Questions tagged [ethics]

For questions about ethics, a branch of philosophy dealing with morality, justice, virtue, vice, good and evil.

Filter by
Sorted by
Tagged with
-2 votes
2 answers
73 views

Does 'cancel culture' constitue black-and-white thinking? [closed]

I'm not sure if this belongs here or the psychology board, so sorry if I posted in the wrong place. I've personally been accused of being into cancel culture due to me being selective about what media ...
user8600's user avatar
  • 105
0 votes
0 answers
23 views

Are Wittgenstein's aesthetic and ethical claims during the Tractatus period meant to be descriptive or prescriptive?

Are Wittgenstein's aesthetic and ethical claims during the Tractatus period meant to be descriptive or prescriptive? I read it, followed the argument and forgot most of it, but I can recall that ...
user66697's user avatar
  • 800
0 votes
0 answers
24 views

Can this argument for particularism be applied to egoism?

https://wab.uib.no/agora/tools/alws/collection-8-issue-1-article-5.annotate how can we hold on to moral principles in the face of the seeming impossibility to formulate a moral principle which is ...
user66697's user avatar
  • 800
1 vote
1 answer
40 views

What amount of egoism is natural, even necessary, even moral?

In his second theorem in the Critique of Practical Reason, Kant states that a rational being's consciousness of the agreeableness of life accompanying his whole existence is happiness, and the ...
Gerry's user avatar
  • 759
5 votes
3 answers
2k views

'I can consent to be coerced at a later time' Is this a logical paradox?

The sentence seems to be a paradox. Defining coerce as persuading an unwilling person, while also having agreed to be persuaded would indicate you are not unwilling. Does this line of reasoning make ...
Hooman's user avatar
  • 177
2 votes
2 answers
108 views

Ethics of the unborn/non-sentient - Conflicting ideas

I hold two positions that I find to be conflicting with each other, and I wanted to see where I am going wrong. The first position is that moral weight is predicated on sentience, something lacking ...
Aph002's user avatar
  • 109
3 votes
0 answers
33 views

Kant acknowledges physical needs as well as moral law, but has he adequately explained why one should win out over the other?

Theorem II, Book 1, of the Critique of Practical Reason acknowledges finite beings, as part of physical nature, and that they have desires and needs, specifically a need to be happy. But the Critique ...
Gerry's user avatar
  • 759
5 votes
4 answers
1k views

How can a moral antirealist make moral normative claims?

So as I understand it, normative ethics asked questions like, "what should I do?" whereas metaethics asks... "what makes something good or bad." What I'm confused about is... if ...
Ameet Sharma's user avatar
  • 3,073
0 votes
1 answer
45 views

Why would the ideal observer make moral judgements?

Ideal observer theory states that an action is morally right/wrong if a theoretical, impartial, ideal observer has a positive or negative attitude towards said action, and that moral claims express ...
edelex's user avatar
  • 712
8 votes
6 answers
900 views

Would it be possible to convince a hungry alien species that human lives are valuable?

Suppose that: an extraterrestrial species comes to earth they are vastly more intelligent than us, and are capable of easily overpowering us militarily they have moral intuitions, but different from ...
ac15's user avatar
  • 1,306
0 votes
4 answers
232 views

Does any strand, school, or proponent of moral realism say anything about what happens to moral offenders?

Suppose that: (some form of) moral realism is true, that is, there exists at least some moral claims/assertions/principles that are themselves 'true', in some adequate sense a person knows/is aware ...
ac15's user avatar
  • 1,306
3 votes
2 answers
50 views

What is the relation between a right/wrong action and a "reasonable"/"unreasonable" one?

What is the relation between a right/wrong action and a "reasonable"/"unreasonable" one? The natural law sep article equates the two, or seems to, perhaps even so far as saying ...
user66697's user avatar
  • 800
6 votes
3 answers
802 views

Moral Non-Realists Responses to Suffering

It seems to me that one possible grounding for objective morality is in the inherent badness of suffering. Suffering is inherently bad, I believe, by definition, and non-instrumental suffering could ...
Aph002's user avatar
  • 109
2 votes
1 answer
27 views

Are instrumental norms supposed to be taken literally?

If we have an instrumental norm such as, "If one wants to be correct, one ought to conclude in alignment with the evidence," is it supposed to be taken literally? That is, does it mean "...
edelex's user avatar
  • 712
2 votes
4 answers
451 views

Are humans more forgiving and merciful than God? [closed]

Christianity, Judaism, and Islam are religions that follow a belief where if you commit certain sins, you'll end up being eternally punished unless you're forgiven by a higher power. Although the ...
mkinson's user avatar
  • 495
3 votes
1 answer
109 views

Was 'life' inherently/objectively good in Nietzsche's philosophy? How to overcome Nihilism?

