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Questions tagged [fallacies]

concerns logical fallacies, which are errors in the logic or reasoning of an argument that result in a misconception or presumption

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What is the name of this logical fallacy involving probabilities of two unrelated events?

I've often heard that you have better chances of winning the lottery than you do where X is some unhappy event. Occasionally, I hear people who have actually experienced X say they should buy a ...
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Someone said argument A, the other heard argument A', is that a fallacy?

Here's a simple dialogue between me and my wife. Wife: why don't you clean the cup after using it? Me: I always clean after me whatever I use. Wife: You're speaking about something else. That wasn'...
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Is it a logical flaw to blame someone for an event if they were simply its causal factor?

I would ask if this is a logical fallacy, but I don't think you can consider wrongful attribution of blame to be a logical fallacy, because attributing blame is a normative claim, not a descriptive ...
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Identifying deployed rhetoric instruments [closed]

There is a quote from a TV series, which seems to contain (at least) two rhetoric instruments. Michael Scott: Toby is in HR, which technically means he works for corporate. So he's really not a ...
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Is there a name for a fallacy wherein it is assumed either someone is lying or their assertion is true?

I'm hoping to find a name already in somewhat common usage for a fallacy of the following form: A person claimed X. Therefore either X is true or the person is lying. I've seen this fallacy ...
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Is an argument that contains a fallacy invalid?

The argument in question is the following: Penguins are black and white Some old tv shows are black and white Therefore, some penguins are old tv shows. I believe this is an example of the ...
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I am looking for the name of this paradox (too long to put in title, sorry)

I am looking for the name of the paradox below. I don't know if it is really a fallacy, its just what I'm calling it. I would like to read read more about what people think, but I don't know what it ...
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What fallacy is it to say someone is wrong because they believe [some word defined as being wrong]? [closed]

For example: If someone says some science is wrong because it's "pseudoscience" Or if someone says X doesn't exist because X is "magic," or uses any word that implies their conclusion? So far I've ...
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Is there a name for the fallacy that refuting the argument refutes the conclusion?

Is there a name for the fallacy that refuting an argument refutes the proposition? e.g. there is a belief in X.. somebody provides an argument for X.. or even a bunch of arguments for X. Somebody ...
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Is entropy a circular reasoning concept?

After reviewing several texts about the second law of thermodynamics and the concept of entropy, from a systemic point of view, it seems to me that entropy is only a circular reasoning concept. ...
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What is the fallacy in deriving necessity of an event from God's foreknowledge of it?

Here is the form: If God knows I will eat lentils tonight, then necessarily I will eat lentils tonight God knows I will eat lentils tonight Therefore, necessarily I will eat lentils tonight. Now, ...
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What fallacy argues that we should do nothing because we can not do everything?

A says to B "we should recycle because it is better for the environment," and person B says "if we wanted to be better environmentally, there's lots of things we could do that we don't, so we shouldn'...
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The Principle of Explosion v. Reductio ad Absurdum

The proof for the Principle of Explosion starts by assuming a contradiction. When we use reductio ad absurdum, we establish a proof by reaching a contradictory conclusion in sub-argument and then ...
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What fallacy dismisses criticism of a bad law with “just don't break it”?

Let's say someone is criticizing the government for instituting some draconian policy, and/or for persecuting people for doing something minor. And the response is:"Just don't do it and you'll be fine"...
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What is the name of the fallacy that denies inductive generalization based on emphasizing exceptions?

I am looking for the name of a logical fallacy that denies validity of induction based on an observed and repeated pattern (AKA statistics) by citing exceptions to the pattern which are outliers of ...
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Deduction vs Induction — are they equally valid?

I've been reading on deduction vs induction as two primary modes of reasoning. Can't exactly remember where but I have also seen deduction being described as backward and induction as forward thinking....
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Having trouble with “Argument From Ignorance” fallacy?

I am having some difficulty understanding the "Argument From Ignorance" Fallacy. I will illustrate my difficulty using "The Theory of Evolution by Natural Selection" (T.E.N.S.) as an example: We ...
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(How) did Galileo use the “Galileo argument”?

According to Wikipedia, the "appeal to pity" fallacy (also known as "argumentum ad misericordiam" or the "sob story") is also called "the Galileo argument." Why is that? The linked source ("Appeal to ...
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What is a logical fallacy called which presumes correctness based on status?

A superior says: "all orders of a superior are lawful because they have been given by a superior." But the policy in this instance states, "employees shall promptly obey any lawful order given by a ...
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Is there an Informal Fallacy for misusing/overidentifying Informal Fallacies in an argument?

I frequently find myself reading discussions where people use Informal Fallacies as if they are invincible battering rams that destroy any argument they encounter. For example, somebody might say "...
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Name of fallacy of confusing technical term with its everyday meaning?

A classic example is someone saying, "Gravity is only a theory." In this case they are committing a logical fallacy by conflating the everyday meaning of theory with the way the word is used in formal ...
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Ethical evaluation of means used for wealth redistribution

I recently had a discussion with a friend. The topic was the (re)destribution of wealth in society, which is divided by money in privileged and unprivileged. My problem was that his end was noble, ...
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Is This Ad Hominem?

If I say to a lawyer It is all the more ironic that with all that legal knowledge at your disposal you have not come up with a single logically coherent argument or couter-argument. I do not know ...
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Is “better than nothing” a logical fallacy?

Sometimes I get into this argument with people, it goes like this: X offers Y Y has a very low quality P1 critizes X for offering Y P2 defends X saying that it's better having Y than nothing. ...
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Names for most popular taxonomies of informal fallacies?

