Questions tagged [fallacies]

Concerns formal (syllogistic) fallacies, informal (rhetorical) fallacies, tactical misdirection, and errors in logic or reasoning more broadly put.

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Do percentages of negative things in a given sample matter more or less than the quantity of negative things?

Do percentages of negative things in a given sample matter more or less than the quantity of negative things? And is there a name for this concept? Is it some sort of fallacy to appeal to percentages? ...
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If moral statements aren't supposed to be reports of objective facts, does the practice of "fallacy checking" apply to moral arguments?

Maybe this is just a case of Jörgensen’s dilemma, but so I was reading the SEP article about feminist perspectives on argumentation, more specifically this passage: The difficulty some philosophers ...
Kristian Berry's user avatar
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Do use/mention errors actually happen?

It is commonplace to see warnings in introductory philosophy texts about not confusing use and mention, but I can't imagine how any reasonably analytical thinker could make such an error, so I've ...
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Is there a word for the type of rhetorical strategy where you distract from the point in order to seem authoritative?

Is there a word for distracting someone from the topic of the argument, and using the authority they have established in the mean time to (fallaciously) prove their original point? An example I ...
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What is the name of the "undeserved profits" fallacy?

I see this type of inference made a lot, for example in the context of distributional justice: A makes an investment. A thinks this investment was a rational decision, until he learns that B also ...
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Names for most popular taxonomies of informal fallacies?

Informal fallacies are not formal, so as might be expected, there exists no prevailing standard taxonomy. Various books on logic and logical fallacies organize fallacies differently (see chapter ...
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What is the official name of the "but sometimes" logical fallacy or cognative bias?

Context We often put equal importance on differing options, without taking factors such as frequency or risk into account. Examples Traffic Lights In their video The LED Traffic Light and the Danger ...
James Geddes's user avatar
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What logical fallacy is "if some of my enemies/adversaries affirm my claim then it is correct"?

I apologize if this question has been asked before or if the question is poorly worded. Consider the following situations: (1) two religious sects, say X and Y are fiercely adversaries. To convince ...
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Why is it an Appeal to Pity if a defense attorney evidences misfortune of the defendant?

Source: p 236-237, With Good Reason, An Introduction to Informal Fallacies (2000 6 ed) by York U. Prof. S. Morris Engel   The trouble with such appeals [to Pity] is that, however are, they may ...
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Attacker accuses the defender. What fallacy is going on here?

Suppose one country, the aggressor, launches a missile attack against another country, the defender. During the attack, the defender activates its anti-missile defense system and successfully shoots ...
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Why is "appeal to nature" a fallacy?

Appeal to nature states that just because something is natural doesn't mean it is right (ethical). Morality is not objective but the existence of this fallacy attempts to objectively define morality ...
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Does this statement constitute various fallacies? Is my delineation correct?

Person 1:"Man, J____, M____, and L____ tend to work at a cumbersome pace." Person 2:"Yeah, they're lazy, obviously"* LJ, M & L share similar characteristics in terms of skin ...
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Large cardinals and in intellectu existence?

I have had some success in the philosophy of mathematics. Briefly I compare Cantor's sets to the clear and distinct ideas of Descartes which is regarded as philosophically rigorous work; on the other ...
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fallacy for shifting among multiple premises in argument without defending any

Has any name been assigned for a class of informal fallacy (or cognitive bias) in which someone shifts in dialog between use of various premises to support an argument, without ever allowing any to be ...
brainchild's user avatar
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What logical fallacy involves claiming the opposition hasn't researched/studied enough?

I'm trying to find the name of any logical fallacy that involves claiming that the opposition hasn't done enough research to effectively participate in the debate. I've read through a hundred or so ...
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Is this a 'Post hoc ergo propter hoc' Fallacy?

