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Questions tagged [existence]

Ontological and metaphysical questions about the study of existence, being and the structure of reality.

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Does Kant implicitly commit the paralogism of pure reason when saying that to have a representation it is necessary to accom­pany it with 'I think'?

In Caygill's Kant Dictionary entry of 'I Think' there is this part: Kant further claims that 'I think' is the necessary vehicle/form/accom­paniment of experience: to have a representation it is ...
gsmafra's user avatar
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How much philosophy is about terminology and human conceptions?

I see a lot of sentences like "If a tree fell and nobody hears it did it really fall", or many questions related to infinity. But each of this questions can be true or false according to ...
daniel's user avatar
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According to Aquinas, what is the relationship between the substantial form of a bodily being and its act of existing, ie. its esse?

Consider, for example, an existing bodily being. Because it is bodily, we know that it is composed of prime matter and substantial form. Also, because the bodily being is existing (not just made up in ...
Ph Ex's user avatar
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Would presentism and vagueness of the present imply that every event has borderline existence?

Would presentism and the vagueness of the present imply that every event that occurs is in a borderline state of existence? Since vagueness is characterized as having borderline cases. I take ...
andrós's user avatar
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Understanding 'existence' and 'being' in debates about ordinary objects

Quine has brought forward his definition of existence: 'To be is to be the value of a bound variable.' But has also taught us that the sciences ultimately determine what actually exists contrary to ...
Alex's user avatar
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3 votes
1 answer
99 views

Do nominalists say that unicorns and married bachelors don't exist in the same way?

I'm a philosophy novice that's trying to wrap my head around nominalism. In my current thinking there is a big difference between two categories of things that don't exist: non-actual concepts and ...
curiousdannii's user avatar
2 votes
0 answers
53 views

Can ontic vagueness not exist?

As far as I can tell, I am going to buy a book on ontic vagueness to work out what it is, but I'm fairly sure it occurs when a vague term refers to something that itself is indeterminate, which may be ...
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2 votes
1 answer
104 views

What is the origin of the idea of `set of everything`?

Recently I have come to an idea. It is not hard to come to so it should have been talked about by others before. But after some digging in Wikiepedia it soon become out of my reach with zero ...
jw_'s user avatar
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2 votes
1 answer
107 views

Is there a philosophical concept that describes the notion that all permutations of human experience must exist simultaneously?

It's the idea that, basically, if we each have our own paths to walk, so to speak, and if they are all unique to each individual person, then that must mean every possible permutation of a "life&...
starfightercourage's user avatar
2 votes
3 answers
309 views

Is "thoughts exist" a synthetic a priori statement?

I'm working off of Kant's conception of analytic/synthetic and a prior/a posteriori judgements. The definition of "thoughts" does not subsume their existence. That is, it is logically ...
Mark's user avatar
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Techniques of overcoming ennui (boredom)

Did any philosophers discuss overcoming ennui/boredom? I read this question and its answer, but I am less interested in a definition of boredom and more interested in direct approaches or theories ...
hellyale's user avatar
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Is a void where the laws of physics hold actually a void?

I don't have much background in Cosmology, but an argument I've heard is that the universe sprang into existence from the void via a quantum fluctuation. That is both spacetime & its matter/energy ...
Mozibur Ullah's user avatar
2 votes
1 answer
1k views

What are some examples of things that are ontologically parasitic

To be ontologically parasitic, a thing must exist only in reference to another thing. For example, in the excellent video "How Many Holes Does a Human Have?", holes are identified as ontologically ...
Zaya's user avatar
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Would "piles" of existence-tropes allow for degrees of existence?

The SEP article on tropes discusses this notion of "piles" of tropes. The PI stands for primitivist individuation of tropes, meaning their individuation admits of no informative analysis or ...
Kristian Berry's user avatar
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50 views

Could deities/multiverses be the empty/trivial solutions to, "How and why does our universe exist in the way it does?"

Note: I am loosely following Nicholas Rescher (Axiogenesis) here, by qualifying "the existence of this world" as "the existence of this specific world," where, "Why is there ...
Kristian Berry's user avatar
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41 views

Can the "doctrine of degrees of existence" be used to support the well-ordering lemma apart from the axiom of choice?

