Questions tagged [evolution]

The tag has no usage guidance.

Filter by
Sorted by
Tagged with
55
votes
17answers
13k views

Why aren't creationism and natural science on the same intellectual level?

In the infamous creation museum a strategically very shrewd exhibit, where a scientist and a biblical scholar both study the same fossils, is being presented: The sign says “different scientists ...
13
votes
7answers
4k views

Is it possible that evolution brought human kind morality?

I've heard this (rather odd imho) statement that evolution, by the need of survival, dictated humans to uphold moral codes in order to survive, thus gaining a moral system. Now, to my understanding, ...
11
votes
4answers
3k views

Did Charles Darwin say anything on why life was formed in the first place? [closed]

To be viewed from the perspective of epistemology and/or the philosophy of science. Preamble: Darwin, like scientists of his day, often spoke of “Laws” that inevitably cycle forth the results ...
10
votes
9answers
2k views

Is the theory of evolution a good basis for an argument against freewill?

In the theory of evolution, humans do not occupy any privileged status compared to other living beings, they are at one end of a continuous (although not necessarily monotone) spectrum of creatures. ...
9
votes
6answers
584 views

As a result of human progression in science (specifically medicine), have we created ourselves a plateau in the evolutionary process?

It is assumed, for the purpose of this question, that Charles Darwin, in the 19th Century, formulated the concept of "Survival of the Fittest". Penned in his book "The Origin of the Species", which ...
8
votes
6answers
1k views

Why are homologies evidence for evolution instead of common design?

I have seen some creationists arguing that when evolutionary biologists use homologies (anatomical or genetic) as evidence for evolution, they are committing the fallacy of affirming the consequent. ...
8
votes
8answers
2k views

Are dualism and the theory of evolution compatible?

From an evolutionary point of view there is a continuous gradient of intelligence (in the larger sense of the term), from lower life forms with no intelligence at all to higher life forms that exhibit ...
8
votes
5answers
2k views

How would Kant have responded to Darwin's conception of human evolution?

How would Kant have responded to Darwin? That is, how would Kant's theory on the individual as being comprised of a unity of consciousness (in his critique on pure reason), with the theory of Darwin's ...
8
votes
2answers
1k views

How does Darwin's Theory of Evolution complicate a reading of Kant's Groundwork for the Metaphysic of Morals?

Darwins Theory of Evolution states that the evolution of life underlies processes like selection, reproduction and variation. I think, essentially he says, that the occurences of any ability or ...
7
votes
1answer
913 views

What was Nietzsche's Position on Darwin and his theory of Evolution by Natural Selection?

I will preface this question by saying I have not read Nietzsche extensively. The one exception is his 'Genealogy of Morals', a recent read of mine, twice actually. I always assumed Nietzsche's ...
6
votes
3answers
4k views

Does Noam Chomsky reject Darwinian evolution?

Hilary Putnam claims on his blog that: I am well aware that both Chomsky and Fodor reject Darwinian evolution. Is his claim that Noam Chomsky rejects Darwinian evolution true, and if so, on what ...
6
votes
4answers
189 views

Is it possible to construct falsifiable evolutionary hypotheses about behaviour?

My question is very much contained in the title. Most human behaviours are the object of many hypotheses based in the theory of evolution. Usually an hypothesis will arise as a model that explains a ...
6
votes
5answers
1k views

Is Dawkins arguing that a cause must be greater than its effect?

On the one hand, Dawkins is a rather vocal exponent of evolution. Evolution, to me, appears to hold that greater complexity can arise form lesser complexity (unless we want to argue that the causes ...
6
votes
3answers
143 views

What is the name of the fallacy where one implies something is false simply because someone evil supported it?

Creationists sometimes argue that Darwinism is wrong because the Nazis used it as a rationale for their eugenics program. We call it a "genetic fallacy" if we try to claim that a theory is wrong ...
6
votes
1answer
145 views

Where can one find the most fully developed version of EAAN with the four-part defense of premise 1?

Having just completed Alvin Plantinga's book Where the Conflict Really Lies, I was a bit surprised to learn that he now takes a different approach to defending premise 1 of the Evolutionary Argument ...
4
votes
3answers
694 views

Is evolutionary “morality” really the same thing as human morality?

