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Questions tagged [german-philosophy]

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Why is Plato's Idealism and German Idealism so different?

Plato's Idealism seems to imply an objectivity and an anti-pluralism, instead rationalizing forms into main groups yet German Idealism seems to do just the opposite. I was wondering why the use of the ...
2
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2answers
129 views

Isn't Nietzsche's overman a replacement for God?

Nietzsche claimed that "we killed God". Thus, as Nietzsche thought, it would result in nihilism. He also "introduced" an idea of the overman. This question is not about what the overman is. But I'm ...
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0answers
164 views

The relation between God and Master and Slave morality in Nietzsche's work

My understanding is that master and slave morality arose out of an earlier distinction between Good and Bad, rooted in heroic, aristocratic values – the glorious, powerful and strong versus the ...
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2answers
3k views

Interpretation of Nietzsche's “We have art in order not to die of the truth.”

Can someone please shed some light on the following quote given by German Philosopher Friedrich Nietzsche:- We have art in order not to die of the truth. As far as I can comprehend, he wants to ...
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0answers
41 views

Any contemporary supporter Hartmann's vitalizm?

Eduard von Hartmann's view of vitalizm follows a little twist of Schelling’s combination of vitalizm and mechanism. I like his approach for vitalizm view of evolution theory, and it's interesting to ...
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0answers
125 views

Is Schopenhauer's World Will generally the same as Schelling’s Absolute Self?

Schopenhauer obviously learns from the German Idealists tradition of assuming an unconscious force acting on the world (or "underneath" it), but Schopenhauer's take is that this force is a blind will, ...
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0answers
61 views

Is there anything left in contemporary epistemology and science from the German Idealism?

Kant, Reinhold, Fichte, Schelling, Hegel.. Is there anything left from the Kantian movement today in the thoughts of knowledge and nature? The question is focused especially after Popper essentially "...
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1answer
188 views

Has Oswald Spengler ever been married or in a relationship with a woman and how did this influence his philosophical views? [closed]

I am asking this question in order to find out how a relationship or the absence thereof has influenced his philosophy and writings. He has been heavily influenced by Friedrich Nietzsche who has never ...
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2answers
174 views

By its definition, is it possible the thing-in-itself is also a phenomenon?

The transcendental philosophy seperate famously seperate between the thing-as-itself and the phenomenon the derives from it, by vague comparison, similar to Plato's ideas. My question is, is it ...
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1answer
225 views

Does the Evolution Theory contradict Kant's Metaphysics?

I recently asked a series of questions about ET, and this is one of them :) Intuitively, it seems to me that ET is supposed to contradict Kant's (or more generally, the German Idealism's) Metaphysics ...
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0answers
93 views

What is the difference between Schelling and Hegel's philosophies

Two of the biggest German Idealism movement, Schelling and Hegel, have a very similar line of thought. I was wondering a simple question (with probably a long and complex question) - what is the ...
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1answer
209 views

Schelling: from where, or how exactly does the a priori ideas come?

I'm reading Schelling's System of Transcendental Idealism, and in the end of the 3rd part (the end of the theoretical philosophy) schelling disproves the idea that a priori ideas are inherent in us ...
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0answers
158 views

Have anyone found a good solution to Kant's dualistic approach to consciousness?

Kant, in his studies of transcendental idealism, made the "illogical gap" between theoretical philosophy and practical philosophy, at the end of theoretical study, by requiring the contemplation of ...
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1answer
53 views

Name of philosopher who wrote about language mutations

Could you please tell me the name of a philosopher who wrote text about language mutations? As far as I remember he has 'Max' in the name. More then, one day he said something like: "Commune kills ...
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2answers
265 views

Is German idealism ontological, epistemic, or something more abstract?

On one hand Kant's transcendental idealism seems purely ontological: His noumena/phenomena distinction is essentially a form of dualism. Add to that: Marx considered himself a materialist in ...
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1answer
41 views

Buber's “It-world”: original German? [closed]

Does anyone know how what Kaufman renders as "It-world" (in "I and Thou") appears in the original German?
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1answer
91 views

Where does Kant say that we are unable to understand God on the basis on his representation in the bible?

I believe the passage I am looking for comes from Critique of Pure Reason. He says something to the effect that we are unable to understand how the representation of God can be both both totally ...
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6answers
4k views

What should I read before reading Hegel's “Phenomenology of Spirit”?

Are there some writings that I should make myself familiar with beforehand, in order to rightly understand Hegel's Phenomenology of Spirit? I am thinking of works like Spinoza's Ethics German ...
3
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1answer
277 views

Are there better terms to translate Present-at-hand and Ready-to-hand?

These are both Heideggerian terms. Present-at-hand translates vorhanden and Vorhandenheit. It roughly denotes theoretical knowledge. Ready-to-hand translates griffbereit, zuhanden and Zuhandenheit. ...
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1answer
522 views

Does Rand appropriate Kant's Categorical Imperative?

Rand doesn't explicitly refer to Kant in her ouevre, however in her first essay in her book Objectivist Ethics, Rand writes: The basic social principle of the Objectivist ethics is that just as ...
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2answers
740 views

What did Leibniz mean by saying this is the 'best of all possible worlds'?

This was famously satirised by Voltaire in Candide. But what did Leibniz mean by this? My intuitive understanding is this must be due to Leibniz's attempt at the problem of evil in Christian Theology....
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5answers
14k views

How does one read Nietzsche “properly”?

This question stems from a much larger question that I have about reading philosophy but as I learned through a meta post, that question would be too broad for stackexchange. So, I have attempted it ...
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1answer
731 views

Why does Schelling characterise his philosophy as Positive as opposed to the Negative Philosophy of Kant and Hegel?

According to the Routledges History of Philosophy, Vol 6 - The Age of German Idealism, Schelling had begun to characterize his new standpoint as “positive philosophy,” in contradistinction to the ...
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1answer
506 views

What are the limitations of Hegels Dialectic that Schelling identified?

According to this question: Marx did not need to invert historical idealism because Schelling had already shown the limitations of the dialectic process Hegels dialectic, roughly, is manifested in ...
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1answer
349 views

What does “aggregative mechanical thought” mean in Frege's works?

In *The Foundations of Arithmetic: A Logico-Mathematical Enquiry Into the Concept of Number" by G. Frege pages XV and XVi we read: A typical crudity confronts me, when I find calculation ...
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1answer
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Why is Hegel more important than Schelling?

I am curious why Hegel became more important than Schelling. First of all, how would Schelling's ideas differ from Hegel's? I read that there are some supernatural elements in Schelling's, but do not ...
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3answers
492 views

Are the arguments of the Critique of Pure Reason still considered?

Realizing its importance in intellectual history, I am considering an intense study of Kant's Critique of Pure Reason. However, I wonder what the current status of the text is? To clarify: has it ...
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3answers
3k views

What is the appropriate English translation of the German terms “Realität” and “Wirklichkeit”?

In epistemology & ontology "Realität" relates to what we perceive as our environment - objects, sounds,.... So a optical illusion would be not real in sense of "Wirklichkeit", its not a real ...