Questions tagged [ethics]

For questions about ethics, a branch of philosophy dealing with morality, justice, virtue, vice, good and evil.

Filter by
Sorted by
Tagged with
2
votes
1answer
30 views

Aristotle on forgiveness?

Discussing "complaints" in friendship (Ethics book 8), Aristotle does not mention the role of forgiveness in resolving such complaints (ἐγκλήματα) or quarrels (μέμψεις). Does Aristotle ...
0
votes
2answers
66 views

Is libertarian free will a necessary condition for moral responsibility? [duplicate]

Does it make sense to hold a rock morally responsible for falling downhill due to the law of gravity and crushing somebody's head? Likewise, does it make sense to hold humans morally responsible for ...
1
vote
1answer
46 views

What does Spinoza mean in propositions 11,12 and 13 in part 2 of the ethics?

In the propositions prior to these Spinoza was discussing the way the human soul was 'constituted' by another finite idea of an existing thing, and also about how the human soul was again 'constituted'...
4
votes
1answer
76 views

Is it ethically OK to read letters of a dead person, that were not addressed to you?

I hope, this stackexchange site, is the right one for this topic, because I have more of a morality/ethics question than plain philosophy. I've been researching my family history for quite some time ...
0
votes
0answers
33 views

Can a carrier of contradicting thoughts be called hypocrite?

Can a carrier of contradicting thoughts be called hypocrite? We know when people do/pretend something which he does not believe/poses, we call them hypocrite. Now what will happen if someone does not ...
3
votes
4answers
87 views

Have any philosophers directly challenged the concept of retributive justice?

Retributive justice is roughly the view that people should be rewarded or punished for each of their actions. In other words, some intrinsically significant moral good is said to come about when an ...
0
votes
0answers
50 views

Wittgenstein. The sense of the world must lie outside the world

I would be grateful if someone could recommend a book, or an article that really tries to get to the bottom of the above statement. Again "The sense of the world must lie outside the world".
0
votes
0answers
39 views

Principle of Parsimony and Epistemological Economy

Why aren't definitions in other sciences (especially humanities) parsimonious in that they word themselves so as to provide the least necessary&sufficient logical conditions? The Principle of ...
1
vote
1answer
27 views

For Kant, are we obligated to treat people who have no ability to reason or to give decisions or consents as always an end and not merely as means?

For Kant, are we obligated to treat people who have no ability to reason or to give decisions or consents (concerning with mental insanity) as always an end and not merely as means? If we are, why is ...
0
votes
1answer
96 views

Under utilitarianism, does drug dealing become moral if you're good enough at it?

A simple utilitarian argument against drug dealing is that while the user may experience a great deal of pleasure, their family and friends are hurt more. But does this argument hold once a critical ...
1
vote
0answers
47 views

Is my understanding of Ethics in Existentialism correct? I'm trying to get over how Sartre and de Beauvoir tackle the problem of anarchy

Please check my reasoning! Existentialism says that man is what he wills himself to be, and needs to decide his own morality. There is no overarching maxim that can a priori guide his moral judgements,...
0
votes
0answers
15 views

Ethics around the privacy obligations of the artist

Does anyone know any scholars who have written on the ethical obligations of the artist, especially the writer/novelist? In particular, I am thinking about the ways in which some artworks or books ...
0
votes
0answers
13 views

Source for Nietzsche's question, "Which came first? Art or ethics?”

Memory suggests that Nietzsche's answer was ethics. Does anyone have a reference to the Nietzsche’s work where this question was posed?
0
votes
0answers
53 views

Who said that we all kind but not to everybody?

I saw it somewhere, can't find it now, but it was said that Brand Pitt said that. But I'm pretty sceptical about this, because on the Internet I saw information that Brad Pitt presumably said Budha's ...
2
votes
2answers
41 views

Is it possible for morality to exist?

I used to be fairly convinced that morality existed - because of the numerous different ethical systems available, I was sure that even if I did not know which system was right, that morality, in some,...
3
votes
0answers
34 views

How would Kant/Mill justify causing somebody discomfort when doing the righteous thing?