I was pleasantly surprised to read (in a Wikipedia article) that: In second order logic, however, the well-ordering theorem is strictly stronger than the axiom of choice: from the well-ordering ...
Kristian Berry's user avatar
1 vote
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Modal logic for absoluteness

Modern modal logic has the modalities of necessity and possibility. However, both of these can be seen as relative to the set of possible worlds and the accessibility relation chosen for the semantics....
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Philosophic current in this excerpt of Ask the dust

I read Ask the dust by John Fante. The following is an excerpt from the book. It is right after Arturo went to Vera Rivken's place and feels guilty for having slept with her. My question is: what is ...
Fabio's user avatar
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What are some differences between Avicenna and Descartes in regards to being unable to doubt one's own existence

Given Descartes' Cogito and Avicenna's Floating Man arguments, what are some differences between them? It appears to me that they are both arriving to the same conclusion but the process by which they ...
Richard Young's user avatar
1 vote
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68 views

Are there any arguments for why something past-eternal must necessarily be future-eternal as well?

If we assume that something has always existed in the past, what reason is there to assume that it won't perish in the future? I pondered on it and I wondered whether the following argument works: ...
user3776022's user avatar
1 vote
0 answers
44 views

Is Kant's postulate of the existence of God a metaethical assumption?

Also, I would like to get some bibliographical reference about Kantian metaethics.
Valentina Maggi's user avatar
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86 views

Is existence restricted by rendering?

Is existence restricted by the rendering of the being? For example, as I am rendered as a physical being in the form of my body, is the plane of my existence limited to the physical world? I would ...
lumpofiron's user avatar
1 vote
0 answers
268 views

Does string theory raise new philosophical questions about existence of physical objects?

If you look at the configuration space of a robot arm, it is a manifold. Does this manifold exist in the same sense as strings in string theory? Or do the strings in string theory exist in another ...
badmf's user avatar
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1 vote
0 answers
55 views

Do (any) philosophers worry if there can be a priori truths about a changing world?

Do (any) philosophers question how there can be a priori truths about a changing world -- has anyone worried whether this is possible, or if those different modes, of timeless truth and contingent ...
anon's user avatar
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1 vote
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94 views

Hypothetically observable

Question: When is it appropriate to assign the property "hypothetically observable" to a thing? The set up is that someone is discussing an object that they claim has some sort of existence. Maybe ...
jdods's user avatar
  • 111
1 vote
1 answer
90 views

The set-or-class of things that don't exist

If it could be determinate, how many things don't exist, i.e. if there could be a set of nonexistent things, would the existence of other things follow "mechanically"? If it's not ...
Kristian Berry's user avatar
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37 views

Hugh MacColl and Meinong's position on existence

After researching the Russell and MacColl debate, at first I didn't know about MacColl, but I became very interested in him, so I continued to research him and eventually found out more about theory ...
user1274233's user avatar
0 votes
2 answers
71 views

Why is Sextus Empiricus not self-contradicting and where can I read about his works?

Firstly, Sextus states: "By way of preface let us say that on none of the matters to be discussed do we affirm that things certainly are just as we say they are: rather, we report descriptively ...
Fraser Pye's user avatar
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0 answers
43 views

Could something prevent us from ever existing?

There are several ideas regarding the creation of our universe that suggest that our universe emerged from another one (eternal inflation suggesting our universe is the byproduct of an inflationary ...
polarsmh's user avatar
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0 answers
62 views

Fixed/critical points of a nonexistence quantifier/function

Let j(∃0) = 1, and j(∃1) = 1, for a justification function j on ∃-sentences. So far, 0 is the initial critical point of the composite quantifier-function, and 1 is the initial fixed point. So let ...
Kristian Berry's user avatar
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39 views

Does Russell's objection to Meinongianism apply whenever we take the meta-version of an existence-predicate distinction?

The point of departure: A third problem, one of Russell’s objections to Meinongianism (see [Russell 1905a, 1907]), turns on the fact that existence is, on Meinongianism, a property and hence figures ...
Kristian Berry's user avatar
0 votes
0 answers
30 views

If existence-tropes would be absurd, does this count against trope theory or the theory of existence-as-a-property?

I advert to the word "trope" as used in philosophy and not as used in narrative analysis (although I can see a reflection of either sense of the word, in the other use). The argument goes: ...
Kristian Berry's user avatar
0 votes
1 answer
48 views

Does Kant's scheme for the analytic/synthetic distinction have room for a (degenerate?) further distinction, for "hyperanalytical" knowledge?

