Questions tagged [fallacies]

Concerns formal (syllogistic) fallacies, informal (rhetorical) fallacies, tactical misdirection, and errors in logic or reasoning more broadly put.

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Logical Fallacies: Difference between Appeal to popularity and Appeal to Authority

What is the difference between Ad populum and Ad Verecundiam? I googled a lot but didn't find any discrete difference between them.
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Name of fallacy: amplifying weakness of weak arguments while ignoring strong ones

Is the following tactic a sort of known debating/argumentation fallacy, and does it have a name? Bob and Rob debate a topic. Bob provides a number of points to support his position. Some are strong. ...
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Name of the fallacy: "your argument is overly simplistic"

The structure is as follow: Person A states argument X. Person B says that things are not so simple to discredit argument X. A special case is when B argues that: "this-is-not-about-D", ...
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Name of the fallacy that "you don't know" implies "the media is hiding it from you"

A very common fallacy used by propagandists has the structure: Person A presents fact X as support for a theory T that person A tries to prove, adding continuous suggestions about a conspiracy, but ...
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Are multiple anecdotes still logically unsound?

We know that arguing from one anecdote is fallacious. What about multiple anecdotes describing the same phenomenon? For example, using customer reviews to buy a product. Would this still be considered ...
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If he wanted to, he would x (Logical Fallacy?)

Not sure if this is the correct stack site to post, but is this a fallacy & if so, which one? Curious about this as this has been a trending saying lately. If he wanted to, he would x (Logical ...
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Finding a fallacy in a comedic dialogue

In one of the Abbot & Costello show episode the following dialogue goes: Abbot: Is it not true that you are a servant of the public? Officer: Yes, I am servant of the public. Abbot: I happen to ...
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Which kind of fallacy is a fallacy that associates a person to the negative ideas of a group he doesnt belong to?

There is 3 types of fallacies that comes to my mind for this, Fallacy of straw man A straw man (sometimes written as strawman) is a form of argument and an informal fallacy of having the impression ...
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Fallacy of division in an old book

I have identified a fallacy of division in an old book written in Spanish and I would like you to confirm if it is indeed a logical fallacy. The underlined part of the image contains the argument that ...
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How can something be intrinsically moral or immoral?

If nature were amoral, we, who come from nature, and everything we do would be amoral. Unless nature can be moral or immoral. My question would then be: how can something be intrinsically moral or ...
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How it's possible to describe something if description itself is action that changes universe?

This is some sort of paradox or a fallacy and I want to make sense of it. This is how I would formulate the problem. To describe Universe we need to take an action - to say the description, write it ...
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Is it a logical fallacy to discredit a conclusion because of argument disagreement?

Is it a logical fallacy to discredit a conclusion because proponents of the said conclusion disagree with one another as to what are valid arguments for that conclusion? If so, what is the name for ...
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Term for alluding to options that don't exist

Is there a term for alluding to options that don't really exist or are extremly suboptimal? Something along the lines of "Well, if they don't like it they can always do something else." but ...
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survivorship bias when "failures" survive, "successes" die

Survivorship bias often operates with “failure” and “success.” We draw some conclusions from the “successful” things, which leads to the survivorship bias. My question: is it still a survival bias, ...
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Searching for name of this logical fallacy: presuming a consensus

I recently encountered multiple instances of this kind of fallacy, but could not nail down its name or which group of fallacy that it belongs to. It bothers me enough to create a new account to ask ...
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Name for a Fallacy

I hope this is on topic, and trust it will be closed if it isn't. Consider the following fallacious arguments: There is an upper limit to the number of people the earth can support; therefore the ...
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What is the Logical Flaw in This Argument?

Background: It was my birthday, and I had a cake cut party and dinner party. After I cut the first piece of cake and my friends decided to push the cake into my face. But I tried to persuade them not ...
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How to be skeptical of transcendental arguments?

SEP and others have transcendental arguments as claims “namely that X is a necessary condition for the possibility of Y—where then, given that Y is the case, it logically follows that X must be the ...
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What logical fallacy is "The Sun is very hard to look at, therefore there are no reliable witnesses of its existence."? [closed]

What logical fallacy is "The Sun is very hard to look at, therefore there are no reliable witnesses of its existence." or "A massacre is very hard to look at, therefore there are no ...
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What type of logical fallacy is this example?

Best way I can describe it is a person using their own personal sentiment/disposition towards a subject in their initial argument, but generalizes said disposition as a ground for succeeding arguments....
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Can two people simultaneously invent exactly same thing in a very specialized domain?

There are two people. Let's call those people as A and B. Person "A" has calm personality and Person "B" has aggressive personality. B has aggressive personality because the B ...
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Presenting new argument, ignoring the others- What Fallacy?

Sometimes people ignore a few arguments at hand and place new arguments to back up their case.For instance, there are already argument A, B and C, now since I don't have a rebuttal for A,B and C, I ...
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Fallacy/Cognitive Bias of assuming that being an expert in one field makes you an expert in other fields

Assume that Bob is truly an expert in field A. He can voice strong opinions about A and his ideas are considered valid or worthy of consideration by all other experts of field A. Bob also believes ...
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Is Martin Scorsese guilty of no true scotsman?

Genuine Question: When Martin Scorsese criticised the Marvel Cinematic Universe and directly said that they were theme parks not cinema, was that an example of the no true Scotsman fallacy? ...
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Is there a logical fallacy for falsely dismissing criticism as snobbery?

From Richard Nixon to Spiro Agnew to todays Marvel fans, there seems to be a particular penchant for framing light criticism, scepticism or even simple disagreement by others as snobbery/elitism. '...
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What is the name of this cognitive bias?

