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Questions tagged [existence]

Ontological and metaphysical questions about the study of existence, being and the structure of reality.

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Do meanings of statements exist?

It was suggested to me in another thread that materialism is self defeating. But when I looked at the reason for that statement I found confusion in the argument. (4) MATERIALISM [Definition] The ...
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What is the meaning of existence? [closed]

What is the meaning of the word 'exist'? Its etymology reveals it's derived from two Latin words: ex = from + ist = is Thus, its inventor intended it to mean from is. What did the inventor of the ...
lee pappas's user avatar
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Aquinas on the relation between essence, being, and existence

In Summa Contra Gentiles 2.9.4, Aquinas writes Just as active power is something acting, so is its essence something being [Sicut potentia activa est aliquid agens, ita essentia eius est aliquid ens]....
Doubt's user avatar
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Did Descartes declare the "Non Cogito" first, prior to "cogito ergo sum"

I took A-Level Philosophy, during which we studied Descartes "Meditations" at length. I remember our teacher explaining that, whilst "Cogito ergo sum" was the famous phrasing, ...
Brondahl's user avatar
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What are some logically equivalent formulations of “uniqueness”?

A monoid is a mathematical structure with an associative law of composition and an identity element. It can be proven that if an element of a monoid has an inverse, then the inverse is unique: Assume ...
Julius Hamilton's user avatar
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Hugh MacColl and Meinong's position on existence

After researching the Russell and MacColl debate, at first I didn't know about MacColl, but I became very interested in him, so I continued to research him and eventually found out more about theory ...
user1274233's user avatar
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Does all the existence have a will to remain existing? [closed]

First of all: i am a layman. Body/bodies: Material Being/Has mass and volume And what i mean by the title: Everything that exists (that is composed by any chemical element) has the will/determination ...
Augosto's user avatar
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How many things is a blob? [closed]

Imagine you have two types of play-do. You mix them up till you can't tell the difference between them but you have a machine that can split them up. How many types of play-do do you have in your hand?...
Wayne Irving's user avatar
2 votes
6 answers
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Does the statement "only matter exists" denote a false proposition or a true proposition? [closed]

The proposition denoted by the English statement "only matter exists" has a truth value that's constant in time. I want to know if it's true. To answer the question, you need to know the ...
lee pappas's user avatar
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What do you think about all existence following the very same laws? [closed]

So, i was wondering: Planets, Stars, etc. Have a similar behavior to us, humans. I mean, they consume energy to stay "alive" and when this energy ends up they "die". And in the end ...
Augosto's user avatar
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Certainty for the existence of tomorrow?

The title might not be the best but it was the best I could do. The question presses on the matter of continuity of time and the necessity of existence as a connected metaphysical phenomena. Just like ...
How why e's user avatar
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How much philosophy is about terminology and human conceptions?

I see a lot of sentences like "If a tree fell and nobody hears it did it really fall", or many questions related to infinity. But each of this questions can be true or false according to ...
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Is Alzheimer’s disease evidence for the non-existence of the soul?

As Alzheimer's disease kills off neurons, a person's personality and cognitive abilities gradually fade away. Doesn't this suggest that the self or "soul" is simply an emergent property of ...
Mathematician prime's user avatar
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Would presentism and vagueness of the present imply that every event has borderline existence?

Would presentism and the vagueness of the present imply that every event that occurs is in a borderline state of existence? Since vagueness is characterized as having borderline cases. I take ...
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Nothingness: What philosophical concept relates to how the empty set is a subset of every set?

Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows: “Where do vanished objects go?" "Into nonbeing, which is to say, everything," replied Professor McGonagall. "Nicely phrased," replied ...
BCLC's user avatar
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Is there a difference between "there is" versus "there exists"?

I have heard the phrases "there is" and "there exists" used interchangeably, but I am now wondering, is there a difference between them, and if so, what is it? Also, have ...
user107952's user avatar
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How can something exist and then cease to exist?

Let's imagine a system that sequentially goes through three configurations. At time t1 the system is in configuration A, at time t2 in configuration B, and at time t3 in configuration C. That is, ...
Arman Armenpress's user avatar
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Can we know that something exists even if we can't explain or define it?

