consumed, a necessary condition for achieving higher ...
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7answers
221 views

Innocent until proven guilty [duplicate]

Why is it right? And why is guilty until proven innocent wrong? I think I have some kind of basic understanding but hopefully can learn more from your contributions.
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5answers
234 views

Why people say I'm being prejudiced by judging ragged clothing?

In a conversation with some friends, we agreed that people should not judge by skin color, which by now should gradually become a more common opinion to society. But I said that sometimes, conscious ...
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9answers
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Why should the strong help the weak? [closed]

I came across this article recently. Although I don't agree with many points of the author, I could not help but feel that it does make some sense. Doesn't helping others steal the opportunity of ...
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5answers
285 views

Why should we care about anyone?

If we take the World as absurd - without any meaning or end result, and believe in no such thing as God or afterlife (taking Camus' stance in Myth of Sisyphus), why should anyone, fundamentally, care ...
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Is Bernard William's argument for equality a teleological argument?

Bernard Williams wrote in his essay “The Idea of Equality”: Leaving aside preventive medicine, the proper ground of distribution of medical care is ill health: this is a necessary truth. Now in ...
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2answers
159 views

Is refusing to save someone's life murder?

I am asking this because of the doctor dilema. There are four patients that need four different organs. One healthy dude walks in. Do you kill the healthy guy to save the four? The thing about this, ...
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1answer
33 views

What are the premises of Hume's argument that reason alone cannot be a motive to the will, but rather is the “slave of the passions”?

I don't understand the premises of Hume's argument against moral rationalism if someone could explain it to me please.
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An attempt at reconstructing the reasoning behind Kant's universalization principle

Please let me know whether you detect objectionable points in my attempt at reconstructing Kant's universalization principle. Reference : Groundwork of the Metaphysics of Morals. https://en....
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65 views

Value of the exact same simulation

Imagine that you are able to run simulations of people, and decide to run twice the same simulation, who run in exactly the same way, and in this simulations something bad happens to the person being ...
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54 views

What is the morality of a pregnant woman drinking alcohol? [closed]

How do we trade-off the rights of the individual woman to drink, against the right of a person to be born without foetal (fetal) alcohol syndrome?
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5answers
244 views

How can I maintain integrity when requested to use gender pronouns yet still be loving?

I have friends who request certain gender pronouns are used, which I do not believe to be correct. I have thought about this topic at some length and concluded that while using these pronouns would be ...
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65 views

Wittgenstein on ethics and the big book experiment

This is taken from the lecture Wittgenstein delivered on ethics. Wittgenstein proceeds to establish a controversial position in ethics. Although all judgments of relative value can be shown to be ...
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3answers
85 views

Where is the limit between moral relativism and absence of morality?

I am able to understand that there is a irreconcilable difference between considering morality as an absolute and considering it being relative to individuals and groups. However, if I take the point ...
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3answers
119 views

What is the difference between letting someone die and not creating someone?

Imagine, for a moment, that you are emergency medical personnel. You are working on the victim of a car accident, who is unconcious, and has no pulse. At that moment - to the person you are working ...
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19answers
15k views

Why do atheist euthanasia proponents consider nothingness preferable to suffering? [closed]

I have heard some atheists support euthanasia, on the grounds that death is preferable to agony. But I don't understand this; if there is no afterlife, death isn't a relief. It's true nothingness, the ...
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12k views

What are the ethics of having children today?

Please receive this question as having come from a young person who wants to have children, but given the state of affairs (climate change, growing costs of living and wealth inequality, "technology", ...
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1answer
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Which of Adorno's books explains best his ideas on moral autonomy?

Which of Adorno's books explains best his ideas on moral autonomy? Can anyone provide a quick outline of them?
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97 views

Spinoza's adequate knowledge: Can he avoid being called a dogmatist?

Within Spinoza's System (laid down in the Ethics), the difference of inadequate from adequate knowledge is crucial. Perhaps it is even the central cornerstone of his system, because adequate knowledge ...
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4answers
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Is it ethical to force someone to evacuate from their home?

Suppose a bushfire (wildfire) is approaching someone's home. They have a strong connection to their home but are unable to defend it. They would be utterly devastated if it burnt down. Is it ethical ...
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3answers
132 views

Why think that retributive justice has an intrinsic value?

Obviously, punishment itself can have an extrinsic value: it may encourage fewer people to offend. But how has anyone argued for the intrinsic, rather than extrinsic, value of retributive justice? I ...
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1answer
80 views

What would a system that aims to maximize my own well-being be called?

I was wondering what a moral system that says things are good if they benefit me would be called. At first I was thinking of normative egoism, but it seems like normative egoism says that everyone ...

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