Is this a Post hoc ergo propter hoc fallacy? 'The most intense lightning storm ever recorded was followed by many numerous Bushfires; the lightning must have caused them.' and why? Thanks for any ...
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What is the name of this fallacy (if it is one)

So I stumbled on a discussion that went a little like this: Person A: "Something has happened to a family member and has been hospitalized, please be aware so it does not happen to you" ...
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Name of fallacious reasoning about the reality of abstractions

There is a kind of reasoning that is often heard, where the irreality of some abstraction is inferred from the fact that entities that fall under it are not perfectly homogenous. (1) A lot of times ...
user3636325's user avatar
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Is singling out an individual or single culture/nation etc, a fallacy?

It could be an individual, a single society, culture, country, whatever. Let me use an example: Let us say that it is a fact that Mr and Mrs X (or a large portion of people of X descent or people ...
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Continuum Fallacy with regards to arbitrary categories

Is it a continuum fallacy to say that categories don't actually exist because most things exists in a continuum? (if at all) When talking about "human life", it is clear to me that a bunch of cells ...
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What type of Logical Fallacy is this?

I've been doing a lot of research lately. A few weeks ago I stumbled across logical fallacies and it opened my eyes to the things I've always known were BS, but I couldn't quite put my finger on. I ...
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'proving prestige' vs 'asserting that purchasing those items will automatically bestow on us the glamor and prestige'

Source: pp 243-244, With Good Reason, An Introduction to Informal Fallacies (2000 6 ed) by York U. Prof. S. Morris Engel Just as we should guard against being taken in by an appeal to the ...
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How to self-learn legal arguments, logic, and reasoning?

What are some readable, eloquent (without legalese) books on arguments, fallacies, logic, and reasoning, as applied and used in law? This question is aimed towards a greenhorn/tenderfoot with ...
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Logical fallacy: no one would be so dumb to

Fact: the car peeling away from the robbed bank has Alice's license plate Conclusion 1: suggests Alice might be involved in the bank robbery. Conclusion 2: if Alice was involved in the robbery, she ...
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Is there a term for when one claims that something can't be true of the collective because it is not true of every individual within the collective?

Basically as the title says, I'm wondering if there is a term for when someone says that because there are some exceptions to the norm, that the norm cannot be considered as part or all of what ...
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Sunk cost fallacy without considering abandonment

I am looking for the term used to describe this scenario. It's similar to the cost sunk fallacy -I think-. Let's say you have a bunch of teams going through some pain every day. There is a solution, ...
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Presenting new argument, ignoring the others- What Fallacy?

Sometimes people ignore a few arguments at hand and place new arguments to back up their case.For instance, there are already argument A, B and C, now since I don't have a rebuttal for A,B and C, I ...
Tanvir's user avatar
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Is the Ad Hominem fallacy a version of the Genetic Fallacy?

I'm not sure if this is on-topic, but it's an interesting question to me, though it may lack any real purpose. The Ad Hominem fallacy is when someone takes where a claim or argument propagated from ...
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Looking for an answer on a fallacy or debate tactic to discredit the other person

I am trying to find out what it is called when you disagree with a certain group on the status, tactics, view, etc so they call you exactly what they are against just to discredit your viewpoint. Even ...
Spicy Situation's user avatar
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Is there a non-preemptive version of Poisoning the Well fallacy?

Poisoning the well seems to rely on ad hominem happening prior to hearing the source's arguments. But what happens if the ad hominen/discrediting happens after hearing their arguments? What would such ...
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What is the name of the Logical fallacy that states There was a good outcome once, therefore the problem no longer exists?

Example. Obama elected president therefore racism no longer exists in USA.
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What type of logical fallacy happens here?

This has been going on a lot lately in my country. Usually, in a discussion where some antisocial behavior of an organization is being criticized, a supporter of the organization, usually a member of ...
Alpha Delta's user avatar
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On questions such as "How do you know that X doesn't work? Have you tried it all possible ways?"

