Stack Exchange Network

Stack Exchange network consists of 174 Q&A communities including Stack Overflow, the largest, most trusted online community for developers to learn, share their knowledge, and build their careers.

Visit Stack Exchange

Questions tagged [ethics]

For questions about ethics, a branch of philosophy dealing with morality, justice, virtue, vice, good and evil.

6
votes
0answers
172 views

Is there any author that argues for radical moral pluralism?

Let me first clarify what I mean with "radical" here. While many modern authors, if not all, accept moral pluralism of sorts, all that I know of express either the hope, if not the conviction, that ...
3
votes
0answers
34 views

Why does Hume believe that ought brings a new relation?

If means-end reasoning, where we can say that one is ought to do X in order to get Y, does not bring a new relation, then in order to tell that ought brings a new relation, we ought to assert that ...
3
votes
0answers
66 views

How do the Officer's Oath and the Enlisted Oath interact

I've come across a military question which is so subtle that I think it has to be answered from a philosophical perspective, dealing with the meaning of "duty" and nuanced things like that. In many ...
3
votes
0answers
101 views

Is there any normative theory within pragmatic ethics?

I've read wikipedia's article on pragmatic ethics and it does not produce any norms. Rather, it is only a template for normative ethical theories, like how deontology is a template and CI is a real ...
3
votes
0answers
32 views

Which, if any, moral theories say that doing some good deeds absolve us of doing others?

Which, if any, moral theories say that doing some good deeds absolve us of doing others? So suppose that Dave gives quite a lot of money to charity. Do any moral theorists claim that absolves him of ...
3
votes
0answers
354 views

'Ought' and the Principle of Generic Consistency?

Late philosopher Alan Gewirth introduced the Principle of Generic Consistency, or the PGC, which says that moral agents ought to respect the generic rights of freedom and well-being because they are ...
2
votes
0answers
112 views

How do compatibilists understand “responsible”?

In Scott Christensen's book "What about free will?" on page 119 is "Pharaoh is held responsible for his actions". The reason given for God attributing culpability is "You are exalting yourself...". ...
2
votes
0answers
77 views

Does an informal logical fallacy require deception?

Bo Bennett's criteria distinguishing a logical fallacy from a pseudo-logical fallacy has three parts. The third part is: It must be deceptive in that it often fools the average adult. ...
2
votes
0answers
40 views

Did Heidegger talk about malice at all?

Did Heidegger talk about malice at all? I agree and find interesting if not useful most of Nietzsche's aphorisms but felt that his analysis of malice was just weak, and obviously so. However, I liked ...
2
votes
0answers
197 views

What are some counter examples of Kant's moral philosophy about doing the right thing?

Kant believes that one way to find out what the right thing to do is to think what would happen if everyone followed the principle you’re following when you perform that action. What are some ...
2
votes
0answers
66 views

What did Schopenhauer mean by 'slipping a tip to a head-waiter when pretending to be above such things'?

I bolded and italicised this simile below. Source: p. 46 Middle. Ethics: A Beginner's Guide (2015) by Peter Cave. Slipping a tip: Kant thought moral duty must be carried out for its own sake; ...
2
votes
0answers
108 views

Does the idea of psychological egoism about only dignity make sense?

I understand that psychological egoism is the idea that everyone will always act in their own interest. I gather that human dignity is the cornerstone of Kantian ethics. I am kinda seriously leaning ...
2
votes
0answers
38 views

Using Kant's Categorical Imperative, would it be ethical for tour agencies to organise tours to countries with poor human rights record?

An example would be Myanmar. Aung Suu Kyi previously urged travelers to boycott Myanmar to deny the military junta of income.
2
votes
0answers
49 views

Within a duty based framework, are apologies contingent on the harmed party's acknowledgement of or contrition for wrongdoing?

During the debate on whether Obama should apologise for the US atomic bombing of Hiroshima and Nagasaki, as well as some people making trolley problem style comments about how many would have been ...
2
votes
0answers
80 views

Does Every Logic Have the Potential for Violent Measurement?

Measurement, in the broad sense, involves useful abstractions and logical applicability that allow us to survey environmental data with extreme precision and prediction. The tools or instruments used ...
2
votes
0answers
83 views

Nozick-like argument for property rights?

