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Questions tagged [fallacies]

concerns logical fallacies, which are errors in the logic or reasoning of an argument that result in a misconception or presumption

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Is This Ad Hominem?

If I say to a lawyer It is all the more ironic that with all that legal knowledge at your disposal you have not come up with a single logically coherent argument or couter-argument. I do not know ...
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Is “better than nothing” a logical fallacy?

Sometimes I get into this argument with people, it goes like this: X offers Y Y has a very low quality P1 critizes X for offering Y P2 defends X saying that it's better having Y than nothing. ...
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Names for most popular taxonomies of informal fallacies?

Informal fallacies are not formal, so as might be expected, there exists no one (and perhaps not any) standard taxonomy. Various books on logic and logical fallacies organize fallacies differently, ...
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Rhetorical fallacy to fill lack of scientific evidence with superstition

I am just looking to identify the following rhetorical illusion (or fallacy), if such has been formally recognized. I have noticed that many critics of science and scientific explanations of natural ...
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What is the name of the fallacy of assuming B is true because A sometimes causes B?

Is there a name for the logical fallacy of assuming that B is true because A is true and B often results from A. I'm not sure if I'm phrasing that correctly. Here is the statement: She worked at ...
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If the next is a fallacy, which I believe it is, would it be some kind of straw man?

If the next is a fallacy, which I believe it is, would it be some kind of straw man? A: I cannot give an opinion on this specific matter because I have no clue about the possible ramifications of the ...
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Name of fallacy that argues against the tools necessary for the argument

Let's say that someone believes that philosophy in itself is a bad thing. If I'm correct, the only way to combat this premise is to use philosophy (which is off limits since it's on trial)! ...
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Logical Fallacy for implied causality?

In a debate I had with friends, I noticed one tactic he would use occasionally would be to make a statement like: Julian Assange broke the law, and we all lost I think both parts of this statement ...
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To what extent are the concerns of philosophy divorced from those of real life? [closed]

There's a thread that asks whether the slogan "guns don't kill people, people kill people" is a valid argument. I'd like to have answered it, but couldn't because I don't have enough mojo here. Yet ...
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Is there a fallacy of priorities?

Decisions can be affected by fallacies. Decisions are taken based on subjective knowledge. Knowledge need to be prioritized or decisions can lead to death. I find that this is the most extended ...
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How do you call a logic fallacy that appeals to the impossibility of the task

A typical argument against vegan moralists is that rabbits and other small animals are killed in the production of supermarket vegetables, so "we might just as well eat the cow". Of course this is a ...
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Name for reverse Ad Hominem, (i.e. praising the defense)?

Is there a standard name for a fallacy of the same form as an ad hominem, except that instead of denouncing the opposition, it praises the defense? Typically an ad hominem ("against the man") fallacy ...
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Fallacy on invalidation and conclusions

have recently been studying the philosophy of reasoning and have thought of these questions that I am having a bit of trouble answering. If an argument commits a fallacy, it is invalid. That is true, ...
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Can rational argument really change someone's opinion? [closed]

I apologize in advance if this sounds more like an opinion piece than a question, but I think it might deserve some discussion here. Learning about rationality, fallacies, psychology and ...
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What fallacy is it: “It doesn't affect me and hence I don't care about it”?

In a rather heated climate change argument with a denier, he proposed the rather deluded idea that he would be less willing to support climate change policies because they would lower his quality of ...
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Is there a logical fallacy to describe the complete dismissal of the value of scientific consensus?

I was arguing with a climate change denier. He said that appealing to a scientific consensus, even one as overwhelming as 97%, is fundamentally an appeal to authority fallacy and hence invalid. He ...
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Does the Fallacy Fallacy make logic useless?

I should add that I'm not a formal student of philosophy and haven't studied it in any serious depth. I just like logic, and logical fallacies. I like to spot them, and I like to debate using them, ...
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What is the term the reasoning that inverse obejcts have inverse properties?

I recently came across the fallous reasoning that "if a is the opposite of b, then a must have all the opposite properties of b" That is: My dog is the opposite of my cat, and my cat has fur and ...
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What kind of fallacious reasoning is “You're not a girl, so you can't understand girls problems” [duplicate]

Today someone told me : "You're not a girl, so you can't understand girls problems". What kind of fallacy/sophism is this ?
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What is the utility of the named logical fallacies?

It is popular to provide an argument that one does not like and ask "what is the name of the logical fallacy in this argument." However, given a name for such a fallacy, what value does knowing that ...
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What is the fallacy that privileges one person over another?

I see this a lot, someone in a category of people attempts to shut down anyone with an opinion that is not from the same category. For example, people without children weighing in on parenting; the ...
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What fallacy is this? Creating a narrative that fits the facts

The fallacy consists of creating a narrative that fits the phenomena one is trying to explain. The narrative does not have any scientific validation, but because it fits the facts so well it is ...
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What is this fallacy called?

As you add more and more to something eventually it changes, but at what point does it change? For example, everyday a boy gets older, and eventually he becomes a man. But can you call him a man ...
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Is TV Tropes' “Tautological Templar” an example of a logical fallacy?

From TV Tropes' entry defining the Tautological Templar... Considering all the puppy-kicking and Moral Event Horizons the Knight Templar gets into, sooner or later a(nother) good character is going ...
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Is this a valid argument?

Is the following example a valid argument: Either Your hair is short or long. It is long. Therefore it is not short. This is the form of the argument: Either P or Q. P. So not Q.
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The Difference Between Truth and Reality. And what does fact stand for?