I understand that after Nietzsche got rid of objective morality in his philosophical process, he went ahead and claimed that even though there is no objective morality that his personal philosophy ...
How why e's user avatar
  • 1,054
1 vote
3 answers
97 views

What is the true nature of disgust? [closed]

“Disgust” is a multidimensional concept. When we say we find a person or their actions to cause us “disgust”, what is the underlying factor that causes this judgment? Is disgust towards people mainly ...
user66697's user avatar
  • 800
1 vote
0 answers
73 views

What are the earliest advocates for animal rights and/or moral equivalency between killing animals Vs. Killing humans?

The vegans make arguments that killing sentient animals is murder in the same way that it would be to kill a human. They argue that the distinction is arbitrary, and from a very rationalist, ...
TylerDurden's user avatar
1 vote
2 answers
96 views

Can rocks suffer on panpsychism?

On panpsychism, everything has consciousness. If so, does it entail that all entities in the universe, such as rocks, bricks, plants, water, air, etc., can experience suffering? If this holds, what ...
Mark's user avatar
  • 4,961
2 votes
1 answer
16 views

What is the difference between political liberalism and comprehensive liberalism?

I have seen many discussions of this difference but not one reference defines either or the difference between the two. I am working through Will Kymlicka’s (2002) Contemporary Political Philosophy (...
David's user avatar
  • 21
8 votes
6 answers
3k views

Can one be cruel to nonsentient things?

I recently read a paper in the journal "Analysis" titled, "Can one be cruel to a chair?". This got me thinking, can people be cruel to nonsentient objects? I believe that, while ...
user107952's user avatar
  • 6,806
8 votes
0 answers
151 views

Would reincarnated prisoners be morally obligated to finish their sentence?

For context, this question came from discussions around some sentence lengths seen in the US prison system - where individuals can end up being sentenced for terms far exceeding their possible natural ...
Fmtakan's user avatar
  • 91
3 votes
2 answers
95 views

Utilitarianism and the interests of all others

I believe that the pains and pleasures of others are just as important as my own, whether I like them or not. But I know someone who argues otherwise, and thinks that it’s a matter of complete ...
h_undatus's user avatar
  • 524
4 votes
8 answers
6k views

Should we teach abstinence (along with condoms and contraceptions) to adolescents as a preventative measure of unwanted pregnancy? [closed]

This is a follow up of my previous Abortion debate question. I confess that I have been brought up in a very traditional middle-income Indian family; and no-sex (abstinence?) before marriage is the ...
user avatar
1 vote
3 answers
158 views

Who is to blame when one person offends another?

In todays sensitive climate about [insert sensitive topic here], I often start wondering about who is to blame when one person offends another with their words or actions. On one hand, it's obviously ...
Vilx-'s user avatar
  • 149
1 vote
13 answers
2k views

Are all actually equal? [closed]

”We hold these truths to be self-evident, that all men are created equal, that they are endowed by their Creator with certain unalienable Rights, that among these are Life, Liberty and the pursuit of ...
h_undatus's user avatar
  • 524
0 votes
0 answers
22 views

Whats the point of the human function in the Nicomachean Ethics?

Is "the good" Aristotle mentions for a human just the same as saying the eudaimonia for a human (since that would seem to connect the two)? Otherwise, I do not see how he arrives at a ...
Curulian's user avatar
  • 123
-8 votes
1 answer
130 views

Is atheism religion with all attributes? [closed]

To people who are believers, that science proved that God doesn’t exists, I want to remind that science tell that consciousness doesn’t exist too, however obviously consciousness exists. I guess ...
Dmytro Brazhnyk's user avatar
5 votes
7 answers
913 views

Trying to understand reality lead to understanding useless things?

If one sets his purpose as achieving the truest possible understanding of reality (I know one might die and not achieve it), then doesn't this mean that he needs then to understand all the things that ...
Neo Granicen's user avatar
3 votes
2 answers
163 views

Hume's Guillotine

I struggle to understand how logic doesn't validate the deduction of a moral judgement that's not present in the first premise, even if we add a second premise? I might not be profound upon the matter,...
Saad Sameer's user avatar
2 votes
3 answers
303 views

What is the core argument for anti-natalism in this paper by Jiwon Hwang?

I stumbled upon this paper written by Jiwoon Hwang. It's about why it is better to cease existing. He uses David Benatar's assymetry to come to a pro-mortalist conclusion; but unlike Harman, he ...
Rayyan khan's user avatar
4 votes
3 answers
250 views

Are all morals grounded in the family structure?

