Questions tagged [evolution]

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Evaluating One of the Premises of Evolutionary Argument Against Naturalism

I learned Plantinga's Evolutionary Argument Against Naturalism in the following form: The probability for the reliability of cognitive faculties conditional on naturalistic evolution, P(R|N&...
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3answers
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AI singularity, and the transmission of intelligence

I was quite taken with David Deutsch's dismissal of the fear of the AI general intelligence singularity, based on the idea that any true intelligences will in some sense start with hybrid human-...
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17answers
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Why aren't creationism and natural science on the same intellectual level?

In the infamous creation museum a strategically very shrewd exhibit, where a scientist and a biblical scholar both study the same fossils, is being presented: The sign says “different scientists ...
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What arguments are there for arguing that human reproduction (in modern times) is not pointless?

What arguments are there for arguing that human reproduction (in modern times) is not pointless? Since there are few reasons which make it irrational: Suffering of other animals and nature due to ...
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4answers
160 views

Is your phone a natural product?

We are part of this natural system where we live and that we named. Our cities, our trains, our streets, some beautiful and some disgraceful, are all part of our natural world, of what we have built ...
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1answer
266 views

Does the Evolution Theory contradict Kant's Metaphysics?

I recently asked a series of questions about ET, and this is one of them :) Intuitively, it seems to me that ET is supposed to contradict Kant's (or more generally, the German Idealism's) Metaphysics ...
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2answers
196 views

What is the philosophical use of the noosphere?

I understand that lately the new concept coined by Pierre Teilhard de Chardin has gained some popularity, and it's definition (according to Wikipedia) is: The noosphere is the sphere of human ...
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5answers
307 views

Evolution - how (epistemologically) an instinctive moral is possible?

I've asked a question about how evolution would explain morality, which lead me to a more basic question - if an instinct would tell the group members to act altruistically, where would that instinct ...
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Is it possible that evolution brought human kind morality?

I've heard this (rather odd imho) statement that evolution, by the need of survival, dictated humans to uphold moral codes in order to survive, thus gaining a moral system. Now, to my understanding, ...
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1answer
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Is plastic surgery cheating evolution or genetics? [closed]

In the West and modern society, is plastic surgery objectively cheating genetic destiny? Say a man is not too attractive -- average looking -- and does not manage many sexual partners, if any at all. ...
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3answers
721 views

Is evolutionary “morality” really the same thing as human morality?

In a different question I asked, Chris Johns' answer pinpointed exactly why all of the answers didn't satisfy me, so I'd like to ask a follow-up question which will further focus my question - would ...
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1answer
231 views

What would Socrates' approach be towards Darwinism?

So Socrates was pretty fond of the idea of reincarnation, the soul, the inferior material objects and bodily matter around us. Would his idea of the soul fit into the theory of evolution, a theory ...
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Is Dawkins arguing that a cause must be greater than its effect?

On the one hand, Dawkins is a rather vocal exponent of evolution. Evolution, to me, appears to hold that greater complexity can arise form lesser complexity (unless we want to argue that the causes ...
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2answers
464 views

Based on evolution, do we arrive at deductive principles inductively?

If our knowledge of deductive principles is a result of evolution... doesn't this mean that we arrive at deductive principles inductively? Assuming deductive principles are beneficial for survival, ...
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216 views

Religious belief as a consequence of self-reliance

Self-reliance doesn't come naturally to many people, but one could argue that self-reliance is an important factor in both natural and sexual selection. Also many religious people achieve self-...
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1answer
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Objections to moral nihilism based on argument from evolution?

One can argue for moral nihilism by claiming that all of our fundamental moral beliefs are explained by the theory of evolution (e.g. early human tribe of liars more likely to fight amongst each other ...
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2answers
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Which came first - philosophy, religion or science?

I don't know if there are any answers, and it's a difficult question to answer without precisely defining "philosophy," etc. But I wondered if anyone is aware of any research or even casual musings ...
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511 views

Nietzsche and What he got wrong about evolution?

