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Questions tagged [freedom]

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Should freedom of speech accept speech against liberal values? Such as hate speech?

Should freedom of speech accept speech against liberal values such as diversity? Focusing on a particular scenario as an example: If people want to protest against the existence of say black people, ...
SAFI's user avatar
  • 691
10 votes
1 answer
778 views

What is the decisive point for classifying a certain speech as unacceptable?

How did it come to be determined that certain (hate) speech is unacceptable? What is the decisive point?
Gonçalo Peres's user avatar
7 votes
4 answers
469 views

What is freedom of speech?

There are various questions regarding freedom of speech, but didn't find any about what it really means. Therefore, what does it mean freedom of speech? Is it the right to say everything without ...
Gonçalo Peres's user avatar
6 votes
3 answers
2k views

What is the difference between free will and moral agency?

I've heard a lot of people get confused about the differences between free agency, free will, and moral agency. What really is the difference?
devinbost's user avatar
  • 161
5 votes
5 answers
727 views

Do philosophers have some arguments regarding possible explanations for origin of free will?

Assuming that some free will exists or is real, what major philosophical arguments have been offered regarding the origin of free will? The Philosophy StackExchange post Is the theory of evolution a ...
Hare Krishna's user avatar
5 votes
3 answers
369 views

Is "human dignity" sufficient to be a "foundational value"? Why?

Is "human dignity" sufficient to be a "foundational value"? Why? Human dignity as per human rights (and associated laws) use them. I personally have great difficulties in subscribing to the idea of: ...
mavavilj's user avatar
  • 3,036
4 votes
1 answer
593 views

Does the paradox of tolerance mean that intolerance cannot be allowed in a tolerant society?

Rainer Forst describes tolerance as a social norm. So intolerant people and groups violate the social contract by denying the social norm of tolerance. See Hobbes, Locke, Kant et al on social contract....
Meanach's user avatar
  • 2,385
4 votes
1 answer
423 views

Would there be free will if we assume a stochastic component in the decision making?

I was reading this answer regarding materialism and free will. It says that, under the assumption that there isn't a random process underlying decision making, there is no free will. And isn't that a ...
Polisetty's user avatar
  • 183
4 votes
6 answers
3k views

Is freedom a paradox?

The notion of freedom is clearly paradoxical. If everyone is free to do whatever they want, they are free to restrict other people's freedom, and hence those people are not free. If this is not ...
ewef's user avatar
  • 41
4 votes
2 answers
250 views

School/branch of philosophy based on freedom

New to the exchange, please be gentle. Are there any branches of philosophy that hold freedom as something that is intrinsically good? I think that libertarianism and various versions comprise one ...
John Doe's user avatar
  • 149
3 votes
4 answers
311 views

How can I abandon beliefs supplied by the culture?

I have beliefs which seem irrational and trivial to me. These beliefs diminish my freedom. But still, guilt is produced when I am not acting in accordance with these beliefs. I am not speaking about ...
Themobisback's user avatar
3 votes
2 answers
7k views

From which work of Jean-Paul Sartre did he write “Freedom is what we do with what is done to us.”?

In which work did Jean-Paul Sartre write this quote?
Noah Sullivan's user avatar
3 votes
2 answers
2k views

How does Hegel overcome determinism without noumena?

Hegel rejects the noumena/phenomenical dichotomy developed by Kant in his transcendental idealism and replaces it with his idea of absolute idealism. Kant, embedded in a Newtonian paradigm, holds the ...
Gabriel's user avatar
  • 701
3 votes
1 answer
1k views

What is the difference between intellectual freedom and spiritual freedom?

What do the two, intellectual freedom and spiritual freedom, mean and how do these two differ? Intellectual freedom is widely known but I can't seem to find reliable sources that point out the ...
Nico Angelo Dela Cruz's user avatar
3 votes
2 answers
1k views

Is freedom of speech meaningful if there is no freedom from consequences?

How is freedom of speech meaningful if you have to always bear consequences of it like it would be in a society without freedom of speech? In a democratic and free country you'll be punished if you ...
Allahjane's user avatar
  • 213
2 votes
6 answers
572 views

Is it necessary to freedom of thought that racist ideas must be tolerated? [closed]

Is it necessary to freedom of thought that racist ideas must be tolerated? Why isn't the paradox of tolerance (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Paradox_of_tolerance) also biased? In other words, why can'...
mavavilj's user avatar
  • 3,036
2 votes
3 answers
697 views

How is it that humans can contemplate individual liberty for some while at the same time accept the idea of owning and selling fellow humans?

