Questions tagged [existence]

Ontological and metaphysical questions about the study of existence, being and the structure of reality.

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What does it mean to know that I have always met the same duckling all todays and tomorrows? [closed]

My pet duckling plays alone in the veranda, eats there and stays there; I do not put it in a cage. Every morning I go visit it, and at my sight I sense it feels a rush of emotion and promptly starts ...
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Isn't biocentrism just a simple deduction from subjectivism?

I havent actually read his book, but as he's described it, I thought that he was just sharing his view on subjectivism. Biocentrism, as Robert Lanza says, is: ..."the view that life creates ...
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Is there a difference between things that can't be interacted with and things that don't exist?

Suppose there is a magical kingdom that is hidden somewhere over the rainbow and can never be reached by anything, most people would say that such a place might as well not exist. However, the same ...
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We do everything for pleasure

I have been in debate for a while now with me friend. I come here looking for feedback and possible outlooks to related sources. The question we posed a long time ago is interesting one: why do we ...
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What is existence for existentialists?

As my current work leaded me to analyse existence from the systemic point of view, I've decided it's time to read Sartre and about existentialism, which I've long time postponed. So I've started with ...
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Is existence a feature of life? Can a stone exist without life to recognize it?

First of all I would like to make clear I am not an expert in philosophy. With the question "Is existence a feature of life?" I mean the following: Could something exist without the presence of an ...
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Where does Plato state the principle of plenitude?

I am wondering if anyone could share a passage from Plato in which he addresses the plenitude of the Forms. I have come across the following statement multiple times but am unable to find a citation. ...
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223 views

Does the simulation hypothesis confuse discovering with inventing?

The simulation hypothesis seems to stipulate that the actual simulation is what makes the inhabitants of the simulated universe to come alive, to exist. This is what I am questioning. If I create a ...
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Does the fact that economists cannot fully explain where money for macroeconomic profits and interest comes from support a belief in anti-realism? [closed]

Given that a basic question about money flow in such an important science as economics is unsettled to this day, can basic questions about objective reality be resolved in economics (or any subject)? ...
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Axioms of change and time?

Listening to the audio version of objectivism by L. Pekoff for the second time, and I am so distracted by one thought I am finding it impossible to proceed. Existence, consciousness and identity, ...
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Is it possible to know anything?

I am very sure this apple in front of me exists. I could be hallucinating however, so lets say: I am 98% certain the apple exists. I am confident that (1) is a fair assessment, but I can't really be ...
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What is the logical structure of this argument by a Hindu philosopher about causation?

The Khandana Khanda Khadya is a work by the 12th century Hindu philosopher Sri Harsha which in some sense sets out to disprove epistemology - it seeks to show that all putative means of knowledge, ...
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What does it mean for something to exist?

When we say something exists, what do we mean by X? Specifically, my question is about whether there's something more primitive than saying something exists. In mathematics, existence is asserted by ...
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Ontological status of variables

Background This question has its origin in this post. More specifically, in giving answers to the following questions, In what way does the collection of all sets consist of sets? What are ...
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663 views

How is existence in presentism reconciled with relativity of simultaneity?

There is a famous question by Einstein which was reported by his biographer, the physicist Abraham Pais, and which expresses his concern with quantum physics: We often discussed his notions on ...
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Because nothing exists, nothing also does not exist

Because nothing exists, nothing also does not exist. If you look at nothing as the opposite of something. The existence of one requires the existence of the other. But since one explicitly says it ...
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Hypothetically observable

Question: When is it appropriate to assign the property "hypothetically observable" to a thing? The set up is that someone is discussing an object that they claim has some sort of existence. Maybe ...
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A Critcism of the Ontological Argument for God

Allow me to present the argument: (1) By definition God is that being which possesses every perfection. (2) Existence is a perfection. (3) Therefore, God exists. Whether you agree is not important,...
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Movies on philosophy similar to “Waking Life”? [closed]

The movie "Waking Life" is a philosophical masterpiece: a quasi non-narrative psychedelic dreamscape exploring the very nature of both existence and non-existence in unpredecented depth. In a ...
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Is it possible to think of something that doesn't contain anything exists? [duplicate]

Is it possible to think of something that does not contain anything that already exists? If not, why? Examples. Flying alligators are animals. Flying straws are straws. Is it possible for our ...
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What is the difference between ∃ (existence) and A (actuality)?

The existential quantification can, it seems, be used with modal logic. Now excuse my naivety, but: if so, what is the difference between being actual and existential quantification? I'm just asking ...
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About the fear of non-existence

Are there any reputable philosophical works that talk about the fear of non-existence as opposed to the fear of death? (Of course no one can imagine what it 'feels like' to not exist but if many ...
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Are questions about existence purely semantic?

I was inspired by this question, and in particular this section of user259242's answer: Type identity physicalism says mental states are identical with brain states. Eliminativism on the other hand ...
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Why does the philosophy concerned with the problem of negative existential statements not make use of mental representations to solve it?

Meinong, Frege, Russel and Kripke all seem to accept the principle, that for a statement to be true, its singular terms must denote an object. This leads to the problem, that a sentence like 'The ...
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Does anything you can think of exist?

