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Questions tagged [hegel]

Questions related to the works of the German philosopher Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel (1770 – 1831), who was an important figure of German Idealism.

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Was there any valid criticism of Hegel's Phenomenology of Spirit?

I only saw criticisms levied against him from people who have never read the book, so I was wondering if there was any valid criticism levied against the ideas from the book. Arthur Schopenhauer ...
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What were some of the criticisms levied against Hegel's phenomenology?

I am not talking about the criticisms from positivists who were generally against metaphysics and non-empirical claims, but criticisms from other metaphysicists and philosophers. I heard Hegel's ...
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I've heard that Hegel's view on how to attain absolute truth differed from Kant's. In what ways?

I think, from memory, Hegel said that the absolute truth can be known through a dialectical process between the object and the thing-in-itself. But, how does that differ from Kant's opinion on the ...
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How to fully understand the first three chapters of Phenomenology of Spirit?

I read The Phenomenology of Spirit like 10 years ago, but I felt like it was very vague and abstract. Hegel seemed to have been describing the development of human thought with respect to the absolute ...
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What is the current state of translation of Hegel's Lectures on the History of Philosophy in English?

There seem to be quite a few different versions of Hegel's Lectures on the History of Philosophy floating around. What gives?
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Why did Hegel consider Kant's definition of marriage crude and shameful?

Why did Hegel* consider Kant's definition of marriage crude and shameful? Kant** defines marriage as: the union between two persons of opposite sex with a view to the lifelong reciprocal ...
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Was Hegel a Neoplatonist?

I have started reading a book by Philip Stanfield, Hegel the Consummate Neoplatonist where he claims (page 1): From a materialist perspective (‘matter’ or objective reality is primary to ...
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Who said that questions can only be asked if the askers roughly knows the answers?

I remember it was Marx who said this as a thought for Hegel's take on history, but searching for keyword answer in his Wikiquote page doesn't yield any result. The exact quote might be very different ...
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What do contemporay philosophers say about Hegel's aesthetics beyond interpretation?

Hegel's philosophy of art is a wide ranging account of beauty in art, the historical development of art, and the individual arts of architecture, sculpture, painting, music and poetry. It contains ...
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How do logicians think about Hegel's logic

I was told, a while ago now, that if I wanted to study Hegel, even Hegelian Marxism, I'd be best off studying his logic first. Having recently asked this question I was wondering how do contemporary ...
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Questions concerning the Hegelian dialectic

How exactly did Hegel describe the dialectic and what [historical] examples, if any, did he offer to sustain it? Please, provide sourced quotes. I will attempt to summarize my understanding of what ...
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Seeking a quote of Hegel on Descartes

Descartes The Passions of the Soul [1:31] suggested the pineal gland could mediate interaction between mind and body. Published works and lectures of Hegel's discuss that several times (as shown by ...
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What is meant by: “Human rights were discovered (not invented!)”?

I recently encountered the claim that "Human rights were discovered (not invented!) during the French Revolution" by a person who appears to be quite a Hegel fan (this might make the question easier ...
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Why did Hegel hate Newton?

A quick skim through the "Inorganic Physics" section of Hegel's Encyclopedia shows 5 separate paragraphs with reference to Newton, and all of them are disparaging. If there's a real philosophical ...
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Why did Marx criticise Hegel?

While Marx accepted Hegel's dialectic process, he denied Hegel's conclusion that this dialectic ends in freedom that develops at the level of society in the form of Spirit. What is Marx's argument ...
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Can Hegel's dialectical history be interpreted as a way to look positively at life?

Hegel's dialectic method of interpreting history says that events occur in the following steps: a) an event happens b) an opposing event comes to contradict the original event c) a third event takes ...
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Which English translation of Hegel's 'Science of Logic' would you recommend?

Which English translation of Hegel's 'Science of Logic' would you recommend? I have a translation by A. V. Miller, and another one by George di Giovanni.
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Understanding Hegel on Free Will (or absence thereof)

I get a second hand understanding that Hegel wasn't too keen on the idea of free will. I have not read Hegel, according to the reputation of his writings, I am unlikely to try to read him directly. ...
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How does one understand the second and third triad in Hegels Logic?

The first dialectical triad in Hegels Logic and put in a mathematical form is Being + Nothing = Becoming Although a strange sum, I find this understandable. His second dialectical triad takes the ...
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Does the Evolution Theory contradict Kant's Metaphysics?

I recently asked a series of questions about ET, and this is one of them :) Intuitively, it seems to me that ET is supposed to contradict Kant's (or more generally, the German Idealism's) Metaphysics ...
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Why do some philosophers write in numbered paragraphs?

Hegel, Nietzsche, Wittgenstein, and Anscombe all write mostly in numbered paragraphs. (Of course Hegel and Nietzsche have chapters. And many of Hegel's lectures aren't written in this way, but both ...
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What is the difference between Schelling and Hegel's philosophies

Two of the biggest German Idealism movement, Schelling and Hegel, have a very similar line of thought. I was wondering a simple question (with probably a long and complex question) - what is the ...
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Have anyone found a good solution to Kant's dualistic approach to consciousness?

Kant, in his studies of transcendental idealism, made the "illogical gap" between theoretical philosophy and practical philosophy, at the end of theoretical study, by requiring the contemplation of ...
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According to Hegel, can the master misrecognise himself as the slave?

According to Hegel, can the master misrecognize himself as the slave? According to what I'm reading, in Hegel the master recognizes himself, via the slave, and so dies, and without seeing the ...
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In what ways are Kierkegaard and Hegel similar?

