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Questions tagged [foucault]

Paul-Michel Foucault is a French philosopher that studied ethics, epistomology, and social constructs.

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Why should we listen to Michel Foucault if he based his arguments on biased historical claims?

I have only recently heard about philosophical ideas of Michel Foucault from a friend of mine. His claims, those concerning madness for example, sound iconoclastic to me. After looking up some ...
Zhipu 'Wilson' Zhao's user avatar
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Does Foucault take a position in "Discipline and Punish"?

I am new to Foucault and was studying his essays on Discipline and Punish, I was however uncertain whether or not he is taking a specific position in this regard. Is the "pan-optical" method of ...
O.A.'s user avatar
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What does Michel Foucault mean by the "micro-physics" of power?

I was wondering if anyone could help me understand what Michel Foucault means by the "micro-physics" of power in Discipline and punish: What the apparatuses and institu­tions operate is, in a ...
Artist's user avatar
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What is this System of Right that consistently shows up in Foucault's work?

In his January 7, 1976 lecture, Foucault says: The system of right, the domain of law, are permanent agents of these relations of domination... Right should be viewed not in terms of a legitimacy ...
Danny Rodriguez's user avatar
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What were Michel Foucault's most important ideas?

Back when I was studying at university I met the occasional person who spoke about, and seemed to like, Foucault. For a while I had a passing interest in him, and even bought a reader, but found his ...
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Would Foucault advocate democracy?

It seems like democracy is a form of government where there is a balance of power between citizens and the government. Would Foucault be in support of this type of government?
personjerry's user avatar
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Is panopticism, Foucault's answer for reducing crime?

I have recently started to study Foucault's Discipline and Punish and was wondering whether or not he is actually proposing panopticism as an efficient way for reducing crime. The reason leading me to ...
Redemptionist's user avatar
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Enlightenment as the beginning of observation, examination and control

By studying Foucault, one would certainly realize that "Enlightenment" played a major role in creating discourses that led to disciplines and that the multiplicity of the latter contributed to more ...
O.A.'s user avatar
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Discipline and Punish: what does Foucault mean by genetic accumulation?

In talking about how discipline creates the individual Foucault says: It is the examination which, by combining hierarchical surveillance and normalizing judgement, assures the great disciplinary ...
Ethan NOPE's user avatar
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1 answer
392 views

What does Foucault mean by the "non-being of madness"?

I am quoting pages 175 and 176 from Madness and Civilization Chapter VI: Doctors and Patients [Vintage Books Edition 1988 which I believe is the standard edition]. Foucault is writing about the ...
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What is science in the 'gay science'?

First, I haven't read the book; but have come across some excerpts in one of Foucaults essays. It occurs to me that given Nietszches famous antipathy to Christianity, and that Adam/Eve were evicted ...
Mozibur Ullah's user avatar
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1 answer
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Is there anything on early to mid Foucault and structuralism?

Is there anything on early to mid Foucault and structuralism? I've just started The Archeology of Knowledge, meant to be I think the bookend of his early writings, and he is going to some lengths to ...
confused's user avatar
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What are the relationships between Foucault's medical gaze, scientific investigation, and Buddhist detachment?

From this note from a clinical psychologist, the Foucault's gaze is described as: ... with this powerful gaze the physician could penetrate illusion and see through to the underlying reality, that ...
Ooker's user avatar
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Define delegated Power (Foucault)

Can you explain what Foucault means with the term delegated power? The text I'm reading (Frank Nonnenmacher, 2009 - Politische Bildung in der Schule. Demokratisches Lernen als Widerspruch im System) ...
Rico1990's user avatar
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What is post sexualism, and is there a non confessional imperative?

Who knows their sexuality, rather than their preferred behaviours? But surely Foucault isn't denying that we like, or prefer, some things or people. So in what way is post-seuality relevant? ...
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1 answer
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What is the "historicised a priori"?

While browsing this question I stumbled upon the concept of historicised a priori citing Dilthey and Foucalt. Can somebody explain this concept to me? Also, could anyone point me in the direction of ...
GONZALO ROCHA DE LA CRUZ's user avatar
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1 answer
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Does Descartes exclude madness from his meditations?

For Descartes, is madness fundamentally different to dreaming? Reading these blog posts (I am unfamiliar with the discussion really), which has a few points against Foucault's analysis that it is ...
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2 votes
4 answers
564 views

What do poststructuralists mean by "power legitimates itself"?

