Stack Exchange Network

Stack Exchange network consists of 175 Q&A communities including Stack Overflow, the largest, most trusted online community for developers to learn, share their knowledge, and build their careers.

Visit Stack Exchange

Questions tagged [ethics]

For questions about ethics, a branch of philosophy dealing with morality, justice, virtue, vice, good and evil.

6
votes
2answers
178 views

Do descendants bear moral responsibility for the actions of their ancestors?

Consider the following two scenarios, a specific one, and a more general one: Specific Scenario A long time ago, a robber, Rob, stole a large sum of money from a bank, and "got away" with it. Rob ...
1
vote
1answer
59 views

From ethical actions to ethical goals, from the Commandments/Beatitudes to the New Jerusalem? [closed]

Artificial intelligence (AI) systems (autonomous vehicles, autonomous decision support systems, autonomous humanoid robots etc.) are required to make ethical decisions and it is strong feature of the ...
1
vote
3answers
126 views

Logical fallacy — discrediting someone because they do something you agree with [closed]

A friend posted this tweet: The point of the person's tweet seems to be, "Since Trump is thinking the same way that Kaepernick is thinking, and Kaepernick is right, then Trump is wrong." Honestly, ...
1
vote
1answer
56 views

Is there a better word than “equity” to describe fairness, equal rights and inclusive positive behaviour towards other people?

Disclaimer, this is NOT a question about whether or not equality, equity or equal rights are good or bad, applicable to humans in general or anything the like. The only intent of this question is to ...
2
votes
1answer
195 views

Does antinatalism carry the seeds of its own destruction?

Antinatalists claim that it is immoral to procreate. For instance: David Benatar argues there is an asymmetry between pleasure and pain, which means it would be better for humans not to have ...
1
vote
1answer
103 views

Question about Chidi from The Good Place…SPOILER

Spoilers for The Good Place under the spoiler tag below: I recently brought this up in an answer about fatalism, describing how free will would entail that we can predict the consequences of every ...
3
votes
1answer
60 views

Prichard’s Arguments Why Moral Duty is Irreducible

These questions regard Prichard’s 1912 paper “Does Moral Philosophy Rest on a Mistake?” Prichard says the question has arisen in philosophy: “Why ought I do what I ought to do?” Two types of ...
2
votes
1answer
244 views

What's important about Cognitivism and Non-cognitivism? [closed]

I would like to know what's important about Cognitivism and Non-cognitivism in ethics. Why does it matter that Cognitivists claim to know, or at least that it is possible to know, that certain moral ...
0
votes
2answers
206 views

If hard determinism is true, why should we try to better ourselves?

If hard determinism is true, then it was never really my choice to be the person I am at this exact moment. There’s also only one path from this point forward, so if I’m going to eventually be a good ...
1
vote
2answers
73 views

How is the mortgage crisis of 2008–2010 an example of Cognitivism?

I would like to know how the mortgage crisis of 2008–2010 is an example of Cognitivism. In this document <https://www.globaledulink.co.uk/wp-content/uploads/2017/01/business-ethics.compressed.pdf>,...
0
votes
1answer
88 views

What will future generations condemn us for? [closed]

I can think of the following: Human-created mass extinctions Industrial meat production Institutionalisation and isolation of the elderly Environment destruction What are other contemporary ...
1
vote
2answers
113 views

Does normative ethics apply to moral anti-realism?

Normative Ethics is often described as prescriptive. Do the questions posed by these ethical theories apply in moral anti-realist frameworks?
3
votes
2answers
90 views

How should I live when there are so many moral philosophies?

My problem is that I don't know if the things I do are moral or not. And I think this situation was somewhat caused by reading philosophy. I grew up in a religious, traditional and sex-negative ...
4
votes
1answer
74 views

Can there be different levels of evil to a thought?

With reference to the subject matter treated in these questions: Can the act of having certain thoughts be unethical? Evil thoughts without actions? EDIT: The below "thoughts" can be ...
3
votes
2answers
197 views

What are arguments against the option of immortality?

