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Questions tagged [greeks]

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Aristotle's use of predicate [duplicate]

I'm currently reading categories, and I'm struggling with how Aristotle uses the word predicate in its various forms. From what I can determine, he's not using "predicate" in reference to the form of ...
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4answers
129 views

Pandora's Box: Is hope evil? [closed]

I know, most questions here are more sophisticated, but this question sparked in my mind some time ago: Is hope a bad thing? The reason I got to this idea is that I had a hard time with lots of ...
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For Aristotle, how and why does friction generate heat?

I'm still a bit new to Aristotle, so this question may be imperfect: In Meteorology, Aristotle uses friction to explain how the sun generates heat. Although it's composed of aether, and not fire, ...
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124 views

Of Socrates, Plato and Aristotle, who is generally considered the better philosopher?

Of Socrates, Plato and Aristotle, who is generally considered the better philosopher? My apologies if too up for debate for any philosopher to have ever answered, as I can only find the answers of ...
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How many Greek gods are there in Greek mythology? [closed]

I was wondering how many Greek gods there were. I'm working on a Greek school protect and need the answer. Thanks!
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2answers
99 views

What did Nietzsche mean when he said “There is an enormous strain and distance between envy and friendship, between self-contempt and pride”?

In the book The Dawn of Day, Aphorism 69, Nietzsche said Inimitable.—There is an enormous strain and distance between envy and friendship, between self-contempt and pride: the Greek lived in the ...
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99 views

When confronted with early Islamic philosophy, would one's time be better spent just reading Aristotle, Plato, Plotinus?

I have been reading Avicenna, al-Razi, al-Kindi, and others, and I have noticed that almost nothing is an original work in the realm of philosophy, especially as it applies to metaphysics. al-Farabi ...
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1answer
36 views

Can I get more background on quote from Democritus?

The quote from philosopher Democritus is: [I would] rather discover one cause than gain the kingdom of Persia. or I would rather discover a single demonstration [in geometry] than become king ...
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What does this excerpt from Plato's Republic mean?

This excerpt is from Book II, concerning Plato's reasoning for censoring a certain story of Hesiod's: The doings of Cronus, and the sufferings which in turn his son inflicted upon him, even if they ...
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1answer
74 views

How similar were Epicureans and Stoics to Buddhism on suffering?

One of the main goals of the Buddhist philosophy/religion is to be free of suffering. Buddhism identifies ego, desire, non acceptance of impermanence, ignorance and all negative emotions(because the ...
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1answer
53 views

Which ancient Greeks are known to have commentated on Zeno's Paradoxes?

The Stanford Encycl. of Philosophy mentions that we know of Zeno's work only through various secondary sources, "principally through Aristotle and his commentators." I was wondering, which other ...
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276 views

What translation of Lysistrata to read?

I have decided to read some Greek philosophy and chose to start with Lysistrata by Aristophanes but could not determine which translation would be truest to the original Greek version. Some ...
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What did the Greeks call the “trial and error” reasoning process?

What did the Greeks call the "trial and error" reasoning process? Bruce Aune's review of Wilson's Peirce's Empiricism: Its Roots and Its Originality claims "The name 'empirici' is in fact traceable ...
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1answer
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Did any Greek or Roman philosophers say that “opposites attract”?

I know that Plato formulated the law, "like attracts like", using the Greek word philia for attraction. This is mentioned somewhere in the Republic, and is easy to verify with a Google search. But ...
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1answer
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Nietzsche's birth of tragedy

In The Birth of Tragedy, Nietzsche describes a Dionysian satyr as a force that impregnates an Apollonian world of images giving rise to dialogue on the Hellenic stage and henceforth the Greek ...
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Aristotle's Metaphysics: Difference between defining “man” as a word and as a thing said

I am working from: [1043b] ..it is the form-actuality to which the what-it-was-to-be-that-thing attaches. So soul and what-it-was-to-be-a-soul are the same thing, whereas man and what-it-was-to-be-...
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1answer
154 views

Was Communism meant to be a telos, for Marx, or for Lenin etc.?