Can a person know that something like "free will" must exist even though an exact definition in words, using language, cannot be provided, and in the absence of a complete theory that ...
Mark's user avatar
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Can anything happen at any time right now if there is infinite Possibilities in life?

If we live in a world with possibly infinite realities, and infinite space, doesn't that mean that there is an chance that anything could happen?
Lukius's user avatar
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Life: Pessimism vs optimism

I was reflecting a bit on the history of philosophy and religion and how they view human life. My question is the following: Why does it seem ( at least from my readings and knowledge, I might have ...
trying_thebest_Ican's user avatar
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2 answers
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Do we live forever (in our own specific universes)?

*I would like to preface this by saying I am not philosopher and have not studied any philosophy. This is just something I have been curious about for a long time and finally decided to ask. I am ...
Dylan Levine's user avatar
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3 answers
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Implicit assumptions of the statement "If I've come to exist once, I will come to exist again" and if it could be disproved

"If I've come to exist once, I will come to exist again". It could be thought of as of an alternative to "reincarnation" but in a much more general sense, abstracted from any ...
Tim Korelov's user avatar
8 votes
10 answers
4k views

What's the reason to live in this life?

I'm scared of life too much. What will happen after this life ends? Even in this life, what is happening? Are we just some animals who have higher consciousness and are interacting with each other? ...
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Is it true that no philosopher disagrees that everything exists?

I am baffled by what Quine claims here: A curious thing about the ontological problem is its simplicity. It can be put in three Anglo-Saxon monosyllables: 'What is there?' It can be answered, ...
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What would it be like for a person with no senses and no motor functions at all since birth?

As a sort of thought experiment trying to go to the farthest lengths of knowing oneself from the distractions of this world, I wanted to know what it would be like for a person that was born with none ...
How why e's user avatar
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Unperceived Existence

My daughter is at university reading neuroscience. One of her modules this year is philosophy and she is struggling with this question. "Do we infer the unperceived existence of what we perceive ...
Owen Brookes's user avatar
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1 answer
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How does the claim that existence is not a predicate of objects interact with abstract objects?

It's occured to me that Kant's famous argument that "existence" is not a predicate whatsoever, which eventually became the prevailing position on the subject due to Frege and Russell, seems ...
Johnathan Green's user avatar
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10 answers
620 views

Does any philosophy define 'existence' such that unobservable things exist?

In Science and the Unobservable Nature (1937) it says An outstanding characteristic of modern physics is that only that which is observable is significant. ... the followers of Einstein maintained ...
Chris Degnen's user avatar
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If something is temporally and spatially vague, then can it be individuated by its absence?

1 If something is temporally and spatially vague, then can it become nothing? I am thinking that it cannot be entirely individuated from its absence while it exists, because e.g. the space where it ...
user avatar
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3 answers
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Do arguments arising from probability convincingly argue a mass human extinction event in the near future? [closed]

One such argument is the Doomsday argument which is taken seriously by a number of academics. But more simply, if we look at the modern population trajectory, it's something of an exponential curve. ...
yters's user avatar
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Does something that exists hypothetically exist at all?

So, I was asking myself the question: if something will exist in the future, with almost absolute certainty, but has not come to existence yet, can one claim that it exists? And, can one claim that it ...
Reocedas's user avatar
3 votes
6 answers
627 views

What's the least amount of things that can possibly exist?

Suppose there only ever existed one indecomposable, irreducible object. What could distinguish it from nothingness? From not existing, as there is nothing besides it that could deduce its information? ...
Wowser's user avatar
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Existence, Stating/Proving in Logic

Proving dogs exist If x barks then x is a dog: ∀x(Bx → Dx) t: Timmy (a dog) PROOF: ∀x(Bx → Dx) [Premise] Bt [Premise] Bt → Dt [1 UI] Dt [2, 3 MP] ∃x(Dx) [4 EG] QED Proving ghosts don't exist If the ...
Hudjefa's user avatar
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4 votes
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Does 'cogito ergo sum' actually establish the existence of an objective truth/reality?

Before I start describing my questions, I would like to draw some background on my understanding and knowledge of Descartes' ontological(metaphysical) views regarding the cogito and philosophy in ...
How why e's user avatar
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6 votes
5 answers
220 views

Is consciousness universal?