How important is family? Family comes first is an old maxim, if a parochial one. No-one is asking anyone to sacrifice their children by limiting that, but I wonder whether our moral duties only really ...
user66697's user avatar
  • 800
2 votes
3 answers
401 views

Classifying the ethical characteristics of entities by cognitive properties, non-human-specific

I am wondering if any theorists have developed a way of classifying entities by their cognitive properties in order to build general theories such as ethics, based on such properties. It should ...
Julius Hamilton's user avatar
0 votes
2 answers
99 views

Origin of a story about the dilemma involved in helping the turtle cross the road

I'd like to know the origin of the story I heard/read long ago (translated to English here) so that I can perhaps have a more accurate version and quote it. I did several searches on the Internet ...
Sadi's user avatar
  • 101
1 vote
4 answers
112 views

What is the difference between sublimity and fearsome things? [closed]

What is the difference between sublimity and fearsome things? Is a despot sublime in their immoral actions? I would suggest critical thinking. See e.g. Burke and a "delightful horror"
user66697's user avatar
  • 800
6 votes
3 answers
206 views

Can moral theories be "elegant" or beautiful or sublime?

It is often said that mathematics has some (peculiar) sort of beauty to its name. Whether beauty attaches as such primarily to the notation/style of mathematical writing, or to the interplay of the ...
Kristian Berry's user avatar
4 votes
2 answers
96 views

What's the best introductory book to philosophy of ethics?

Well there are many suggestions already there and many books available about ethics, but what I want is not just a overly simplified book for a complete beginner. I have spent some time studying ...
Aref Haji Ghasemi's user avatar
2 votes
2 answers
354 views

I wanted to ask about "EGO", how philosophers have defined ego? [duplicate]

Many philosophers have touched the topic of "Ego". For instance, Freud, Buddha, Iqbal and many others. We all have fragile ego. In simple terms, how ego can be defined? What is the most ...
Rabail Anjum's user avatar
0 votes
1 answer
60 views

When does permission equal moral permissibility?

When does permission equal moral permissibility? I definitely feel there is a difference, but am struggling to verbalize it. In Nazi Germany, I may be legally permitted to execute Jewish people, but ...
user avatar
16 votes
12 answers
5k views

How to start learning philosophy and overcome my bias towards mathematics?

I am interested and curious about philosophy, especially topics like morals, justice, ethics, etc. I want to read books that explain the philosophy behind them. However, I am very ignorant and I don’t ...
pie's user avatar
  • 456
8 votes
12 answers
5k views

When is it ethical to be ethical towards the unethical?

Suppose there are some criminals who have no respect for ethics and will lie/cheat/steal/kill whenever they perceive it could gain them some advantage. Suppose that to treat these people with fairness ...
causative's user avatar
  • 12.8k
1 vote
1 answer
56 views

How does the quasi-realist claim that the claim to moral mind-independence is a moral claim work?

As part of metaethical quasi-realism, a noncognitivist (expressivist and projectivist) position which attempts to justify the use of realist language without committing itself fully to cognitivism or ...
edelex's user avatar
  • 712
5 votes
10 answers
357 views

Why is emotivism unpopular?

I grew up in a protestant American household. I worked hard to redefine my beliefs, epistemology, and ultimately my meta-ethical views as those that I could defend. I find that emotivism is easily the ...
April's user avatar
  • 51
6 votes
12 answers
3k views

Are morals and justice meaningless? What do philosophers think about them?

I am curious about the concepts of morals and justice. Do they have any objective reality, or are they just subjective illusions that we create for ourselves? Are they meaningless? How can we define ...
pie's user avatar
  • 456
7 votes
6 answers
4k views

Is there a name for the idea that some actions are good because they solve problems, even if they hurt people?

I wonder if there is a name for the idea that some actions are good because they solve problems, even if they hurt people. For example, if a country has an overpopulation problem and it decides to ...
pie's user avatar
  • 456
1 vote
3 answers
72 views

When will a Philosopher stop asking questions? [closed]

Apparently Philosophers keep asking questions and "ALL" of their questions involve some form of contradiction, or some form of critical analysis. What will be the "end game" where ...
steveK's user avatar
  • 11
5 votes
3 answers
457 views

Is it bad to seek power? [closed]

I'm a 17-year-old high school student interested in human nature. I've always been a curious kid by nature, so unfortunately, I ask a lot of questions, especially when something goes against my ...
3r1cqk's user avatar
  • 51
2 votes
3 answers
345 views

Questioning the category of the “moral”

Briefly: it occurs to me that taking as given the pre-existence of the terms “morality” and “ethics” structures our thinking preemptively and heavily. In the manner of discursive analysts like ...
Julius Hamilton's user avatar
6 votes
11 answers
5k views

What are valid rebuttals to utilitarianism?

From Britannica, utilitarianism is an ethics concept in which an action (or type of action) is right if it tends to promote happiness or pleasure and wrong if it tends to produce unhappiness or pain—...
megamonster68's user avatar
1 vote
6 answers
1k views

What are the moral arguments for slavery? [closed]

We undoubtedly must have read and heard passionate arguments justifying the abolition of slavery, be it from the clergy, and philosophical and political clerisy; however, what has been absent from the ...
Ptah-hotep's user avatar

1
2 3 4 5
45