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Questions tagged [existence]

Ontological and metaphysical questions about the study of existence, being and the structure of reality.

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Does Valberg's personal horizon entail life after death?

The personal horizon is, Valberg contends, the subject matter whose center each of us occupies, and which for each of us ceases with death. This ceasing to be presents itself solipsistically not ...
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In Meditations 2 by Descartes, Descartes claims that all his beliefs into doubts except of his own existence [closed]

At that time, he must have had the opinion that he exists, at least when he is considering whether he exists and this is something for which he can have no rational grounds for doubt. What is your ...
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What does the term “ego” really mean?

According to different sources and authors, ego is referred to as one's self-perception by one's self concept. It is sometimes considered as selfishism. But what can a person do that will not refer to ...
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Hypothesis against infinite Oblivion?

If there's anything that I learned from calculus, it's that if you take (almost) any finite number and compare it statistically against an infinite number, the infinite measurement will "win" every ...
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1answer
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Is This Proof of Existence and a Solution to P=NP Problem? [closed]

P =/= NP Proof (The Theory of Everything) Polynomial time problems are known to problems exist. Assume Existence exists. By definition everything in existence is in existence. This means nothing can’...
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4answers
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'Thanks, but no thanks' - God and my existence

Problem: God (in an Abrahamic religion) created me without asking me if I would want this life. Now I don't want this life. If I commit suicide, I will burn in hell for eternity. I just want to cease ...
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How do moral skeptics respond to the concept of permissible heinous acts

The Problem Let's say I am debating my friend Jake who believes that morality exists. But I am a hard determinist who believes that all actions are predetermined by some act or event beforehand. Jake ...
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Are there any arguments for why something past-eternal must necessarily be future-eternal as well?

If we assume that something has always existed in the past, what reason is there to assume that it won't perish in the future? I pondered on it and I wondered whether the following argument works: ...
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Do we Desire out of Hope or we Hope out of Desire? [closed]

Just for an example consider the following specific scenerio: If I desire that I want a million dollars in few years, is that out of hope of better future. OR I hope of a better future, because I ...
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If the Universe(s) didn't exist, Would all maths still exist?

Many scientists say that maths transcends creation, the future, it exists for all time. For example the Mandelbrot is just an equation that can still exist when the universe goes cold. Because I don'...
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Is it possible to be 100% certain of the existence of reality?

I don't really understand why some philosophers claim that it's impossible to be absolutely certain of anything except my own consciousness. Isn't that absurd? Personally I believe that this kind of ...
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Can we logically prove that anything exists?

Suppose I want to prove that negative numbers exist. Well, I could easily do that using a mathematical proof. However, all I would be doing is adding another logical object to a list of known logical ...
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2answers
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Which authors have discussed embarassment in philosophy?

Could anyone point me to some authors who have discussed the theme of embarrassment in depth? I couldn't find anyone with basic Google search. I was hoping there must be some works regarding the ...
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Is willful ignorance about one's own mortality escapism?

I don't mean if someone is dying of cancer and they refuse treatment or something -- I'm saying if a healthy person who is unhappy obsessing over his own inevitable death one day chooses to ignore ...
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1answer
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Philosophy of dreams

According to some eastern teachings (Tantric, Buddhist, etc) it's a good thing to ponder and meditate on dreams: Dream 1 A person dreams of finding money or gold or any other luxuries. This ...
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2answers
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Books/resources on non-existence

I believe that after we die there is nothing. The same that was before being born. So while I won’t care about not existing when it happens, the thought of it does bother me now, as I like being and ...
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Being alive today: the most improbable coincidence?

Think about it; modern humans have been around for at least a couple hundred thousand years. Yet, your mind, your soul, your very awareness, happens to be "alive" today. If time is a flow, moving ...
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176 views

Is there a philosophical principle stating that everything that can be imagined can possibly / must necessarily exist?

Is there a philosophical notion that stipulates or proposes one of the following statements? Everything that can be imagined could also possibly exist. Everything that can be imagined must necessarily ...
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Philosophies that suggest that thoughts have an existence beyond their physical realization

I'm a beginner at Philosophy, and I'm trying to categorize this metaphysical belief: "Thoughts are thought by humans, but continue to exist, interact with other ideas, and exert power in some sort ...
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Is Kant's postulate of the existence of God a metaethical assumption?

Also, I would like to get some bibliographical reference about Kantian metaethics.
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Is it possible to argue convincingly against suicide?

My question is more specifically about arguing convincingly against suicide from the perspective of some kind of universal inheritance. We find ourselves existing in the universe. If we accept the ...
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3answers
160 views

Wanted: literature on the ethics of creating a fake world (The morality of God)

WARNING (reader discretion is advised. Don't do these experiments if you are not familiar with existential philosophy or if you suffer from some mental disorder) This question is subtle. I think ...
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1answer
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Collective Being

If, as a Collective of embodied selves (eSelves) we voted for ideas instead of individual eSelves - the objective being to construct a Reality that resonates with Existence itself - what would that ...
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How does being come into being? How does existence come into existence?

So, the universe was created by the big bang. And the big bang was created by some stringy things, or branes or whatever. But what created those strings? And what created the thing that created them? ...
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Descartes vs Buddha - Was Descartes wrong?

