Questions tagged [existentialism]

A loose title covering : the individual, the experience of choice, and the absence of rational understanding of the universe with a consequent dread or sense of absurdity in human life.

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Maurice Blanchot's view on death?

Can someone please explain in simple terms what are the two types of death that Maurice Blanchot talked about? I came across an article about it on the Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy but I don't ...
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How should an atheist rationally respond to finding out they're about to die?

What is the rational, or most rational, response to finding out you're about to die? Not just to mortality, but that there's little more you can do in your life, and you're soon going to be, or are, ...
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Does linguistic idealism imply scientific anti-realism, and are any existentialists committed to anti-realism for that reason?

Does linguistic idealism imply scientific anti-realism? By scientific anti-realism I mean the opinion that the unobservable world we study with science is not real, not mind independent. By ...
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What are some essential quotes or excerpts from Existentialist literature?

I'm working on an english project on Existentialism, and my job is to find and explain quotes from Existentialist literature. I already have a quote from Nausea by Jean-Paul Sarte that I will include ...
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How do moral skeptics respond to the concept of permissible heinous acts

The Problem Let's say I am debating my friend Jake who believes that morality exists. But I am a hard determinist who believes that all actions are predetermined by some act or event beforehand. Jake ...
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Was Heidegger in some way influenced by Kierkegaard?

There are seemingly common ideas in the philosophy of kierkegaard and hiedegger on the self. I thought came into my mind, was Hiedegger in some way influenced by kierkegaard's self-actualization as ...
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538 views

Meaning of Being in 'Being and Nothingness'?

I just started reading Sartre's magnum opus and right on page two he begins to mention that being and appearance dualism is no longer entitled to any "legal status within philosophy". What is the ...
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What is Merleau-Ponty's “perceptual faith”?

What is Merleau-Ponty's "perceptual faith"? Can it be summarized in a series of propositions, or is it less amenable to systematization than that?
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Do Kierkegaard and Nietzsche have similar ideas about being and becoming?

I have not read much of Kierkegaard's philosophy, but this quote comes in mind when comparing his philosophy to Nietzsche's in terms of being and becoming: “To be human, is not a fact, but a task.” ...
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Can we experience the same world, event or place in the same way regardless of our senses?

Watch this first. https://www.bbc.com/news/av/disability-42198169/completely-blind-backpacker-travelling-around-the-world Despite his different senses is he experiencing the spirituality of places, ...
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What is the difference between object, concept and Gestalt?

Within the context of philosophical writings (i.e. not psychology), what is the difference and relations of the following terms: Begriff Gegenstand Gestalt For example as used by Frege ("Ueber ...
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Arendt on Factual Truth in “Truth and Politics”

I'm reading Hannah Arendt's "Truth and Politics" (1967). I thought I was getting it, but then I read two statements that to me, seem to be in conflict with one another: "Factual truth, on the ...
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In what sense is Gabriel Marcel an existentialist?

After reading this question about existentialism What is the difference between existentialism, nihilism and absurdism? I began to doubt that all philosophers whom I have associated with ...
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What is the difference between existentialism, nihilism and absurdism?

I do not have any formal training in these subjects or any of philosophy, for that matter. So, forgive me for my naive question. As I understand it, all of these take the view that "existence ...
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Does Nietzsche say, and mean, that all life is unavoidably tragic?

Does Nietzsche say, and mean, that all life is unavoidably tragic? All I know, right now, is that he had a book The Birth of Tragedy, about theater I think. And, I think, that all life is a struggle ...
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How does Martin Heidegger want us to react to anxiety?

Introduction: After the world of Das Mann lose its significance and becomes meaningless, one falls in anxiety and he's able to embrace other possibilities. But this anxiety is converted ...
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Existentialism and bad faith

Where do the values that existentialists formulate come from? If accepting a path laid out by someone else is considered "bad faith", then can we accept values shared with anyone other than ourselves? ...
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How is it possible to be thankful for what you have?

Question: How can one be thankful for what he has? Details: Many religions, philosophies and self-development lectures advocate people to become grateful for what they already have so that they can ...
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In comparing Existentialism with Postmodernism, what do 'process', 'essence', 'authenticity' mean?

Understand Postmodernism: A Teach Yourself Guide. Glenn Ward BA in fine art (painting), University of Plymouth, 1990; MA in Visual Culture, Bath Spa University, 1992; PhD in film studies, University ...
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Is There a World That Exactly Mimics Our Own?

If parallel universes do indeed exist and if we are just viewing one tiny part of reality, is it possible that in an alternate universe there would appear an exact replica of our world? Note: I ...
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Do we Desire out of Hope or we Hope out of Desire? [closed]

Just for an example consider the following specific scenerio: If I desire that I want a million dollars in few years, is that out of hope of better future. OR I hope of a better future, because I ...
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Does anyone reject existentialist transcendence?

It is through transcendence—or what the existentialists also refer to as my “projects”—that the world is revealed, takes on meaning; but such projects are themselves factic or “situated”—not the ...
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Does human progress ultimately reduce individuals to Nietzsche's last men?

Human progress – technological, scientific, social, etc. – seeks to reduce, and ultimately totally eliminate, the aspects of life we perceive as unpleasant – loss, tragedy, suffering ... However, an ...
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Does genius always leave us asking “how”?

Does genius always leave us asking "how"? Not e.g. "why" like an eccentric creativity might. So we don't ask of Marx "why" were you interested in Feurabach or a critical analysis of the economy, or ...
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Is Freedom in existentialism compatible with determinism

Is freedom in existentialism compatible with determinism. Or does it simply refer to the subjective experience of deciding amongst a variety of possibilities
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Why do we exist?

