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Can the PSR be true for everything except the universe?

There is something called the principle of sufficient reason: everything happens for a reason. I believe that everything happens for a reason because inductively, that has been the case every time. It ...
Baby_philosopher's user avatar
1 vote
0 answers
39 views

The knowability principle and the regress-theoretic epistemic types

The generic knowability principle is that if t is some truth, then it is possible for t to be known: t → ◊Kt. If foundationalism, coherentism, infinitism, and their combinations are taken as epistemic ...
Kristian Berry's user avatar
3 votes
2 answers
167 views

What does it mean for something to “break” infinite regress?

When it comes to the cosmological argument, proponents point out that a first cause is needed to stop an infinite regress of causes. In epistemology, foundationalism is used to break the infinite ...
user avatar
5 votes
2 answers
201 views

How many variations on graph-theoretic/related parameters indicate alternatives to foundationalism/coherentism/infinitism?

The set theory I'm trying to work in right now is geared towards applying an "axiom of multifoundation" whose local maximum representation is: The interpretation of the elementhood glyphs ...
Kristian Berry's user avatar
1 vote
2 answers
98 views

Are beliefs like "I am in pain" really incorrigible and basic?

I am reading about epistemology and foundationalism and I see this claim that beliefs about your own inner mental states are incorrigible and basic. But is that really so? For someone to believe the ...
ArAj's user avatar
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2 votes
1 answer
145 views

Basic truths as self-justified or parajustified

Some foundationalists maintain that basic truths are self-justifying, which means they are allowing, in some exceptional cases at least, a form of circular reasoning; petitio principii or begging the ...
user1113719's user avatar
3 votes
3 answers
96 views

Descartes' foundationalism [closed]

Is the cogito an axiom from which we can reason axioms of mathematics? Was Descartes' aim to make mathematics (and other fields of knowledge) reducible to the cogito?
PDT's user avatar
  • 458
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0 answers
62 views

Is category theory an example of foundherentism?

After reading this essay about the history of type theory, I have refined my assessment of the set- vs. type-theory question in two ways. More similarly to what I was thinking before, I still ground ...
Kristian Berry's user avatar
2 votes
1 answer
144 views

Second-order skepticism

Let "kS" = "It is known that S." Then kkS or k2S is a common hypothesis in epistemic logic (the full hypothesis can be stated as kS → k2S). So a second-order skeptic [SOS] at least ...
Kristian Berry's user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
202 views

A "paradox" of coherentism?

This is a follow-up to a question I had about foundationalism, which seems paradoxical inasmuch as it is a thesis that has been argued for (perhaps it is just the historical argumentation that is ...
Kristian Berry's user avatar
2 votes
1 answer
150 views

A "paradox" of foundationalism?

(Caveat: I use the word "paradox" here as in "Skolem's paradox," a quasi-contradictory (if you will) conjunction of facts, not an outright contradiction.) I actually can ask the ...
Kristian Berry's user avatar
1 vote
0 answers
68 views

The structure of the epistemic regress

I just read this essay on coherentism, and it resonated with a question I have about reconciling foundationalism, coherentism, and infinitism. The gist of the essay is that there are graph-theoretic ...
Kristian Berry's user avatar
4 votes
5 answers
595 views

Defending the Unpopular: Foundationalism

Foundationalism, once considered a valid and popular philosophy, now receives nearly universal contempt. There seems to be a consensus, in both analytic and continental camps, it is dead. Are there ...
Just Some Old Man's user avatar
3 votes
0 answers
123 views

Question about the IEP’s (Michael Huemer’s) formulation of phenomenal conservatism

(I posted the identical question on the AskPhilosophy subreddit.) I first learned about phenomenal conservatism under a different name, “the principle of credulity”, from the philosopher of religion ...
Adam Sharpe's user avatar
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2 votes
3 answers
583 views

What are the most rational basic beliefs?

I understand that this question might be difficult or even unresolved. But within a foundationalist view of knowledge, has anyone proposed a set of basic beliefs that seem to be the most rational for ...
blue-raven's user avatar
10 votes
6 answers
6k views

Is the Münchhausen trilemma really a trilemma?

It claims there are three options of which none of them are satisfying. Circular argument doesn't prove anything because it's just when the premise is the same as the conclusion. x ∵ x Infinite ...
QWERTY_dw's user avatar
  • 709
2 votes
1 answer
313 views

Is the beginning of Hegel's philosophy an example of foundationalism?

one preliminary remark: this post could be of interest to anyone engaging with the thought of Hegel (especially his theoretical philosophy) or who is interested in fundamental metaphysical problems. ...
Moritz Loritz's user avatar
7 votes
1 answer
339 views

How does Epistemology show that it's not a language game?

