Questions tagged [good-and-evil]

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2answers
194 views

Does God still know what He has forgotten?

The following is from the Christian text Hebrews 10:15-17: [my emphasis] 15 The Holy Spirit also testifies to us about this. First he says: 16 “This is the covenant I will make with them ...
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2answers
127 views

What does it mean for something to be “evil”?

Is evil a perception or is it something that is objective? Here's my line of thought on it: "If evil were a perception then the law would be moot to some extent. However, if evil were objective then ...
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1answer
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What does Beyond Good and Evil aphorism 4 mean?

It ends: recognise untruth as a condition of life: that, to be sure, means to resist customary value-sentiments in a dangerous fashion; and a philosophy which ventures to do so places itself, ...
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0answers
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If Satan punishes bad people, doesn't that make him a good person? [closed]

In Christian theology, the devil is generally thought of as both being evil in himself AND as being the punisher of bad people. But isn't punishing bad people a good thing? And if so, wouldn't that ...
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1answer
89 views

Has any philosopher claimed that reality is a simulation, and the evil genius wants us to stay alive, in order to explain what seems like a miracle? [closed]

Has any philosopher claimed that reality is a simulation, and the evil genius wants us to stay alive, in order for that philosopher to explain what seems like a miracle? Would anyone ever admit to ...
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5answers
247 views

Is evil a necessity?

I do acknowledge the fact that differentiating between good and bad is a next to impossible task due to lack of clarity in their definitions and their relative meanings. It just bothers me that the ...
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1answer
63 views

Is it ethical to try to convince someone of something without explicitly letting them know what that is?

Is it ethical or virtuous to try to convince someone of something without telling them explicitly what that is? For example, is it ethical to try to convince someone that an art work by Picasso is ...
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0answers
47 views

Did Heidegger talk about malice at all?

Did Heidegger talk about malice at all? I agree and find interesting if not useful most of Nietzsche's aphorisms but felt that his analysis of malice was just weak, and obviously so. However, I liked ...
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1answer
85 views

Ethics vs manipulation: Is it ethical to manipulate and is ethics a form of manipulation?

Are there ethical frameworks in which manipulation is acceptable? Knowing that we are being raised and conditioned to accept an ethical framework since early childhood is it fair to say that all ...
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1answer
2k views

Trying to Understand Quote by Nietzsche

"He who fights with monsters might take care lest he thereby become a monster. And if you gaze for long into an abyss, the abyss gazes also into you." - Nietzsche (Beyond Good and Evil: Prelude to a ...
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3answers
224 views

What is a non-circular definition of evil?

I am looking for literature on the definition of “evil”. I have scanned through as many papers as I can, the ones I have read fall in three categories: No definition at all. The author assumes that ...
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5answers
762 views

Why is it said that God is benevolent?

I'm not sure if this is the right SE but I'll try to ask this here. If it isn't the right SE please tell me in the comments and I'll delete my question. Usually it's said that God is benevolent ...
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1answer
224 views

History of Noble Savage idea

I used to believe that the idea of noble savage, that humans are innately well natured and corrupted into bad bahavior by socialization was originated by Rousseau. However, I just accidentally came ...
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2answers
643 views

What happens when evil realizes it is evil?

Evil exists. Evil believes that what it does is right. And Good believes what it does is right. Both are right in their frame of reference. However if Good makes the Evil realize that it is Evil then ...
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1answer
155 views

What is the exact relationship between empathy and evil?

In common parlance, we label people who lack empathy as "evil". That is, people who commit acts of evil because they cannot put themselves in the shoes of their victims are seen as evil. Why is this? ...
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7answers
6k views

Is immorality just irrationality?

If someone acts immorally - assuming some sort of free will - then they are doing so despite it being demonstrably wrong, i.e. it is a mistake as surely as 1+1=3 is a mistake. Doesn't this then give ...
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4answers
161 views

Has any philosopher ever claimed that doing “good” things is not good?

