Questions tagged [evolution]

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3
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2answers
169 views

What phenomena can give the appearance of design?

Here's a quote from Richard Dawkins: "Biology is the study of complicated things that have the appearance of having been designed with a purpose." My question is this. What types of ...
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2answers
129 views

How does a determinist explain darwin and chess? [closed]

I think the consensus among most materialists is that "living beings" have a common ancestor. I say "living beings" in quotes because I don't even know what it means that something ...
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3answers
112 views

What should we consider the evolution of the human species?

Nowadays we are living in a world that is emphasizing, in various ways, the concept that technological progress brings to our species welfare. There are a lot of technological tools that help us to ...
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1answer
94 views

Can a god ever be disproved [closed]

Given the ability to travel to another universe, meet aliens which would otherwise show the creation of our universe and yet many others and in fact have proof of our creation accidental or otherwise ...
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1answer
61 views

Causality, Universal and Particulars, Evolution, and Theology

In a Socratic dialogue I wrote published in issue 122 of "Philosophy Now", I have Socrates conversing with a scientist (Moe), on a park bench. Socrates has come down from the clouds to take ...
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3answers
82 views

How exactly does ethics relate to what appears to be ethical animal behavior?

After listening to Dr. Jordan Peterson's lectures on Psychology of Personality, I found the notion that animal behaviors follow an ethic fascinating. He stipulates that rats will play fight and if the ...
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3answers
243 views

Is the uniqueness of the human species evidence against evolution? [closed]

Evolution theory states, simply put, that all species on Earth have evolved over time, starting from one or more initial ancestors, to what they are today, through processes of reproduction guided by ...
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1answer
70 views

Why do people think binocular vision is advantageous in sports? [closed]

Why do people think binocular vision (visual depth perception) is advantageous in sports? Yes, it can be helpful, but what if binocular vision is an evolutionary dead end? Aren't there plenty of ...
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2answers
137 views

Can biological evolution comsummate?

Can biological evolution comsummate? In biological evolution, living organisms continues to change. However, is there a point wherein evolution stops due to an organism not needing change anymore? ...
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3answers
151 views

How can we question someone, for their ethical behavior, if it's the result of an evolutionary process

Supposedly, nature is evolving human minds and its behavior to find an optimal point. But if "bad" behaviour is nothing but an expression of nature's evolution towards an optimum, how does it make ...
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1answer
94 views

Should we regard evolution by natural selection as having an overall direction that necessarily led to the evolution of human beings? [closed]

Can someone please explain to me how should I answer this question. As I understand correctly, we cannot predict the survival of the fittest and bc we have randomly assigned traits, we act according ...
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5answers
789 views

What is the counter-argument against the argument of design? [closed]

The argument of design has several features, keying on relative complexity and tuning for use, from which one infers a designer. If we find a sand castle on a "simple" beach, which had an unusual ...
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2answers
284 views

How does biological evolution work in the block universe/b-theory of time?

The b-theory of time is often described as a film reel where the whole reel exists, but we can only view one frame at a time. The problem I have with this analogy is that it starts to feel too ...
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4answers
618 views

Is consciousness (as we perceive it) what really separates us from animals?

The last couple of weeks or even months, I'm thinking a lot about consciousness. I have some ideas I would really like to discuss with some open minded, philosophical people. And in the search for ...
5
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3answers
390 views

The conflict of creationism and evolution. How can we know the truth?

the demands of evolution and creation cannot be reconciled with each other because they represent two fundamentally different, mutually hostile, and mutually exclusive systems. They do not ...
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5answers
241 views

Kant, Idealism and Evolution

I'm certain this question must have been asked many times before, but I could not find an answer searching the archived posts here. So please excuse me as I am new to this forum and might have posted ...
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5answers
438 views

What is the utility of consciousness if free will is an illusion?