I have discussed on various occasions the possibility of human immortality with people. Most of the time people thought it would be a bad idea without giving specific reasons but relying on their ...
1
vote
4answers
119 views

Can the phrase 'pain is unpleasant' be classified as a fundamental truth of life on earth?

This may sound like a silly question but how can you quantify events that are indefinite in nature? Statistically speaking ALMOST ALL creatures perceive pain negatively but how can we call it ...
11
votes
14answers
8k views

Why are legal and moral responsibilities said to be different?

It seems in most cases which laws are adopted depends on what ethical views legislators hold. There might be counterexamples when a lawmaker does not adopt laws reflecting own moral views. But I do ...
1
vote
2answers
106 views

Do philosophers think ethics can't be based on our wishes? [closed]

Some presuppositions: Premise 1. "Wrong" means the reasoning used in an argument was flawed. Another notion of "wrong" is wrong method. Misknowledge how. Definition 2. Wishes are not produced by ...
1
vote
0answers
58 views

What does 'semantic blindness' mean here?

A public talk to be given by Philosopher Michael Patrick Lynch at Oxford is to address: Fake news spread online is a clear danger to democratic politics. One aspect of that danger is obvious: it ...
3
votes
1answer
71 views

Hume: excavating the is/ ought gap

Why does Hume believe that ought brings a new relation? If means-end reasoning, where we can say that one is ought to do X in order to get Y, does not bring a new relation, then in order to tell that ...
5
votes
4answers
151 views

Does calling myself immoral free me from any moral responsibility?

In our usual day to day tasks we think of ourselves as good and then we try to act in such ways as to reinforce this belief. We try to justify our behaviours with the best possible reasons even if our ...
2
votes
4answers
206 views

'What to do?' versus 'Who to be?' and the focus of moral philosophy

In Normative Ethics, Shelly Kagan writes: I have suggested that the central question of moral philosophy as a whole, and of normative ethics in particular, is how one should live. I take this ...
3
votes
1answer
94 views

Really original ideas in philosophy papers?

Plagiarism is wrong, no question. Searching the internet before writing a paper might help, but philosophy is done not only in English. There are philosophy publications of all sorts in other ...
2
votes
1answer
80 views

Classifying Arrogance

Are you aware of any philosophers who have attempted a classification of arrogance? For example, I envision arrogance as a comparison with 1) a subject, or 2) other people. An example of #1 is a ...
5
votes
2answers
113 views

Hume and the notion of causation

Hume argues that what most people associate as "cause" could be the constant conjunction of events. There is no way to prove a necessary connection between A and B. However, my question has to do ...
0
votes
1answer
63 views

What is fair in this example and why? [closed]

Imagine you're asked to decide the pay of partners that start a business. They each give you a vote of how much they should make. If they agree with each other the answer is obvious - give them what ...
-1
votes
1answer
108 views

Philosophical approaches for a response to rape

I wasn't sure whether to post this here, or on law, or on politics. But I eventually landed here since this SE seemed like the most middle of the road option. My question concerns rape and how we ...
1
vote
1answer
48 views

What are the most copleentary analyses of Stirner's work

Difficult to underestimate the influence of e.g. Nietzsche, but has anyone done the same with Stirner?
2
votes
6answers
475 views

Moral skepticism and “walking the talk”

It would seem that a substantial minority of philosophers agree with the moral anti-realist position that we have a problem going from "is" to "ought"--that there is no objective correlate of the ...
1
vote
1answer
77 views

Ethics vs manipulation: Is it ethical to manipulate and is ethics a form of manipulation?

Are there ethical frameworks in which manipulation is acceptable? Knowing that we are being raised and conditioned to accept an ethical framework since early childhood is it fair to say that all ...
2
votes
1answer
126 views

How does Aristotle analyse justice in Nicomachean Ethics, V?

Aristotle draws a distinction between general and particular justice at the start of Nicomachean Ethics, V. Can anyone explain this distinction to me? General justice seems like merely all-round moral ...
2
votes
4answers
267 views

Why is Utilitarianism called an unfalsifiable ethic?

Is it true that Utilitarianism is not falsifiable in principle? What would be an example of falsifiable ethics?
3
votes
4answers
281 views

Can utilitarianism make anything moral if someone profits enough from it?

