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Questions tagged [fallacies]

concerns logical fallacies, which are errors in the logic or reasoning of an argument that result in a misconception or presumption

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How's this Equivocation: IQ tests “measure not intelligence, but only the ability to comprehend and manipulate symbols”?

Capaldi PhD Columbia, Smit PhD Catholic Univ. of Leuven. The Art of Deception (2007). p. 259. Exercise 1 Identify the fallacy, rhetorical technique, and potential difficulties in play with ...
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How are “goals that we think can be achieved by a good-faith effort within the allotted timetables” fallacies of equivocation and creative thinking?

Capaldi PhD Columbia, Smit PhD Catholic Univ. of Leuven. The Art of Deception (2007). p. 257. Exercise 1 Identify the fallacy, rhetorical technique, and potential difficulties in play with ...
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How is this Appeal to Pity fallacious and a Red Herring: Our country should never war, because wars corrupt our troops?

Capaldi PhD Columbia, Smit PhD Catholic Univ. of Leuven. The Art of Deception (2007). p. 257. Exercise 1 Identify the fallacy, rhetorical technique, and potential difficulties in play with ...
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Is a barber a barber if he doesn't get paid?

For reference: The Barber Paradox. The Barber is he who shaves all those, and only those, who doesn't shave themselves. Now the question is: Who shaves the Barber? The paradox being that if ...
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How is “I am not inconsistent—I am a pragmatist” an appeal to a higher truth?

Capaldi PhD Columbia, Smit PhD Catholic Univ. of Leuven. The Art of Deception (2007). p. 257. Exercise 1 Identify the fallacy, rhetorical technique, and potential difficul- ties in play ...
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How does the Fallacy of Red Herring relate to 'the only thing that always sticks to the point is a dead insect on display'?

Capaldi PhD Columbia, Smit PhD Catholic Univ. of Leuven. The Art of Deception (2007). p. 173. Red Herring So far we have discussing refutation of specific charges against your presentation. ...
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Is/should “appeal to scientificity” be considered a fallacy?

Is/should "appeal to scientificity" be considered a fallacy? Some examples: -Some economics theory that has no predictive power, even if it might be mathematically correct. -Expecting that ...
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Can inductive arguments be made in first order logic and, if not, why not?

After reading a question by rus9384 Why is faulty generalization called an informal fallacy? I wondered whether induction can be part of any argument in first order logic (FOL). rus9384 symbolized ...
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Is calling an argument a fallacy, or is the notion of informal fallacy, just a method of manipulation?

Indeed, there are ways of thought which are not consistent with logic. I am not talking about such fallacies here. All of formal fallacies, statistical fallacies or fallacies of relevance (e.g. ad ...
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Is calling someone “stupid” always Ad Hominem fallacy?

Well, I was discussing some topic with a really brilliant and gifted PhD. It seems we couldn't understand each other and we strongly disagreed about all our arguments. Even if I still think her ...
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Why is faulty generalization called an informal fallacy?

According to wikipedia faulty generalization belongs to the class of informal fallacies. Also, a fallacy is called informal if it originates in a reasoning error other than a flaw in the logical ...
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Does the no true Scotsman fallacy apply to anti Stalinist etc. communism?

The internet is awash with claims that anyone arguing that Stalinist Russia / Maoism wasn't communist is committing the no true Scotsman / ad hoc rescue fallacy. However, I suspect that few of its ...
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Is there a name for the idea of inherent bias in an authority figure or expert?

We often appeal to experts and authorities due to the usefulness of their acquired knowledge, and a lot of the time, this is a fairly sensible thing to do. However, very often, I feel like there is a ...
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If something were bad, no consumer in his 80s would be alive… What kind of fallacy is it?

For example: If alcohol were bad, none of those old men in theirs 80s from my village would be healthy. If smoking were bad, my grandfather wouldn't have lived until 94, as he smoked a lot....
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Is it possible when two people in a debate “throwing” “logical fallacy” to each other?

