Questions tagged [existentialism]

A loose title covering : the individual, the experience of choice, and the absence of rational understanding of the universe with a consequent dread or sense of absurdity in human life.

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What is the relationship between positional and non-positional consciousness for Sartre?

I am wondering when one is non-positionally conscious of a feeling, is that feeling facticity or also positional consciousness of an object? In a word is reflection in the presence to self duality ...
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Does Heidegger, or any Heidegderian, say that my “ownmost” has Being?

Does Heidegger, or any Heidegderian, say that my "ownmost" has Being? Obviously, that term often means "death", and I'm guessing Heidegger says death has no Being. But perhaps he ...
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Sartre on morality in “Existentialism is a Humanism”

After reading Existentialism is a Humanism, I am struggling to understand Sartre's stance on morality. If I understand correctly, he believes that no moral rule can be derived from reason, and that ...
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Why didn't Heidegger take other kinds emotion as the deepest and original feeling of Dasein?

As the author of The phenomenological movement, Spiegelberg. H., put it, why should Heidegger take "angst" or "Sorge" as the deepest and original feeling of Dasein (although I myself support it and ...
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Existentialism and morality

I'm quite confused about Sartre and his relationship to morality. He talks a lot about responsibility. When I think of responsibility, punishment and law come to my mind. But I suppose Sartre's ...
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Who were the famous moral nihilists (philosophers) of 20th and 19th century?

If existential nihilism claims nothing has meaning does it also take moral values in to account?
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What was Sartre's thought on good and evil?

If existentialism according to Sartre hold everyone responsible. Why Sartre said "men are condemned to be free"?
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Sartre's “The transcendence of the ego”

In this text there are parts of Kant that Sartre refers to that I don't think I fully understand. What parts of Kant would I have to refer to to understand where Sartre is coming from? He refers to ...
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86 views

Does anyone talk about freedom from yourself?

The question may seem vague -- what do I mean by "yourself"? I googled it, and there's something by the Indian mystic Osho, and it's the title of a book on the Persian Islamic poet Rumi. But does any ...
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If other versions of us existed on alternate worlds, would we be morally responsible for the actions of these alternate versions of us? [closed]

Hypothetically, if the many-worlds interpretation of quantum mechanics were correct, meaning an infinite number of alternate versions of each of us, containing our respective memories and experiences, ...
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From Sartre's Being and Nothingness, what is the difference between reflective consciousness and self-reflective consciousness?

I am currently writing a philosophy paper for one of my graduate courses and one of the questions posed is "how can consciousness be pre-reflective, reflective, and self-reflective?" My ...
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Is absurdism dated and what's beyond The Myth of Sisyphus?

In the preface written in 1955 by Albert Camus of my edition of The Myth of Sisyphus it says: After fifteen years I have progressed beyond several of the positions which are set down here; but I ...
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In his book The Fall why does Camus say that it will always be too late to save?

'So tell me, please, what happened to you one evening on the banks of Seine and how you managed never to risk your life. Say the words that for years have not ceased to echo through my nights and that ...
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What were the moral and aesthetic ideas that Camus was interested in?

I have read most of the books by Albert Camus thoroughly. I know that Camus' theory is absurdity but I want to know his take on morality. I mean, what were the moral and aesthetic ideas that Camus was ...
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Do some philosophers believe there is no present, past, and future — and if so how on earth do they?

Nor does 20th (21st) -century physics countenance the idea that there is anything ontologically special about the past, as opposed to the present and the future. In fact, it fails to use these ...
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What is the significance of The Stranger's lack of grief over his mother's death in Albert Camus' book?

Albert Camus' novel The Stranger begins with Meursault learning of his mother's death. People are put off by his apparent lack of grief. What is the significance? Did Meursault in fact feel grief but ...
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The Sartre Paradox

"According to Sartre, humans are the only beings that dont have an essence." Do't look a little "weird" J.P Sartre, tells that the "Man is comdemned to be free", in case conjuring that, the freedom ...
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362 views

What was Camus’ opinion of hedonism and determinism?

I’ve read The Myth Of Sisyphus, and it prompted some questions that I’m hoping other readers of Camus might be able to answer: Did Camus see unbridled hedonism as a solution to the nihilism caused by ...
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Can someone help with these passages Sartre's BeIng and Nothingness on Knowledge?

P295 ‘The for itself does not exist subsequently to know; neither can we say that it exists only in so far it knows or is known…regulated by particular bits of Knowledge.’ P296 ‘to say that there is ...
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Can someone help me with the meaning of these passages in Sartre's Being and Nothingness on motion?

What do these passages mean, could someone please kindly clarify them. ‘Motion is the pure change of place affecting a this which remains otherwise unaltered as is shown clearly enough by our ...
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Does Søren Kierkegaard want people to never change?

I am currently reading a book called The Psychology Book ..the first chapters are talking about how psychology evolved from philosophy and they talked about Kierkegaard in a chapter called " Be that ...
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Is the existential “why” a question for philosophy or is it left to theology?

Please pardon me if this question does not make sense. My training is in history not philosophy - although philosophy has always been a passing interest. Are there philosophies/philosophers that/who ...
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Maurice Blanchot's view on death?

Can someone please explain in simple terms what are the two types of death that Maurice Blanchot talked about? I came across an article about it on the Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy but I don't ...
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Does linguistic idealism imply scientific anti-realism, and are any existentialists committed to anti-realism for that reason?

Does linguistic idealism imply scientific anti-realism? By scientific anti-realism I mean the opinion that the unobservable world we study with science is not real, not mind independent. By ...
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How should an atheist rationally respond to finding out they're about to die?

