Questions tagged [existentialism]

A loose title covering : the individual, the experience of choice, and the absence of rational understanding of the universe with a consequent dread or sense of absurdity in human life.

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Is Egoism of Max Stirner idealization of Free consciousness?

In more simple language when Stirner talks about having no fix ideas or not treating ideas as sacred somehow makes it (Egoism of Stirner) having a fix idea itself ? Is creative nothing an idea or ...
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What does play of reflexions mean here?

A passage from Ñanavira's Notes on Dhamma from Atta: The puthujjana confuses (as the arahat does not) the self-identity of simple reflexion—as with a mirror, where the same thing is seen from two ...
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What are some philosophical works that explore constructing meaning in life from an agnostic or atheist view?

I've been deeply suicidal for years, but it's gotten worse recently. I grew up Mormon, and last year I realized I couldn't believe in it anymore. I just couldn't; it would take too long to explain. I ...
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Beauvoir on Hegel in her The Ethics of Ambiguity

So Beauvoir is writing in her Ethics of Ambiguity : Nature asserts itself in the face of Spirit which denies it while assuming it; the individual is again found in the collectivity within which he is ...
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From which book is this quote? - “Nothing is more despicable than respect based on fear.”

I know it’s a quote of Camus, but could you refer to the book?
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What secondary literature would you recommend to help me understand “The Sickness unto Death”?

I would like to know if there are any secondary literature that would help me understand main themes of this book and make it more understandable. So far I have read a few primary sources (Plato’s ...
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From which book is this quote? - "I stick my finger in existence — it smells of nothing"

I'm looking for a work by Kierkgaard in which he wrote this quote.
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Did Heidegger claim that his "inauthenticity" was to some extent unavoidable for the individual?

Did Heidegger claim that his "inauthenticity" was to some extent unavoidable for the individual? I think I know that Sartre's bad faith was a necessary feature of overcoming it. Is the ...
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Please help with suggestions for existential or philosophical inspired team names? [closed]

I imagine that this question will be frowned upon, but it's a bit of fun and hopefully, we can have some fun with this. I am doing the Mongol Rally in 2023 in a red Suzuki Alto and need to come up ...
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How does existence preceding essence not preclude the possibility of bad faith?

How does existence preceding essence not preclude the possibility of bad faith? In what sense is it possible to act inauthentically if there is no authenticity other than what we make for ourselves? I ...
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Does an Absurdist try to create his/her own meanings?

I was reading about Existentialism in Wikipedia and in The Absurd section there are two sentences that seem conflicting to me. First we have: The notion of the absurd contains the idea that there is ...
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What is Camus' criticism of Husserl's phenomology and of Kierkegaard's thought?

I have not been able to grasp these concepts. Specifically, I am referring to the third chapter of the Myth of Sisyphus: "The philosophical suicide". I have understood that Camus's critic on ...
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What are the "crimes of passion and crimes of logic"?

There are crimes of passion and crimes of logic. The boundary between them is not clearly defined. Albert Camus What does Albert Camus mean by "crimes of passion and crimes of logic" in his ...
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Can you choose the things you want?

As a person who is not well-versed in philosophy at all, I have no idea how to phrase this properly. But basically, we all want things. I want to read that book, you want to become (e.g.) an engineer, ...
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Being vs beings [closed]

I'm reading a book of Martin Heidegger in which i found the term 'being' and 'beings' I tried to know more about it but there is not much reference on internet.. Please explain both the term according ...
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What sort of thought is nihilism?

The basic question for nihilism (as I understand) is "Why do I exist?" As they try to deny it. I was wondering that this is not a well defined concept. The argument is as follows, I exist ...
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What does Albert Camus mean by two methods of thought, "of La Palisse and Don Quixote"?

In The Myth of Sisyphus, Camus says that there are two methods of thought to conclude that the meaning of life is the most urgent of questions: those of La Palisse and Don Quixote: Whether the earth ...
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From Bachelor's in mathematics to Master's in continental philosophy?

I am currently in my 3rd years of studies. I study mathematics (major) and philosophy (minor; about 50 ECTS with focus on the history of philosophy) at bachelor's level at University of Tehran. And I ...
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What does this quote by Albert Camus mean?

"...we fall into the ridiculous contradiction of a mind that asserts total unity and proves by its very assertion its own difference and the diversity it claimed to resolve." As written in ...
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Heidegger's being-towards-death?

May I have misunderstood Heidegger philosophy, and I've melted up it with psycology, but isn't the being-towards-death, with the authentic Dasein, an anxious way of life? I mean, in the moment in ...
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Is there a philosophy of not-knowism?

I believe that we humans are forever trapped in our (conditional, limited, and flawed) perception which separates us from the reality. In simple words, I don't and will never know anything and never ...
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hi. for those who read the book of albert camus "the stranger" in what perspective or theory it can be seen?

for those who read the book of albert camus "the stranger" in what perspective or theory it can be seen? it's a work of philosophy but i'm misselead. thanks for answering
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Meaning of Arkady and Boris Strugatsky’s Philosophy

What is the cultural and ideological branch that the classic Soviet book “Roadside Picnic”, of which the movie “Stalker” and game series, comes from? It does not seem to be Russian Cosmism, and ...
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Do you find commonalities between existentialism and transcendentalism?

As far as I can think of they both promote a sense of individualism but are they even comparable or do they overlap in any way?
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Heidegger's "Dasein" vs. Sartre's "Being for itself"

I must admit, I am relatively new to existentialist philosophy. But I couldn't help notice the similarities between Heidegger's "Dasein" and Satre's "Being-for-itself". I was ...
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What is meant: "Life is not a problem to be solved, but a reality to be experienced.”