It is known that Nietzsche rejected the clause of the "natural selection" and "survival of the fittest" in the theory of evolution as not as much was confirmed about the theory during his time and it ...
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1answer
178 views

Who was the first person to speculate that consciousness is a by-product of evolution?

Darwin, it seems, did not believe this. He considered even insects to possess a certain level of consciousness. I'm aware that there is the problem of defining consciousness. I'm curious whether ...
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59 views

How/why did animals/humans started showing kindness?

Every emotion must had a reason when it was evolved into existence and genetically. Why did animals/humans started showing kindness to the other 'kind', when there was nothing they can gain by feeling ...
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3answers
228 views

How does the theory of evolution deal and logically explain all these?

According to the theory of evolution, a law or thing happens only if it's not harmful to the organism itself as well as others. But peeping into entire historical and current situation of mankind, ...
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3answers
938 views

Evolution and Popperian falsifiability

According to Karl Popper's falsification criterion only a falsifiable theory is said to be a scientific theory. If this is true, is Evolution Theory falsifiable and hence considered scientific?
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4answers
257 views

Can either individualism or diversity casuse a stall to progress in societies?

This question is assuming that such a thing as 'progress' exists, but let's assume for this instance that it does. It is encouraged in our society to embrace and adapt to individualism because doing ...
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149 views

Could Cultural/Epistemologial Biases Have Influenced the Evolutionary Concept of Behavioral Modernism? [closed]

Could orthodox conceptions of Human evolution--which rest upon the theory of Behavioral Modernism--be marred by cultural and epistemological biases. For example, are industrialized human populations ...
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140 views

Practical applications of intelligent design

Here’s a solid list of the practical applications of evolutionary theory: http://www.talkorigins.org/indexcc/CA/CA215.html Let’s pretend for a moment that intelligent design turned out to be true. ...
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594 views

Are all advanced civilizations are likely to have a religious phase?

I am not sure if I should be posting this in the philosophy section, or the biology section. Anyway though, I was wondering if people think the believing in a deity is part of the evolution process? ...
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4answers
199 views

Is it possible to construct falsifiable evolutionary hypotheses about behaviour?

My question is very much contained in the title. Most human behaviours are the object of many hypotheses based in the theory of evolution. Usually an hypothesis will arise as a model that explains a ...
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4answers
672 views

Is Morality an end in itself or a means to a higher end, and if the latter, what is the higher end?

If morality is nothing more than an evolutionary by-product, i.e. a tool developed for the purpose of prolonging one's existence and/or facilitating reproduction, it seems to make little sense to ...
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2answers
326 views

Is a couple living in symbiosis?

I think the answer is yes. Since male and female can live on their own. But for the sake of reproduction and child rearing some form of symbiosis can develop.
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3answers
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Do you think morality and ethics are evolutionary or general disadvantages?

If there are two people, one who's behavior is confined by a strict moral code and another without any constraints are in a competitive situation where the possibility to cheat or otherwise utilize ...
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2answers
346 views

Evolution is rightly seen as non-teleological, but does that remain true when one goes down to the fundamental physical laws of the universe?

We have a theory (the standard model) that explains a great deal of the physical phenomena that we perceive. Let us grant Physicists their dream, and say we have a theory that explains all physical ...
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2answers
179 views

Can we deduce selfish behaviour from altruism?

In (biological) evolutionary theory, there are various theories about how altruism evolved via the 'selfish' behaviour of genes. There are analogical ideas on the economic & ethical spheres. ...
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How does Darwin's Theory of Evolution complicate a reading of Kant's Groundwork for the Metaphysic of Morals?

Darwins Theory of Evolution states that the evolution of life underlies processes like selection, reproduction and variation. I think, essentially he says, that the occurences of any ability or ...
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6answers
589 views

Does Intelligent Design need Religion?

Is it possible to define the source of intelligent causes, which provides the foundation for the Intelligent Design theory, from a purely scientific perspective? Is yes, How? If not, why not?

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