I often find people using questions similar to the following one: How do you know there isn't a god? Have you looked everywhere? As the answer to the second question is obviously "no", ...
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Baconian Logical Fallacy

I have been reading about logical fallacies lately, and I saw the Baconian fallacy listed here (of course on everyone's favorite site, Wikipedia). The description provided reads: "using pieces of ...
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Play by these rules, however broken, or create new ones

Example, A: The rules are unfair, you see, only privileged few are getting the benefit. B: I don't see anything wrong with that. Either create new rules, or hustle through these and be like them. What ...
Adeel Ansari's user avatar
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Help with Circular Reasoning example and whether this example is fallacious

I thought of a scenario that raised some question for me, consider you: [A] Face prejudice because of X --> [B] Makes you more inclined to assume the next person who mistreats you is doing so ...
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Semantic dichotomy could validate denying antecedent?

We imagine a controversial political situation. If the politician resigns from office (A), then they are doing the right thing (B)." The politician does not resign from office (-A), therefore they ...
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Is the "false cause defense" really flawed reasoning?

Is the "false cause defense" really flawed reasoning? For example: When it comes to large sums of money, a huge amount can cause any person to do things (including illegal acts) they would never do. ...
Jesse Kapahua's user avatar
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Is this an ad hoc rescue, a red herring, or jumping back and forth between two different arguments?

A man owns two male pit bulls that have not been neutered. He tells a friend that he intends on leaving them unattended in his fenced in back yard while he is at work. His friend says "Wouldn't you ...
Abercrombie Dorfen's user avatar
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Opposite of victim blaming?

If victim blaming is the fallacy of automatically assigning fault to the victim ("it's her fault because she was dressed that way"), what is the fallacy of exonerating a person simply by virtue of ...
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Is Aristotle's fallacy actually a fallacy?

In Indian syllabi, students of Physics are told that Aristotle wrongly believed that an external force was required to keep a body in motion. However, based on the little I've read on Aristotelian ...
rithvik_dsouza's user avatar
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What is the name of the fallacy where acknowledging an issue is confused with actually addressing the issue?

A few days ago an artist came to present his work to our class. At the beginning of his presentation he said "I know cultural appropriation is a very loaded topic, and it occupies my mind often" as ...
Michael Seltenreich's user avatar
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How is "pointing out whataboutism" a form of tu quoque fallacy?

In the Wikipedia article, whataboutism is defined as a tu quoque fallacy, yet later on it is said that the accusation itself is a form of tu quoque fallacy. How so? Christian Christensen, Professor ...
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Why do there exist "logical fallacies" that are not really consistent logical fallacies?

Why do there exist "logical fallacies" that are not really consistent logical fallacies? By logical fallacy, consider e.g. ad hominem. By consistent logical fallacy I refer to a type of logical ...
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Is there a fallacy

I want to know if there is a fallacy in this type of conversation. CA=Country A and  HRA=Human Right Association Example: CA: it is now gonna be forbidden in CA for feminist to express their ...
vorpal professor's user avatar
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Which Informal Fallacy(ies)? "That means now and forever, because I am a Yankee, and Yankees do not throw rocks."

Source: pp 253, 258. With Good Reason, An Introduction to Informal Fallacies (2000 6 ed) by York U. Prof. S. Morris Engel. [p 253 :] Identify the fallacy of relevance—personal attack. mob appeal, ...
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Avis Rent-a-Car's slogan 'We're #2' : This is an Appeal to Pity?

Source: p 238, With Good Reason, An Introduction to Informal Fallacies (2000 6 ed) by York U. Prof. S. Morris Engel. Disclosure: I do not benefit or gain from, and am in no wise connected to, Avis. ...
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1 answer
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Is the inverse gambler’s fallacy charge against the multiverse accurate?

A common reason for why people came up with the multiverse hypothesis was that they couldn’t fathom that a single universe, if it is all that exists, bears the constants necessary to eventually result ...
thinkingman's user avatar
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1 answer
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Climbing the slippery slope. Is it still slippery slope fallacy or something else?

I noticed that slippery slope fallacy is used to defend status quo. Like "If we legalize soft drugs, then it will significantly increase probability that we will legalize hard drugs too in the ...
KarmaPeasant's user avatar
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1 answer
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Difference between non-sequitur fallacy and post hoc fallacy?

What is the difference between post hoc fallacy and non sequitur fallacy?
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