Was Communism meant to be a telos, for Marx, or for Lenin etc.? By that, I mean to ask whether Communism is already contained in anything that creates Communism? My apologies if my jargon is off, I ...
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1answer
86 views

What is the meaning of the quote from Anaxogoras? “even those who have occasion for a lamp supply it with oil.”

According to Plutarch, When Pericles heard that Anaxagoras was starving himself, Pericles approached Anaxagoras begging him to stop starving himself since if Anaxagoras were to die,Pericles will lose ...
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Did a lot of Greek philosophers believe lying is impossible?

As I understand it, Parmenides and Heraclitus were two pre-Socratic Greek philosophers whose views could not be farther apart. Parmenides believed that all change is illusory, and that there is just ...
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What is a simplistic definition of Boethius' Consolation with Philosophy?

The specific extract is where he asks Lady Philosophy about the correlation of omniscience and free will having a coherent existence together. I know the extract well, but I struggle to define it ...
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Aristophanes’ Clouds - What's the Significance of 3ʳᵈ Place?

After 20 years, I've circled back to reevaluate the Clouds (motivated primarily by a learned hatred of lawyers, and government in general). I think Wikipedia does a fine job of presenting the work ...
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Why did Parmenides rely on a fantastic fable to explain a sensitive-refusing theory?

There's one point in Parmenides' philosophy where he distinguishes between the 'Way of the Truth' and the 'Way of the Doxa' in a poem called On Nature. In said manuscript, the philosopher states the ...
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Are people inherently good according to Plato?

Are people inherently good according to Plato? Are Gods subject to forms, in the sense that they are good because they are subject to the form of good, or are they independent of the forms? Because I ...
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5answers
184 views

Plato books for a philosophy newcomer

I watched a funny philosophy crash course on youtube, and I'm very curious about Plato. As a begginer, where should I start? Original work? Other author's books about his philosophy?
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Was Socrates Greek?

Greeks are citizens of Greece. Greece rejected Socrates. Socrates was not a Greek. Does that syllogism work?
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229 views

Did Greek philosophers know about Eastern philosophies?

Were the philosophers of Ancient Greece aware of Eastern Philosophies, such as Zoroastrianism or Buddhism? Is there any mention of them, either directly, or similar concepts in existing writings?
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Socratic thought on Greek deities as metaphor

"To be a master of metaphor," Aristotle wrote in his Poetics, "is the greatest thing by far." Not, as we know from Plato, to be "used" as a form of rhetoric (which, as far as I know, he and the ...
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45 views

Has any mainstream philosopher written extensively on the Eleusinian mysteries?

Has any mainstream philosopher written extensively on the Eleusinian mysteries? So anyone with their own SEP page. Also, I found a selection of texts (allegedly) referring to them, here. While this ...
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Property of inclusion in Greek thought

In Plato's "Parmenides" at one stage inclusion is casually used as a reflexive property to argue that the 'One' (everything that is) must be included in itself. Parmenides in the text even keeps going ...
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What underlying semantic notions connect the notion of 'thrown or hitting on both sides' to 'Amphiboly'?

Source: p 108, With Good Reason, An Introduction to Informal Fallacies (6 ed, 2000) by York U. Prof. S. Morris Engel The fallacy of amphiboly* is the product of poor sentence structure. It results ...
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1answer
84 views

Reference - Heidegger on Hölderlin's translations?

Surely Heidegger was well aware of the enormous power of Hölderlin's translations, especially of Sophocles' tragedies. Did Heidegger write something about this facet of Hölderlin?
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52 views

Does Epictetus State “Only One Cause Motivates Us”, Or “One Cause More than Others”?

1. Question: From Epictetus, Discourses, 1.11, (Perseus English Link): Is Epictetus implying there is only ever just one cause for our actions? Or, is Epictetus arguing there is one cause which ...
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360 views

Did Hindu thought exercise a strong influence upon the minds of early Western thinkers?

This is an excerpt form Swami Prabhavananda's The Spiritual Heritage of India (1962) The Philonic and Johannean conceptions of the Logos may conceivably owe no debt to Indian thought, for the ...
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Are there any books about postmodernism being like sophism?

I still find myself relatively often surprised by how much of the spectrum of philosophic thought was already covered at the times of ancient Greece or ancient China (think Axial Age or think ...