I have on several occasions, now-a-days often, thought about the purpose of our existence. It's frustrating. We are born and then proceed to die after some time performing actions that don't have any ...
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Support For Empty Room Idea

In an empty room, a person can overcome irrationality such as desire, sustain, and the process of being compelled through long enough introspection. ("long enough" meaning immortality if needed) Are ...
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Which authors have discussed embarassment in philosophy?

Could anyone point me to some authors who have discussed the theme of embarrassment in depth? I couldn't find anyone with basic Google search. I was hoping there must be some works regarding the ...
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231 views

Critique of Nietzsche's 'Ressentiment'?

I know roughly what Nietzsche conceives 'ressentiment' to be, basically the inability to react to (and hence festering of) the feeling of being oppressed and powerless over a long time. Does anyone ...
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367 views

If life is absurd, is immortality desirable?

If life lacks any meaning and we react in the way Camus wants us to then we can focus on other things and personal human projects. Does this mean that immortality becomes desirable?
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What does de Silentio ( Kierkegaard) object to calling it a “trial” in Fear and Trembling

I'm currently going through Kierkegaard's Fear and Trembling and, in particular, there is a passage at the end of Preliminary Expectations that discusses why it is wrong to call the binding of isaac ...
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How can a non-religious person justify or rationalize hope or optimism in an absurd world?

I don't mean to make this post too personal, but I've been in the midst of the first kind of existential funk in my life. A bunch of negative things have happened around me recently, and as a pretty ...
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How do I free myself from being enslaved by the randomness of reality without committing suicide? [closed]

I want to state two points first: I do not find suicide as a possible solution for me. The last thing I would do is to kill myself, because I want to live forever. This is a philosophical question, “...
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How to express Nihilism and Existentialism without explicitly stating it as such?

If I am given a video clip where a subject is looking at busy pedestrians through a window of a cafe and I am supposed to express nihilistic and/or existentialist thoughts running through the subject'...
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Movies on philosophy similar to “Waking Life”? [closed]

The movie "Waking Life" is a philosophical masterpiece: a quasi non-narrative psychedelic dreamscape exploring the very nature of both existence and non-existence in unpredecented depth. In a ...
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How does Stoicism relate to Existentialism?

I was wondering about the relation or influence that Stoicism had on Existentialism and Existentialist thinkers, such as Camus, Nietzsche, Kierkegaard, and Sartre. In any of their works do they ...
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Is “the self” a relativistic referential abstraction? What current philosophy form does this fit into?

I wrote this about 8 years ago. Consider the following ideas as though I, me, my and mine were substituted for the word self. · Self-awareness ·Self-concept · Self-consciousness · Self-identity ...
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Questions about nothingness, existentialism, death

I have been feeling really oppressed recently and have been thinking constantly about my own death and what misery the death of a loved one would bring to me as I am stranger to that feeling. I don’t ...
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how do we stop caring about what others think of us?

I realized it's a universal problem (after reading an explanation for Sartre's "hell is other people"), that nobody is free from (except obsessed people), but all i'm left with is myself. I know it's ...
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How can free will be reconciled with materialism? [closed]

I know that my mind is a network of neurons, where some personality resides, with emotional responses, and motivation. I know that love and friendship and fear and many other phenomena stem from ...
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How do the moral components of Randian Objectivism differ from Existentialism?

On Existentialism: [Kierkegaard] proposed that each individual—not society or religion—is solely responsible for giving meaning to life and living it passionately and sincerely ("authentically"). ...
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What is “disclosure” in the work of Simone DeBeauvoir

I'm reading The Ethics of Ambiguity and she's constantly referring to this concept of "disclosure". "Being discloses itself" is a recurring phrase. "another way of disclosing the world." is another ...
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Nietzsche's third metamorphosis: why is the Übermensch a child in spirit?

Three metamorphoses of the spirit do I designate to you: how the spirit becometh a camel, the camel a lion, and the lion at last a child... To create new values—that, even the lion cannot yet ...
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How is it possible for someone to live life to the fullest without becoming obsessed?

Is there anybody who is free from the preoccupation with the trivial in life without being obsessed and absorbed by dogma? It seems like only a maniac could be free from the guilt that prevents ...
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Why did Albert Camus regard both physical suicide and philosophical suicide the same in terms of inferiority?

This is not a debate whether the acceptance of the absurd is superior/inferior/equal to physical suicide, but as the title says. I think physical suicide should come at-least in-between.
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Why do people consider immediate pleasure irrational?

Why is immediate pleasure considered by the majority as irrational and as a trait restricted only to non human animals? What's more rational than immediate pleasure if death is inevitable and more ...
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How can I answer to the question: who am I?

Almost always when we try to answer to the question "Who am I?", we say about what we do or what we like, but how should we answering this question? If you can recommend me books or papers to at least ...
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Is faith necessary for man to survive / why is existentialism valued if it is unsubstantiated?

I'd like to point out that I have basically no knowledgeable background in philosophy, but this question has been troubling me as of late, and I need an informed take on this. I was watching a video ...
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How come nihilism is so popular today?

I've been trying to attack this question (or more precisely, come up with an answer to that fact) for some time now, but after a while of research I'm suddenly not so sure of the reason the situation ...
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Refuting nihilism - why pursue happiness if it can be stripped from us by accidental events at any time?

I was encouraged to start a new question thread pertaining to a question that sprung out from this one. According to one of the users's answers: The delusion of the joys of life that had ...