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Questions tagged [existentialism]

A loose title covering : the individual, the experience of choice, and the absence of rational understanding of the universe with a consequent dread or sense of absurdity in human life.

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How does Martin Heidegger want us to react to anxiety?

Introduction: After the world of Das Mann lose its significance and becomes meaningless, one falls in anxiety and he's able to embrace other possibilities. But this anxiety is converted ...
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72 views

Is There a World That Exactly Mimics Our Own?

If parallel universes do indeed exist and if we are just viewing one tiny part of reality, is it possible that in an alternate universe there would appear an exact replica of our world? Note: I ...
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What were the moral and aesthetic ideas that Camus was interested in?

I have read most of the books by Albert Camus thoroughly. I know that Camus' theory is absurdity but I want to know his take on morality. I mean, what were the moral and aesthetic ideas that Camus was ...
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Can someone help with these passages Sartre's BeIng and Nothingness on Knowledge?

P295 ‘The for itself does not exist subsequently to know; neither can we say that it exists only in so far it knows or is known…regulated by particular bits of Knowledge.’ P296 ‘to say that there is ...
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Maurice Blanchot's view on death?

Can someone please explain in simple terms what are the two types of death that Maurice Blanchot talked about? I came across an article about it on the Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy but I don't ...
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198 views

Do Kierkegaard and Nietzsche have similar ideas about being and becoming?

I have not read much of Kierkegaard's philosophy, but this quote comes in mind when comparing his philosophy to Nietzsche's in terms of being and becoming: “To be human, is not a fact, but a task.” ...
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176 views

In what sense is Gabriel Marcel an existentialist?

After reading this question about existentialism What is the difference between existentialism, nihilism and absurdism? I began to doubt that all philosophers whom I have associated with ...
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Existentialism and bad faith

Where do the values that existentialists formulate come from? If accepting a path laid out by someone else is considered "bad faith", then can we accept values shared with anyone other than ourselves? ...
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Does anyone reject existentialist transcendence?

It is through transcendence—or what the existentialists also refer to as my “projects”—that the world is revealed, takes on meaning; but such projects are themselves factic or “situated”—not the ...
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What is “disclosure” in the work of Simone DeBeauvoir

I'm reading The Ethics of Ambiguity and she's constantly referring to this concept of "disclosure". "Being discloses itself" is a recurring phrase. "another way of disclosing the world." is another ...
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146 views

How do you have to rate the probability of an existential claim?

If the prior probability of every universal hypothesis is zero how would you have to rate the probability of the statement that unicorns (at least one) exist? Probability of an event = number of ...
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322 views

What types of arguments convert nihilists to existentialists?

I will not pretend this question does not have personal significance to me, but that need not to be overly elaborated. By studying cases in which existentialists attempt to give advice to nihilists (...
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Reference suggestions - Contemporary Western Philosophy

I want to read following topics Moore, Russell and Early Wittgenstein: Defence of Commonsense; Refutation of Idealism; Logical Atomism; Logical Constructions; Incomplete Symbols; ...
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701 views

Is Rilke an existentialist?

This isn't really an aesthetics question, but a question of interpreting a poem philosophically; a kind of philosophical hermeneutics of poetry; Rilke is well-known as a metaphysical poet. Towards ...
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Is absurdism dated and what's beyond The Myth of Sisyphus?

In the preface written in 1955 by Albert Camus of my edition of The Myth of Sisyphus it says: After fifteen years I have progressed beyond several of the positions which are set down here; but I ...
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254 views

Is Freedom in existentialism compatible with determinism

Is freedom in existentialism compatible with determinism. Or does it simply refer to the subjective experience of deciding amongst a variety of possibilities
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68 views

Is existence restricted by rendering?

Is existence restricted by the rendering of the being? For example, as I am rendered as a physical being in the form of my body, is the plane of my existence limited to the physical world? I would ...
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379 views

Techniques of overcoming ennui (boredom)

Did any philosophers discuss overcoming ennui/boredom? I read this question and its answer, but I am less interested in a definition of boredom and more interested in direct approaches or theories ...
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129 views

Difference between Husserl and Sartre on ego?

Have seen some sites like IEP. But still not clear about the difference.
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119 views

Is love a phenomenon of mauvaise foi?

In front of love, is still men condemned to be free? Arguably, when in love, the infinite range of possible choices collapses in one, the loved one. Is this a form of mauvaise foi (we convince ...
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127 views

What would Camus say to the objection that some people live short and very happy lives?

I have read Camus, a fairly long time ago now; feels like I didn't get the intensity then, but I'm going through the wikipedia pages, and google to get an answer. If this is the wrong site I'll go to ...
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116 views

Does Camus show that all suicide is an evil?

Does Camus show that all suicide is an evil? What if the the girl in The Fall is about to be captured, repeatedly raped, maimed and tortured? Is it only the insane, or even weak, who would not ...
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73 views

Could I please request an introduction to philosophy of pessimism?

Everything from essential texts, interpretations of the absurd, eternal return, interpretations of suicide and religion, and it's influence on the arts. And, I know I am asking a lot, but I'd like to ...
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59 views

How did Antiquity deal with the disappearance of the Transcendent?

In Western Philosophy, Existentialism heeding Nietzches call was the first philosophy that dealt with the loss of the transcendent in a formal way. Whereas prior to him, it anchored, or rather was ...
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Does genius always leave us asking “how”?

Does genius always leave us asking "how"? Not e.g. "why" like an eccentric creativity might. So we don't ask of Marx "why" were you interested in Feurabach or a critical analysis of the economy, or ...
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320 views

Do some philosophers believe there is no present, past, and future — and if so how on earth do they?

Nor does 20th (21st) -century physics countenance the idea that there is anything ontologically special about the past, as opposed to the present and the future. In fact, it fails to use these ...
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Can someone help me with the meaning of these passages in Sartre's Being and Nothingness on motion?

What do these passages mean, could someone please kindly clarify them. ‘Motion is the pure change of place affecting a this which remains otherwise unaltered as is shown clearly enough by our ...
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Is the main idea behind Sartre's existencialism self-contradictory?

If there is no human nature, then that would be one nature - every woman and every man would need to create their identities. Besides, scientific genetics can bear diversity between people.
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Was Heidegger in some way influenced by Kierkegaard?

There are seemingly common ideas in the philosophy of kierkegaard and hiedegger on the self. I thought came into my mind, was Hiedegger in some way influenced by kierkegaard's self-actualization as ...
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177 views

What are some essential quotes or excerpts from Existentialist literature?

I'm working on an english project on Existentialism, and my job is to find and explain quotes from Existentialist literature. I already have a quote from Nausea by Jean-Paul Sarte that I will include ...
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111 views

Can moral behaviour be based on a lie?

If knowledge implies justified belief, as is traditionally supposed, then skepticism about justified moral belief implies skepticism about moral knowledge. However, even if knowledge does require ...