For example, Mr. A says that Mr.B's argument is a logical fallacy. But then Mr.B says to Mr.A "what you say that my argument is a logical fallacy" is a logical fallacy. I'm sorry if this is a stupid ...
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Is the folliowing tu quoque a reasonable argument?

Is the following tu quo que a reasonable argument? Don't be a communist, you saw what happened in Russia Reply: And the slave trade was run by capitalists. I'm not even sure if the reply is true, ...
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Are these examples Affirming the consequent fallacy?

From the internet I saw an example of an Affirming the Consequent fallacy : If it's raining then the streets are wet. The streets are wet. Therefore, it's raining I'm trying to make two examples....
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Is current social consensus a proper justification for the status?

Around 500 years ago it was common to think in Europe that people should only have sex within marriage, now it's not. Common thought is what we may turn to as consensus. 5000 years ago people ...
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How can “who is the creator of god” question make any sense?

Whenever the god as a first cause discussion comes up, somebody posts the rebuttal: "If everything needs a cause, then what is the cause of the creator god?". Let's define the universe as everything ...
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What do you call this fallacy that relies on dubious transitivity?

Is there a formal name for this kind of fallacy that relies on transitivity between parts and whole? Some examples: The government is fundamentally white supremacist. Bernie Sanders supports the ...
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Is there a logical fallacy in this argument? [duplicate]

General Parker orders a curfew citywide to reduce crime rate. While curfew is on effect, General Parker's soldiers caught a violator and took him to detention center. While in detention center, the ...
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What is the name for the fallacy, where a person introduces a “comparative scale” to nullify the other person's argument?

I would like to know if there is a name for the fallacy used in the following conversation. [The content is arbitrarily chosen] A: Men have to deal with sexism in dating. B: That is nothing ...
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What kind of appeal is this to emotion? Slippery Slope

“Is slavery – owner, victim, profit, domination – exclusive to the human race? Have blacks, Jews, women and children been the only victims of this atrocity? Have not cows been enslaved? What about ...
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What logical fallacy would it be if someone calls me a supporter of rapists when I speak against the mob lynching of a rapist?

I oppose mob lynching of any criminal even if the criminal is a rapist. When I wrote a blog post about it, people commented that I was supporting the rapist by saying this. I know it is some kind of ...
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Is it a fallacy (or probably a different term) when someone talks about (often condemns) a certain thing that actually didn't happen

Maybe it's simply something like a lie, but I'm not sure what to call it. It is often being done in the news/politics. A person condemns a certain thing/behavior that is condemnable/detestable but ...
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Is logical fallacy different from logically false?

Is logical fallacy different from logically false? I believe that by definition yes, but perceive that every day language often suggests that logical fallacy means logically false. That's, if ...
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What is the logical fallacy in assuming scientific method?

When I assume that whatever some authority figure says is the truth, it becomes a logical fallacy called "appeal to authority". But then how do I assume that the scientific method is (most likely) ...
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What's so fallacious about the recourse to authority fallacy?

On the one hand, it is claimed that one should not depend solely on the judgement of people of authority, but rather try to verify their opinions and learn independent thinking. It is claimed that the ...
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Inadequately small sample fallacy

I am almost sure there is a name for the fallacy whereby its exponent tries to apply a very small sample of observation, usually anecdotal evidence, as representative of the population, of which that ...
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Can anyone think of any examples where begging the question is “the correct response” in an argument?

In a recent article Galen Strawson, on the topic of consciousness deniers, states that: To say that consciousness is really nothing more than (dispositions to) behavior is to say that it doesn’t ...
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What fallacy says we have rights as long as we don't use them?

This topic is a little more complex and confusing than I expected. I'm tempted to change the title to "Which fallacy blames the victims rather than their oppressors?" But I'm not sure if that's a ...
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Are all fallacious arguments invalid?

Is it possible for an argument that contains a fallacy to be valid? I have been told that fallacious arguments by definition are invalid. Is this true? Thanks!
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Please name this fallacy: “we can't do it; therefore, we must never do it.”