"The post-structuralists assert that in any culture power legitimates itself through its connection to the validating mechanism for truth claims." How is it possible to use truth as an ...
MIKEY SINGH's user avatar
2 votes
2 answers
290 views

What is the post-modernist response to Francis Fukuyama's theory that technological developments give history a specific direction?

Since post-modernists reject unity points and Foucault's work shows one episteme to the other evolves completely randomly without any pattern, Fukuyama's theory here: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=...
Ash Rivers's user avatar
2 votes
1 answer
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Why is post-modernism so often equated to Relativism, are there any responses in postmodern philosophy that challenges this?

I am refering to critiques of postmodernism that are presented here: https://www.washingtonpost.com/outlook/postmodernism-didnt-cause-trump-it-explains-him/2018/08/30/0939f7c4-9b12-11e8-843b-...
Ash Rivers's user avatar
2 votes
1 answer
1k views

Foucault's views on biopower

Concepts of biopower is how Foucault analyzes events. So is Foucalt just analyzing events or does he give opinions regarding biopower - for example, whether good establishment of biopower is good or ...
DDR's user avatar
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3 answers
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Foucault and Derrida on spiritual liberation

Apart from his analysis of truth and power, when Foucault says... ...truth isn’t the reward of free spirits, the child of protracted solitude, nor the privilege of those who have succeeded in ...
David Lewis's user avatar
2 votes
1 answer
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Can Julian Assange be considered a political philosopher?

Here I do not mean philosophy as its original ancient greek meaning, love of the wisdom. What I mean is a person who establishes the central ideas of some movement, cult, etc. If the answer is yes, ...
Vitaly Olegovitch's user avatar
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What does Foucault mean by "regime of truth" and "discursive formation"?

I would like to clarify what Foucault means by "regime of truth", "discursive formation" and possibly related terms such as "truth game", "enunciative system". Here is my guess from looking at some ...
David Lewis's user avatar
2 votes
1 answer
365 views

Why does Foucault's *Madness and Civilisation* represent his turn towards structuralism?

According to the wikipedia entry on his book it represents his turning away from phenomenology to structuralism. What exactly does this mean? How should one understand his book as a demonstration of ...
Mozibur Ullah's user avatar
2 votes
2 answers
185 views

How can one argue against absolute Relativism while being a Postmodernist?

A common criticism of postmodernism by the misunderstood and its opponents is that postmodernism justifies absolute moral relativism. I.e The claim that any claim is as true or good as any other, thus ...
Ash Rivers's user avatar
2 votes
1 answer
764 views

Is Foucault's analysis of history opposed to absurdism?

Sisyphus, just like the absurd man, keeps pushing. Camus claims that when Sisyphus acknowledges the futility of his task and the certainty of his fate, he is freed to realize the absurdity of his ...
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2 votes
1 answer
204 views

What kind of Hobbesian power is bio-power?

In Hobbes political theory sovereignty is undivided; that is certain powers are necessary to sustain sovereignty, and anything less will undermine it; for Hobbes these are the powers of: ...
Mozibur Ullah's user avatar
2 votes
0 answers
76 views

Did Heidegger talk about malice at all?

Did Heidegger talk about malice at all? I agree and find interesting if not useful most of Nietzsche's aphorisms but felt that his analysis of malice was just weak, and obviously so. However, I liked ...
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What is meant by this passage regarding Foucault?

I'm reading Brent Pickett's "Foucault and the Politics of Resistance" and on page 452 he writes the following: At the heart of humanism, according to Foucault, is the theory of the subject. ...
Patrick's user avatar
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What is a sign?

Saussure wrote: It is... possible to conceive of a science which studies the role of signs as part of social life. It would form part of social psychology, and hence of general psychology. We shall ...
Mozibur Ullah's user avatar
1 vote
2 answers
209 views

What's the difference between modern science and XVI century knowledge?

This doubt came up to me while I was reading Foucault's "The Order of Things". In a few words, Foucault says that in the XVI century, accumulation of knowledge happened in two ways: (1) similarities ...
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Understanding Foucalt's reasoning when describing Palazzo's work

In Foucault's lecture series "Security, Territory and Population", in the lecture of 15 March 1978, Foucault traces what is understood by the concept of raison d'État, starting with Palazzo'...
King Crimson's user avatar
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0 answers
41 views

Foucault and 2 remarks he makes in Oct 1978 in a text about the Iranian uprising

In an article published in Le Nouvel Observateur in Oct 1978 (here 1), Foucault says two things I'm not sure I understand: first that during his journey in Iran everything he heard about the ...
Seb's user avatar
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What is the relationship between technologies, and Foucault's and Agamben's apparatuses/dispositifs?

