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Questions tagged [fallacies]

concerns logical fallacies, which are errors in the logic or reasoning of an argument that result in a misconception or presumption

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Does anyone know of a philosophy which rectifies or considers the following question?

Let's imagine that I began to doubt the validity of one of my arguments, which leads me to question my ability to make rational arguments. And so begin to distrust my intuitive ideas about logic, then ...
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Why is it an Appeal to Pity if a defense attorney evidences misfortune of the defendant?

Source: p 236-237, With Good Reason, An Introduction to Informal Fallacies (2000 6 ed) by York U. Prof. S. Morris Engel   The trouble with such appeals [to Pity] is that, however are, they may ...
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If metaphysical grounding of beliefs is not necessary what is to logically compel one to believe anything?

'Grounding' is the notion that 'because of X, Y', X being the reason one can accept Y beyond pragmatic considerations. In this way, X and Y are analogous to cause and effect respectively. If it is ...
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Where can I find logical fallacies in action?

I'm looking for a website that gives logical fallacies in action. Not a video that explains logical fallacies, but a video, say a debate between two people where one of the debators uses a logical ...
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The Difference Between Truth and Reality. And what does fact stand for?

I'm interested in the different forms of actuality. Fact For me fact must be a constant, base level of deducted 'fact'. Something that cannot be disproved. For instance, fire is hot. Fact is ...
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How to self-learn legal arguments, logic, and reasoning?

What are some readable, eloquent (without legalese) books on arguments, fallacies, logic, and reasoning, as applied and used in law? This question is aimed towards a greenhorn/tenderfoot with ...
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Is there a fallacy

I want to know if there is a fallacy in this type of conversation. CA=Country A and  HRA=Human Right Association Example: CA: it is now gonna be forbidden in CA for feminist to express their ...
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Names for most popular taxonomies of informal fallacies?

Informal fallacies are not formal, so as might be expected, there exists no prevailing standard taxonomy. Various books on logic and logical fallacies organize fallacies differently, (see chapter ...
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Name of fallacious reasoning about the reality of abstractions

There is a kind of reasoning that is often heard, where the irreality of some abstraction is inferred from the fact that entities that fall under it are not perfectly homogenous. (1) A lot of times ...
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Fallacy of the arbitrary threshold?

Prejudices and discrimination against a group of people Y by members of another group X are often justified by assertions that members of Y are more likely than members of X to engage in a particular ...
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Continuum Fallacy with regards to arbitrary categories

Is it a continuum fallacy to say that categories don't actually exist because most things exists in a continuum? (if at all) When talking about "human life", it is clear to me that a bunch of cells ...
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Why do there exist “logical fallacies” that are not really consistent logical fallacies?

Why do there exist "logical fallacies" that are not really consistent logical fallacies? By logical fallacy, consider e.g. ad hominem. By consistent logical fallacy I refer to a type of logical ...
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Logical Fallacy: Comparing Conspiracy to Scientific Experiment

Imagine the following argument: Yes, there are plenty of coincidences and unexplained phenomena associated with this particular event that some might see as evidence of a conspiracy. But the same ...
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Which Informal Fallacy(ies)? “That means now and forever, because I am a Yankee, and Yankees do not throw rocks.”

Source: pp 253, 258. With Good Reason, An Introduction to Informal Fallacies (2000 6 ed) by York U. Prof. S. Morris Engel. [p 253 :] Identify the fallacy of relevance—personal attack. mob appeal, ...
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Avis Rent-a-Car's slogan 'We're #2' : This is an Appeal to Pity?

Source: p 238, With Good Reason, An Introduction to Informal Fallacies (2000 6 ed) by York U. Prof. S. Morris Engel. Disclosure: I do not benefit or gain from, and am in no wise connected to, Avis. ...
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Fallacious Argument Name

Alice does something controversial for a particular reason. Her actions have bad and controversial consequences, but also have an outcome that she did not intend, which nearly everyone finds extremely ...
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Intuition - The Fallacy of Transitivity (for Counterfactuals)

I know almost no philosophy so please simplify all feedback. While I understand this Analysis for the example, I still don't understand the general, but deeper reasons for the possible failure of ...