Ever since I first heard about utilitarian system of ethics, there is one thing that has been on my mind. Since utilitarianism is about creating the greater amount of total good (and, the smaller ...
2
votes
1answer
61 views

**Choose Choice**

Choose choice, means: When all other things are equal, then the preferred choice would be the one that allows for the greatest number of subsequent choices. Has any philosopher proposed this or ...
3
votes
4answers
153 views

What good is it to ground morality?

What good is it to ground morality? It's a somewhat bad question. Philosophers like proving things. But, specifically, does it make me more moral if I can ground my moral values? What generated the ...
0
votes
8answers
312 views

Regardless of whether God exists, should humans separate their ethical views and moral behavior from religion? [closed]

I do not intend to argue that God does not exist and humans should use logical thinking to determine ethical behavior. I would argue that it does not matter if God exists because humans should ...
2
votes
2answers
118 views

Categorical imperative defeating division of labor?

Suppose the following maxim. Goal: satisfy basic needs: food, water, sleep, etc. Method: having a specialization, getting money for work, spend money to satisfy basic needs. Conditions: capitalism, ...
2
votes
3answers
94 views

Can my attitude kill you? Part 2

This question follows on (sort off): Can my attitude kill you? Taking attitude to mean: The unique medley of ideas that makes the person. Suppose I'm a doubly depressed neurotic pessimist. Who can ...
2
votes
1answer
81 views

Reversal of moral orientation?

Morality gives a certain structure to society. It puts everyone, or at least the majority of people, on the same page concerning how to treat others. Those that do not fit within this code of how to ...
2
votes
3answers
153 views

Can my attitude kill you?

Would it be morally reprehensible to tell a truth to someone if I know or suspect that it may cause them harm or discomfort? Of course there are trivial instances like telling a dying man he is going ...
2
votes
2answers
110 views

argument for causing species extinction is a moral wrong

While I think causing species extinction is a moral wrong, it is difficult for me to come up with a positive justification for this intuition. The most direct approach is perhaps through biodiversity. ...
2
votes
3answers
190 views

The Euthyphro Dilemma (complete philosophy newbie here)

I have never taken a philosophy course or even asked a philosophy question in my life, although I do have some experience with mathematics and some logic. So, permit me to ask a question that is not ...
0
votes
3answers
176 views

How do we define a bad person?

Considering the following facts; Some fundamental vices of human nature like greed, ignorance, lust, or the seven sins are inherent in a human which are there for not his/her choice. We don't know ...
0
votes
2answers
68 views

Is it true that 'socialization' solves all problems? [closed]

I have discovered the following formula : If any problem then socialize with right people. If hungry then I look for cook. If sad then I look for entertainers. If any dispute then I seek a authority. ...
1
vote
3answers
85 views

How do moral skeptics respond to the concept of permissible heinous acts

The Problem Let's say I am debating my friend Jake who believes that morality exists. But I am a hard determinist who believes that all actions are predetermined by some act or event beforehand. Jake ...
2
votes
4answers
161 views

Can a ban on certain words be justified rationally?

In our world there is a notion of political correctness. There are some words which can be considered rude or abusive in themselves, regardless of the thought behind them. However, this seems awkward ...
1
vote
3answers
407 views

How can we prove something ethical?

We as humans have ethics, giving us the ability to know what's good and evil, what's ethical what's not, yet what I consider ethical, others don't, so in theory how can we prove anything is ethical ...
2
votes
3answers
151 views

Can someone be a left-wing libertarian and support free speech?

Is it possible for someone with strong leftist values to support freedom of speech, even if it means hate speech?
1
vote
3answers
112 views

If a false scientific theory is seemingly 'proven', and contributes to the progress of society, is proving it wrong detrimental?

If, some well known and extremely well respected scientist of the modern world makes a seemingly unmistakable correlation between x (eating 33 bananas a day for instance) and y (ease in anxiety). The ...
1
vote
0answers
80 views

What were the changes to philosophy after the second world war?

I just want to know, like existentialism, what were the other theories in philosophy that changed due to the second world war and what new philosophical theories emerged due to the second world war.