Questions tagged [hegel]

Questions related to the works of the German philosopher Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel (1770 – 1831), who was an important figure of German Idealism.

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Is there a parallel between Hegelian “essence” and Kantian “concept”?

I think I've found a paralelism between these two notions, at least to some extent. For Kant defines (in Logic, I, I, §1, also translated) concept as "an universal representation" Every knowledge, ...
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How does Søren Kierkegaard use the word “dialectic” and how does his use of it differ from G.W.F. Hegel's?

According, to my understanding, the meaning of dialectic is... In Plato: a back-and-forth conversational style of reasoning from his later dialogues In the Middle Ages: the scholastic style of ...
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What did Hegel mean by 'world spirit'?

I understand that Hegel intends to justify the history of mankind by stating that every town and society that has existed has been a test indirectly arranged by the 'world spirit' in order to ...
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What does Hegel mean by “Quality”?

In the Science of Logic, Hegel initially presents quality as existent determinateness. He further distinguishes two modes of determining quality in accordance with the moments of existence: ...
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How can Hegel call philosophy a science?

At the tail end of Kant and the Critique of Pure Reason Gardner discusses Kant's influence on his successors. He claims---and I'm paraphrasing here---Hegel wanted his metaphysics to be scientific, i.e....
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Does Darwin owe a debt to Hegel?

I just realized that Darwin's theory of evolution is very much historicist, and resembles Hegel's notion of an arc of history: evolution is progressive and moves with purpose in an almost dialectical ...
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Why did Hegel hate Newton?

A quick skim through the "Inorganic Physics" section of Hegel's Encyclopedia shows 5 separate paragraphs with reference to Newton, and all of them are disparaging. If there's a real philosophical ...
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Why is Nietzsche more frequently associated with Nazis than Hegel is?

Most introductory texts or lectures of Nietzsche mention the connection between his thought and Nazi ideology (supposedly due to his sister's promoting his thought as being pro-Nazi). But Nazis don't ...
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Introduction to Hegel for a Marxist

What subset of Hegel should a person know to understand Marxist philosophy? In political alignment i'm a Marxist, and mostly subscribe to social and political positions of the kinds like Slavoj Žižek ...
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Do we know whether Hegel's Owl of Minerva is meant to be a present or future reference?

One of the more famous passages in Hegel's philosophy is "When philosophy paints its gray on gray, then has a form of life grown old, and with gray on gray it cannot be rejuvenated, but only known;...
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How to study Hegel?

A lot of my professors suggested just reading through Kojève's 'Introduction to the reading of Hegel'. One of my professors advised me to read Hegel first, and only then refer to Kojeve for what I ...
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What philosopher said that knowledge is about discerning differences?

I have heard that knowledge is discerning differences or to that effect. For example, if all things are the same such that there is no differentiating qualities, we can't really speak of anything ...
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Does Brandom remain faithful to a Kantian autonomous intellect when he invokes Hegel?

There is a paradox about self-legislating norms that if the norms are self-legislated, they are not binding. In order to avoid this paradox, Brandom turns to Hegel's point that "normative statuses ...
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Why did Kant, Hegel, and Adorno leave some words and phrases in the Greek alphabet?

I know this mostly from continental philosophers, like Hegel, Adorno or Kant: they use the greek alphabet when writing ancient terminology like ergon, telos or megalopsychos, while MacIntyre for ...
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Was Hegel a Neoplatonist?

I have started reading a book by Philip Stanfield, Hegel the Consummate Neoplatonist where he claims (page 1): From a materialist perspective (‘matter’ or objective reality is primary to ...
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Does Hegel appear much in any recent philosphical ideas?

I read this thread, and especially Joseph's to the point answer, and wondered which recent philosophical ideas, like his list, take Hegel most seriously? I'm asking because I recalled reading about ...
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What is the relation between Spirit and Time in Hegel?

Martin Heidegger in his Being and Time criticized the connection between Spirit and Time proposed by Hegel saying that: Hegel shows the possibility of the historical actualization of spirit "in ...
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What would be the difference between Fichte and Hegel?

I am quite confused how Fichte's ideas (and Schelling's ideas) and Hegel's ideas differ. There seem to be some common elements, but I am unsure how to pinpoint the difference between Hegel's and ...
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Plato's Ideas and Hegel's Idea

Hegel famously speaks of the idea in the third section of his Doctrine of the Notion, this playing a central role in his system. It seems natural to suppose a close relation to what is traditionally ...
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Concepts of state and transition as used by Kierkegaard

While reading Søren Kierkegaard's "The Concept of Anxiety", I asked myself how much of the temporal interpretation of dialectic and the interaction between state and transition (leap) are original to ...
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What should I read before reading Hegel's “Phenomenology of Spirit”?

Are there some writings that I should make myself familiar with beforehand, in order to rightly understand Hegel's Phenomenology of Spirit? I am thinking of works like Spinoza's Ethics German ...
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Help me get this Hegel joke

A Facebook group Philosophy Matters posts philosophy related jokes from time to time. Today they posted this image : with the caption hegel, le sacre monstre Now not knowing anything about Hegel ...
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Is German idealism ontological, epistemic, or something more abstract?

On one hand Kant's transcendental idealism seems purely ontological: His noumena/phenomena distinction is essentially a form of dualism. Add to that: Marx considered himself a materialist in ...
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Do you agree with Hegel's assertion: 'quantity changes lead to quality changes'? [closed]

Material things change every second (through natural (atomic) "decay"). However. things in the mind seem to not change at all. For example, 1+1=2 never varies. What is the difference between '...
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What does Hegel think of Descartes' argument in Meditation 4?

In Meditation 4, Descartes argues that we can still regard God's creation of humans as perfect even though humans err. Descartes' arguments goes something like this: Human beings have multiple ...
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Hegel's “the worse for the facts!”

