Questions tagged [fallacies]

concerns logical fallacies, which are errors in the logic or reasoning of an argument that result in a misconception or presumption. The fallacies tag is also appropriate for analysis of tactics that may be applied deliberately to deceive. For example, if tactical omissions in an argument motivate a member of the audience to try to fill in omitted elements, then this can be portrayed as a straw man attack against the creator of the argument.

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I saw the following “Baker's Fallacy” in a reddit thread but need help understanding it since I can't find any info on it

Context: I was explaining to a natalist how life/existence is objectively bad because it leads to suffering, pain and death, while nonexistence does not. All he kept saying was that I was committing "...
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“I did it this way, it worked, so what I did is correct”

"I spat in my pasta while cooking it, it turned out good, therefore spitting in my pasta is beneficial to the result." What is the name for such fallacious reasoning? It seems like A happened before ...
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Is this an application of the sunk cost fallacy?

Before going to sleep, make your agenda as specific as possible! Then you'll have a harder time abandoning it since you already put so much effort into creating it. Is it the sunk cost fallacy ...
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How does imprecise and ambiguous natural language relate to the equivocation fallacy and how can we know what words mean?

I am feeling really confused on how we colloquially use and redefine words and sometime use the equivocation fallacy. I have fallen into equivocation language traps before, and as I become more aware ...
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What is the name of the fallacy involving white and black swans?

If one argues: I have seen only white swans, therefore there are no black swans. What would this fallacy be called?
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What kind of fallacy is this, if it is one? Are these personal attacks ad hominem?

If that's indeed a kind of fallacy or maybe multiple stacked (informal?) fallacies or some kind of a psychological bias. Examples in which I sense a similar pattern which I'm trying to identify here: ...
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Is this a logical fallacy or simply a bad argument?

In my English class today, we were talking about thesis statements. One of the students said that one of the thesis statements didn't sound right; its syntax sounded odd. However, my teacher said that ...
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Is it a logical fallacy? A question about majority opinion and samples

Say a community of X number of people is notified of a sudden policy change by higher authorities, and Y number of people from the community express their opinions for or against the policy change. ...
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When does a fallacy fallacy apply?

I'm confused on how the 'fallacy fallacy' is applied in an argument. Let's say a person, let's call them X, proposes an argument to another person, let's call them Y. X proposes an argument to Y ...
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Which fallacy: Thinking everything someone does in a discussion that's wrong is a fallacy?

There are a lot of questions about which fallacy something is on this site. Many times, the argument in the question is not actually a fallacy, but something that the questioner doesn't like/agree ...
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What type of rhetorical device is the offering of a source which is really long and not specifying what part of the source is relevant?

I'm encountering a frequent recurrence of a rhetorical device that seems to me fallacious but I can't figure out what it's called. When making an argument, the person does the following: Makes a ...
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Fallacy or Just Flawed Thinking?

I am just wondering if a specific fallacy applies to this kind of situation. A experiences an event X, which we later note seems correlated with Y - but not causally. Upon telling A that X ...
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Which fallacy: “If white privilege exists, why did Elizabeth Warren pretend to be an Indian?”

I recently came across this meme. It's clearly a logical fallacy (the existence of one use of a socioeconomic tool other than white privilege does not preclude the existence of white privilege), but I'...
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“She was asking for it” fallacy

A woman dons a bikini and visits a bar full of marines. She is sexually assaulted. Most people would agree she did something unwise, but they would also agree that her behavior didn't justify the ...
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What is the fallacy / bias where the sample is taken after the fact?

I came across a post on Facebook which tried to celebrate how the "old ways" (when we were kids) are better, which went along the lines of: Like this post if you used to cycle around on your bike ...
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What is the difference between the Narrative Fallacy and the Post-hoc Rationalization?

Or are they the same thing? Personally I fail to see the difference between these two, but I want to be sure. EDIT Narrative fallacy "Metaphors and stories are far more potent (alas) than ideas; ...
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What do you call the fallacy of thinking that some action A will guarantee some outcome B, when in reality B depends on multiple other conditions?

Example: Dentist: “You have multiple cavities.” Patient: “That’s ridiculous! You always told me that brushing my teeth prevents cavities. I brush my teeth every night. Therefore, I can’t possibly ...
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logical fallacy (or pseudo-logical, or rhetoric) corresponding to unduly extending my argument to make it false

This is probably similar to my preceding question: What's the name of the logical fallacy where a debater extends a statement far beyond the original statement to make it true? but I'm not sure ...
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Is this ad hominem or in general acceptable behavior during an argument?

Person A: What is considered socially acceptable should be common sense regardless of outside influences. Person B: What is considered common sense or obvious can be very different depending on ...
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Looking for existing discourse on the category of fallacies exemplified by “paradox of tolerance”

Popper coined the phrase "paradox of tolerance" when discussing how unlimited tolerance is self-contradictory (paradoxical) in that it precludes self-preservation (resisting intolerance). The seeming ...
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What is the meaning of Logos?

While trying to ascertain a better understanding on the topic of Logos, I interpret from a offering a more modern view that it is "a logic that recycles God into a mind hiding through sign-...
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Is there a “hierarchical” or “webbing” pattern to logical/cognitive fallacies?

Is there a "hierarchical" or "webbing" pattern to logical/cognitive fallacies? Something that I've thought. Some fallacies may be related to others and the idea is that "if one does one, then it may ...
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What fallacy is arguing from something being more X to it being completely X?

What fallacy is arguing from something being more X to it being completely X? An example to illustrate: The sea is more blue than the sky, so the sea is just blue, has no red etc. It could be ...
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How do you measure circular reasoning? [closed]

How do you measure circular reasoning?
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What is “circular logic” argument?