Descartes imagined an Evil Demon to suggest that the external world could be a complete illusion. This Evil Demon would have the power to trick all your senses. This idea is similar to the Buddhist ...
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1answer
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Does inexistence exist?

If inexistence exists then how is it inexistence? And if inexistence does not exist then how come it into existence and we know about it? Or is it paradox?
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Do whole numbers other than zero actually exist?

Think about counting up: you start from 0. There are many decimals in between 0 and 1, actually, an infinite amount of decimals are there. So in the same way that there is no last number there is no ...
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8answers
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What is the purpose of a high in terms of it being created or intended by a creator

I Believe God is real, if believing God is real and that he created the universe and everything it it, what is the purpose of a high? (produced by weed or any other drug) Why would God create a high? ...
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121 views

How do “I” know that “I” think?

"Cogito, ergo sum", "I think, therefore I am", said Descartes but how does one know that one thinks? Could "my" thoughts not be part of an illusion of someone/something else? Can "I" actually know ...
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4answers
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Is it ethical to try to survive on this context?

We are destroying the planet. At certain point, we will be forced to stop reproducing and perhaps we will be killed due to the lack of resources (e.g. Donald Trump will not hesitate to shoot people ...
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114 views

Update-How might we perceive our relations with the environment?

With an excessively growing population, human might be increasingly conflicting with the environment. How might we perceive our relations with the environment? Our advancement in civilization might ...
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3answers
252 views

Why would a person want to die?

I've got a friend. He's well-placed in life: not poor, not ill, has family, certainly not an idiot, but quite clever. He's probably lonely, since I am the only close friend. So no relationships, just ...
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Is existence restricted by rendering?

Is existence restricted by the rendering of the being? For example, as I am rendered as a physical being in the form of my body, is the plane of my existence limited to the physical world? I would ...
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What is the philosophical significance of the First Law of Thermodynamics?

The Law states that “no energy can be destroyed or created, for it is constant; it can only be transformed from one form to another”. Do you think this alignes with many of the teachings of Buddhism, ...
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If all of us gonna die one day why should we care?

We are taught cum preached to care for other's feelings and emotions. We must exercise certain deeds hailed in holy texts. Why such things matters when we all will die one day?
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154 views

Consiousness and existence

My question is fairly straightforward would consiousness never exist if that "subject" was not subject to information from the external world via the "subjects" senses because of a "fault" in the ...
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Example for Toulmin's model advantages

I have recently studied about Toulmin's model of argumentation.But i can't see any flw in traditional model. So, can anyone give example for which we can say Toulmin's model is efficient than ...
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Techniques of overcoming ennui (boredom)

Did any philosophers discuss overcoming ennui/boredom? I read this question and its answer, but I am less interested in a definition of boredom and more interested in direct approaches or theories ...
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Does fictional discourse pose special difficulties for logic?

Natural language is context-dependent, like the statement “My uncle is a plumber”, which is true or false depending on who asserts it. There has been lots of discussion about fictional entities and ...
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What is and how far extends existence?

Existence, for instance of a human being, need not be restricted to the material body. Also the influence exerted on the environment can be considered a part of their existence. A discussion with ...
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Has any philosopher ever argued succesfully that anything at all does not exist?

Is it possible to prove that something does not exist? I'm asking because I find it very difficult to think of any such idea.
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For Husserl, how can we know things in themselves?

I don't quite understand the nature of "going back to things themselves". How does Husserl break away from Kant?
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Is it, a priori, more likely that an unknown object does not exist than that it does?

For me, intuitively the answer seems to be yes. But I don't know how this could be justified a priori. The hypothesis "x does not exist" seems not to be simpler than the hypothesis "x exists". By the ...
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Cogito ergo sum and its actual meaning [duplicate]

I think therefore i am is often accepted as true.But how do we know that the fact we are doubting something makes us real?we can be a stimulation or be dreaming.Why is the act of thinking given so ...
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What are the implications of eternal life

The premise What would be the consequences of transferring the consciousness of a middle-aged person to a mechanical object or device (such as a robot), as opposed to another biological body? ...
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52 views

Why do we even exist? [duplicate]

Looking through the Astronomy.SE I stumbled across the question Why do we even exist?: It came to my mind one day that why does this universe even exist and why do we even exist and like we are ...
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7answers
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Does the whole universe end when an individual dies?

Is it valid to think that from a "perspective" of a dead individue,universe has come to an end? I based this argument on my premise that from the start of the universe (~14 billion years ago) until ...
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2answers
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Does anything exist outside present experience?

Is there any identifiable attribute to truth other than EXPERIENCE of it appearing to be true ? Is there any more ' truth ' to it ? Things we've believed to be true for millennia have been provided ...
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What's the argument behind 'Humanity will end when we find something we cannot classify'?

Some time ago a friend told me that was the most mind-blowing statements he has ever heard. However, he was not capable to tell me why the sentence could be true; what were the reasons to support that ...
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What is the theory that existence, life, and/or consciousness arise simply because all possibilities must be exhausted, and this is one of them?

I distinctly recall reading a Wikipedia page listing multiple theories on the origin of existence itself. One in particular, described in the title, was fascinating and came to mind recently, but I ...