Descartes famously says "I think therefore I am." Does it follow that anything I can think of exists?
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What is objective morality?

It has been argued by some that God is a necessary and sufficient condition for objective morality. I can't accept this, because I don't even know what the analysis of moral objectivity is. It seems ...
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Would it be correct to state that no single element would be able to prove itself?

Would it be correct to state that no single element, no matter how large, would be able to prove itself without the aid of another separate infinitesimal element? Does the absence of an logically ...
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In Frege's analysis of existence, is it assumed that a subject exists if it is predicable in the first-order?

Frege holds that existence cannot be said to be a first-order predicate for the following reasons. If existence is to be considered to be a first-order predicate, it follows that in statements denying ...
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Does the famous Descartes quote “dubito, ergo cogito, ergo sum” suggests secure knowledge of ones existence?

After a discussion about the "difficulties to distinguish knowledge from faith" someone replied to me that the quote implies faith because it uses the word "think". But as it is generally understood: ...
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Is the Simulation Argument compatible with the proposition that physical entities have finite information content?

I recently learned of the Simulation Argument, which attempts to show that one of three statements is very likely true, paraphrasing: Civilizations are unlikely to ever be able to simulate realities. ...
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Are numbers really infinite? [closed]

Things that we don't know exist but they exist, could we say that they exist? We can't think of a big big number, but probably that big big number exists, in the way of atoms that form a giant planet ...
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Is there a philosophical categorization of mindsets?

This question is about personality and mindsets. I'm interested in categories of opinions, something more than left vs. right, conservative vs. liberal. Is there a set of basic questions that once ...
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why “life” bother to exist when its literally just a bunch of atoms and particles? [closed]

There is no meaning to existence. It exists, and it disappears, everything in our perception will one day disappear, the world will end or the human race will end. The “You” means nothing to ...
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Absolute Truth - Is there existence?

I restate the question in a simpler and more specific way; is there a proof or has a philosopher proved, that things can be absolute and observed by each in the same way? Are there like conserved ...
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Is existence distinguishability/variation?

Here is my reasoning to the conclusion of "existence is distinguishability/variation": Assume objects A and B. Question 1: How are they different from each other? Answer 1: They are different/...
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Why do some philosophers argue that we do not know, a priori, that something thinks?

The Cartesian argument seems to explicate the fact that I necessarily know that something thinks, and that I necessarily know that something thinks even if I don't checking the world to verify whether ...
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Is it possible to prove that the universe either is or isn't a simulation? [duplicate]

Can it be philosophically proven that the Universe either is or is not a simulation? If someone was in a simulation, could they tell? What would the differences be between a simulated universe and a "...
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How can we prove something exists?

As someone who likes a lengthy argument with many different points put across and many points shot down in the process, I was posed with this question which has made me struggle so far. My friend said ...
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Quine's “to be is to be the value of a bound variable”

Quine's definition "to be is to be the value of a bound variable" seems uncontroversial and in fact quite natural as it's compatible with modern approaches to the semantics of natural language. My ...
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Post-Existential State

It can be said that there is a pre-existential state, defined as life prior to understanding that death is inevitable, as in young children. Query 1: can it be said that a post-existential state ...
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what does “Justified” mean? [closed]

I saw the term JTB (Justified true belief). What is the act of Justificaton ? What makes somthing "Just" ? Cheers Sharon
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How can I know that I know something? [closed]

This also a question about what is the definition of knowledge.
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Is “God does not exist; therefore, the argument for God's existence is not sound” fallacious?

The apologetic claims the argument is logically valid by modus tollens. The somewhat detailed version is: Premise 1. If Argument A for God's existence is sound, then God exists. Premise 2. But ...
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How to answer the common anti-deity existence argument involving a big rock

There is a common over-used argument ; If some Supreme benevolent Being exists that created everything and can effect anyone's life , the argument is, if this being is 'all-powerful' can the Being ...
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The dissonance between our logic, and the origin of everything

Many broad arguments, listed below, hold for the entirety of our existence, but they overwhelmingly fail to explain the edge cases - that is, the beginning and the end. For example: Energy cannot ...
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What's the force of Leibniz' worry in “The Ultimate Origin of Things”?

In "The Ultimate Origin of Things," Leibniz' motivates his claim that nothing in the world could be the ultimate reason for things by asserting that We can’t find in any individual thing, ...
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Why isn't existence a predicate?

According to SEP There are two sets of reasons for denying that existence is a property of individuals. The first is Hume and Kant's puzzlement over what existence would add to an object. What is ...
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What is the purpose of life? [mainly for non_believers] [closed]

I am aware this question has been asked quite often here; I wanted to customize the question to a certain context. other questions are also debated when this question is asked: Do we actually exist ...
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Does Flatland exist according to modal realism?

Does Flatland exist according to modal realism, since it is a possible world?
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Can our universe be a simulation without simulator?

I have a deviating understanding of the simulation hypothesis. If I look at our universe as simulation, then it seems to me irrelevant whether this simulation is actually executed or not. In my ...