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Questions tagged [fallacies]

concerns logical fallacies, which are errors in the logic or reasoning of an argument that result in a misconception or presumption

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Why is it an Appeal to Pity if a defense attorney evidences misfortune of the defendant?

Source: p 236-237, With Good Reason, An Introduction to Informal Fallacies (2000 6 ed) by York U. Prof. S. Morris Engel   The trouble with such appeals [to Pity] is that, however are, they may ...
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What is the name of this logical fallacy

What is the name of the fallacy: "If you buy XXX, which is expensive, then you would also buy YYY, because if you spent so much on XXX then you would spend as much on YYY." The fallacy implies that ...
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The Difference Between Truth and Reality. And what does fact stand for?

I'm interested in the different forms of actuality. Fact For me fact must be a constant, base level of deducted 'fact'. Something that cannot be disproved. For instance, fire is hot. Fact is ...
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How to self-learn legal arguments, logic, and reasoning?

What are some readable, eloquent (without legalese) books on arguments, fallacies, logic, and reasoning, as applied and used in law? This question is aimed towards a greenhorn/tenderfoot with ...
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What argument styles have only recently been labelled fallacies?

While reading Douglas Walton's "Historical Origins of Argumentum ad Consequentiam", I realized there is at least one argument style that appears reasonable but which has been labelled as a logical ...
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reductio ad absurdum vs. argument by lack of imagination

A reductio ad absurdum is a correct way to argue. An argument by lack of imagination is an informal fallacy. But if a reductio ad absurdum is applied outside of a highly formalized setting like ...
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Does an informal logical fallacy require deception?

Bo Bennett's criteria distinguishing a logical fallacy from a pseudo-logical fallacy has three parts. The third part is: It must be deceptive in that it often fools the average adult. ...
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Fallacy of the arbitrary threshold?

Prejudices and discrimination against a group of people Y by members of another group X are often justified by assertions that members of Y are more likely than members of X to engage in a particular ...
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Continuum Fallacy with regards to arbitrary categories

Is it a continuum fallacy to say that categories don't actually exist because most things exists in a continuum? (if at all) When talking about "human life", it is clear to me that a bunch of cells ...
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Does anyone know of a philosophy which rectifies or considers the following question?

Let's imagine that I began to doubt the validity of one of my arguments, which leads me to question my ability to make rational arguments. And so begin to distrust my intuitive ideas about logic, then ...
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Where can I find logical fallacies in action?

I'm looking for a website that gives logical fallacies in action. Not a video that explains logical fallacies, but a video, say a debate between two people where one of the debators uses a logical ...
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Whats the fallacy of diminishing one's faults by pointing that others are worse?

If someone responds with criticism of his country by pointing to some other less tolerant country and saying that 'See that country. That's called intolerance. And here's you criticizing us', what is ...
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Logical Fallacy: Comparing Conspiracy to Scientific Experiment

Imagine the following argument: Yes, there are plenty of coincidences and unexplained phenomena associated with this particular event that some might see as evidence of a conspiracy. But the same ...
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Considerations on using “what if” in large chaotic systems

I often see people illegitimately use "what if" and make wrong conclusions. I would like to know the limitations on the range of assumptions we can make about a large chaotic system. Examples I've ...
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Does this argument commit fallacy of composition/division or contains a fallacious use of tautology?

I want to know whether the argument commits any of the above mentioned fallacies. The argument might have some other problems and feel free to point them out, but I want to specifically know whether ...
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Logical fallacy related to lengths of time

I'm looking for a logical fallacy related to lengths of time. For example, the claim "When you sign up for cable TV, you pay $60.00 per month. That's like $3,600 every five years! What a rip off." ...
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What is the fallacy where you treat one side of the argument unfairly?

I'm reading "Why not Capitalism?" by and "Why not Socialism?", two books written in response to each other arguing the merits of each economic system respectively. Each book argues that given an ...
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Names for most popular taxonomies of informal fallacies?

Informal fallacies are not formal, so as might be expected, there exists no one (and perhaps not any) standard taxonomy. Various books on logic and logical fallacies organize fallacies differently, ...
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Is this begging the question?

Stephen: Paul, how come you’re only writing about the political aspect of the event? Paul: Because I can’t write about everything. This appears to me to be begging the question because Stephen ...
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Which Informal Fallacy(ies)? “That means now and forever, because I am a Yankee, and Yankees do not throw rocks.”

Source: pp 253, 258. With Good Reason, An Introduction to Informal Fallacies (2000 6 ed) by York U. Prof. S. Morris Engel. [p 253 :] Identify the fallacy of relevance—personal attack. mob appeal, ...
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Avis Rent-a-Car's slogan 'We're #2' : This is an Appeal to Pity?

Source: p 238, With Good Reason, An Introduction to Informal Fallacies (2000 6 ed) by York U. Prof. S. Morris Engel. Disclosure: I do not benefit or gain from, and am in no wise connected to, Avis. ...
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Repeatedly asking for definitions of common terms. Is this a fallacy?

Let's say that you provide the definition of a term to someone, and that person asks you to then define terms within that definition. When you do that, then this person asks you to keep defining other ...
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Bias of conflating judgement with preference

Is there an established bias or possibly logical fallacy to describe a case when someone allows their personal strong preference for a particular outcome to fully cloud their judgement as to its ...
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Fallacious Argument Name

Alice does something controversial for a particular reason. Her actions have bad and controversial consequences, but also have an outcome that she did not intend, which nearly everyone finds extremely ...
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Intuition - The Fallacy of Transitivity (for Counterfactuals)

I know almost no philosophy so please simplify all feedback. While I understand this Analysis for the example, I still don't understand the general, but deeper reasons for the possible failure of ...