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Questions tagged [ethics]

For questions about ethics, a branch of philosophy dealing with morality, justice, virtue, vice, good and evil.

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Are there moral objections to a life motivated purely by money? How to sway a person from this lifestyle?

Let’s say there’s a person, Z. Z has decided that his goal in life is to get as much money as possible, and at the end, to upload his consciousness into a robot/computer to live forever in his ...
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0answers
11 views

Does morality care about its history?

In a recent debate we came to blows about whether or not it was immoral to eat meat. (I’m vegan so I’m surrounded by people who say it is). But I made the case that eating meat isn’t immoral. The act ...
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8answers
298 views

Why is equality assumed to be good?

I personally hold the belief, like most, that human beings are equal and that they should be treated equally under the law. However, I am still curious as to why this claim is true and if it is not ...
4
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4answers
242 views

Should the word “ethics” be favored over “morality”?

I'm somewhat confused by the way this word is used: Sometimes it appears as though it's a name for a specific form or system of morality - ie Victorian morals; at other times it's conceived in ...
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0answers
50 views

Should only philosophy students study logic, ethics, axiology, phenomenology, epistemology, and aesthetics? [on hold]

E.g a physician. Should they not start in any univeristy studying these modules? Actually a lawyer most law schools teach philosophy of law as an elective module. And no social philosophy or ...
3
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3answers
122 views

Is fallibilism a better option than absolute certainty?

Fallibilism is the epistemological thesis that no belief (theory, view, thesis, and so on) can ever be rationally supported or justified in a conclusive way. Always, there remains a possible doubt as ...
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0answers
25 views

How does Hume argue that the rules of morality “are not conclusions of our reason”?

David Hume claims that the rules of morality “are not conclusions of our reason.” How does he argue for this?
2
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1answer
177 views

Are we facing a new iteration of social prejudice and discrimination? [closed]

How is it different from previous forms of social injustice? Why is this a new kind of systematic prejudice and discrimination? - Firstly, the "old" way was entrenched in law and custom, whereas now ...
3
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5answers
154 views

How to avoid nihilism as an agnostic?

As an agnostic I end up as a nihilist on morality. Philosophers say we need a framework for morality but if that framework is religious, which itself is not empirical and sometimes is contradictory, ...
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1answer
203 views

Operationalization / Falsifiability and ethics

I'm studying crowd behavior and I have some tricky questions: (1) Does operationalization guarantee testing falsifiability? (2) Is the study of crowd behavior falsifiable science? From a Freudian ...
4
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1answer
174 views

Marsilio Ficino' commentary on the Symposium on Love guidance

Is Marsilio Ficino's commentary on the Symposium on Love a good book to read alongside the Symposium for someone who is reading the Platonic dialogue? Does it give a good understanding of the ...
2
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1answer
264 views

What are some counter examples to Kant's moral philosophy about doing the right thing?

Kant believes that one way to find out what the right thing to do is to think what would happen if everyone followed the principle you’re following when you perform that action. What are some ...
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4answers
562 views

Is it possible to logically derive moral statements from factual statements?

Yes, this is essentially the is-ought problem posed as a question. The reason I am asking however, is that I have so far found absolutely no satisfactory arguments for this being the case anywhere ...
3
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5answers
350 views

Is it self-evident that utilitarianism requires altruism?

I've seen this way too often. People who claim themselves utilitarians use the utilitarian argument to support their own end, but shy away when they just give to the common good. Sure, this shows the ...
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0answers
60 views

Misbehaviour to seek revenge or suit our convenience (Edited) [closed]

Can our misbehavior towards an individual or group of individuals be ever evaluated, and if so, how much of it should be acceptable? There are examples in mythological texts & scriptures of ...
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3answers
165 views

The Anonymous Internet: Philosophical opinions?