In a different question I asked, Chris Johns' answer pinpointed exactly why all of the answers didn't satisfy me, so I'd like to ask a follow-up question which will further focus my question - would ...
4
votes
4answers
1k views

What are the problems with Plantinga's evolutionary argument against naturalism (EAAN)?

Alvin Plantinga's formulation of the argument is here. I'll try to summarize it as I understand it. Naturalistic evolution selects for traits that tend to lead to survival. Some true beliefs about ...
4
votes
4answers
604 views

Is Morality an end in itself or a means to a higher end, and if the latter, what is the higher end?

If morality is nothing more than an evolutionary by-product, i.e. a tool developed for the purpose of prolonging one's existence and/or facilitating reproduction, it seems to make little sense to ...
3
votes
7answers
3k views

Does human evolution have a direction or purpose, and if so, does it have an end state? [closed]

Evolution seems to be commonly associated with genetic change which leads to the improved reproductive success of a species. This concept has itself evolved with the work of Richard Dawkins and ...
3
votes
2answers
317 views

Nietzsche and What he got wrong about evolution?

It is known that Nietzsche rejected the clause of the "natural selection" and "survival of the fittest" in the theory of evolution as not as much was confirmed about the theory during his time and it ...
3
votes
4answers
130 views

Is your phone a natural product?

We are part of this natural system where we live and that we named. Our cities, our trains, our streets, some beautiful and some disgraceful, are all part of our natural world, of what we have built ...
3
votes
5answers
292 views

Evolution - how (epistemologically) an instinctive moral is possible?

I've asked a question about how evolution would explain morality, which lead me to a more basic question - if an instinct would tell the group members to act altruistically, where would that instinct ...
3
votes
3answers
560 views

Are all advanced civilizations are likely to have a religious phase?

I am not sure if I should be posting this in the philosophy section, or the biology section. Anyway though, I was wondering if people think the believing in a deity is part of the evolution process? ...
3
votes
1answer
122 views

Do necessary ought nots follow from impossible oughts?

I'm reading about Hume's is-ought gap and how oughts can't follow from is's. My question is if there are impossible oughts and if these impossible oughts create necessary ought nots. Example: "you ...
3
votes
1answer
158 views

Who was the first person to speculate that consciousness is a by-product of evolution?

Darwin, it seems, did not believe this. He considered even insects to possess a certain level of consciousness. I'm aware that there is the problem of defining consciousness. I'm curious whether ...
2
votes
6answers
577 views

Does Intelligent Design need Religion?

Is it possible to define the source of intelligent causes, which provides the foundation for the Intelligent Design theory, from a purely scientific perspective? Is yes, How? If not, why not?
2
votes
4answers
211 views

Does evolution always entail progress?

It was Darwin who first introduced the concept of Evolution in his Evolution Theory. However, whenever he and in general people speak about Evolution, I always have the feeling that they connote it ...
2
votes
3answers
266 views

Epistemology of “Creationism Debate”

Epistemologically, is there any difference between a belief in non-interventionist evolution and a belief in young-earth creationism? If so, what is it? I'm not interested in the question of whether ...
2
votes
3answers
755 views

Evolution and Popperian falsifiability

According to Karl Popper's falsification criterion only a falsifiable theory is said to be a scientific theory. If this is true, is Evolution Theory falsifiable and hence considered scientific?
2
votes
3answers
344 views

Can death be given meaning through the theory of evolution?

Disclaimer: I haven't seen any other posts about this anywhere and one night, I was just thinking and scribbled this down, so I don't know where this could be found otherwise. What if, there is no ...
2
votes
1answer
494 views

Was there any of the need, which was not recognized as need, but accidentally allowed to ease any of the desired action/conformation?

I am searching data on whether we are able to recognize all the needs, or ease allowing actions, for the attainment of any of desired action/conformation or not. Was there any of the need, which was ...
2
votes
2answers
108 views

What is the philosophical use of the noosphere?

I understand that lately the new concept coined by Pierre Teilhard de Chardin has gained some popularity, and it's definition (according to Wikipedia) is: The noosphere is the sphere of human ...
2
votes
1answer
905 views

Objections to moral nihilism based on argument from evolution?