Introspectively speaking, it seems to me obvious that free will is illusion. Thoughts just emerge from background causes, and actions are just thoughts about actions that we have more thoughts about ...
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1answer
150 views

A quote from Godel to Wang About Evolution

Kurt Godel sent in a 1972 letter to Hao Wang, here what Godel wrote: here I believe that mechanism in biology is a prejudice of our time which will be disproved. In this case, one disproof, in my ...
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3answers
3k views

Does Darwin owe a debt to Hegel?

I just realized that Darwin's theory of evolution is very much historicist, and resembles Hegel's notion of an arc of history: evolution is progressive and moves with purpose in an almost dialectical ...
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2answers
99 views

Looking for valid reasons as to why reproducing and passing on our genes 'actually' matters [closed]

I'm familiar with why we reproduce. But with genes themselves, why does it matter that all life strives to have their own genetic makeup copy and evolve itself to 'exist' in some way, shape or form? I ...
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0answers
132 views

Nietzsche’s views on human curiosity

I chanced upon Friedrich Nietzsche’s ‘On truth and lies in a non moral sense’. Although I’m not technically a ‘philosopher’ (but aren’t we all philosophers), I’m not sure I agree with his views on ...
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0answers
53 views

Is this an argument about the world or about human cognition?

This is a question about a thesis I have encountered regarding the relation of abstract mathematics ( Category Theory in particular ) with reality and the nature of human cognition. The argument goes ...
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2answers
150 views

Does life have a natural or supernatural origin? [closed]

Let us define natural as "can be observed in nature", supernatural as "cannot be observed in nature". Virtually everyone today believes that all life had to have arisen from nonliving matter. A point ...
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2answers
134 views

The ethics of evolutionary custodianship

Firstly of note is that the closest genetic/evolutionary family of humans, namely the chimpanzee, also engages in an activity once thought to be uniquely human: namely warfare. And just to forestall ...
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3answers
234 views

What is the name of the fallacy where one implies something is false simply because someone evil supported it?

Creationists sometimes argue that Darwinism is wrong because the Nazis used it as a rationale for their eugenics program. We call it a "genetic fallacy" if we try to claim that a theory is wrong ...
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4answers
484 views

Does evolution always entail progress?

It was Darwin who first introduced the concept of Evolution in his Evolution Theory. However, whenever he and in general people speak about Evolution, I always have the feeling that they connote it ...
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2answers
197 views

Defending the value of Moral Philosophy against Scientism

What are the best arguments against someone who believes 'Moral philosophy is useless, what we call morality is simply evolutionary instincts to do what we were designed to do as a species'. This ...
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3answers
230 views

Aren't we most likely subject to artificial selection?

Since intelligent design is just artificial selection, and since we're most likely to be artificially selected for, then you can say we've been subjected to intelligent design. Since most animals on ...
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1answer
125 views

Do humans have the comprehension of an ant regarding certain things?

The leading theory behind the anomaly that is human intelligence is that humans had the greatest diversity in selective pressures over the course of our evolutionary history which allowed only the ...
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1answer
151 views

Do necessary ought nots follow from impossible oughts?

I'm reading about Hume's is-ought gap and how oughts can't follow from is's. My question is if there are impossible oughts and if these impossible oughts create necessary ought nots. Example: "you ...
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3answers
129 views

Is symbolic regression Popperian or inductivist?

This has been on my mind for a few days. I'd love a criticism of my arguments outlined here: https://groups.google.com/forum/#!topic/fallible-ideas/9bcC5WN6bLs. I'll re-issue them here: While ...
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1answer
495 views

Was there any of the need, which was not recognized as need, but accidentally allowed to ease any of the desired action/conformation?

I am searching data on whether we are able to recognize all the needs, or ease allowing actions, for the attainment of any of desired action/conformation or not. Was there any of the need, which was ...
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1answer
76 views

What arguments are there for arguing that human reproduction (in modern times) is not pointless?