So, upon reading Nozick again I ran into something I haven't seen any libertarians argue vis a vis justifications of property rights (Ibdont think Nozick wouldn't promote this as an argument since it'...
2
votes
0answers
243 views

What role can guilt play in Act Utilitarianism?

If Bentham posited a sense of guilt as pain that most would feel when doing wrong by others, then surely Utilitarianism would be unnecessary due to Bentham's own work on the motivation of human beings....
2
votes
0answers
302 views

How has Foucault Philosophy of Surveillance been critiqued?

One of the horrors of the communist police-states of Eastern Europe was the incredible amount of information that the police force kept on the general population. This was often not gathered just by ...
1
vote
0answers
53 views

Is this short summary of phenomenology accurate?

"Classical, pure phenomenology aims to comprehend “those structures of experience and understanding that permit different types of beings to show themselves as what they are.” It does this by ...
1
vote
0answers
49 views

Which current moral philosophers take similar positions to those taken by Anscombe on moral obligation?

I would like to read current moral philosophers who take similar positions on moral obligation as those taken by G. E. M. Anscombe in Modern Moral Philosophy. Her view, as I understand it, is that ...
1
vote
0answers
22 views

Request for references: Moral values as the result of minimizing friction

Is there a name for a position on the origins of morality that is compatible with the following: "Good" and "bad" are not intrinsic properties of actions. The purpose making a moral judgment is to ...
1
vote
0answers
33 views

Nietzsche's departure from Schopenhauer

I'm attempting to understand the will to power by first presenting Nietzsche's first mentor, Schopenhauer, and his notion of the will to survival/life. In very simple terms, I believe S believed that ...
1
vote
0answers
33 views

What is Ethics of care ? Why does it encourage relationships and dependency over autonomy?

I'm not sure I fully grasp what ethics of care is, to me it seems the idea that your moral development is dependent on how much you help those around you.
1
vote
0answers
44 views

Making Moral Judgement: Thick Concepts versus Normative Concepts

In G. E. Anscombe's article "Modern Moral Philosophy", she thinks that it is meaningless to make moral judgements such as something is right, wrong, permissible and impermissible. Secondly, she thinks ...
1
vote
0answers
40 views

Is there a hybrid between non-cognitivism and cognitivism?

Non-Cognitivism is the view that ethical sentences cannot be true or false (that they do not form propositions) and Cognitivism that it can. I hold to the notion that ethical sentences such as "...
1
vote
0answers
54 views

What does 'semantic blindness' mean here?

A public talk to be given by Philosopher Michael Patrick Lynch at Oxford is to address: Fake news spread online is a clear danger to democratic politics. One aspect of that danger is obvious: it ...
1
vote
0answers
77 views

What were the changes to philosophy after the second world war?

I just want to know, like existentialism, what were the other theories in philosophy that changed due to the second world war and what new philosophical theories emerged due to the second world war.
1
vote
0answers
37 views

'No better than they ought to be'?

What moral judgement is involved in the claim, less common than it once was but still heard, that 'S/he is no better than s/he ought to be' ? This is a conceptual question, not one about English usage....
1
vote
0answers
31 views

Difference between weak Axiology, strong Axiology, weak Deontology, and strong Deontology

Axiology is the philosophical study of value. However, I don't see what strong Axiology and weak Axiology mean. The same thing with strong Deontology and weak Deontology. I can't seem to find the ...
1
vote
0answers
49 views

Introductory Text to Ethics

I'm looking for an introductory text into philosophical inquiry of ethics. I need this text to be exceedingly accessible (i.e. high school or undergraduate level) but still sufficiently ...
1
vote
0answers
92 views

Specific arguments for moral realism

I'm having great difficulty so far getting specific arguments for this position. Thus far what I've found are arguments that every other position is flawed and thus false. I'm looking for some that ...
1
vote
0answers
87 views

Warren's distinction between moral humanity and genetic humanity

Explain Warren's distinction between moral humanity and genetic humanity. What, according to Warren, are the 5 criteria for being considered of being a moral person. And why does she maintain that the ...
1
vote
0answers
79 views

A 'Different' Theory of Ethics

Is there a specific term for the theory of ethics which evaluates an action by comparing it to alternatives? I am aware of Deontological and Consequentialist theories, but if I understand correctly, ...
1
vote
0answers
51 views

Consciousness/soul outside the range of human capabilities of intellect? McGinn/Searle

I personally extremely enjoyed the answer that Colin McGinn gave on understanding consciousness. Previously, I was actually afflicted by the question because the world seemed to divide itself in half ...
1
vote
0answers
52 views

What is a value of guilt?