One can argue for moral nihilism by claiming that all of our fundamental moral beliefs are explained by the theory of evolution (e.g. early human tribe of liars more likely to fight amongst each other ...
2
votes
2answers
173 views

Can we deduce selfish behaviour from altruism?

In (biological) evolutionary theory, there are various theories about how altruism evolved via the 'selfish' behaviour of genes. There are analogical ideas on the economic & ethical spheres. ...
2
votes
3answers
133 views

AI singularity, and the transmission of intelligence

I was quite taken with David Deutsch's dismissal of the fear of the AI general intelligence singularity, based on the idea that any true intelligences will in some sense start with hybrid human-...
2
votes
1answer
238 views

Does the Evolution Theory contradict Kant's Metaphysics?

I recently asked a series of questions about ET, and this is one of them :) Intuitively, it seems to me that ET is supposed to contradict Kant's (or more generally, the German Idealism's) Metaphysics ...
2
votes
2answers
638 views

Do qualia have an evolutionary purpose? (assuming they exist)

Do qualia have an evolutionary function, and if so what is it? Could qualia help us solve problems that Turing machines can't solve? Could qualia help us solve problems faster than normal computers? ...
2
votes
1answer
269 views

Homogeneity and human knowledge

The advances in technology and the unprecedented levels of knowledge-sharing in the last few decades could be extrapolated to suggest that the human race as a whole will eventually converge to perhaps ...
1
vote
3answers
1k views

Do you think morality and ethics are evolutionary or general disadvantages?

If there are two people, one who's behavior is confined by a strict moral code and another without any constraints are in a competitive situation where the possibility to cheat or otherwise utilize ...
1
vote
2answers
299 views

Evolution is rightly seen as non-teleological, but does that remain true when one goes down to the fundamental physical laws of the universe?

We have a theory (the standard model) that explains a great deal of the physical phenomena that we perceive. Let us grant Physicists their dream, and say we have a theory that explains all physical ...
1
vote
2answers
984 views

Which came first - philosophy, religion or science?

I don't know if there are any answers, and it's a difficult question to answer without precisely defining "philosophy," etc. But I wondered if anyone is aware of any research or even casual musings ...
1
vote
3answers
203 views

How does the theory of evolution deal and logically explain all these?

According to the theory of evolution, a law or thing happens only if it's not harmful to the organism itself as well as others. But peeping into entire historical and current situation of mankind, ...
1
vote
1answer
96 views

Evaluating One of the Premises of Evolutionary Argument Against Naturalism

I learned Plantinga's Evolutionary Argument Against Naturalism in the following form: The probability for the reliability of cognitive faculties conditional on naturalistic evolution, P(R|N&...
1
vote
2answers
284 views

Based on evolution, do we arrive at deductive principles inductively?

If our knowledge of deductive principles is a result of evolution... doesn't this mean that we arrive at deductive principles inductively? Assuming deductive principles are beneficial for survival, ...
1
vote
1answer
117 views

Do humans have the comprehension of an ant regarding certain things?

The leading theory behind the anomaly that is human intelligence is that humans had the greatest diversity in selective pressures over the course of our evolutionary history which allowed only the ...
1
vote
1answer
317 views

Better Understanding Plantinga's Argument Against Naturalism

My advanced apologies if my question is not appropriate for this website. This is my first semester of Philosophy so I hope I'm not asking obvious, low-level questions. I have been reading Plantinga'...
1
vote
1answer
163 views

What would Socrates' approach be towards Darwinism?

So Socrates was pretty fond of the idea of reincarnation, the soul, the inferior material objects and bodily matter around us. Would his idea of the soul fit into the theory of evolution, a theory ...
1
vote
0answers
32 views

Is this an argument about the world or about human cognition?

This is a question about a thesis I have encountered regarding the relation of abstract mathematics ( Category Theory in particular ) with reality and the nature of human cognition. The argument goes ...
1
vote
0answers
83 views

Is there a humanity evolving objective? [closed]

Objectives never happens, but [I think] that is expected. Does the UN, US, EU, CN, IN... have objectives for +5, +10... +100 years? What/Where is the objective? Is the UN or any National ...
1
vote
0answers
128 views

Practical applications of intelligent design

Here’s a solid list of the practical applications of evolutionary theory: http://www.talkorigins.org/indexcc/CA/CA215.html Let’s pretend for a moment that intelligent design turned out to be true. ...