Questions tagged [greeks]

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Are there any Good Compilations of Socrates?

Fellow Thinkers, does anyone know of a book that has compiled all the main sources that we know Socrates from (Plato, Xenophon, Aristophanes, ...)? Thank you for your time. - SDH
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49 views

Who said, “a parliament with no opposition should be dissolved”?

I've found a reference in a Jewish text from the mid-19th century to a "gentile sage" (an expression usually referring to a Greek philosopher, but it could be any non-Jewish person really) who said ...
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62 views

What does the “the same thinking thing in men” fragment of Parmenides's poem mean?

This is Fragment 16 of Parmenides's poem in full: In fact as each man governs a mixture of organs subject to errors, so a mind governs men; in fact the same thinking thing in men, both in ...
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55 views

What tends to be the opinion on Heidegger's analysis of Greek philosophy?

What tends to be the opinion on Heidegger's analysis of Greek philosophy? What do experts in the (classical) history of philosophy make of his statements about ancient Greek philosophy?
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62 views

Was there any philosopher named Lexiphagoras?

I am reading this book: There's A Word For It! and the author Charles Harrington Elster claims that a particular excerpt was written by an ancient Greek philosopher Lexiphagoras of Alphasia. I did ...
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166 views

From dialogue to monologue : Why (Platonic) Socrates claims to know nothing but manages to give book-length speeches all the time?

This inconsistency is very confusing to me. Socrates takes pride in knowing that he knows nothing. But if that is the case, how is he able to, as he often does, give book-length of "truth" (as opposed ...
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118 views

Are there any ancient Greek philosophers with a 'complete' philosophy that never made it to prime time?

There are at least a couple-dozen Greek Philosophers (in my estimation) whose ideas were both popular and comprehensive enough that they were taught throughout antiquity. Pythagoras, Democritus, Plato,...
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1answer
48 views

Where can I access or purchase Aristotelis Opera (edited by Immanuel Bekker)?

I have been trying to find the following as I am very interested in reading Aristotle in the original Greek: Aristotle. Aristotelis opera. Edited by Immanuel Bekker, Christian August Brandis, and ...
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3answers
255 views

Morality of infanticide

The Spartans had a tradition of discarding infants that were physically weak or deformed. When I was younger, I thought this practice is cruel and absolutely immoral. But nowadays I'm not so sure. In ...
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4answers
341 views

Pandora's Box: Is hope evil? [closed]

I know, most questions here are more sophisticated, but this question sparked in my mind some time ago: Is hope a bad thing? The reason I got to this idea is that I had a hard time with lots of ...
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82 views

For Aristotle, how and why does friction generate heat?

I'm still a bit new to Aristotle, so this question may be imperfect: In Meteorology, Aristotle uses friction to explain how the sun generates heat. Although it's composed of aether, and not fire, ...
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201 views

Of Socrates, Plato and Aristotle, who is generally considered the better philosopher?

Of Socrates, Plato and Aristotle, who is generally considered the better philosopher? My apologies if too up for debate for any philosopher to have ever answered, as I can only find the answers of ...
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39 views

How many Greek gods are there in Greek mythology? [closed]

I was wondering how many Greek gods there were. I'm working on a Greek school protect and need the answer. Thanks!
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124 views

What did Nietzsche mean when he said “There is an enormous strain and distance between envy and friendship, between self-contempt and pride”?

In the book The Dawn of Day, Aphorism 69, Nietzsche said Inimitable.—There is an enormous strain and distance between envy and friendship, between self-contempt and pride: the Greek lived in the ...
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102 views

When confronted with early Islamic philosophy, would one's time be better spent just reading Aristotle, Plato, Plotinus?

I have been reading Avicenna, al-Razi, al-Kindi, and others, and I have noticed that almost nothing is an original work in the realm of philosophy, especially as it applies to metaphysics. al-Farabi ...
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1answer
49 views

Can I get more background on quote from Democritus?

The quote from philosopher Democritus is: [I would] rather discover one cause than gain the kingdom of Persia. or I would rather discover a single demonstration [in geometry] than become king ...
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62 views

What was Borges referring to when he said “I have known what the Greeks do not know, incertitude.”? [closed]

Taken from opening paragraph of Labyrinths.
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269 views

What does this excerpt from Plato's Republic mean?

This excerpt is from Book II, concerning Plato's reasoning for censoring a certain story of Hesiod's: The doings of Cronus, and the sufferings which in turn his son inflicted upon him, even if they ...
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83 views

How similar were Epicureans and Stoics to Buddhism on suffering?

One of the main goals of the Buddhist philosophy/religion is to be free of suffering. Buddhism identifies ego, desire, non acceptance of impermanence, ignorance and all negative emotions(because the ...
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56 views

Which ancient Greeks are known to have commentated on Zeno's Paradoxes?

The Stanford Encycl. of Philosophy mentions that we know of Zeno's work only through various secondary sources, "principally through Aristotle and his commentators." I was wondering, which other ...
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456 views

What translation of Lysistrata to read?

I have decided to read some Greek philosophy and chose to start with Lysistrata by Aristophanes but could not determine which translation would be truest to the original Greek version. Some ...
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162 views

What did the Greeks call the “trial and error” reasoning process?