Has any philosopher ever claimed that doing "good" things is not good? That may sound amusingly facile. And due to disagreement between what is "good" there's definitely something to say for its ...
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0answers
167 views

Does pain tend to be more differentiated than pleasure?

Does pain tend to be more differentiated than pleasure? Which is said to be open to more interpretations and variations, pleasure or pain? See what Sade had to say about this sort of question, quoted ...
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3answers
291 views

Are there actually any good arguments for neoplatonist privation?

When it comes to dualism versus neoplatonist privation, are there actually any good arguments at all in favor of neoplatonist privation? The argument for dualism seems obvious. It is known that some ...
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3answers
808 views

Are there any philosophies that view the whole of everything as evil?

I have noticed a pattern in philosophies where the successful ones I find all believe that everything, when viewed as one whole, is "good." This may be reached by assuming everything in the universe ...
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2answers
695 views

Is good the absence of evil or is it the other way round?

Is good the absence of evil or is evil the absence of good?What do religions tell us?
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3answers
81 views

What view thinks that good and bad mean satisfy and dissatisfy?

I believed that there is no way to explain some actions as "Good" or "Bad" and there are just our perception of an action, in fact if an action is for us we call it "Good" and if it dissatisfies us we ...
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12answers
1k views

Why do we assume good and evil exist?

I've noticed that a lot of arguments for or against a God (especially the Christian God) assume that good and evil exist. Why is this? I had always assumed there was a good and evil while I was a ...
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4answers
857 views

What would Nietzsche have said about moral relativism in leftwing politics?

The concept of superman or übermensch is someone that overcomes nihilism and learns to see above what's considered right or wrong. The latter is a leftist's trait, because right-wing mentality has ...
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2answers
299 views

Is it possible to determine good and evil in a vacuum?

Without any context of time, situation, or people involved, or any other situational variable is it possible to tell right or wrong, good or evil? Why/ why not?
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1answer
759 views

Death and Epictetus

In the Enchiridion, Epictetus seems suggest that goodness and badness are not “in” the world. They are “in” our reactions. For example he says that, “Death, for instance, is not terrible, else it ...
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1answer
215 views

Is it possible for it to be good to do evil? Evil to do good?

Take for instance you are able to go back in time and have one of the worst leaders in history killed him/ her before they came into power, thus eliminating the atrocities they committed. Or see ...
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1answer
124 views

According to Kant, If we're all evil is change for the better possible without religion (God)?

Or is the only change possible one of ever-increasing depravity? If so, why can't we "get better?" According to the IEP's article on radical evil Kant says: The failure of human moral agents to ...
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1answer
225 views

Levinas' good/evil compared to Kantian good/evil

In "transcendence and evil", Levinas gives an account of how good and evil are not merely opposites, and would be better fit for description in a venn diagram (as a synopsis for those that haven't ...
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0answers
45 views

Can there be a unidirectional value system?

I tried to make a point about language on another SE site and it flopped. So I realized that I was focusing on an idea of having two-valued assessment: good and bad. What if we did away with this ...
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5answers
1k views

is God good, or God is the good?

When I was a Muslim I believed God is the source of goodness. When I quit, one of the most frequent questions that I think about and I couldn't find an answer for is If we say God is good, that ...
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2answers
285 views

How can we respond to evil with love? [closed]

Any ideas on how we can (or can't) respond to evil with love? It's clear how a Christian or Buddhist (or any person of religion) may respond to such a question but I cannot seem to grasp how others ...
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2answers
149 views

Are there philosophical arguments for moral risk avoidance?