It is well known that Kierkegaard's philosophy is, in large part, a response to or critique of Hegel's philosophy. How, then, are they similar? Is there any way to reconcile their differences, or to ...
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How does Hegel overcome determinism without noumena?

Hegel rejects the noumena/phenomenical dichotomy developed by Kant in his transcendental idealism and replaces it with his idea of absolute idealism. Kant, embedded in a Newtonian paradigm, holds the ...
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How can Hegel call philosophy a science?

At the tail end of Kant and the Critique of Pure Reason Gardner discusses Kant's influence on his successors. He claims---and I'm paraphrasing here---Hegel wanted his metaphysics to be scientific, i.e....
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Can you list other Collingwood's Absolute Presuppositions?

Robin G. Collingwood's posited the existence of absolute presuppositions (AS). As a reminder, presuppositions are for Collingwood assumptions and guiding precepts that are closed to further analysis ...
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To what kind of religion is Hegels 'spirit' (Mind/Geist) most related?

Hegel explains in his works how the Geist is evolving during history towards a kind of consciousfreedom. It seems to me initially that in the end our own minds has evolved to a rational God, but I'm ...
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Do we know whether Hegel's Owl of Minerva is meant to be a present or future reference?

One of the more famous passages in Hegel's philosophy is "When philosophy paints its gray on gray, then has a form of life grown old, and with gray on gray it cannot be rejuvenated, but only known;...
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Why did Hegel start the Phenomenology of the Spirit the way he did?

Why did he feel that it was appropriate to start philosophy by examining the immediate sensual certainty?
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What is the role of subject and object in human history, according to Hegel?

What is the role of subject and object in human history, according to Hegel? I'm asking for two reasons, one a little inane, and the second a little naive. I'm wondering how much of our cultural ...
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What does Hegel think of Descartes' argument in Meditation 4?

In Meditation 4, Descartes argues that we can still regard God's creation of humans as perfect even though humans err. Descartes' arguments goes something like this: Human beings have multiple ...
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What did Kant mean by the term “category” and did the term change meaning with Hegel?

What does Kant mean by the term "category" and did the term change meaning with Hegel? I'm not asking about for an enumeration of his categories, but what the term means, therein. I read the ...
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What sort of analysis is F Jameson's discussion of Hegel?

What sort of analysis is F Jameson's discussion of Hegel? Is it right, wrong, unusual? Especially as it appears here; I'm about to read, and didn't want to cultivate any bad habits, in doing so. And ...
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How to study Hegel?

A lot of my professors suggested just reading through Kojève's 'Introduction to the reading of Hegel'. One of my professors advised me to read Hegel first, and only then refer to Kojeve for what I ...
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How does Hegel's idea of labor connect to idealism?

Was Hegel a Marxist, in that, he also believed that labor had liberating and oppressive potential? How is the concept of idealism linked to labor in his view?
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Why is Nietzsche more frequently associated with Nazis than Hegel is?

Most introductory texts or lectures of Nietzsche mention the connection between his thought and Nazi ideology (supposedly due to his sister's promoting his thought as being pro-Nazi). But Nazis don't ...
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What is the relation between Spirit and Time in Hegel?

Martin Heidegger in his Being and Time criticized the connection between Spirit and Time proposed by Hegel saying that: Hegel shows the possibility of the historical actualization of spirit "in ...
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What book recommendations for learning Hegel and Wittgenstein?

I'm currently interested in Hegel's Dialectic and Wittgenstein works. I'm mostly looking for things related to logic, language and the foundation of mathematics. What do you think I should read from ...
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Who are the foremost Hegel scholars of our day? [duplicate]

Who are the foremost Hegel scholars of our day? Those who are teaching at universities, and doing research in this field? Thanks in advance!
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Does Hegel appear much in any recent philosphical ideas?

I read this thread, and especially Joseph's to the point answer, and wondered which recent philosophical ideas, like his list, take Hegel most seriously? I'm asking because I recalled reading about ...
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Does Brandom remain faithful to a Kantian autonomous intellect when he invokes Hegel?

There is a paradox about self-legislating norms that if the norms are self-legislated, they are not binding. In order to avoid this paradox, Brandom turns to Hegel's point that "normative statuses ...
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Name of the theory where abstract concepts are considered only to exist within our mind

I'm be no means an expert in philosophical terms, but I want to learn more. My question is about whether there is a name for the idea that abstract concepts (e.g. Goodness, baddness, value, etc...) ...
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Does Heidegger really think we need certainty to act? Is he right to?

Heidegger on Marx Does Heidegger really think we need certainty to act? He seems to. Leaving aside the I think frank ludicrousness of the demand, suppose that it's true, and that this stymies ...
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What is the “concrete universal” in Hegel and Adorno?

The core argument of this article is that Adorno adopts the distinction between an abstract and a concrete universal from Hegel and criticizes Hegel, on that basis, as abstract. The first two ...
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Are there negative and positive forms of justice?

Holderlin in Hyperion, in his guise as Hyperion writes: The entire business of the intellect is makeshift. By its ability to sort out, it saves us from folly, from injustice; but to be safe from ...
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Hegel facing upto Orwell, in room 101

In the addition to section 106, of Hegels Philosophy of right, he writes: As no-one can successfully assail a mans inner conviction, and no force reach it can reach it, the moral will is ...
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Did Schelling have a theory of force?

I read the following quote somewhere: Inspired by the romantic spirit of a 'global spirit' and the understanding that all forces are the manifestation of a unified force; Schelling, Faraday & ...
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According to Adorno, does the “truth content” of art refer?

Adorno and the Political, By Espen Hammer In this negation, by truth content, is it a form of referentiality? Which may be to ask whether truth content is linguistic, in this action of negation.