What did the Greeks call the "trial and error" reasoning process? Bruce Aune's review of Wilson's Peirce's Empiricism: Its Roots and Its Originality claims "The name 'empirici' is in fact traceable ...
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232 views

Did any Greek or Roman philosopher(s) say that “opposites attract”?

I know that Plato formulated the law, "like attracts like", using the Greek word philia for attraction. This is mentioned somewhere in the Republic, and is easy to verify with a Google search. But ...
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75 views

Nietzsche's birth of tragedy

In The Birth of Tragedy, Nietzsche describes a Dionysian satyr as a force that impregnates an Apollonian world of images giving rise to dialogue on the Hellenic stage and henceforth the Greek ...
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1answer
189 views

Was Communism meant to be a telos, for Marx, or for Lenin etc.?

Was Communism meant to be a telos, for Marx, or for Lenin etc.? By that, I mean to ask whether Communism is already contained in anything that creates Communism? My apologies if my jargon is off, I ...
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122 views

What is the meaning of the quote from Anaxogoras? “even those who have occasion for a lamp supply it with oil.”

According to Plutarch, When Pericles heard that Anaxagoras was starving himself, Pericles approached Anaxagoras begging him to stop starving himself since if Anaxagoras were to die,Pericles will lose ...
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525 views

Did a lot of Greek philosophers believe lying is impossible?

As I understand it, Parmenides and Heraclitus were two pre-Socratic Greek philosophers whose views could not be farther apart. Parmenides believed that all change is illusory, and that there is just ...
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81 views

What is a simplistic definition of Boethius' Consolation with Philosophy?

The specific extract is where he asks Lady Philosophy about the correlation of omniscience and free will having a coherent existence together. I know the extract well, but I struggle to define it ...
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166 views

Aristophanes’ Clouds - What's the Significance of 3ʳᵈ Place?

After 20 years, I've circled back to reevaluate the Clouds (motivated primarily by a learned hatred of lawyers, and government in general). I think Wikipedia does a fine job of presenting the work ...
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107 views

Why did Parmenides rely on a fantastic fable to explain a sensitive-refusing theory?

There's one point in Parmenides' philosophy where he distinguishes between the 'Way of the Truth' and the 'Way of the Doxa' in a poem called On Nature. In said manuscript, the philosopher states the ...
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4k views

Are people inherently good according to Plato?

Are people inherently good according to Plato? Are Gods subject to forms, in the sense that they are good because they are subject to the form of good, or are they independent of the forms? Because I ...
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378 views

Plato books for a philosophy newcomer

I watched a funny philosophy crash course on youtube, and I'm very curious about Plato. As a beginner, where should I start? Original work? Other author's books about his philosophy?
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195 views

Was Socrates Greek?

Greeks are citizens of Greece. Greece rejected Socrates. Socrates was not a Greek. Does that syllogism work?
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261 views

Did Greek philosophers know about Eastern philosophies?

Were the philosophers of Ancient Greece aware of Eastern Philosophies, such as Zoroastrianism or Buddhism? Is there any mention of them, either directly, or similar concepts in existing writings?
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93 views

Socratic thought on Greek deities as metaphor

"To be a master of metaphor," Aristotle wrote in his Poetics, "is the greatest thing by far." Not, as we know from Plato, to be "used" as a form of rhetoric (which, as far as I know, he and the ...
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48 views

Has any mainstream philosopher written extensively on the Eleusinian mysteries?

Has any mainstream philosopher written extensively on the Eleusinian mysteries? So anyone with their own SEP page. Also, I found a selection of texts (allegedly) referring to them, here. While this ...
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61 views

Property of inclusion in Greek thought

In Plato's "Parmenides" at one stage inclusion is casually used as a reflexive property to argue that the 'One' (everything that is) must be included in itself. Parmenides in the text even keeps going ...
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36 views

What underlying semantic notions connect the notion of 'thrown or hitting on both sides' to 'Amphiboly'?

Source: p 108, With Good Reason, An Introduction to Informal Fallacies (6 ed, 2000) by York U. Prof. S. Morris Engel The fallacy of amphiboly* is the product of poor sentence structure. It results ...
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89 views

Reference - Heidegger on Hölderlin's translations?

Surely Heidegger was well aware of the enormous power of Hölderlin's translations, especially of Sophocles' tragedies. Did Heidegger write something about this facet of Hölderlin?
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56 views

Does Epictetus State “Only One Cause Motivates Us”, Or “One Cause More than Others”?

1. Question: From Epictetus, Discourses, 1.11, (Perseus English Link): Is Epictetus implying there is only ever just one cause for our actions? Or, is Epictetus arguing there is one cause which ...
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3answers
655 views

Did Hindu thought exercise a strong influence upon the minds of early Western thinkers?

This is an excerpt form Swami Prabhavananda's The Spiritual Heritage of India (1962) The Philonic and Johannean conceptions of the Logos may conceivably owe no debt to Indian thought, for the ...
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1k views

Are there any books about postmodernism being like sophism?

I still find myself relatively often surprised by how much of the spectrum of philosophic thought was already covered at the times of ancient Greece or ancient China (think Axial Age or think ...