People have been commenting "off the record" for ages. However, the Internet has made pseudonyms a major meme. Indeed, anonymity on the Internet may be the default choice for the majority of people ...
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0answers
86 views

Does a White Man have a stronger objective duty to produce Sons or daughters? [closed]

I'm interested in learning about schools of ethics that discuss the value of Sons vs daughters. The most I know so far is that Darwinist Ethics says a White Man is objectively morally obligated to ...
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0answers
25 views
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1answer
398 views

Moral 'ought' and the Principle of Generic Consistency?

Late philosopher Alan Gewirth introduced the Principle of Generic Consistency, or the PGC, which says that moral agents ought to respect the generic rights of freedom and well-being because they are ...
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0answers
26 views

Is there any moral dilemma/situation clearly showing the usefulness of virtue ethics?

I have to study a case where I take any moral dilemma or situation I want to and apply virtue ethics on it but I can't really seem to find anything.
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0answers
38 views

Can philosophy ask questions about what is moral or immoral without deriving the answer from a meta-ethical theory like deontology? [on hold]

Can philosophy ask questions about what is moral or immoral without deriving the answer from a meta-ethical theory like deontology? So can e.g. philosophy say that murder is wrong, even argue for it, ...
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0answers
102 views

Is “cultural appropriation” the consumption or just the production of culture by outsiders? [closed]

Is "cultural appropriation", in the unethical or problematic sense, the consumption or just the production of culture by outsiders? Does any philosopher claim that the former isn't, and, if so, how ...
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0answers
43 views

Organ Donation Obligation

Mike has a genetic kidney disease, which caused his kidney to fail at the age of 7. Mike has a biological child named John, who Mike knew would have a 100% chance of getting the disease. Now John is 7 ...
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6answers
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Why would Aristotle argue that “a mechanic or a mercantile life” is “ignoble and inimical to virtue”?

All paid jobs absorb and degrade the mind. (Aristotle) UPDATE: As Michael notes below, a better translation of the above is in Rackham (reproduced from Michael's citation): But at present we are ...
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0answers
69 views

Hume's argument for the subjectivity of morality

I am trying to analyze the following argument by Hume in his Treatise of Human Nature: But can there be any difficulty in proving, that vice and virtue are not matters of fact, whose existence we ...
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1answer
226 views

How can God allow someone that is immoral to become highly successful?

How can God allow someone that lies, cheats, steals, homosexual and/or other acts considered bad by ancient religious moral texts to become successful? Are the negative consequences of karma and sin ...
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1answer
38 views

Are deontologists arguing against virtue ethics, and if so does it matter?

This question got me thinking. If deontology and virtue ethics are not reconcilable but in direct competition with each other, does that mean that in arguing for one we are arguing against the other? ...
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0answers
13 views

What are the justification for Kants moral philosophy?

I have trouble understanding the justification Kant gives for his moral philosphy. My main problem is: Why is practical reason the way humans can figure out the morality of an action? Why is it ...
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0answers
35 views

Can we measure “braverity” objectively?

By saying "bravery/courage", we implicitly mean a hard task that we wouldn't do it in daily life, and we have to sacrifice something to get it - we are scared. It is, after all, just a cost-benefit ...
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1answer
85 views

Amoral argument for god?

Has there been a push for or the development of an amoral argument for a god that is indifferent to the moral practices of humanity, a sort of anti-moral argument for an indifferent god? This idea ...
2
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2answers
44 views

Are there contemporary adherents to this view about systemised ethics?

In some parts of the field of truth, no doubt, men who work by these divergent ways are apt as men to represent antithetical types. But over the whole field this need not be ...
2
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2answers
54 views

Judging importance by one's actions

If you'd ask people about what's important to them, you'd get answers that might differ from their actions. For example: someone who states that playing soccer is important to them, yet always skips ...
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0answers
22 views

What is the connection between celibacy and the acts/omissions distinction?