I was wondering how Kant, or even Mill might respond to the issue that when doing the righteous thing, say standing up for yourself against a bully, or somebody who wants to impede on your rights, you ...
2
votes
3answers
215 views

Specific example of Sam Harris' opinion on morality

I listened to some audios also read some blogs about position of sam harris that science can guide moral behavior. I get the idea roughly. However, I would appreciate if someone can give a specific ...
0
votes
0answers
177 views

According to Nietzsche nature is “extravagant” and “unfair”. How did he come to this conclusion?

I am reading beyond good and evil and Nietzsche critics the core of Stoic philosophy. That "we must live according to nature". He then proceeds to doubt the idea that nature is wise, fair ...
2
votes
8answers
395 views

How do we explain the brain's ability of thinking about non-materialistic concepts? [closed]

Question edited to avoid distraction If a physical event from a materialistic point of view cannot be good or evil, and the brain is just made of matter, does this mean the concept of good/evil came/...
0
votes
3answers
86 views

Is it always wrong to allow harm to come to someone? [duplicate]

Is our moral obligation to not do harm, as opposed to preventing harm form occurring to someone else? Am I in the wrong for not donating money?
0
votes
1answer
55 views

How does Kant argue that all people have moral dignity

How does Kant argue that all people have moral dignity, the ability to conform to a moral law in which all people are ends only. I have not substantially read Kant, but it occurred to me, suddenly / ...
0
votes
0answers
7 views

Need Help Interpreting Preface to Aristotle’s Ethics

I’m currently reading the translator’s preface to Aristotle’s Ethics and read a sentence that I simply cannot figure out the meaning behind. It states There is, Aristotle insists, no difference of ...
-1
votes
2answers
64 views

Alice's actions harmed both her and Bob. How should Bob think about his response when Alice asks for help? [closed]

This is a hypothetical situation, not reality. Yet. Alice, Bob and Carol are neighbours. They voted in a referendum. Bob is a thoughtful chap who likes to be helpful and do the best for his community, ...
2
votes
1answer
60 views

The purpose of law-making: Aristotle and his theory of virtues

In Aristotle's best known work The Nicomachean Ethics, he elaborated on the theory of virtues (moral virtues and intellectual virtues). Here moral virtues are qualities like generosity, courage, ...
0
votes
0answers
47 views

The philosophy of friendship

I am new to philosophy. Are there any good writings on what friendship means? I came across something on https://plato.stanford.edu/entries/friendship/. How good is this website? Is it good for ...
0
votes
0answers
197 views

Does rule utilitarianism fail to be effectively utilitarian?

So from what I understand, rule utilitarianism as a doctrine states that in order to maximize utility, we should evaluate actions based on rules that, if we accept them, would maximize utility in the ...
1
vote
1answer
39 views

For Mill, is all speech ethical so long as it doesnt conflict with the harm principle?

I understand that Mill was a big advocate of freedom of speech and expression. Im just wondering whether he just saw that as state policy or if he thought that on an individual level all speech is ...
1
vote
0answers
42 views

What would Kant say about treating people who lack strength of will?

For example, a smoker who wants to quit but can't resist the temptation of a smoke is an autonomous person but lacks strength of will (or character, or habitual rational moral acting). What would he ...
1
vote
0answers
19 views

Should an ethical system aspire to rigorous epistemological justification, and is it possible to attain?

There seems to be no ethical system which does not rely on either the generalization of the mind (ie, arguments reliant upon compassion or empathy) or the assumption of some starting value (ie, "...
1
vote
0answers
41 views

Utilitarianism and naturalistic fallacy [closed]

Does utilitarianism commit the naturalistic fallacy? Can someone tell with respect to act and rule utilitarianism?
0
votes
0answers
11 views

Where does Aristotle first treat willing-as-ends in the Nicomachean Ethics?

Aristotle begins the 4th chapter of the 3rd book of the Nicomachean Ethics with the line As was stated before, willing is concerned with the end. Unfortunately it's not clear where this claim was &...
1
vote
3answers
127 views

Are there ethicists who defend the conclusion that “harm” be defined by the individual being harmed?

From WP: Some legal scholars... have argued that the traditional issues of free speech -- that "the main threat to free speech" is the censorship of "suppressive states", and that ...
2
votes
0answers
61 views

Should freedom of speech be limited?

I am radically in favor of freedom of expression. The way to deal with that is by undoing arguments over and over. It takes work, but I see it as necessary. However, as I am seeing various contacts ...
10
votes
1answer
705 views

What is the decisive point for classifying a certain speech as unacceptable?