The Enlightenment was a period in which concepts such as individual rights, individual liberty, and equality began to gain popularity. Yet it is precisely in this same period that the slaves trade is ...
Horse's user avatar
  • 155
2 votes
2 answers
320 views

Why is freedom obscure for Arendt? How does she prove or illustrate such obscurity?

In her article "What is freedom" she says "The reason for this obscurity is that the phenomenon of freedom does not appear in the realm of thought at all, that neither freedom nor its opposite is ...
Sasha's user avatar
  • 21
2 votes
3 answers
146 views

Does free software contradict its own "free as in speech" metaphor? [closed]

The "free as in speech" metaphor is often used to describe free software like that licensed under the GNU Public License (GPL). But the GPL restricts your freedom to distribute derivatives as closed ...
ChrisJ's user avatar
  • 129
2 votes
2 answers
110 views

Are fate and the power to choose two separate dimensions?

It seems that we can say that we are completely governed by the universe but then at the same time step into a state of freedom to choose and have the power of will. How is it possible that both ...
Warren van Rooyen's user avatar
2 votes
2 answers
85 views

Expansion of the universe and its effects upon causal determination and freedom of choice [closed]

TL;DR: Does the continuous expansion of the observable universe quite literally create more directions from which totally unpredictable surprise influences can come? I think the answer is "Yes!&...
Mark Peaty's user avatar
2 votes
1 answer
189 views

A question about Rousseau's conception of freedom

In his Lettres écrites de la montagne, Rousseau writes this: It's all very well to confuse independence with freedom. The two things are so different that they are even mutually exclusive. When people ...
John Smith's user avatar
2 votes
1 answer
84 views

Which philosopher is most famous for his view on academic freedom, and in which text?

Which philosopher is most famous for his view on academic freedom, and in which text? I am looking for particular texts on academic freedom.
Sasan's user avatar
  • 501
2 votes
1 answer
80 views

Help with the basic idea of free choices for Sartre

what is required of an authentic choice is that it involve a proper coordination of transcendence and facticity, and thus that it avoid the pitfalls of an uncoordinated expression of the desire for ...
user avatar
2 votes
0 answers
31 views

What does "authentic action" look like for Sartre?

Source what is required of an authentic choice is that it involve a proper coordination of transcendence and facticity, and thus that it avoid the pitfalls of an uncoordinated expression of the ...
algebroo's user avatar
  • 121
2 votes
0 answers
57 views

Mill's On Liberty: Democracy and Diversity

I was wondering why J.S Mill believed that democracy hinders diversity (and societal improvement through that)? Or perhaps I've misunderstood him and he was really against populism? A more powerful ...
shine yang's user avatar
2 votes
0 answers
58 views

How this dilemma (about freedom) go? And where is it from?

I'm not sure if this is the right SE to ask, but it seemed like the best fit. I once saw this "dilemma" in the internet, but I don't remember where or exactly how it goes, I hope someone herealready ...
Justcurious's user avatar
2 votes
0 answers
31 views

How many academic Philosophers in Australia are still influenced by John Anderson “Andersonians”

John Anderson was a well known Philosopher in at Sydney University whom influenced many involved in the Sydney push and the those involved in the sexual revolution of the 1960’s. Are any of his ideas ...
Alexander Quinn's user avatar
1 vote
6 answers
1k views

What are the moral arguments for slavery? [closed]

We undoubtedly must have read and heard passionate arguments justifying the abolition of slavery, be it from the clergy, and philosophical and political clerisy; however, what has been absent from the ...
Ptah-hotep's user avatar
1 vote
6 answers
1k views

Why is consent important?

We cannot see or feel consent. Why is it important when its existence cannot be proven? The importance of consent seems to rely on the principle of respect for autonomy or self-determination; for one ...
ActualCry's user avatar
  • 1,989
1 vote
4 answers
400 views

When is an illusion liberative?

I was thinking about cinema and how it might encourage us to see ourselves as movie stars in our own narratives, maybe like existential literature but without the sense of being trapped in that, and ...
user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
153 views

How is Rawls's "liberalism" reasonably classified as liberal by this SEP article?

According to this Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy article... Given that liberalism fractures on so many issues — the nature of liberty, the place of property and democracy in a just society, the ...
user10478's user avatar
  • 113
1 vote
4 answers
415 views

Why does "being able to do otherwise" not count as having free will?

Hello my question is a relatively simple one. But it is also one that seems to have alot of different complicated answers. Unfortunately, I haven't been able to derive a concise clear answer as to why ...
Abraham's user avatar
  • 493
1 vote
3 answers
113 views

How do we determine what freedoms people should have, and how does that process account for taboos, not just consent?

