Questions tagged [ethics]

For questions about ethics, a branch of philosophy dealing with morality, justice, virtue, vice, good and evil.

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271 views

Is refusing to save someone's life murder? [closed]

I am asking this because of the doctor dilema. There are four patients that need four different organs. One healthy person walks in. Do you kill the healthy one to save the four? The thing about ...
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3answers
112 views

What are the most important responses to the claim that utilitarianism is compatible with extreme injustices?

Utilitarianism is often accused of being compatible with extreme injustices. If by tormenting a minority, a great amount of happiness is generated for a large majority, this situation would be ...
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106 views

Are all non-deductive arguments inductive?

I am having troubles with understanding this question. Can someone give me an example/insight about where to go from here?
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412 views

Why do we condemn pedophilia morally?

This may be a delicate question and maybe not really appropiate in a philosophy forum. I was thinking about what do we find disgusting and aberrant in pedophilia, mainly two questions: In what senses ...
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60 views

What is ethically wrong in xenotransplantation?(transplanting animal's organ to a man)

The ethical before the technical Research in recent years has concentrated mainly on the effectiveness of xenotransplantation and other fundamental questions must be studied before moving on to ...
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1answer
98 views

Is the normative value of linguistic usage a counterexample to the impossibility of deriving “ ought” from “is”?

I really believe that one cannot derive " ought" from "is". But the case of linguistic usage causes me some intellectual trouble. (1) Linguistic usage is a simple fact. (2) Linguistic usage ...
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42 views

Does Hume's Is-Ought Thesis imply moral nihilism?

Assuming you are an atheist, cognitivist, and a moral objectivist, does Hume's Is-Ought Thesis imply you must be a moral nihilist (or perhaps more weakly, at least a moral skepticist)? Put another ...
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1answer
292 views

How do you morally justify the requirement that children should support themselves when they reach adulthood?

At least in a Western context people widely agree upon the idea that you have to do something voluntarily to be responsible for it. If you sign a contract voluntarily you are bound by it but if ...
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774 views

Is there an answer to false positives/negatives of Kant's categorical imperative?

I recently read some papers on Kant's categorical imperative (McCarty, Kosgaard, Gressis mainly) on how to properly formulate a maxim according to him, and on the multiple problems linked to those ...
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121 views

How to respond to a novice anti-realist about how morality isn't arbitrarily subjective

Often, especially in armchair philosophy, someone usually mentions, "But morality is subjective" (as though it's arbitrarily subjective). I mean arbitrary in the sense of moral nihilism. However, it'...
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132 views

Why do some deontological ethical frameworks seem to reduce to consequentialism?

I may have a defunct understanding of deontological ethics, but for some reason it seems to me that deontological ethics ultimately reduce to consequentialist theories. Take, for instance, Kant's ...
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87 views

Stupidity and morality, how do they relate? [closed]

I think most people concerned with philosophy would think that morality is at least a type of intelligence, one way of being intelligent. Some forms of "ethical realism" must surely rely on ethical ...
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Victim blaming in violent crimes

After a recent court case where two men were convicted of torturing, raping and eventually killing a young woman, a lot of victim blaming went on in the media and in many private conversations. I ...
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87 views

Is it ethical to live a frugal/simple life?

It is generally accepted that modern consumerism has caused significant environmental problems for humanity. But on the other hand, many people, especially the poor, often have their livelihood ...
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288 views

How can Kantianism prove the existence of perfect duties?

I heard about Kant's reasoning that lying that you return money or about the leads to contradiction in conception. But how could he even prove that lying under any circumstances leads to ...
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4k views

Is Peter Singer an act or preference utilitarian?

Does Singer not fit a specific type of utilitarianism? Just the same as, "The lines of distinction between metaethics, normative ethics, and applied ethics are often blurry." (iep.utm.edu/ethics) ...
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81 views

Is this conditional donation morally permissible?

About a week ago, at the onset of the COVID-19 epidemic in Bulgaria, a Bulgarian entrepreneur (Ivaylo Penchev, founder of Walltopia), offered a conditional donation of medical ventilators to a state-...
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4k views

Trolley problem: preference utilitarians vs. classical utilitarians vs. Kant

I wonder what exactly are the differences and if I am correct with my assumptions. The trolley problem: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Trolley_problem Now: For the utilitarian, the only morally ...
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1answer
472 views

How would a preference utilitarian decide about cheating on something or lying about something?

I cannot find a reliable example of either. I want a practical everyday example of the choice of a preference utilitarian. Do preferences have weight? Is there some sort of "preference calculus"? ...
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188 views

What are the some of the most effecive arguments against stoicism?

I searched the question a bit and I found these two articles that present some arguments against stoicism. I found some of their more general arguments like Crantor's argument against stoicism ...
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Hapiness in virtue ethics

I have several questions regarding virtue ethics: 1) Let us imagine a person who says something like "money, not virtue makes me happy", and this conclusion is based on one's experience or even ...
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1answer
578 views

What are some counter examples to Kant's moral philosophy about doing the right thing?

