Questions tagged [evidence]

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5 answers
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Are all beliefs ultimately rooted in faith?

For the purpose of this question let 'belief' mean anything a person accepts to be true for whatever reason - in particular if someone 'knows' something they also 'believe' in it. I read this old ...
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1 vote
4 answers
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Is a supernatural entity or existence constricted by the necessity of evidence?

It's a fact that natural existences are constricted by the necessity of evidence. Meaning evidence is necessary to prove an natural existence or natural occurrence, and if there's is no evidence the ...
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-1 votes
1 answer
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How do philosophers answer a question like 'How do you know something exists?'

I recently watched a video from Rationality Rules titled "The Argument from Personal Experience - Debunked (Why Personal Experiences are NOT Proof)". As the title reveals, the video's goal ...
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-1 votes
2 answers
205 views

How would an philosopher and scientist solve the following kidnapping - scenario?

I would like to hear your opinion as philosophers and scientists regarding how you would solve the problem of proof in the following scenario: "Plato" who has dementia and a damaged left ...
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0 votes
2 answers
114 views

Is the concept of 'evidence' inherently subjective, and how does that impact the definition of 'faith'?

Claiming that something is 'evidence' of something else requires a mind observing, interpreting and coming to that conclusion. Isn't this a subjective process? If so, does this mean that the concept ...
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4 votes
4 answers
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Are extraordinary first-hand subjective accounts more likely to be true the more people report the same experience?

For illustrative purposes, let's take as an example the following claim X = "I went to sleep, but then I suddenly woke up at 3:00 a.m. feeling a terrifying evil presence, and then my bed began to ...
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2 votes
2 answers
365 views

What's the difference between Justification and Evidence?

Q: In what ways does use of the term "Evidence" differ from that of the term "Justification" in philosophy? Ive read Evidence posed as the internalist counterpoint to the ...
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-1 votes
1 answer
48 views

two problems with the (log) likelihood measure of evidentiary support [closed]

This is basically a reference request. I'm looking for literature on the two types of counter-example to the log likelihood measure of support for hypotheses which I discuss below. First some ...
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Varieties of Evidentialism (Prudential, Moral, Epistemic)

re section 5 of this SEP https://plato.stanford.edu/entries/ethics-belief/#VarEvi I understand each has different aims, but I dont see how does the meaning of evidence and Evidentialism change in each ...
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1 vote
3 answers
137 views

How can a finite number of observations justify confidence in complex theories

First I'll tell you a bit about how (at least modern) software development works to clarify what I mean by a "test". I'll also narrow the scope to a very particular kind of test known as block box ...
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4 votes
2 answers
108 views

Is a fallacy involved in perceiving the solution to a long-standing problem as simple and straightforward?

In university (or, school) we're often presented with a problem, and directly afterwards, the solution is presented. Quite often, the solutions presented for a given problem seem painfully obvious, ...
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46 votes
10 answers
13k views

Why do I accept some inconsequential claims as "obviously true" without evidence? E.g. "Most people don't like to be hit on the head with a hammer."

There are certain claims that I accept as obviously true without (much) evidence. For example: Most people don't like to be hit on the head with a hammer. Donald Trump ate dinner some time last week....
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3 votes
3 answers
227 views

How "repeatable" does empirical evidence need to be?

To start, I am a proponent of empiricism but feel like I stumbled into a flaw. How come we only accept what we can repeat? ..and how often do I need to be able to repeat to the same conclusion for me ...
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4 votes
1 answer
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How does the philosophy of science explore original research formulation?

Although rarely admitted or communicated, in scientific research it's quite common to change the originally formulated question once insurmountable obstacles have made an answer difficult or ...
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3 votes
1 answer
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What is the name of the fallacy involving white and black swans?

If one argues: I have seen only white swans, therefore there are no black swans. What would this fallacy be called?
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