In "Kuhse, Helga and Singer, Peter. Should the baby live?: The problem of handicapped infants. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1985," the authors argue in Chapter 4 that there is no distinction ...
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66 views

Does foreverism imply that AI is potentially more moral than us humans are? [closed]

To set the groundwork, the argument goes like this: behaviors that don't exist, are not-good. An agent that has a wider array and duration of behaviors is not-good in fewer cases than an agent that ...
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7answers
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Is there an advantage of a theistic account in terms of being able to define goodness?

I have been watching some debates about the existence of god, such as Peter Singer vs. Dinesh D'Souza, or Christopher Hitchens vs. John Lennox. On the religious side, one argument comes up ...
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0answers
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How Kant's second formulation of the categorical imperative interacts with consent

Kant's second formulation (or the "ends in themselves" formulation) says: use humanity, whether in your own person or in the person of any other, always at the same time as an end, never merely as ...
3
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1answer
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Why was Aristotle not a Hedonist? (Nicomachean Ethics)

In book II, Ar. describes ethical virtue as relating to/being encompassed by pleasure and pain. Wouldn't this make him ascribe to a Hedonistic worldview, and likewise commit him to believing that ...
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2answers
339 views

Why do ethics inherently matter?

On SE you can often find questions like: is something-something ethical? is it ethical to do x, y, z? etc. For example: Academia: Is pseudonymous publication ethical? Workplace: Is it unethical ...
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5answers
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How does atheism answer the problem of goodness? [closed]

If God does not exist how do we explain all the good in the world? All the charities that operate of the goodwill of the public? All the doctors working in Somalia for doctors without borders? If we ...
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2answers
72 views

What is moral inquiry in the context of James Lenman's paper?

I’ve been trying to understand this concept on my own, but I’m unable to grasp it. Google keeps referring to a paper published in the Aristotelian Society, but that article is hidden behind a paywall. ...
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0answers
60 views

Does “Binary Exam” make philosophical sense? [closed]

My teacher gives what he calls "binary exams" where student either gets 100 or get 0. He said that this is consistent with his belief in absolute truth (like some sort of "platonic ideal") in that a ...
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1answer
59 views

Questions on Descartes' Certainty? [closed]

1)What is the certainty that Descartes discovers in the Second Meditation? 2)What does Descartes go on to attempt to prove in the Third Meditation and how is this proof related to what was ...
2
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1answer
70 views

What kind of counterevidence is there against “morality is inborn”?

What kind of counter-evidence is there against "morality is inborn"? Since "morality is inborn" is not the only view on the source of morality. And yes, intuitively, one can conceive that ...
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3answers
271 views

Is it ethical to save tigers?

From a utilitarian point of view, is it ethical to save tigers by creating sanctuaries and criminalizing poaching, when such tigers are known to violently attack humans? Also, one strain of response ...
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0answers
61 views

Quantifying Ethics

It seems like a relation like '<' exists in morality, as most ethical systems view moral actions as more evil/good than other actions. Has any philosopher tried to quantify this, e.g. how much ...
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2answers
438 views

How does ethics influence epistemology?

I was thinking about the connection between ethics and epistemology. I understand there is a whole sub-field of philosophy (moral epistemology) that concerns itself with how epistemology affects our ...
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2answers
98 views

Which philosophy claims that our moral decisions should be based upon a universal algorithm?

Recently, I advocated here the idea that moral rules should be universal, based upon clear axioms? It should make the opposite for moral imperative. The idea could encompass both hedonism formulated ...
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1answer
68 views

What does Marx mean by “the real will of the cooperative”?

This is an extract from A Darwinian Left by Peter Singer: Marx: Under collective property, the so-called will of the people disappears in order to make way for the real will of the cooperative. ...
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9answers
63k views

What did Nietzsche mean by monsters and the abyss?

What do you think Nietzsche meant by "Whoever fights monsters should see to it that in the process he does not become a monster. And when you look long into an abyss, the abyss also looks into you." (...
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1answer
113 views

Has the philosophy of technology's impact on human life so far been studied?

There is no doubt that technology has influenced human life، Has the impact of technology on human life been examined from a philosophical point of view? (Particularly the impact of technological ...