Kant believes that one way to find out what the right thing to do is to think what would happen if everyone followed the principle you’re following when you perform that action. What are some ...
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Is it ethical to study something abstract and probably useless? [closed]

This question isn't just on COVID. Isn't self-centered, self-serving or inconsiderate to study subjects LESS applicable and useful? I know difficult to predict what useful and applicable, and not, but ...
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Does human evolution have a purpose? [closed]

Ignor your Guess whatever is it , you are christian or Boddist or Muslim or Jew ,or something like that , I ask people here :Does human evolution have a purpose ? Note I would be interest to see ...
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690 views

The relationship of women's right to abortion and men's duty of child support

There is a quote from Karen DeCrow, which you can find below. The courts have properly determined that a man should neither be able to force a woman to have an abortion nor to prevent her from ...
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Which did come first morality or Judicial Law System? [closed]

Did Judicial Law System mold our morality or our moral sense or ethics or moral compass build up our Federal, Provincial, and City Council law system? Which did come first?
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Reference request: applied ethics and the finance industry

Have any philosophers written about ethics and the financial services industry? I'm less interested in the bits covered by law (insider trading, etc) than ethical issues around the role the industry ...
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Existentialism and morality

I'm quite confused about Sartre and his relationship to morality. He talks a lot about responsibility. When I think of responsibility, punishment and law come to my mind. But I suppose Sartre's ...
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361 views

moral relativism on science

Can you explain to me what Einstein meant in the following context? Some moral relativists try to say that science can be used to dictate ethics, but even secular scientists admit that science is a ...
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Is ethics anthropocentric?

Is ethics anthropocentric? It seems as if ethics mainly revolves around the issues that human intelligence faces? Do we treat ethics as just a mere end and not a means, and if so, does that make ...
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Original Text Sources for 2 Aristotle ideas - 1/ nous on nous , 2/ sprial of knowledge - which texts did Aristotle first mention these in?

I am trying to track down the first mention original sources of some ideas of Aristotle in philosophy that some philosophy professors made in some university lectures. The first idea is 1/ Nous on ...
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55 views

Which Greek Philosopher talked about most men falling in between good and evil?

I am doing an assignment and I am looking to quote a Greek philosopher who said that some men are evil and some men are good but most fall in between good and evil. I don't know if it was Socrates, ...
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117 views

Is self-interest ethical even when it means not helping others?

I'm having trouble reconciling common sense self-interest with the mainstream systems in ethics. Say I'm taking a life-changing exam, and I've studied and am super prepared; yet, the guy behind me ...
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Argument from vastness of universe to moral insignificance

One might argue from the vastness of the universe, or rather from the vastness of inevitable suffering in it, that the moral significance of acting such as to minimize suffering is close to zero, ...
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What are the most probable interpretations of the following Confucius' quote?

"They who know the truth are not equal to those who love it, and they who love it are not equal to those who delight in it." I can see the most straightforward interpretation of it's first two parts ...
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Is Mercy for the Merciful, Justice for the Just and Injustice for the Unjust constitute a type of Justice? [closed]

Of course, there are types of Justice found in Philosophy, Social studies and Humanities like: Distributive. Retributive. Compensatory. Procedural. All of these types speak about a style of Justice ...
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Why say that H. A. Prichard's argument is not “formidable”?

In the Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy article on H. A. Prichard, the author addresses Prichard's belief that obligations are predicates (properties) of agents, instead of actions: Prichard’s ...
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How was sadism viewed(if at all) in philosophy before Marquis de Sade? [closed]

Were there any preceding philosophers who wrote about concepts that were roughly equivalent to sadism?
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221 views

Which philosophers have contradicted Nietzsche?

These days I'm becoming tired of the recurrent introduction of Friedrich Nietzsche as the epitome of the philosophical genius, the revolutionary whose ideas have never been as relevant as now and the ...
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876 views

Can objective morality exist apart from the existence of a transcendent being?

I've heard explanations by Sam Harris and Michael Schermer, but I'm not super convinced on this one. People like Harris and Schermer seem to be trying to get an ought from an is.
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82 views

What does utilitarianism say on the topic of abortion and timescales?

So, a bit of a forewarning here: this is going to delve into a controversial topic. I hope we can keep this civil, but this is the internet so who knows. Ideally, this also won't take a political tack,...
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What are the main differences and similarities between Rousseau and Kant's moral philosophy?

Main differences and similarities between Rousseau and Kant, especially in the subjects of justice, morality and also how Rousseau influenced Kant.
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910 views

If other versions of us existed on alternate worlds, would we be morally responsible for the actions of these alternate versions of us? [closed]

Hypothetically, if the many-worlds interpretation of quantum mechanics were correct, meaning an infinite number of alternate versions of each of us, containing our respective memories and experiences, ...
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55 views

Is there consensus on the framework of truth one should use when talking about moral statements?

My understanding is that for a moral realist, moral statements are propositions that have a true/false property that can guide reasoning. However, most articles I have read do not talk about what ...
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Why is moral cognitivism called 'cognitivism'

I don't get it? "Cognitive" usually refers to do with the mind, mental processes, thinking, or the brain. In ethics, it refers to whether or not something is a "statement" or can be "true or false". ...
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359 views

What role can guilt play in Bentham's utilitarianism?

If Bentham posited a sense of guilt as pain that most would feel when doing wrong by others, then surely Utilitarianism would be unnecessary due to Bentham's own work on the motivation of human beings....
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108 views

Does utilitarianism demand a 5 mph speed limit?

Ok, so a bit of forewarning: this is going to delve into current events a little bit (not too much though). I was having a discussion with someone about the response to the recent pandemic and I said ...
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345 views

Is Sam Harris's view of morality innovating? What philosophers innovated specifics on morality?

Sam Harris in his book, The moral landscape (2010), has certainly ignited discussions on morality, but did Sam Harris create his view or popularize someone else's? side== I am also curious if anyone ...
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What are some arguments in favour of objective morality? [closed]

By objective morality, I mean the belief that there exist moral principles which makes actions moral or immoral regardless of subjective perception. I want to know if there are (reputable) articles ...
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42 views

Why is Savulescu's (2001) Nuclear Accident case a case of harmless wrong-doing rather than a case of harmful wrong-doing?

Savulescu (2001) writes: "Or consider the Nuclear Accident. A poor country does not have enough power to provide power to its citizens during an extremely cold winter. The government decides to open ...

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