How did it come to be determined that certain (hate) speech is unacceptable? What is the decisive point?
1
vote
0answers
24 views

Did Kant and Satre have the same view on morality [duplicate]

So in Kantian morality, in each act, you act as if your choice should become a universal law. And in Existentialism and Humanism Satre says that in every choice you choose for all man. Are they ...
3
votes
3answers
67 views

What is the Difference Between Mercy and Pity?

I am currently reading about euthanasia and encountered the argument that mercy is a morally different category from pity. It is written there, that mercy implies a "re-establishment of equality&...
1
vote
1answer
57 views

Is there any act utilitarian philosopher?

According to the Greatest Happiness Principle […] the ultimate end […] is an existence exempt as far as possible from pain, and as rich as possible in enjoyments, both in point of quantity and quality;...
-2
votes
4answers
152 views

Have philosophers defended the idea 'There is nothing inherently wrong with slavery', and if so, how so? [closed]

People always talk about slavery, such as the trans-Atlantic slave trade, as being a bad thing, this is cited in countless textbooks for teenagers, as well as several pop-culture documentaries, etc. (...
2
votes
3answers
186 views

Why should we treat others as *always* rational when they are not?

In Kantian system, murdering is nonrational because it cannot become a universal law. Yet Kant insists that it's immoral to lie to murderers. This is the same with saying they are rational being, ...
1
vote
0answers
38 views

Why should inclusivity and tolerance be constraint for a theory of decisional capacity?

The article Decision-Making Capacity (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy) says that any successful theory of decisional capacity must turn out that most ordinary adults count as having capacity most ...
4
votes
1answer
77 views

What did Nietzsche mean by “In Rome the Jew was considered 'guilty of hatred again the entire human race.'”?

From "The Genealogy of Morals" (see here): Rome felt that the Jews were something contrary to nature itself, something like its monstrous polar opposite. In Rome the Jew was considered &...
1
vote
0answers
48 views

According to contemporary philosophical theoreies, from what is morality derived and what is it for in the context of society?

In Arabic, we have the concept 'ahlak' which is often translated into english as 'moral', but in fact they are not the same, and so following the principle of exegetical neutrality, I shall simply use ...
0
votes
0answers
12 views

Looking for the source of a metaphor in moral philosophy: shooting an arrow in a forest

A while ago I read an article somewhere on the web that referenced a metaphor made by some author, who likened the unintended consequences of one's actions on others to shooting an arrow into a forest ...
0
votes
3answers
134 views

Is profiting from stock ownership moral?

When you buy shares of a company, you become its co-owner and are entitled to dividends proportional to your investment. From what I understand, co-ownership is offered simply because it has to be to ...
1
vote
1answer
55 views

Do any mainstream philosophers talk about a duty to being to true to yourself?

I'm just wondering who has taken Kant's ideas and still explicates on duties to oneself including the duty of being true to who you are, to be authentic. I know existentialism also considers the ...
0
votes
0answers
36 views

Why do compatibilists believe that whether we act freely is independent of whether or not determinism is true?

I am mainly looking for information based on Dennett's work, I Could Not Have Done Otherwise- So What? because that is the only thing I am familiar with other than D'Holbach, but other works will do ...
0
votes
0answers
40 views

Is consequentialism compatible with deontology and virtue ethics?

I know normative ethics is traditionally divided into 3 main branches: deontology, consequentialism, and virtue ethics. However, it seems to me that although they are most often presented as mutually ...
-2
votes
1answer
43 views

Is there a name for when people don't actually “improve” something?

A lot times, though not all, when people do something they feel it is particularly righteous, it is a very shortsighted approach that lacks a more holistic consideration of other variables. Is there a ...
1
vote
0answers
15 views

Do Kant or Aristotle ever comment on the line between self-interest/preservation and helping others?

Im wondering whether either of them ever talked about limits to helping others and when we should choose ourselves. Ive tried doing some research but unfortunately to not avail.
1
vote
4answers
455 views

How do ethicists tackle the question “Is it immoral to have sex in public places?” Is it possible to use rational and empirical ideas to answer?

Is it immoral to have sex in public places? If so, what are the rational and empirical reasons? Most people believe it’s immoral to have sex in public places. Have ethicists come up with any good ...

1
2 3 4 5
34