Example: "We can't fly to the moon; therefore, we must never ought never to fly to the moon." This seems different from appeal to tradition ("this is how we've always done it; therefore, this is how ...
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Is this a Fallacy? You are X because you hold an opinion as X would

You are a Holocaust Denier because you think 6 million people died because of the Nazis instead of Y number [Clarity Edit]because Holocaust deniers say 6 million [End Clarity Edit]. What kind of ...
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Philanthropy Fallacy [closed]

NOTE: After doing more extensive research, I've edited both my question and answer. Imagine a situation where an evil person does an evil deed. I don't want to get distracted with a strawman ...
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What's the name of this kind of fallacious proof to refute an idea?

In an argumentation where speaker A suggests an idea, we sometimes encounter this kind of fallacious proof from speaker B that speaker A's idea is bad (a very common form is known as passive-agressive ...
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Should you not fix one problem when there are bigger ones? [duplicate]

I read an excellent explanation about an informal fallacy in a textbook about 20 years ago, but now I can't find it. It involves people rejecting a proposal to fix one issue because larger, more ...
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reductio ad absurdum vs. argument by lack of imagination

A reductio ad absurdum is a correct way to argue. An argument by lack of imagination is an informal fallacy. But if a reductio ad absurdum is applied outside of a highly formalized setting like ...
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Can philosophy say that these precepts are wrong?

If we take the ambiguous nature[1] (in its current form) of the sixth commandment... Thou shalt not kill ...we must remember that Jesus instructed his followers to forgive[2], that none are ...
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What fallacy accepts P and P → Q but rejects Q (denies modus ponens)?

I am finding that I can get people to agree with my premises, agree that my logic is valid, but then they deny my conclusion. For example, I state the sufficient conditions, P, for an optimal system, ...
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Logical Fallacy: Comparing Conspiracy to Scientific Experiment

Imagine the following argument: Yes, there are plenty of coincidences and unexplained phenomena associated with this particular event that some might see as evidence of a conspiracy. But the same ...
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Fallacy where an institution is discredited because of a discredited member?

What I'm thinking of is a statement like this: A member of x institution is bad, therefore x institution is bad. OR A member of x institution supports y, therefore x institution supports y. ...
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Dismissing something because author cannot have direct experience in it

I shared some tips by someone (lets call him Andrew), and got response like How could he know, he has no experience in it. Who cares about Bruce, Charlie and Dave (psychologists, psychiatrists in ...
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Are these basic arguments considered valid and sound?

I'm trying to come up with some basic arguments to construct a philosophy paper and I am wondering if the following arguments are valid and sound. Thanks for the help! If humans have flaws then they ...
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What kind of fallacy associates social issues with “agency”?

I just listened to a video in which a propagandist compares conspiracy theory to animism - the belief that natural forces are imbued with "agency," which he describes as "some sort of life force." He ...
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Why do they say I am committing a fallacy when I am just insulting someone?

On the internet, one is often accused of committing the so-called 'ad hominem'-fallacy, which, according to Sikipedia, is defined as a fallacious argumentative strategy whereby genuine discussion ...
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Considerations on using “what if” in large chaotic systems

I often see people illegitimately use "what if" and make wrong conclusions. I would like to know the limitations on the range of assumptions we can make about a large chaotic system. Examples I've ...
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What makes a great scientific question for and/or against a stupid idea?

While I am taking a walk I have come up with quotes, questions and philosophy to motivate and route myself. I recently discovered/invented a new quote which really can have multiple meaning to it (...
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Is singling out an individual or single culture/nation etc, a fallacy?

It could be an individual, a single society, culture, country, whatever. Let me use an example: Let us say that it is a fact that Mr and Mrs X (or a large portion of people of X descent or people ...
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Rejecting by appealing to non-existence something else

Does the following logical fallacy (or bad argument) have a name: goblins, hobbits, and truly everlasting gobstoppers. There is nothing special about God in this sense. God is just one of the ...