Informal fallacies are not formal, so as might be expected, there exists no prevailing standard taxonomy. Various books on logic and logical fallacies organize fallacies differently, (see chapter ...
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Rhetorical fallacy to fill lack of scientific evidence with superstition

I am just looking to identify the following rhetorical illusion (or fallacy), if such has been formally recognized. I have noticed that many critics of science and scientific explanations of natural ...
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What is the name of the fallacy of assuming B is true because A sometimes causes B?

Is there a name for the logical fallacy of assuming that B is true because A is true and B often results from A. I'm not sure if I'm phrasing that correctly. Here is the statement: She worked at ...
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If the next is a fallacy, which I believe it is, would it be some kind of straw man?

If the next is a fallacy, which I believe it is, would it be some kind of straw man? A: I cannot give an opinion on this specific matter because I have no clue about the possible ramifications of the ...
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Name of fallacy that argues against the tools necessary for the argument

Let's say that someone believes that philosophy in itself is a bad thing. If I'm correct, the only way to combat this premise is to use philosophy (which is off limits since it's on trial)! ...
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Logical Fallacy for implied causality?

In a debate I had with friends, I noticed one tactic he would use occasionally would be to make a statement like: Julian Assange broke the law, and we all lost I think both parts of this statement ...
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To what extent are the concerns of philosophy divorced from those of real life? [closed]

There's a thread that asks whether the slogan "guns don't kill people, people kill people" is a valid argument. I'd like to have answered it, but couldn't because I don't have enough mojo here. Yet ...
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Is there a fallacy of priorities?

Decisions can be affected by fallacies. Decisions are taken based on subjective knowledge. Knowledge need to be prioritized or decisions can lead to death. I find that this is the most extended ...
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How do you call a logic fallacy that appeals to the impossibility of the task

A typical argument against vegan moralists is that rabbits and other small animals are killed in the production of supermarket vegetables, so "we might just as well eat the cow". Of course this is a ...
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Name for reverse Ad Hominem, (i.e. praising the defense)?

Is there a standard name for a fallacy of the same form as an ad hominem, except that instead of denouncing the opposition, it praises the defense? Typically an ad hominem ("against the man") fallacy ...
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Fallacy on invalidation and conclusions

have recently been studying the philosophy of reasoning and have thought of these questions that I am having a bit of trouble answering. If an argument commits a fallacy, it is invalid. That is true, ...
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Can rational argument really change someone's opinion? [closed]

I apologize in advance if this sounds more like an opinion piece than a question, but I think it might deserve some discussion here. Learning about rationality, fallacies, psychology and ...
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What fallacy is it: “It doesn't affect me and hence I don't care about it”?

In a rather heated climate change argument with a denier, he proposed the rather deluded idea that he would be less willing to support climate change policies because they would lower his quality of ...
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Is there a logical fallacy to describe the complete dismissal of the value of scientific consensus?

I was arguing with a climate change denier. He said that appealing to a scientific consensus, even one as overwhelming as 97%, is fundamentally an appeal to authority fallacy and hence invalid. He ...
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Does the Fallacy Fallacy make logic useless?

I should add that I'm not a formal student of philosophy and haven't studied it in any serious depth. I just like logic, and logical fallacies. I like to spot them, and I like to debate using them, ...
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What is the term the reasoning that inverse obejcts have inverse properties?

I recently came across the fallous reasoning that "if a is the opposite of b, then a must have all the opposite properties of b" That is: My dog is the opposite of my cat, and my cat has fur and ...
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What kind of fallacious reasoning is “You're not a girl, so you can't understand girls problems” [duplicate]

Today someone told me : "You're not a girl, so you can't understand girls problems". What kind of fallacy/sophism is this ?
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What is the utility of the named logical fallacies?

It is popular to provide an argument that one does not like and ask "what is the name of the logical fallacy in this argument." However, given a name for such a fallacy, what value does knowing that ...
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What is the fallacy that privileges one person over another?

I see this a lot, someone in a category of people attempts to shut down anyone with an opinion that is not from the same category. For example, people without children weighing in on parenting; the ...
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What fallacy is this? Creating a narrative that fits the facts

The fallacy consists of creating a narrative that fits the phenomena one is trying to explain. The narrative does not have any scientific validation, but because it fits the facts so well it is ...
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What is this fallacy called?

As you add more and more to something eventually it changes, but at what point does it change? For example, everyday a boy gets older, and eventually he becomes a man. But can you call him a man ...
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Is TV Tropes' “Tautological Templar” an example of a logical fallacy?

From TV Tropes' entry defining the Tautological Templar... Considering all the puppy-kicking and Moral Event Horizons the Knight Templar gets into, sooner or later a(nother) good character is going ...
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Is this a valid argument?

Is the following example a valid argument: Either Your hair is short or long. It is long. Therefore it is not short. This is the form of the argument: Either P or Q. P. So not Q.
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The Difference Between Truth and Reality. And what does fact stand for?

I'm interested in the different forms of actuality. Fact For me fact must be a constant, base level of deducted 'fact'. Something that cannot be disproved. For instance, fire is hot. Fact is ...
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Which category does a logical fallacy saying “The existence of universe is the proof of the existence of god” belong to?

I found a statement as follows, The existence of universe is the proof of the existence of god. and I think it is a logical fallacy because it seems to me that the statement is not trivial. For ...
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Is there a name for, “there's a time and a place for that” fallacy?

This is something all activists have dealt with at some point in time. You present the best form of your argument only to have someone dismiss it outright because, "it's not the time or the place for ...