I have just read "Why" by Philip Goff. He proposes that matter consists of conscious entities. Physics based on mathematics tells us what matter does, not what it is. This has implications ...
Meanach's user avatar
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Can existence only be reasonably defined as a relation? [closed]

Here is an observation: Things that exist are verifiable, i.e., there is some external object, within its scope of accessibility, that can construct its information. By ‘construct its information’, I ...
Wowser's user avatar
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3 answers
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Why is Sextus Empiricus not self-contradicting and where can I read about his works?

Firstly, Sextus states: "By way of preface let us say that on none of the matters to be discussed do we affirm that things certainly are just as we say they are: rather, we report descriptively ...
Fraser Pye's user avatar
6 votes
4 answers
167 views

If we keep asking "why" are we guaranteed to end up in one of the three states of the Münchhausen Trilemma?

Could you please explain your reasoning. I thought the whole point of this trilemma was that you can't know anything for certain, yet they propose with certainty that you end up in one of these states,...
Fraser Pye's user avatar
1 vote
7 answers
206 views

Did Descartes make assumptions in his "I think therefore I exist"?

Didn't Descartes assume the act of doubting, before "proving" that "I think therefore I exist". Its possible to "feel uncertain about feeling uncertain" i.e. doubt the ...
Fraser Pye's user avatar
1 vote
0 answers
227 views

Can the existence of space be in the absence of matter/energy and time? [closed]

This question has potentially a long answer or ironically a very short answer if the question is a load of nonsense, however, I'm going to ask it anyhow. I propose there are three fundamental ...
8Mad0Manc8's user avatar
2 votes
0 answers
53 views

Can ontic vagueness not exist?

As far as I can tell, I am going to buy a book on ontic vagueness to work out what it is, but I'm fairly sure it occurs when a vague term refers to something that itself is indeterminate, which may be ...
user avatar
3 votes
2 answers
83 views

In analytic philosophy, what's the difference between something existing and being real?

In analytic philosophy, the dominant view has it that things are real iff they exist mind independently (i.e. they exist apart from our beliefs, concepts, cultural practices etc.). So there are two ...
Hal's user avatar
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How void and time originates matter?

- I'm a layman so i may seem confused and not even know what I’m talking about, but that’s why I’m here asking. Please explain this to me, it captivates me so much. If something exists it's affected ...
LAPOdes's user avatar
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0 votes
2 answers
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What kinds of physical things exist mind independently?

Generally, it's said that a thing exists mind independently if it exists apart from our beliefs, concepts, cultural practices, etc. Do door knobs exist mind independently? They're collections of ...
Hal's user avatar
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3 votes
7 answers
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What are the ontological implications of that “the universe is not locally real” in quantum mechanics?

Quantum mechanics is said to indicate that the universe is not “locally real”, because a particle is not in a defined state before measurement. But if a particle is not in a defined state, what is it ...
user avatar
2 votes
1 answer
106 views

What is the origin of the idea of `set of everything`?

Recently I have come to an idea. It is not hard to come to so it should have been talked about by others before. But after some digging in Wikiepedia it soon become out of my reach with zero ...
jw_'s user avatar
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0 votes
4 answers
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What is the lack of anything (including nothing)? [closed]

To clarify my question, I am not asking what is nothing, I am asking a more complex question, what is the lack of anything, which includes the absence of nothing (not anything), while assuming that ...
One Similarity Many Difference's user avatar
0 votes
1 answer
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Existence as a Predicate

In Predicate logic if I wanna say, Atoms exist, I don't/*can't (?) use Ex = x exists (make existence a predicate) and state Ea, where a = Atoms. The correct way to express Atoms exist is Ex(Ax), Ax = ...
Hudjefa's user avatar
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Question about Differences in Existential Quantification [closed]

Existent objects don't exist. There are no existent object. It seems 1 is inconsistent and 2 consistent. Both propositions seem to declare something exists, but is there a difference in these claims? ...
user avatar
0 votes
2 answers
89 views

Does position imply existence? [closed]

People in that room don't exist. Is it contradictory because "people in that room" mean the people exist? Does "in the room", "in the school", etc all imply the existence?...
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