What is the rational, or most rational, response to finding out you're about to die? Not just to mortality, but that there's little more you can do in your life, and you're soon going to be, or are, ...
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What is Merleau-Ponty's “perceptual faith”?

What is Merleau-Ponty's "perceptual faith"? Can it be summarized in a series of propositions, or is it less amenable to systematization than that?
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Do Kierkegaard and Nietzsche have similar ideas about being and becoming?

I have not read much of Kierkegaard's philosophy, but this quote comes in mind when comparing his philosophy to Nietzsche's in terms of being and becoming: “To be human, is not a fact, but a task.” ...
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Can we experience the same world, event or place in the same way regardless of our senses?

Watch this first. https://www.bbc.com/news/av/disability-42198169/completely-blind-backpacker-travelling-around-the-world Despite his different senses is he experiencing the spirituality of places, ...
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116 views

What is the difference between object, concept and Gestalt?

Within the context of philosophical writings (i.e. not psychology), what is the difference and relations of the following terms: Begriff Gegenstand Gestalt For example as used by Frege ("Ueber ...
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Arendt on Factual Truth in “Truth and Politics”

I'm reading Hannah Arendt's "Truth and Politics" (1967). I thought I was getting it, but then I read two statements that to me, seem to be in conflict with one another: "Factual truth, on the ...
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In what sense is Gabriel Marcel an existentialist?

After reading this question about existentialism What is the difference between existentialism, nihilism and absurdism? I began to doubt that all philosophers whom I have associated with ...
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What is the difference between existentialism, nihilism and absurdism?

I do not have any formal training in these subjects or any of philosophy, for that matter. So, forgive me for my naive question. As I understand it, all of these take the view that "existence ...
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How does Martin Heidegger want us to react to anxiety?

Introduction: After the world of Das Mann lose its significance and becomes meaningless, one falls in anxiety and he's able to embrace other possibilities. But this anxiety is converted ...
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Existentialism and bad faith

Where do the values that existentialists formulate come from? If accepting a path laid out by someone else is considered "bad faith", then can we accept values shared with anyone other than ourselves? ...
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In comparing Existentialism with Postmodernism, what do 'process', 'essence', 'authenticity' mean?

Understand Postmodernism: A Teach Yourself Guide. Glenn Ward BA in fine art (painting), University of Plymouth, 1990; MA in Visual Culture, Bath Spa University, 1992; PhD in film studies, University ...
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How do moral skeptics respond to the concept of permissible heinous acts

The Problem Let's say I am debating my friend Jake who believes that morality exists. But I am a hard determinist who believes that all actions are predetermined by some act or event beforehand. Jake ...
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Do we Desire out of Hope or we Hope out of Desire? [closed]

Just for an example consider the following specific scenerio: If I desire that I want a million dollars in few years, is that out of hope of better future. OR I hope of a better future, because I ...
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Does anyone reject existentialist transcendence?

It is through transcendence—or what the existentialists also refer to as my “projects”—that the world is revealed, takes on meaning; but such projects are themselves factic or “situated”—not the ...
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Does genius always leave us asking “how”?

Does genius always leave us asking "how"? Not e.g. "why" like an eccentric creativity might. So we don't ask of Marx "why" were you interested in Feurabach or a critical analysis of the economy, or ...
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How is it possible to be thankful for what you have?

Question: How can one be thankful for what he has? Details: Many religions, philosophies and self-development lectures advocate people to become grateful for what they already have so that they can ...
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Is Freedom in existentialism compatible with determinism

Is freedom in existentialism compatible with determinism. Or does it simply refer to the subjective experience of deciding amongst a variety of possibilities
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Why do we exist?

I have on several occasions, now-a-days often, thought about the purpose of our existence. It's frustrating. We are born and then proceed to die after some time performing actions that don't have any ...
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Is There a World That Exactly Mimics Our Own?

If parallel universes do indeed exist and if we are just viewing one tiny part of reality, is it possible that in an alternate universe there would appear an exact replica of our world? Note: I ...
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Which authors have discussed embarassment in philosophy?

Could anyone point me to some authors who have discussed the theme of embarrassment in depth? I couldn't find anyone with basic Google search. I was hoping there must be some works regarding the ...
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What does de Silentio ( Kierkegaard) object to calling it a “trial” in Fear and Trembling

I'm currently going through Kierkegaard's Fear and Trembling and, in particular, there is a passage at the end of Preliminary Expectations that discusses why it is wrong to call the binding of isaac ...
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If life is absurd, is immortality desirable?

If life lacks any meaning and we react in the way Camus wants us to then we can focus on other things and personal human projects. Does this mean that immortality becomes desirable?
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How can a non-religious person justify or rationalize hope or optimism in an absurd world?

I don't mean to make this post too personal, but I've been in the midst of the first kind of existential funk in my life. A bunch of negative things have happened around me recently, and as a pretty ...
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How do I free myself from being enslaved by the randomness of reality without committing suicide? [closed]

I want to state two points first: I do not find suicide as a possible solution for me. The last thing I would do is to kill myself, because I want to live forever. This is a philosophical question, “...
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How does Stoicism relate to Existentialism?

I was wondering about the relation or influence that Stoicism had on Existentialism and Existentialist thinkers, such as Camus, Nietzsche, Kierkegaard, and Sartre. In any of their works do they ...
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How to express Nihilism and Existentialism without explicitly stating it as such?

If I am given a video clip where a subject is looking at busy pedestrians through a window of a cafe and I am supposed to express nihilistic and/or existentialist thoughts running through the subject'...