I'm interested in the different forms of actuality. Fact For me fact must be a constant, base level of deducted 'fact'. Something that cannot be disproved. For instance, fire is hot. Fact is ...
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Which category does a logical fallacy saying “The existence of universe is the proof of the existence of god” belong to?

I found a statement as follows, The existence of universe is the proof of the existence of god. and I think it is a logical fallacy because it seems to me that the statement is not trivial. For ...
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Is there a name for, “there's a time and a place for that” fallacy?

This is something all activists have dealt with at some point in time. You present the best form of your argument only to have someone dismiss it outright because, "it's not the time or the place for ...
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Asking a question that only accepts yes as an answer

Is there a name for a question that is worded in such a way that it's obvious what the questioner wants to hear? I've come across this type of question many times, and something about it feels wrong. ...
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The use and abuse of logic (and picking apart an absurd statement)

As an engineer, I am used to thinking logically in a very narrow sense. In everyday life, I often come across claims that are passed off as logical, but instantly trigger my bullshit detector. Yet, ...
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Logical fallacy: X is bad, Y is worse, thus X is not bad

I have heard this type of argument too many times: You are criticising X using well researched facts and arguments. Your interlocutor, states that Y is much worse with equally well researched facts ...
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What is the mistake in the logic used in the given description of this question?

To prove: Unicorn, i.e. a horse with one horn exists Proof: Let us suppose to the contrary, that unicorn does not exist => Unicorn does not have a horn (since, a non-existent entity cannot have ...
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Is it a fallacy to argue or morally judge by treating earlier and later times as if in the same present?

I often use the made-up term "time-travel fallacy" to describe certain poor arguments. I'm wondering two main things: is this an already existing concept, and I just don't know the right name? is it ...
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What is the difference between a formal fallacy and an informal fallacy?

I am trying to find a clear definition of a formal fallacy and an informal fallacy. Wikipedia gives the following definition: Informal fallacies – arguments that are fallacious for reasons other ...
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The name of the logic fallacy of “We don't know the answer, therefore x is the answer” [duplicate]

I can not remember the name of this logical fallacy. The fallacy suggests that when there is a lack of knowledge on a subject it is because, either: a rational answer does not exist, or a answer ...
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All babies are querulous. But David is not a baby, so he is not querulous [closed]

Does the following argument involve a fallacy? All babies are querulous. But David is not a baby, so he is not querulous. (a) undistributed middle (b) denying the antecedent (c) affirming the ...
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Fallacy of arguments

Does the following argument involve a fallacy? My garden will be healthy if I water the plants assiduously. Thus my garden will certainly be healthy, as I will indeed water the plants assiduously. (...
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Fallacies of division

Does the following argument involve a fallacy? If my kidnappers were planning on killing me, it wouldn’t matter if I knew where they were driving me to. And they did not blindfold me. So they don’t ...
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Does the following argument involve a fallacy?

Does the following argument involve a fallacy? Or does it not? If you think it does, which might reasonably be construed as the fallacy in this argument? There are several theories of cyclical ...
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What kind of fallacy: “the centre of the solar system is the hottest, therefore each planet's core is the hottest.”

Does the following argument involve a fallacy? If you think it does not, tick (d). If you think it does, which of (a), (b) or (c) might reasonably be construed as the fallacy in this argument? The ...
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What kind of fallacy attributes cause to chance when the cause is unknown?

What kind of fallacy is it if one attributes a cause to chance when a cause is unknown? e.g., Scientists don't know why X, therefore X must be due to chance. Take for example the masses of leptons. ...
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Why is this question begging?

How is this argument begging the question? P1) 18-year-olds are mature enough to drink. P2) All people who are mature enough to drink should be allowed to drink. P3) If you are to be ...
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Is this begging the question?

Stephen: Paul, how come you’re only writing about the political aspect of the event? Paul: Because I can’t write about everything. This appears to me to be begging the question because Stephen ...
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I'll know it when I see it, but I haven't found a fallacy of interpretation

Any statement can be interpreted to mean anything. This is surely true in a strict sense, but would render all logical investigation impossible, and in common sense terms is surely false (there may ...
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What is a logical fallacy that involves saying that a person is something solely because they said so?

For example, the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea which could be seen as neither democratic, republican or being for the people. Or Bernie Sanders being called a democratic socialist when his ...
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Is there a logical fallacy that considers a position false because a non-authority agrees with it?

This seems similar to Argument from authority but is an "opposite" in the sense that an argument is discredited because it comes from a non-authority on a subject. To give you an example this video ...
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Which Informal Fallacy(ies) in dispute between the executioner, the King, and the Queen, in 'Alice in Wonderland'?

Source: pp 253, 259. With Good Reason, An Introduction to Informal Fallacies (2000 6 ed) by York U. Prof. S. Morris Engel. [p 253 :] This exercise's instruction = this one. [p 259 :] 43. The ...
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Which Informal Fallacy(ies)? “That means now and forever, because I am a Yankee, and Yankees do not throw rocks.”

Source: pp 253, 258. With Good Reason, An Introduction to Informal Fallacies (2000 6 ed) by York U. Prof. S. Morris Engel. [p 253 :] Identify the fallacy of relevance—personal attack. mob appeal, ...
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Which Informal Fallacy(ies)? 'Thou shalt not bear false witness against thy neighbor.'

Source: p 130-131, With Good Reason, An Introduction to Informal Fallacies (2000 6 ed) by York U. Prof. S. Morris Engel. [p 130 :] Identify the fallacy of ambiguity — equivocation, amphiboly, ...
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What type of fallacy is this? Appeal to some sort of generalization?

What type of fallacy is this? [1]. John says: "People are getting shorter" [2]. Mary says: "I will classify Johns claim as an outright lie, because people have been increasing in stature in the last ...