Questions tagged [ethics]

For questions about ethics, a branch of philosophy dealing with morality, justice, virtue, vice, good and evil.

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2answers
106 views

Are all non-deductive arguments inductive?

I am having troubles with understanding this question. Can someone give me an example/insight about where to go from here?
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1answer
85 views

How was sadism viewed(if at all) in philosophy before Marquis de Sade? [closed]

Were there any preceding philosophers who wrote about concepts that were roughly equivalent to sadism?
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0answers
220 views

Which philosophers have contradicted Nietzsche?

These days I'm becoming tired of the recurrent introduction of Friedrich Nietzsche as the epitome of the philosophical genius, the revolutionary whose ideas have never been as relevant as now and the ...
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2answers
82 views

What does utilitarianism say on the topic of abortion and timescales?

So, a bit of a forewarning here: this is going to delve into a controversial topic. I hope we can keep this civil, but this is the internet so who knows. Ideally, this also won't take a political tack,...
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49 views

What are the main differences and similarities between Rousseau and Kant's moral philosophy?

Main differences and similarities between Rousseau and Kant, especially in the subjects of justice, morality and also how Rousseau influenced Kant.
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1answer
108 views

Does utilitarianism demand a 5 mph speed limit?

Ok, so a bit of forewarning: this is going to delve into current events a little bit (not too much though). I was having a discussion with someone about the response to the recent pandemic and I said ...
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1answer
45 views

What are some arguments in favour of objective morality? [closed]

By objective morality, I mean the belief that there exist moral principles which makes actions moral or immoral regardless of subjective perception. I want to know if there are (reputable) articles ...
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2answers
73 views

Existentialism and morality

I'm quite confused about Sartre and his relationship to morality. He talks a lot about responsibility. When I think of responsibility, punishment and law come to my mind. But I suppose Sartre's ...
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0answers
29 views

How would luck egalitarianism deal with AI and automatisation in production?

Mainstream theories of justice, particularly luck egalitarianism, accept that the "good fortune," the goods that result from endowments, not from choice or effort, be redistributed to aid those ...
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1answer
41 views

Why is Savulescu's (2001) Nuclear Accident case a case of harmless wrong-doing rather than a case of harmful wrong-doing?

Savulescu (2001) writes: "Or consider the Nuclear Accident. A poor country does not have enough power to provide power to its citizens during an extremely cold winter. The government decides to open ...
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2answers
187 views

In light of COVID-19, what scientific justification is there for CERN? [closed]

Among the myriad of questions pertaining to scientific research and any cost/benefit analysis might justify said research which has been amplified by the current pandemic crisis, one glaring one is ...
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2answers
81 views

Is this conditional donation morally permissible?

About a week ago, at the onset of the COVID-19 epidemic in Bulgaria, a Bulgarian entrepreneur (Ivaylo Penchev, founder of Walltopia), offered a conditional donation of medical ventilators to a state-...
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How do you compare the classical(Aristotilean) and Humean picture of the relationship between desire and practical reason?

From my basic understanding, Hume thinks desire leads the intellect, while Aristotle thinks it is more complicated? So we have more agency of our desires in the classical picture?
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Does the principle of double-effect apply to supererogatory acts?

Does the principle of double-effect apply to supererogatory acts, or only to acts one is obliged to perform?
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2answers
344 views

Is Sam Harris's view of morality innovating? What philosophers innovated specifics on morality?

Sam Harris in his book, The moral landscape (2010), has certainly ignited discussions on morality, but did Sam Harris create his view or popularize someone else's? side== I am also curious if anyone ...
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35 views

Kant and putting your own interests first

Is it ethically justifiable to place your own interests first if we lived by Kant? Say someone asks you to help them move houses, help them study, etc. So something that isnt life threatening but ...
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3answers
117 views

Is self-interest ethical even when it means not helping others?

I'm having trouble reconciling common sense self-interest with the mainstream systems in ethics. Say I'm taking a life-changing exam, and I've studied and am super prepared; yet, the guy behind me ...
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2answers
254 views

Who were the famous moral nihilists (philosophers) of 20th and 19th century?

If existential nihilism claims nothing has meaning does it also take moral values in to account?
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1answer
67 views

What was Sartre's thought on good and evil?

If existentialism according to Sartre hold everyone responsible. Why Sartre said "men are condemned to be free"?
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60 views

Why is moral cognitivism called 'cognitivism'

I don't get it? "Cognitive" usually refers to do with the mind, mental processes, thinking, or the brain. In ethics, it refers to whether or not something is a "statement" or can be "true or false". ...
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Do I have to do something rather than nothing?

Disclaimer: I'm a newbie in Philosophy, and this question is most probably answered somewhere (on this site or not), but I've been looking for a while now and it's a little difficult to steer myself ...
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1answer
56 views

Up to date Moral Philosophy textbooks for self-study

I wonder if there's an up to date account in moral philosophy that can be used in principle as a textbook for university courses. I have digged a little bit but I have only found for example Paley's ...
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1answer
136 views

Is it possible that Israel - despite being a self-named Jewish state is not a Jewish state at all? [closed]

An aunt of mine, when she arrived in Britain, once jeered at me, calling me a Christian, mostly because she thought of Britain as being Christian. These were the only categories of thought she had. I,...
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Was the goal of Spinoza's Ethics a state of mind with intrinsic value but no existence at all?

The Untruth of Reality: The Unacknowledged Realism of Modern Philosophy By Jure Simoniti, p148 I've not read the book, or all of the Ethics. I wanted to know whether Spinoza means that there is ...
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3answers
102 views

Should we place our own good before our nation's good? [closed]

I'm currently writing a screenplay, and one of the philosophical themes arises out of a very specific conflict, with I call: INDIVIDUAL BENEFIT vs STATE BENEFIT. One of the characters sacrifices ...
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1answer
253 views

Is “practical atheism” really so different from “practical christianity?”