I'm looking for pointers towards texts that treat the issue of "doing philosophy with language" as a foundational problem-- which must be justified in order to go on and make meaningful statements ...
Max Wallace's user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
84 views

Why isn't Descartes using psychologism?

Descartes says "I think therefore I am", isn't he using psychologism, by using a personal experience of thinking? I had read someone claim he was against foundationalism, or specifically psychologism....
msj121's user avatar
  • 121
2 votes
1 answer
141 views

Cartesian Skepticism within a Coherentist Epistemology

I recently decided that it is high time I reacquaint myself with the early moderns, and I thought there could be no better place to start with than Descartes' Mediations on First Philosophy. Reading ...
Eli Bashwinger's user avatar
4 votes
3 answers
844 views

Is G.E. Moore's here-is-one-hand argument a bit naive?

Are G.E. Moore, etc., a bit naive at times? (see here-is-one-hand argument). Does such trivial thing really need "formalization"? Why isn't Moore accused of idealism, when he could be interpreted as ...
mavavilj's user avatar
  • 3,036
0 votes
1 answer
210 views

Does current metaphysics answer Jacobi's critique of foundationalism?

F. H. Jacobi (Wikipedia) argued in the late 18th century against Kant that any foundation of knowledge will inevitably lead to an infinite regression of justifications (thus any foundation of ...
Yechiam Weiss's user avatar
1 vote
2 answers
720 views

Is Philosophy the source of all other fields of study?

[CONTEXT] I started a self-education plan to learn computer science from foundations. then, I found my self in need to learn electrical engineering, after that I understant that I should learn Physics ...
Mbarek Erras's user avatar
4 votes
2 answers
690 views

Was Aquinas a foundationalist?

Foundationalism is, generally speaking, the belief that a group of undoubtable beliefs 'ground,' or 'justify' other beliefs. As of late, foundationalism has fallen out of favor in many different ...
user28843's user avatar
  • 307
7 votes
4 answers
1k views

Alternatives to Axiomatic Method

In his article The Pernicious Influence of Mathematics upon Philosophy (see Chapter 12 of this book) Rota says (my emphasis), The axiomatic method of mathematics is one of the great achievements ...
user avatar
2 votes
3 answers
184 views

Are "being 1" and "being 2" basic concepts of our mind?

Everytime a mathematician uses the concept of function or relation he is dealing with the concept of "being 2": he's relating one object to another. Everytime we use a logical conjuction we are ...
user25010's user avatar
1 vote
2 answers
145 views

Are universal skepticism and foundationalism at odds?

As I understand it, universal skepticism says that everything is uncertain. For example, you can't even say that you are sure that 1=1 because it depends upon your notion of equality. There are no ...
Robert Grote's user avatar
11 votes
5 answers
1k views

How far can/should one press philosophical doubt?

Should we keep on questioning until nothing is left to question or is there a point on which we need to stand (which we often tend to do)? Descartes used 'I think' as this fixed point where the ...
Ather Cheema's user avatar
2 votes
3 answers
112 views

Correctness of an argument inversely correlated to length?

How do we label the idea that the likely correctness of an argument or theory decreases with the size of the exposition required to expound it? Let me make a probabilistic analogy. Suppose we have a ...
Rex Butler's user avatar
11 votes
1 answer
1k views

How is Bonjour's coherence theory of justification not just a version of foundationalism?

In presenting his coherence theory of justification BonJour appeals to what he calls the “Observation Requirement.” Bonjour’s observation requirement is the notion that there are some kinds of ...
Kevin Davis's user avatar
-1 votes
2 answers
527 views

Does the law of excluded middle follow the law of excluded middle?

Example is that the word unknown is not unknown so it doesn't define itself. Similarly French is not French, it's in English, and "long" is not long and only 4 letters short. That's by example my ...
Niklas Rosencrantz's user avatar
3 votes
3 answers
10k views

Is illogical = not logical?

I think law of excluded middle makes sense to mean that a statement should be either logical or illogical but in this case I don't assume "not logical" = "illogical" since the author didn't say "...
Niklas Rosencrantz's user avatar
6 votes
2 answers
285 views

Are there any philosophers who advance a non-foundationalist absolutism?

I'm sure my terminology is poor here (background in math more than philosophy), but are there any philosophers who have advanced a distinctly non-relativist epistemology without ultimately coming out ...
eMansipater's user avatar
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