I'm trying to understand both the extension/inclusion of these sets towards each other, as well as the causal relationship between these two, and I'm trying to understand both what Foucault originally ...
Southfar's user avatar
1 vote
0 answers
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Does Critical Theories (CRT, Queer Studies etc.) come from the Frankfurt school or post-modernism?

I know post colonial studies which is a critical theory began with Orientalism which uses Foucault's concept of discourse. But also Frankfurt School is widely credited with finding critical theory ...
Ash Rivers's user avatar
1 vote
0 answers
312 views

What does postmodernism say about Human Nature?

Chomsky who is anti-postmodernism believes humans have a nature which makes them inherently creative which can be achieved in a free society. This is in opposition to Foucault who talks bout the ...
Ash Rivers's user avatar
1 vote
0 answers
46 views

What does it exactly mean to be a Hegelian in terms of politics what are they opposed to?

Does it simply mean viewing the progression of history as dialectic where internal contradictions within the imagining of a thesis sort themselves out dialectically ? Does it mean a belief in ...
ashRawls's user avatar
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117 views

'How to become what you are' supposing Foucault is right about the body?

The phrase is the subtitle of Ecce Homo. You can a short essay by Foucault, on Nietzsche, free of charge; it's also in his essential works: aesthetics, appearing originally in a book dedicated to ...
confused's user avatar
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Foucault and scientific revolutions

In the famous debate between Foucault and Chomsky (link), Foucault argues that there is no human nature really because, among other things, a scientific revolution in some science is just a revolution ...
physics-its's user avatar
1 vote
0 answers
51 views

Historical Accuracy of Foucalt's works [duplicate]

I am beginning the "History of Sexuality" and wanted to ask to what degree should I take what Foucalt states about historical events in any of his works as accurate? From my understanding from looking ...
Bunny's user avatar
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can kantian archetypes represent a priori concepts

In Michel Foucault's Folie et Déraison: Histoire de la Folie à l'âge Classique(History of Madness), he describes how society, throughout history, view(ed/s) and react(ed/s) to madness. The primary ...
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2 answers
2k views

What does Michel Foucault mean by the Classical Period?

I am reading Michel Foucault's works and often meet his references to the Classical Period. So far I have find following definition in the internet: The Classical Period - The time period from ...
Rudziankoŭ's user avatar
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3 answers
2k views

What does Foucault mean by non-discursive practices? Aren't his examples of non-discursive practices actually discursive?

Foucault mentions that art and music are not discursive. How is it so? Foucault had interrogated the 'author' for instance, and largely historicises everything. How could art be autonomous for Foucalt,...
AKR's user avatar
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0 votes
2 answers
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What is the difference between Subaltern and any other oppressed group?

This is in the context of deconstructionist Marxist Gayatri Spivak's reply to Foucualt and Deleuze and defense of Marx in her famous work Can The Subaltern Speak ? Are the subaltern just uneducated ...
Ash Rivers's user avatar
0 votes
1 answer
68 views

A Foucalt-ian analysis of Gandhi's Satyagraha?

So I've recently tried delving into Foucault's idea of resistance and power: where there is power, there is resistance, and yet, or rather consequently, this resistance is never in a position of ...
More Anonymous's user avatar
0 votes
1 answer
93 views

What does this mean about critical theory?

In the introduction of her recent book "Between Gaia and Ground", Elizabeth Povinelli says: This book examines four axioms of existence that have emerged in recent years across a ...
Sasan's user avatar
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1 answer
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How would Focault's Archaelogy of Sciences view Physics which just attempts to describe physical reality and not turn humans into subjects?

His work i believe is great with Biology and Psychiatry etc. since it elucidates how humans are turned into subjects, but how does he reject grand theories derived from Physics which simply describes ...
Ash Rivers's user avatar
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1 answer
1k views

What does Foucault mean by "boomerang"?

I emboldened a sentence that suggests Foucault might not have explained "boomerang" clearly. Foucault’s boomerang: the new military urbanism | openDemocracy Rather than merely highlighting ...
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1 answer
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When is a subject position in a discourse antagonistic with others?

Just trying to relate my ladybird book of Foucault knowledge (though I've read him) to chat-gpt. When is a subject position in a discourse antagonistic with others? When is an LLM that is more ...
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