First time questioner here! Apologies if this is not specific enough/would better belong on a different StackExchange. If one takes a second to peruse any number of Christian apologetics books, the ...
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Is it ethical to offer money for a contractor (such as a realtor) to reach an agreement in the your favor?

Say that a realtor suggests that you need a certain subjective requirement to be approved, but that the owner is somewhat flexible. Now, this is not a legal requirement, which would be illegal to ...
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Harm Principle and the eventual harm of creating needs

A necessity or a need is a necessary condition for something else. A need in Economics and particularly a consumer need is something needed to be consumed, a necessary condition for achieving higher ...
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7answers
251 views

Innocent until proven guilty [duplicate]

Why is it right? And why is guilty until proven innocent wrong? I think I have some kind of basic understanding but hopefully can learn more from your contributions.
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5answers
245 views

Why people say I'm being prejudiced by judging ragged clothing?

In a conversation with some friends, we agreed that people should not judge by skin color, which by now should gradually become a more common opinion to society. But I said that sometimes, conscious ...
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5answers
369 views

Why should we care about anyone?

If we take the World as absurd - without any meaning or end result, and believe in no such thing as God or afterlife (taking Camus' stance in Myth of Sisyphus), why should anyone, fundamentally, care ...
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Is Bernard William's argument for equality a teleological argument?

Bernard Williams wrote in his essay “The Idea of Equality”: Leaving aside preventive medicine, the proper ground of distribution of medical care is ill health: this is a necessary truth. Now in ...
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2answers
266 views

Is refusing to save someone's life murder? [closed]

I am asking this because of the doctor dilema. There are four patients that need four different organs. One healthy person walks in. Do you kill the healthy one to save the four? The thing about ...
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1answer
43 views

What are the premises of Hume's argument that reason alone cannot be a motive to the will, but rather is the “slave of the passions”?

I don't understand the premises of Hume's argument against moral rationalism if someone could explain it to me please.
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An attempt at reconstructing the reasoning behind Kant's universalization principle

Please let me know whether you detect objectionable points in my attempt at reconstructing Kant's universalization principle. Reference : Groundwork of the Metaphysics of Morals. https://en....
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Value of the exact same simulation

Imagine that you are able to run simulations of people, and decide to run twice the same simulation, who run in exactly the same way, and in this simulations something bad happens to the person being ...
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What is the morality of a pregnant woman drinking alcohol? [closed]

How do we trade-off the rights of the individual woman to drink, against the right of a person to be born without foetal (fetal) alcohol syndrome?
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5answers
247 views

How can I maintain integrity when requested to use gender pronouns yet still be loving?

I have friends who request certain gender pronouns are used, which I do not believe to be correct. I have thought about this topic at some length and concluded that while using these pronouns would be ...
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70 views

Wittgenstein on ethics and the big book experiment

This is taken from the lecture Wittgenstein delivered on ethics. Wittgenstein proceeds to establish a controversial position in ethics. Although all judgments of relative value can be shown to be ...
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3answers
86 views

Where is the limit between moral relativism and absence of morality?

I am able to understand that there is a irreconcilable difference between considering morality as an absolute and considering it being relative to individuals and groups. However, if I take the point ...
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3answers
120 views

What is the difference between letting someone die and not creating someone?

Imagine, for a moment, that you are emergency medical personnel. You are working on the victim of a car accident, who is unconcious, and has no pulse. At that moment - to the person you are working ...
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19answers
15k views

Why do atheist euthanasia proponents consider nothingness preferable to suffering? [closed]

I have heard some atheists support euthanasia, on the grounds that death is preferable to agony. But I don't understand this; if there is no afterlife, death isn't a relief. It's true nothingness, the ...
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What are the ethics of having children today?

Please receive this question as having come from a young person who wants to have children, but given the state of affairs (climate change, growing costs of living and wealth inequality, "technology", ...
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1answer
54 views

Which of Adorno's books explains best his ideas on moral autonomy?

Which of Adorno's books explains best his ideas on moral autonomy? Can anyone provide a quick outline of them?
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1answer
102 views

Spinoza's adequate knowledge: Can he avoid being called a dogmatist?

Within Spinoza's System (laid down in the Ethics), the difference of inadequate from adequate knowledge is crucial. Perhaps it is even the central cornerstone of his system, because adequate knowledge ...
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4answers
77 views

Is it ethical to force someone to evacuate from their home?

Suppose a bushfire (wildfire) is approaching someone's home. They have a strong connection to their home but are unable to defend it. They would be utterly devastated if it burnt down. Is it ethical ...
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Why think that retributive justice has an intrinsic value?

Obviously, punishment itself can have an extrinsic value: it may encourage fewer people to offend. But how has anyone argued for the intrinsic, rather than extrinsic, value of retributive justice? I ...
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1answer
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What would a system that aims to maximize my own well-being be called?

I was wondering what a moral system that says things are good if they benefit me would be called. At first I was thinking of normative egoism, but it seems like normative egoism says that everyone ...
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323 views

What distinguishes a Hypocrite from Demagogue? [closed]

What distinguishes a Hypocrite (Hypocrisy) from Demagogue? Both are speaking out lies and are socially considered "evil" persons, correct. Thus, for me they sound similiar. Or are there precise ...
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Is voting on taxes ethical without being presented the “numbers”?

if I base my vote (on taxes) based on republican or democrat anecdote, as well as my own paycheck, is it the right thing for for me to do, to vote on taxes? I am trying to skeptically look at voting (...

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