Questions tagged [foucault]

Paul-Michel Foucault is a French philosopher that studied ethics, epistomology, and social constructs.

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What is the difference between Ars Erotica and Scientia Sexualis?

I work at a bookstore and I picked up The History of Sexuality. I read a few chapters of it and skipped around a bit to find Ars Erotica and Scientia Sexualis. I understood a bit of what each was (Ars ...
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What are the relationships between Foucault's medical gaze, scientific investigation, and Buddhist detachment?

From this note from a clinical psychologist, the Foucault's gaze is described as: ... with this powerful gaze the physician could penetrate illusion and see through to the underlying reality, that ...
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Is Foucault's analysis of history opposed to absurdism?

Sisyphus, just like the absurd man, keeps pushing. Camus claims that when Sisyphus acknowledges the futility of his task and the certainty of his fate, he is freed to realize the absurdity of his ...
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'How to become what you are' supposing Foucault is right about the body?

The phrase is the subtitle of Ecce Homo. You can a short essay by Foucault, on Nietzsche, free of charge; it's also in his essential works: aesthetics, appearing originally in a book dedicated to ...
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Is there anything on early to mid Foucault and structuralism?

Is there anything on early to mid Foucault and structuralism? I've just started The Archeology of Knowledge, meant to be I think the bookend of his early writings, and he is going to some lengths to ...
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Discipline and Punish: what does Foucault mean by genetic accumulation?

In talking about how discipline creates the individual Foucault says: It is the examination which, by combining hierarchical surveillance and normalizing judgement, assures the great disciplinary ...
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Did Heidegger talk about malice at all?

Did Heidegger talk about malice at all? I agree and find interesting if not useful most of Nietzsche's aphorisms but felt that his analysis of malice was just weak, and obviously so. However, I liked ...
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Foucault and scientific revolutions

In the famous debate between Foucault and Chomsky (link), Foucault argues that there is no human nature really because, among other things, a scientific revolution in some science is just a revolution ...
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Define delegated Power (Foucault)

Can you explain what Foucault means with the term delegated power? The text I'm reading (Frank Nonnenmacher, 2009 - Politische Bildung in der Schule. Demokratisches Lernen als Widerspruch im System) ...
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So much ad hominem against French continental philosophers and no true critiques — can someone lead me to the right direction?

I continuously get awfully surprised to see so much hate and misunderstanding going around for the French philosophers of the 20th century, not only in academia, but on this forum, and elsewhere. I ...
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Foucault and Derrida on spiritual liberation

Apart from his analysis of truth and power, when Foucault says... ...truth isn’t the reward of free spirits, the child of protracted solitude, nor the privilege of those who have succeeded in ...
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What does Foucault mean by “regime of truth” and “discursive formation”?

I would like to clarify what Foucault means by "regime of truth", "discursive formation" and possibly related terms such as "truth game", "enunciative system". Here is my guess from looking at some ...
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Historical Accuracy of Foucalt's works [duplicate]

I am beginning the "History of Sexuality" and wanted to ask to what degree should I take what Foucalt states about historical events in any of his works as accurate? From my understanding from looking ...
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In Madness and Civilization does Foucault say / imply that no-one loves a mad person?

In Madness and Civilization does Foucault say / imply that no-one loves a mad person? If not ever, then that it has been a system of power? I can't tell whether or not I just made that up, when I ...
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What's the difference between modern science and XVI century knowledge?

This doubt came up to me while I was reading Foucault's "The Order of Things". In a few words, Foucault says that in the XVI century, accumulation of knowledge happened in two ways: (1) similarities ...
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What does Foucault mean by the “non-being of madness”?

I am quoting pages 175 and 176 from Madness and Civilization Chapter VI: Doctors and Patients [Vintage Books Edition 1988 which I believe is the standard edition]. Foucault is writing about the ...
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What is meant by this passage regarding Foucault?

I'm reading Brent Pickett's "Foucault and the Politics of Resistance" and on page 452 he writes the following: At the heart of humanism, according to Foucault, is the theory of the subject. ...
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What is this System of Right that consistently shows up in Foucault's work?

In his January 7, 1976 lecture, Foucault says: The system of right, the domain of law, are permanent agents of these relations of domination... Right should be viewed not in terms of a legitimacy ...
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can kantian archetypes represent a priori concepts

In Michel Foucault's Folie et Déraison: Histoire de la Folie à l'âge Classique(History of Madness), he describes how society, throughout history, view(ed/s) and react(ed/s) to madness. The primary ...
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Why should we listen to Michel Foucault if he based his arguments on biased historical claims?

I have only recently heard about philosophical ideas of Michel Foucault from a friend of mine. His claims, those concerning madness for example, sound iconoclastic to me. After looking up some ...
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What is post sexualism, and is there a non confessional imperative?

Who knows their sexuality, rather than their preferred behaviours? But surely Foucault isn't denying that we like, or prefer, some things or people. So in what way is post-seuality relevant? ...
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Would Foucault advocate democracy?

It seems like democracy is a form of government where there is a balance of power between citizens and the government. Would Foucault be in support of this type of government?
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What kind of Hobbesian power is bio-power?

In Hobbes political theory sovereignty is undivided; that is certain powers are necessary to sustain sovereignty, and anything less will undermine it; for Hobbes these are the powers of: ...
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What were Michel Foucault's most important ideas?

Back when I was studying at university I met the occasional person who spoke about, and seemed to like, Foucault. For a while I had a passing interest in him, and even bought a reader, but found his ...
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Enlightenment as the beginning of observation, examination and control

By studying Foucault, one would certainly realize that "Enlightenment" played a major role in creating discourses that led to disciplines and that the multiplicity of the latter contributed to more ...
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What does Michel Foucault mean by the “micro-physics” of power?

I was wondering if anyone could help me understand what Michel Foucault means by the "micro-physics" of power in Discipline and punish: What the apparatuses and institu­tions operate is, in a ...
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Is panopticism, Foucault's answer for reducing crime?

I have recently started to study Foucault's Discipline and Punish and was wondering whether or not he is actually proposing panopticism as an efficient way for reducing crime. The reason leading me to ...
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Does Foucault take a position in “Discipline and Punish”?

I am new to Foucault and was studying his essays on Discipline and Punish, I was however uncertain whether or not he is taking a specific position in this regard. Is the "pan-optical" method of ...
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Kant and Paranoia

As Kant has a theory of consciousness, can it be used to explain Paranoia? Or at least explicate it a little? Foucault talks about Schizophrenia as an eternal deferrment of signification. In Kant, ...
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What is science in the 'gay science'?

First, I haven't read the book; but have come across some excerpts in one of Foucaults essays. It occurs to me that given Nietszches famous antipathy to Christianity, and that Adam/Eve were evicted ...
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What is a sign?

Saussure wrote: It is... possible to conceive of a science which studies the role of signs as part of social life. It would form part of social psychology, and hence of general psychology. We shall ...
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Can Julian Assange be considered a political philosopher?

Here I do not mean philosophy as its original ancient greek meaning, love of the wisdom. What I mean is a person who establishes the central ideas of some movement, cult, etc. If the answer is yes, ...
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Why does Foucault's *Madness and Civilisation* represent his turn towards structuralism?

According to the wikipedia entry on his book it represents his turning away from phenomenology to structuralism. What exactly does this mean? How should one understand his book as a demonstration of ...
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Foucault's views on biopower

Concepts of biopower is how Foucault analyzes events. So is Foucalt just analyzing events or does he give opinions regarding biopower - for example, whether good establishment of biopower is good or ...