Why does consent matter, if taboo does not? Suppose more or less everyone agrees that incest or cannibalism is wrong, in what way is that thinner than the parties involved agreeing? Is it some kind of ...
andrós's user avatar
  • 1,240
1 vote
4 answers
201 views

Criminals the proof of free will?

Are criminals the proof of free will? They are told the law, not to steal, for example, but they do it anyway. Free will is independence from other agencies, governments, people, entities, etc. Does ...
Lobeb's user avatar
  • 21
1 vote
1 answer
202 views

Which philosophers believe freedom (liberty) is more important than one's own life and how did they argue this?

In history, are there any philosophers who believe that freedom (liberty) is in general more important than one's own life and wrote books/articles to argue this? What are their arguments/reasoning in ...
No One's user avatar
  • 111
1 vote
1 answer
169 views

Does anyone talk about freedom from yourself?

The question may seem vague -- what do I mean by "yourself"? I googled it, and there's something by the Indian mystic Osho, and it's the title of a book on the Persian Islamic poet Rumi. But does any ...
user avatar
1 vote
2 answers
831 views

According to Stirner, are other humans "spooks"?

Of course, Stirner was very much the individualist. I've not read much of The Ego and His Own, and doubt I'd make much sense of it. If I were to make a big thing about other humans not being "spooks",...
user avatar
1 vote
3 answers
2k views

Was Marx an existentialist?

Obviously someone like Marcuse is often lumped under both 'Marxism' and 'existentialism'. What about Marx? I ask myself a lot how there can be any meaning to life when death is inevitable and ...
user avatar
1 vote
2 answers
516 views

John Locke makes a distinction between voluntary actions and free actions

In Part II, Chapter 21 of his Essay Concerning Human Understanding, John Locke makes a distinction between voluntary actions and free actions. Explain how Locke understands this distinction. I don't ...
Umbral's user avatar
  • 11
1 vote
1 answer
475 views

Does Freedom of Speech Actually Exist? [closed]

I have been reading the Q&As on here regarding Freedom of Speech and in Do human rights exist?, @alanf said in his answer [P]eople should have freedom of speech so that the government can't ...
Chris Rogers's user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
613 views

Can "freedom toward death" have 'freedom' translated out of it?

The term "freedom toward death" appears in Heidegger's Being and Time, e.g. p255 to be itself in the passionate anxious freedom toward death, which is free of the illusions of the they, factical, ...
user avatar
1 vote
0 answers
26 views

Is Heidegger's Dasein Free or Destined?

While Heidegger's Dasein seeks to redefine the human subject in terms of being-in-the-world, does he fully break away from Husserl's subjectivity and lebenswelt? In his detailed study Not Saved, Peter ...
Paradox Lost's user avatar
  • 2,025
1 vote
2 answers
530 views

What is the rationale of making a big deal of the distinction between positive and negative liberty?

In political philosophy, Isaiah Berlin's distinction between positive and negative liberties is very influential. Many took this distinction and went on to argue that a political system should, first ...
J Li's user avatar
  • 676
1 vote
0 answers
135 views

Is Isaiah Berlin's distinction between positive and negative freedom trivially exhaustive?

Are Isaiah Berlin's positive and negative freedoms trivially exhaustive? Wikiepdia says he argued for: the need for us to distinguish and trade off analytically between, rather than conflate, ...
user avatar
0 votes
3 answers
296 views

Are we free to be ourselves or only free to express who we are?

A stone is free to be itself as long as it is not interferred with through some force acting to change it. But if we are only free to be ourselves and not free to be other than ourselves, then there ...
C. Stroud's user avatar
  • 515
0 votes
2 answers
108 views

Privacy in the modern context [closed]

In Roman times, 'privacy' had more to do with one’s “private” domain where one is the master of one’s own house rather than the sense we have today where the emphasis is more on one’s private thoughts,...
user avatar
0 votes
5 answers
2k views

Is freedom always either completely subjective or psychopathic?

If we define freedom in its purest form as The right to do whatever you want. then this is clearly a very psychopathic concept. The right to do whatever you want? So if you want to kill, you have ...
Marki's user avatar
  • 9
0 votes
2 answers
444 views

Is 'self ownership' encompassed in John Locke's 3 natural and inalienable human rights life liberty and property?

Every man has a property in his own person. This nobody has any right to but himself. The labour of his body and the work of his hand, we may say are properly his. [- John Locke, Second Treatise, ...
You's user avatar
  • 11
0 votes
1 answer
51 views

What are criticisms of reducing desire to form freedom?

. As Berlin puts it, if I have a wounded leg ‘there are two methods of freeing myself from pain. One is to heal the wound. But if the cure is too difficult or uncertain, there is another method. I can ...
Babu's user avatar
  • 2,188