It is observed that often, people tend to dislike risk (economists say that people tend to be "risk-averse"). For example, consider two Gambles X and Y. Gamble X involves a prize of $1 with ...
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1answer
659 views

Is Work the Root of All Evil? [closed]

Assume that money cannot be printed arbitrarily and is anchored to gold, like it once was, and such gold currency was not debased by cheaper metals, like it frequently was throughout history, then ...
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1answer
198 views

Laws are made for humans, but does everyone classify as a human? [closed]

By law, even the worst criminals may be pardoned on grounds of mercy etc. But if an animal attacks or even kills a human, it can be put down. My question is: Shouldn't there be 'rules' to determine ...
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3answers
141 views

Does evil cause evolution and a revolution reverses it? [closed]

The definition of evil from thefreedictionary.com: Causing ruin, injury, or pain According to this: Every activity which causes pain to you or anyone else is an evil. Let me explain this concept ...
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2answers
77 views

Is there a useful, nominally calculable, secular description of good?

I'm looking for something like a generally applicable algorithm for determining which of several possible choices is 'most good'. Some qualifications for that algorithm should be that: (a) it is ...
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3answers
202 views

Is it ethical to clear and clean the home of an extreme hoarder against his will?

Is it ethical to clear and clean the home of an extreme hoarder against his will? He's an old man, ill in hospital, and badly injured by the part-collapse of his home. He has also been neglecting ...
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3answers
235 views

How can the concept good and evil be defined in the context of decision awareness?

If we are unaware of the vast majority of decisions that we're making (because they are made at a quantum level), how can we define the concept of good and evil? (saying that we made a good / bad ...
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6answers
3k views

Is God either immoral or not omnipotent?

The usual (Christian) justification for suffering/evil in the world created by a benevolent God is freedom of the will. However, the more interesting question is not about the source of evil (which ...
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4answers
683 views

Does a covert reward destroy the moral value of a moral action?

Should a moral action be evaluated directly as it is with rewards - real or possible - being put aside? In other words - is a consideration of covert rewards that the actor is gaining or those selfish ...
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8answers
2k views

Would it be good if everyone was good?

When people meet somebody who hurts us or just behaves in an inappropriate way, we usually think that the world would be so wonderful if all people were good. I know that one can have his own ...
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2answers
152 views

Using embryos in stem cell medicine

To what age of embryo (if at all) it would be considered socially/morally acceptable to use embryo as stem cell source to potentially save someone's live? EDIT: I would like an answer to give ...
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3answers
1k views

Theories on the origin(s) of evil [closed]

People sometimes do bad things. It seems natural to ask what are the fundamental reasons for this. Here are some possible "sources of evil": Human nature - humans innately contain qualities that ...
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2answers
897 views

Aristotle's Wording Is Either Wrong Or Confusing

In Rhetoric, Book I, Part 6, Aristotle states: We may define a good thing as that which ought to be chosen for its own sake; or as that for the sake of which we choose something else; or as ...
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4answers
2k views

How might one counter Bertrand Russell's criticism of Stoicism as “not true” and “insincere”?

Reading about Stoicism, I have encountered a criticism to which I cannot form a strong counter-argument. Did anyone or can anyone provide a rebuttal to the following argument against Stoicism? ...
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1answer
163 views

War against evil [closed]

in a German television program about the NSA there was a quote saying that if people justify all means in the war against evil then their good intentions won't be distinguishable from the evil they ...
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1answer
163 views

Is knowing which virtues to embody a virtue in itself?

Doesn't the basing of ethics on virtues just move the goalposts? Unless I'm reading it wrong, we still have the problem of selecting Virtues. If so, is knowing which Virtues to embody a virtue in ...
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6answers
566 views

Does the presence of free-will allow for the possibility of evil in a world with a benevolent God?

The Problem of Evil is to understand how God can allow evil in the world if He is omni-benevolent (all-good), as someone who is all-good would not knowingly allow evil to occur where they could ...
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4answers
598 views

Is Morality an end in itself or a means to a higher end, and if the latter, what is the higher end?

If morality is nothing more than an evolutionary by-product, i.e. a tool developed for the purpose of prolonging one's existence and/or facilitating reproduction, it seems to make little sense to ...