Does someone have some reliable source what was meant by quote by Søren Kierkegaard in the title? Can you elaborate? Does it mean for example I shouldn't think how to solve some problem, rather say go ...
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Notion of space and time

In Critique of pure reason, Kant mentions the theory of space and time, which is a priori. It will be used in Heidegger's Being and Time. However, In his second meditation, it seems that Descartes ...
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What was Beauvoirs example of meaningless freedom involving a harem?

I am looking up sources on Simone de Beauvoir's account of freedom and found this in an old issue of a philosophy magazine: She had argued with him that freedom of any sort was pretty meaningless for ...
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Where to start reading about Existentialism

I've recently picked up reading and want to start learning about philosophy but more particularly existentialism. My first exposure to existentialism and philosophy as a whole was through reading ...
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How to deal with nihilist approaches to live a productive life? [closed]

Right off the bat, I'm a high school science student with no academic background in philosophy, other than mere personal interest. I've read meditations (like everyone else), general articles and have ...
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Are there any philosophers associated with phenomenology and existentialism that argue that death should not matter to an individual?

I have mainly been focussing upon Heidegger in relation to death and the way in which he believes it is of great importance because in order to live authentically one must 'be-towards-death'. surley ...
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Why should Dasein be authentic when one knows that he/she will be responsible for his/her actions when he chooses authenticity over inauthenticity?

Answers except "to know about being yourself" are really appreciated because this is the question itself. What should I strive to know about myself when I am happy with my life right now, ...
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Is my understanding of Ethics in Existentialism correct? I'm trying to get over how Sartre and de Beauvoir tackle the problem of anarchy

Please check my reasoning! Existentialism says that man is what he wills himself to be, and needs to decide his own morality. There is no overarching maxim that can a priori guide his moral judgements,...
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Can Zizek's big Other be seen as a collective form of "bad faith"?

I refer to this question to define the big Other for Zizek. Couldn't the big Other be seen as what enforces the mauvaise foi (what makes us behave like we have no choice to avoid existential dread), ...
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Do any mainstream philosophers talk about a duty to being to true to yourself?

I'm just wondering who has taken Kant's ideas and still explicates on duties to oneself including the duty of being true to who you are, to be authentic. I know existentialism also considers the ...
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Interpretation of an existentialist quotation by Camus

In *The Plague*, Rieux, the main character of Albert Camus's novel in Chapter 15 says: I've seen too much of hospitals to relish any idea of collective punishment. What does he mean by this? How ...
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I will be dead, but not sooner or later?

Are there properties, rather than the referents of terms, which can only be predicated of one thing? for those who attach metaphysical weight to the distinction between expressing (predicates) and ...
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What is the meaning of this aphorism by Merleau-Ponty

What is the meaning of this aphorism by Merleau-Ponty We are condemned to meaning, and we cannot do or say anything without its acquiring a name in history and is it true?
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What is the relationship between positional and non-positional consciousness for Sartre?

I am wondering when one is non-positionally conscious of a feeling, is that feeling facticity or also positional consciousness of an object? In a word is reflection in the presence to self duality ...
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Does Heidegger, or any Heidegderian, say that my "ownmost" has Being?

Does Heidegger, or any Heidegderian, say that my "ownmost" has Being? Obviously, that term often means "death", and I'm guessing Heidegger says death has no Being. But perhaps he ...
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Sartre on morality in "Existentialism is a Humanism"

After reading Existentialism is a Humanism, I am struggling to understand Sartre's stance on morality. If I understand correctly, he believes that no moral rule can be derived from reason, and that ...
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Why didn't Heidegger take other kinds emotion as the deepest and original feeling of Dasein?

As the author of The phenomenological movement, Spiegelberg. H., put it, why should Heidegger take "angst" or "Sorge" as the deepest and original feeling of Dasein (although I myself support it and ...
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Existentialism and morality

I'm quite confused about Sartre and his relationship to morality. He talks a lot about responsibility. When I think of responsibility, punishment and law come to my mind. But I suppose Sartre's ...
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Who were the famous moral nihilists (philosophers) of 20th and 19th century?

If existential nihilism claims nothing has meaning does it also take moral values in to account?
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What was Sartre's thought on good and evil?

If existentialism according to Sartre hold everyone responsible. Why Sartre said "men are condemned to be free"?
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Sartre's "The transcendence of the ego"

In this text there are parts of Kant that Sartre refers to that I don't think I fully understand. What parts of Kant would I have to refer to to understand where Sartre is coming from? He refers to ...
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Does anyone talk about freedom from yourself?

The question may seem vague -- what do I mean by "yourself"? I googled it, and there's something by the Indian mystic Osho, and it's the title of a book on the Persian Islamic poet Rumi. But does any ...
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If other versions of us existed on alternate worlds, would we be morally responsible for the actions of these alternate versions of us? [closed]

Hypothetically, if the many-worlds interpretation of quantum mechanics were correct, meaning an infinite number of alternate versions of each of us, containing our respective memories and experiences, ...
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From Sartre's Being and Nothingness, what is the difference between reflective consciousness and self-reflective consciousness?

I am currently writing a philosophy paper for one of my graduate courses and one of the questions posed is "how can consciousness be pre-reflective, reflective, and self-reflective?" My ...
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Is absurdism dated and what's beyond The Myth of Sisyphus?

In the preface written in 1955 by Albert Camus of my edition of The Myth of Sisyphus it says: After fifteen years I have progressed beyond several of the positions which are set down here; but I ...
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