I read from this link : If the the bible is true God exists, and if God exists the bible is true While both claims still have the same very low probability, it is now a more coherent – ...
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What kind of fallacy is “Appeal to Force”?

What kind of fallacy is "Appeal to Force"? Here is a definition: https://www.logicallyfallacious.com/tools/lp/Bo/LogicalFallacies/34/Appeal-to-Force This confuses me, because, to be honest, I think ...
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If a person claims to know anything could it be disproven by saying 'prove that we are not in a simulation'?

Everyone starts out at 0 and if anyone wants to say that they know something they have to prove that claim. Is the counter to this person claiming that they know something logically correct? Person ...
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Is there a fallacy about “appeal to 'big words'”?

Is there a fallacy about "appeal to 'big words'"? What I refer to are statements often encountered in political or economic rhetoric. An argument would go like this: Because of New Keynesianism, ...
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Do percentages of negative things in a given sample matter more or less than the quantity of negative things?

Do percentages of negative things in a given sample matter more or less than the quantity of negative things? And is there a name for this concept? Is it some sort of fallacy to appeal to percentages? ...
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What kind of fallacy is this? (resembles faulty comparison + red herring)

Imagine a corporation (SodaWorld) that has been caught doing some bad things. It’s selling beverages that are contaminated with lead. In addition, it’s revealed that the company pays no taxes, and, ...
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Presenting an example, then claiming the other person needs more information before using the same example - is either of us making a fallacy?

I recently had a conversation with someone in which they used an example to illustrate a point: "For example, if you tell me something [which isn't scientifically proven to be effective] works ...
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Is determinism logically flawed?

If determinism is true, every event shall have a cause. So, what is the cause of the first event (which is the first cause)? Conflict (paradox): 1) every event shall have a cause -> First event/...
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What is the name of the fallacy where acknowledging an issue is confused with actually addressing the issue?

A few days ago an artist came to present his work to our class. At the beginning of his presentation he said "I know cultural appropriation is a very loaded topic, and it occupies my mind often" as ...
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How is “pointing out whataboutism” a form of tu quoque fallacy?

In the Wikipedia article, whataboutism is defined as a tu quoque fallacy, yet later on it is said that the accusation itself is a form of tu quoque fallacy. How so? Christian Christensen, Professor ...
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When is pointing out a person's hypocrisy not considered to be a logical fallacy?

People keep using the word "whataboutism" and it seems people don't really know what it means, and I don't see how it's a logical fallacy if it's a very good argument. For instance, if the U.S. says ...
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Which is the name of this fallacy?

If it has a certain name, which is it? The fallacy consist in denying value of an idea due to the validity of other ideas from the same source. Example: "How can you trust the opinion on any ...
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Is there a word for the type of rhetorical strategy where you distract from the point in order to seem authoritative?

Is there a word for distracting someone from the topic of the argument, and using the authority they have established in the mean time to (fallaciously) prove their original point? An example I ...
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What fallacy is committed when one argues that a conclusion is false simply because the person arguing it has lied before?

For example, suppose I were to make the claim: President Trump says climate change is false. President Trump has lied before; therefore, climate change is true.
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Does it mean that argument from ignorance can be non-fallacious?

Particular type of "argument from ignorance" is "absence of evidence is evidence of absence." I have proof that it's in fact true. Does it mean that argument from ignorance can be right? If not - ...
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Name of fallacious reasoning about the reality of abstractions

There is a kind of reasoning that is often heard, where the irreality of some abstraction is inferred from the fact that entities that fall under it are not perfectly homogenous. (1) A lot of times ...
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What would be the name of this fallacy?

Current Indian prime minister had left his wife very early for he was not interested in marriage. Today, a chief minister commented on him - Narendra Modi you cannot take care of your wife, how ...
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What kind of fallacy or false logic is this?

I got into an argument with a friend on MMA fighters and said that any fighter that gets caught PEDs should probably have an asterisk by his record. His defence was that could I say for sure that ...
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What is the name of this fallacy?

What is the name of this fallacy? Someones says that because everyone cheats, I also can cheat! Or because someone stole my money, I got penniless and had to stole from someone else!
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How far does the fallaciousness of the recourse to authority fallacy reach?

In all honestly, I've always had a problem with the "recourse to authority" fallacy. In theory it seems all sound and convincing: a claim should be judged purely and solely on the argumentation laid ...
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Making an irrelevant generalization that dilutes the original argument — what's this fallacy?

Let's consider the following dialogue: A: People should be respectful to X. B: No, people should be respectful to Y. Now Y is a broader class than X. In the above example, say, X = "their ...
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What is the name of the fallacy where one implies something is false simply because someone evil supported it?

Creationists sometimes argue that Darwinism is wrong because the Nazis used it as a rationale for their eugenics program. We call it a "genetic fallacy" if we try to claim that a theory is wrong ...
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What is it called when an opponent tells you to look up the source of their own claim, yourself?

Someone says: During the time of the dinosaurs CO2 levels were 9000 ppm. We're at 400. Nothing died back then either. Quite the opposite. Life was absolutely gigantic, even the plants were huge. ...
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Is the golden hammer fallacy a real fallacy?

Bo Bennet calls the golden hammer a pseudo-logical fallacy and describes it thus: Proposing the same type of solution to different types of problems. This is more of an error in creativity or ...
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“I have lied but I am not a liar, and I have done bad things but I am not a bad man.”

What logical fallacy would this be? I am doing a project and I need to identify what kind of logical fallacy this would represent.
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What is the name of this logical fallacy: Why should your god be the one?

Even if there is a deity, why should your god be the one? This is a common response from the nonbelievers. I assert that it is a logical fallacy, not because the statement in itself is totally ...