Ayn Rand portraits Guilt as the largest currency exchanged worldwide. In terms of accounting, and exchanges, daily between individuals; this is a very seemingly realistic observation. Is there ...
1
vote
0answers
238 views

Is This System of Utility A Significant Improvement For Utilitarianism?

I'll post it here: NOTE: This post contains LaTeX; it is recommended that you install “TeX the World” (for chromium users), “TeX All the Things” or other TeX/LaTeX extensions to view the post ...
1
vote
0answers
79 views

I trust people, why should it change?

I trust people. For the small things in life, it helps me, definitely, but when it comes to larger things it is an issue. For instance I recently started to search if I could buy a house. I am not ...
1
vote
0answers
149 views

How would ethics or moral science be different if (human) life were eternal?

I admit that my question is quite useless in terms of practical philosophy or ethics, but I came to wonder how ethics will be changed if the life of human beings or further, the life of every ...
1
vote
0answers
96 views

Understanding the act of banning

(I'm new to Philosophy Stack Exchange so let me know if I'm not wording things properly, if I have to improve my question, etc.) I want to understand why humans always find a way to "ban" each other ...
1
vote
0answers
113 views

What does Kant's universalisable principle have to say on arbitrary rules?

Act only according to that maxim whereby you can at the same time will that it should become a universal law How does that leave arbitrary rules, and conformity? If everyone disobeyed, for any ...
1
vote
0answers
57 views

Do any moral philosophers discuss 'validation'?

Do philosphers of ethics talk about validation? The idea that my life or projects or person have some intrinsic value, specifically not just those that are innate to persons? Maybe my tags seem a ...
1
vote
0answers
74 views

Has there been any progress in (philosophy of) ethics?

Relative to sciences, measuring (or defining) progress in philosophy seems more complilcated. I also presume that more so than in sciences, what pushes a particular philosophical view/approach out of ...
1
vote
0answers
63 views

On Rousseau's consent and legitimacy

Right now I'm reading Rousseau's Second Discourse and Discourse on Political Economy. Rousseau describes the founding of civil society in the Second Discourse as a step that everyone agrees to, and ...
1
vote
0answers
91 views

“To what extent would society break down without a moral code?”

Okay so I'm new here and I hope that this will abide by the rules and everything that the site dictates about questions. The title of the page is a question I formulated for a school assignment. I ...
1
vote
0answers
251 views

Why did Hume opine that 'Truth is disputable; not taste'?

Source: p , Introducing Philosophy for Canadians: A Text with Integrated Readings (2011 1 ed). Primary Source: Paragraph 5, Section 1, An Enquiry Concerning the Principles of Morals (1751) by David ...
1
vote
0answers
47 views

Could we take the fully rational and fully informed idealized agent that Peter Railton talks about as God, to give a theistic metaethics?

Recently, I finished Alexander Miller's book "An Introduction to Contemporary Metaethics." After reading about Peter Railton's reductionism, I wondered if it would be possible to take the agent which ...
1
vote
0answers
37 views

From a Kantian perspective, could any aspect of this situation be considered moral?

The situation: Let's say two teams are competing in a research competition. The rules require the teams to have members that have never competed in this competition in the past. The director of Team A ...
1
vote
0answers
83 views

How does Badiou summarise Levinas' approach to ethics?

In Badiou’s opening paragraphs he offers an account of Lévinas’s concern with philosophy and its hostility to an ethical relation to the Other. In Badiou’s characterisation of Lévinas, why is it ...
1
vote
0answers
44 views

Bibliography on Ethics in Science

Can you please recommend basic bibliography for an introduction to ethics in science ? In particular, if it is clear that there is a project that looks interesting, but clearly it might be used for ...
1
vote
0answers
340 views

Counter-arguments for the Frankfurt cases

I am looking for critique or good counter-arguments specifically for the Frankfurt cases. The Frankfurt cases are in turn: counterexamples to the "principle of alternative possibilities", or ...