When it comes to plane crashes, the statistical chance of getting into one is extremely low, however, due to the media making so much content about plane crashes, people assume they are much more ...
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bad practices in statistics - ratio of a ratio

I haven't been able to think of good search terms for my question, and I'm happy to be redirected to another stackoverflow site. I frequently see statistics presented in scientific summaries (written ...
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2 answers
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Is it a fallacy when the opponent comes up with obviously nonsense arguments on my side to make me look stupid?

For example, I'm having a political debate and I am bringing up facts, like under this government the energy prices rose this amount, the unemployment rate is higher then ever and the government had ...
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Large cardinals and in intellectu existence?

I have had some success in the philosophy of mathematics. Briefly I compare Cantor's sets to the clear and distinct ideas of Descartes which is regarded as philosophically rigorous work; on the other ...
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Is the Ad Hominem fallacy a version of the Genetic Fallacy?

I'm not sure if this is on-topic, but it's an interesting question to me, though it may lack any real purpose. The Ad Hominem fallacy is when someone takes where a claim or argument propagated from ...
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What is the fallacy Carl Jung is alluding to in this passage?

What kind of fallacy did he mean? We start, for instance with a perfectly reasonable assumption, such as "NO UNREASONABLE BEING IS FREE" - in other words, has free will. This is ...
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What is the official name of the "but sometimes" logical fallacy?

In their video The LED Traffic Light and the Danger of "But Sometimes!" Technology Connections very adeptly describes how we can often put more weight on scenarios even if they occur ...
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Is it fallacious to argue that something is correct, of good quality, or acceptable because a community of experts has established it as such?

Earlier today, I asked a programming question on a forum. I phrased the question as "What is the best way to do x?" Someone responded with something to the effect of, "the best way is ...
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What Logic fallacy is Person 1 using in this?

Person 1: Vaccines can cause Autism Person 2: If it can cause Autism, why does all the Studies not support that in any way? Person 1: Actually I'm not saying it does but "Maybe" it can cause ...
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fallacy for shifting among multiple premises in argument without defending any

Has any name been assigned for a class of informal fallacy (or cognitive bias) in which someone shifts in dialog between use of various premises to support an argument, without ever allowing any to be ...
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Scotsman? "You'll know a true x when he does y" (y = false conclusion)

Sounds like a No True Scotsman but does not seem to fit its description. For example: "You'll know a true libertarian when he takes bribes from the government he hates" The conclusion is ...
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"Tell me who you vote for and I'll tell you how homophobic you are"

What fallacy/fallacies is this? Faulty Generalization? Ad Hominem? Association fallacy? False Cause? All? Others? For context, this has been said in the forum of a political party in the context of a ...
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What logical fallacy involves claiming the opposition hasn't researched/studied enough?

I'm trying to find the name of any logical fallacy that involves claiming that the opposition hasn't done enough research to effectively participate in the debate. I've read through a hundred or so ...
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Fallacy: Pointing Other Dirty Houses

Your house is perhaps the dirtiest house in the world, yet when someone criticizes that multiple times, your reaction is, "Will you also criticize the other dirty houses?" Is there a name ...
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What logical fallacy is "if some of my enemies/adversaries affirm my claim then it is correct"?

I apologize if this question has been asked before or if the question is poorly worded. Consider the following situations: (1) two religious sects, say X and Y are fiercely adversaries. To convince ...
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What kind of fallacy is this?

Suppose there are 3 persons i.e Person1, Person2, and Person3. And there are 2 topics i.e Topic1 and Topic2. There is a debate between Person1 and Person2. Person1 quotes some view/saying of Person3 ...
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Where is the flaw in the bank robber's argument?

In Harry Harrison's Stainless Steel Rat books, the protagonist is an antihero thief. At one point he makes the argument that bank robbery is a victimless crime and is, in fact, a societal good ...
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What do you call refusing to accept any proposition when there is any remote possibility it could be false?

What do you call the philosophical position of a person who radically denies any knowledge saying the contrary might be true. Example: Aspirin cures headaches. Response: There are people on which ...
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Looking for an answer on a fallacy or debate tactic to discredit the other person

I am trying to find out what it is called when you disagree with a certain group on the status, tactics, view, etc so they call you exactly what they are against just to discredit your viewpoint. Even ...
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Is there a non-preemptive version of Poisoning the Well fallacy?

Poisoning the well seems to rely on ad hominem happening prior to hearing the source's arguments. But what happens if the ad hominen/discrediting happens after hearing their arguments? What would such ...
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Does the brain in a vat problem shift the burden of proof?

When I've encountered arguments about the brain in a vat problem, they went something like We could be brains in a vat, with a simulated reality, how could we know we are not? But isn't this ...
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Bias or fallacy of assuming rank when two things differ?

Is there a name for the assumption that, if two options or things are different from each other, one must be necessarily better than the other?
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"denial in discussion until full knowledge" fallacy

Is this a fallacy, to forbid any discussion until the opposing side is completely familiar with the basis for your arguments? And deny any counterarguments as caused by ignorance. If it is, what is ...
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Question on fallicious argument (appeal to popularity)

We are currently learning about fallacies and need help to clarify our understanding. Take these 2 arguments: When walking downtown, the majority of people I asked told me that the metro was on the ...
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Is there a name for this combination of generalization and the No True Scotsman fallacy?

The pattern: When specific members of the Other Group display reprehensible behavior, they are cited as evidence that the Other Group as a whole is reprehensible. When specific members of My Group ...
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