What arguments are there for arguing that human reproduction (in modern times) is not pointless? Since there are few reasons which make it irrational: Suffering of other animals and nature due to ...
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3answers
166 views

AI singularity, and the transmission of intelligence

I was quite taken with David Deutsch's dismissal of the fear of the AI general intelligence singularity, based on the idea that any true intelligences will in some sense start with hybrid human-...
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4answers
3k views

Did Charles Darwin say anything on why life was formed in the first place? [closed]

To be viewed from the perspective of epistemology and/or the philosophy of science. Preamble: Darwin, like scientists of his day, often spoke of “Laws” that inevitably cycle forth the results ...
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6answers
247 views

If we don't have free will, why was the quality of being conscious selected for?

I think scientists agree that we're conscious and aware that we have consciousness and awareness. But they don't agree on whether we have free will. I think they don't even have a universal definition ...
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4answers
157 views

Is your phone a natural product?

We are part of this natural system where we live and that we named. Our cities, our trains, our streets, some beautiful and some disgraceful, are all part of our natural world, of what we have built ...
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1answer
120 views

Evaluating One of the Premises of Evolutionary Argument Against Naturalism

I learned Plantinga's Evolutionary Argument Against Naturalism in the following form: The probability for the reliability of cognitive faculties conditional on naturalistic evolution, P(R|N&...
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2answers
178 views

What is the philosophical use of the noosphere?

I understand that lately the new concept coined by Pierre Teilhard de Chardin has gained some popularity, and it's definition (according to Wikipedia) is: The noosphere is the sphere of human ...
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1answer
392 views

Better Understanding Plantinga's Argument Against Naturalism

My advanced apologies if my question is not appropriate for this website. This is my first semester of Philosophy so I hope I'm not asking obvious, low-level questions. I have been reading Plantinga'...
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1answer
1k views

Is plastic surgery cheating evolution or genetics? [closed]

In the West and modern society, is plastic surgery objectively cheating genetic destiny? Say a man is not too attractive -- average looking -- and does not manage many sexual partners, if any at all. ...
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1answer
265 views

Does the Evolution Theory contradict Kant's Metaphysics?

I recently asked a series of questions about ET, and this is one of them :) Intuitively, it seems to me that ET is supposed to contradict Kant's (or more generally, the German Idealism's) Metaphysics ...
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3answers
718 views

Is evolutionary “morality” really the same thing as human morality?

In a different question I asked, Chris Johns' answer pinpointed exactly why all of the answers didn't satisfy me, so I'd like to ask a follow-up question which will further focus my question - would ...
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5answers
307 views

Evolution - how (epistemologically) an instinctive moral is possible?

I've asked a question about how evolution would explain morality, which lead me to a more basic question - if an instinct would tell the group members to act altruistically, where would that instinct ...
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7answers
4k views

Is it possible that evolution brought human kind morality?

I've heard this (rather odd imho) statement that evolution, by the need of survival, dictated humans to uphold moral codes in order to survive, thus gaining a moral system. Now, to my understanding, ...
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2answers
3k views

What was Nietzsche's Position on Darwin and his theory of Evolution by Natural Selection?

I will preface this question by saying I have not read Nietzsche extensively. The one exception is his 'Genealogy of Morals', a recent read of mine, twice actually. I always assumed Nietzsche's ...
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1answer
228 views

What would Socrates' approach be towards Darwinism?

So Socrates was pretty fond of the idea of reincarnation, the soul, the inferior material objects and bodily matter around us. Would his idea of the soul fit into the theory of evolution, a theory ...
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2answers
447 views

Based on evolution, do we arrive at deductive principles inductively?

If our knowledge of deductive principles is a result of evolution... doesn't this mean that we arrive at deductive principles inductively? Assuming deductive principles are beneficial for survival, ...
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0answers
216 views

Religious belief as a consequence of self-reliance

Self-reliance doesn't come naturally to many people, but one could argue that self-reliance is an important factor in both natural and sexual selection. Also many religious people achieve self-...
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1answer
1k views

Objections to moral nihilism based on argument from evolution?

One can argue for moral nihilism by claiming that all of our fundamental moral beliefs are explained by the theory of evolution (e.g. early human tribe of liars more likely to fight amongst each other ...