This story is often mentioned, but without references. Was that a true story? Did Hegel indeed say this -- “the worse for the facts!” -- when somebody told him "your theory contradicts the facts!"? Or ...
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The unity of opposites of the real and the ideal

In §324 of Science of Logic Hegel writes explicitly that the ideal [ das Ideelle ] is again one of the moments, and the real [ das Reale ] the other In the rest of the text, of course, whenever ...
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Name of the theory where abstract concepts are considered only to exist within our mind

I'm be no means an expert in philosophical terms, but I want to learn more. My question is about whether there is a name for the idea that abstract concepts (e.g. Goodness, baddness, value, etc...) ...
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Hegel facing upto Orwell, in room 101

In the addition to section 106, of Hegels Philosophy of right, he writes: As no-one can successfully assail a mans inner conviction, and no force reach it can reach it, the moral will is ...
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Understanding Hegel on Free Will (or absence thereof)

I get a second hand understanding that Hegel wasn't too keen on the idea of free will. I have not read Hegel, according to the reputation of his writings, I am unlikely to try to read him directly. ...
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How do logicians think about Hegel's logic

I was told, a while ago now, that if I wanted to study Hegel, even Hegelian Marxism, I'd be best off studying his logic first. Having recently asked this question I was wondering how do contemporary ...
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Questions concerning the Hegelian dialectic

How exactly did Hegel describe the dialectic and what [historical] examples, if any, did he offer to sustain it? Please, provide sourced quotes. I will attempt to summarize my understanding of what ...
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According to Hegel, can the master misrecognise himself as the slave?

According to Hegel, can the master misrecognize himself as the slave? According to what I'm reading, in Hegel the master recognizes himself, via the slave, and so dies, and without seeing the ...
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Hegel's bibliography: where to find the 1801 and 1817 Lectures on Logic and Metaphysics? ( English or German version)

I cannot find the track on the internet of the english translation of a book published in french as : Hegel, Leçons de logique et de métaphysique ( Heidelberg, 1817). Could anyone tell me under ...
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Was Hegel a major influence in analytic philosophy?

Wikipedia's "analytic and continental philosophers differ on the importance and influence of subsequent philosophers on their respective traditions... Hegel is viewed as a relatively minor figure for ...
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What was Hegel trying to achieve?

I believe that Hegel wrote on many subjects. From his book The Science of Logic, I understand his position to be that of absolute idealism. If I am ever to begin to tackle him, I would like to first ...
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Is Hegel criticizing the Church in On the Prospects for a Folk Religon?

Good morning, I have just started studying Hegel with the oldest work I could find, On the Propspects for a Folk Religion, also called Tübinga Fragments I believe. In the second paragraph it already ...
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Did Hegel propagate the concept of dialectical materialism?

This is a test question: State and examine the main features of Dialectical Materialism as enunciated by Hegel. Is it wrong? The reason I ask is because Hegel propagated the concept of ...
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Why did Hegel consider Kant's definition of marriage crude and shameful?

Why did Hegel* consider Kant's definition of marriage crude and shameful? Kant** defines marriage as: the union between two persons of opposite sex with a view to the lifelong reciprocal ...
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How does the Hegels dialectic map onto the Parmenidian dialectic?

In the late Platonic dialogue Parmenides, which places the youthful Socrates against one of the elders of Greek Philosophy - Parmenides; Parmenides says that the way to Philosophy is by the dialectic: ...
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What's an axial rotation?

In the Phenomenology of Spirit (section 169 in my edition), Hegel asserts the following: The determination of life as it has arisen from the concept, or from the general results with which we ...
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What did Kant mean by the term “category” and did the term change meaning with Hegel?

What does Kant mean by the term "category" and did the term change meaning with Hegel? I'm not asking about for an enumeration of his categories, but what the term means, therein. I read the ...
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How could one summarize Marx's quibble with Hegel over the merit of mysticism?

If I'm not mistaken, this was fairly central to Marx's philosophy, though I've not been able to find any succinct descriptions of it. My interest was piqued by the book "Marx for beginners", in a ...
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What does Slavoj Zizek mean by Hegel's reading of “felix culpa”?

Recently I watched "The duel of the century" between Slavoj Zizek and Jordan Peterson. Briefly in 2:17:45 min. Zizek points out to Hegel reading of "The story of the fall", a quote from Zizek This ...
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In what ways are Kierkegaard and Hegel similar?

It is well known that Kierkegaard's philosophy is, in large part, a response to or critique of Hegel's philosophy. How, then, are they similar? Is there any way to reconcile their differences, or to ...
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Hegel and private property

Did Hegel concern private property as a natural right as liberals did? I know that Hegel talked about private property in Encyclopedia of the Philosophical Sciences describing it as an abstract ...
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How does Hegel overcome determinism without noumena?

Hegel rejects the noumena/phenomenical dichotomy developed by Kant in his transcendental idealism and replaces it with his idea of absolute idealism. Kant, embedded in a Newtonian paradigm, holds the ...
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What book recommendations for learning Hegel and Wittgenstein?

I'm currently interested in Hegel's Dialectic and Wittgenstein works. I'm mostly looking for things related to logic, language and the foundation of mathematics. What do you think I should read from ...
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How to translate grundsein?

I came across the following quotation from Heidegger in a text by Agamben. Grundsein fur durch ein Nichts bestimmtes sein, das heisst grundsein einer nichtigkeit. The author translated as: ...
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Is the Kuhnian paradigm shift (or sublation) materialistic or idealistic?

Kuhns book The Structure of scientific revolution is based on Hegels philosophy of history and uses, as Hegel did, the dialectic as the motor of history. What Kuhn terms paradigm shifts, in Hegelian ...