Kant can be easily misread (or: I myself easily misread him, for a long time) as claiming that no "existence claims" are analytically knowable. Technically, though, his system has it that (...
Kristian Berry's user avatar
0 votes
0 answers
173 views

Is Husserl's transcendental ego God?

We will eventually come up against something that cannot be varied without destroying that object as an instance of its kind. The implicit claim here is that if it is inconceivable that an object of ...
user avatar
0 votes
0 answers
38 views

Are idealists committed to claiming that every idea contains its inversion?

Are idealists - does anyone claim - about some domain - committed to believing that every idea contains its inversion? So that, e.g. when an effect depends on its cause, the cause also depends on its ...
user avatar
0 votes
0 answers
40 views

On the purpose of human existence and unequal ability to understand complex things

I'm one of those people who think that the most important concern for us is to precisely understand the purpose of human existence ... I'm really surprised that our governments around the earth, even ...
Camer Guy's user avatar
0 votes
0 answers
207 views

Is it possible philosophically that the entire cosmic void with one or more universe/s inside it will stop exist eternally?

As a conscious agent who suddenly appeared in this cosmic void as a child to my parents and got a consistent memory since about the age of 3; With time I have learned of the question "why is there ...
AskerInTheUniverse's user avatar
0 votes
0 answers
159 views

How would Leibniz respond to this objection to his argument for God's existence?

Leibniz argues for the existence of a necessary being using the Principle of Sufficient Reason (PSR). Any contingent fact about the world must have an explanation. (Principle of sufficient reason) ...
A890's user avatar
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0 votes
0 answers
95 views

Do things exist just because they exist OR they are given that existence?

We know that some phenomena do not exist, like Greek gods, but some exist, like an apple on a desk. I doubt anyone could have proposed an answer to it, but I wonder if there is something which lets ...
seyed sepehr mousavi's user avatar
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0 answers
49 views

Is existence distinguishability/variation?

Here is my reasoning to the conclusion of "existence is distinguishability/variation": Assume objects A and B. Question 1: How are they different from each other? Answer 1: They are ...
god of llamas's user avatar
0 votes
1 answer
142 views

Is there a difference between 'exists' and 'theoretically possible'?

For the purpose of this questions let's assume that the physics of our universe can be fully described by a complete non-contradictory theory (i.e. that theory of everything exists). Then our universe ...
fiktor's user avatar
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0 votes
1 answer
217 views

Self contradictory things that can't really exist: can they be fully conceived of?

It seems like we can conceive of self contradictory things that can exist. e.g. the proposition expressed by "this sentence is false" is self contradictory but I don't seem to have any trouble ...
user avatar
0 votes
2 answers
89 views

What kinds of physical things exist mind independently?

Generally, it's said that a thing exists mind independently if it exists apart from our beliefs, concepts, cultural practices, etc. Do door knobs exist mind independently? They're collections of ...
Hal's user avatar
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-1 votes
3 answers
1k views

What does it mean to exist and not exist? Is it possible to be both and/or neither?

Is it possible for something to exist and at the same time not exist? Also, is it possible for something to neither exist and not exist? Or am I simply asking the same question, but wording it ...
LightweightThinker's user avatar
-1 votes
1 answer
106 views

The timeline of everything

My friend (catholic) and I (atheist) were taking about religion. We bare both scientists and therefore wanted to look at it scientifically. After discussing, We have stopped at the question about ...
Thalek's user avatar
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-1 votes
3 answers
171 views

Simultaneity of Astronauts

Let us image a spacecraft in fast orbit. Since it took off its clock has lost several minutes relative to Earth time. From the ground we can speak to the astronauts, although there is 1 second radio ...
Chris Degnen's user avatar
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-1 votes
1 answer
89 views

What are the different forms of "why?" and why are they different?

It is so often asked: "Why?" But what does it mean? What do we expect from this question? A "because"? If the question is answered it seems to give people a kind of relief. Why do ...
user avatar
-1 votes
3 answers
119 views

From what did we instantiated the concept of "Nothingness"

So as i understand according to Aristotle's theory of abstraction every abstract concept (i.e universal) is instantiated (or abstracted) from it particulars in the outside world if that so how can we ...
Yassine Sifeddine's user avatar
-2 votes
1 answer
66 views

What should a person do?

Edit 1: As pointed out in the comments, the question implies the existence of a purpose and agency so I would like to re-phrase the question to match what I'm after: What should a person do? (What is ...
RaviSingh's user avatar