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Questions tagged [hegel]

Questions related to the works of the German philosopher Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel (1770 – 1831), who was an important figure of German Idealism.

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Is the opponent process theory of emotion an example of Hegelian synthesis?

http://gettingstronger.org/2010/05/opponent-process-theory/ One basic tenet of the opponent process theory is that there is a gradual unbalancing of the relation between an emotion and its own ...
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What is the difference between temporal logic and Dialectical Logic (Hegel)?

I have been reading Hegel's Science of Logic where he critiques its generation understanding of logic known as Formal Logic. As I have come to understand one of the main differences between Hegel's ...
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does Hegel's Dialectical Materialism needs justification when we re-examine the notion of "opposite" and whether that's a fact of the world?

Hegel basically says thesis-antithesis-synthesis, and this works because there are opposition of ideas or there are contradictions Derrida also uses concepts like "binary oppositions" he ...
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Hegel's Notion of beauty and it's connection to "freedom"

can someone PLEASE make sense of this for me https://plato.stanford.edu/entries/hegel-aesthetics/ "In Hegel’s view, this sensuous expression of free spirit constitutes beauty. The purpose of art, ...
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What is the Economic Orientation of Hegel? Is he a Capitalist, Socialist, or Communist?

What is the Economic Orientation of Hegel? Is he a Capitalist, Socialist or Communist? What is his point of view regarding commerce, and principal of supply and demand? What is his point of view ...
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Have Kant, Hegel or Fichte. etc. disscusssed hallucination or illusion?

How do philosophers like Kant (a Constructivist), idealists such as Hegel, or subjectivists like Fichte address the phenomena of hallucination or illusion, given that these experiences seem to ...
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Can Hegel's theory of logic be formalized?

For dialecticism, we have paraconsistent logic. Is it possible to formalize the logic of Hegel, other European philosophers' systems, or at least their arguments?
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Would the inability to mathematically prove randomness in our world prove that we live in the simulator? [closed]

My personal impression is that advocates of Hegel's absolute idea, or, the World inside a computer simulator, have a much easier time proving this, given how our world obeys common, predictable, ...
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What is the difference between concepts and things?

I read that in Hegel’s ontology, concepts and things are the same thing. The universe itself is constructed from concepts, so in a way, reality is made of ideas. Is there a deep difference other than ...
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Understanding the meaning of a para from Hegel’s “The Philosophy of Right”

In the Note of the article 10 in “The Philosophy of Right”, G.W.F. Hegel writes: that because the truth is the idea, when any object or phase is apprehended only as it is in itself or in conception, ...
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I've heard that Hegel's view on how to attain absolute truth differed from Kant's. In what ways?

I think, from memory, Hegel said that the absolute truth can be known through a dialectical process between the object and the thing-in-itself. But, how does that differ from Kant's opinion on the ...
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Have anyone found a good solution to Kant's dualistic approach to consciousness?

Kant, in his studies of transcendental idealism, made the "illogical gap" between theoretical philosophy and practical philosophy, at the end of theoretical study, by requiring the contemplation of ...
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What role does political science play in philosophical understanding? [closed]

If Hegel's Absolute Spirit drives the history of humanity to a certain ends, the historical political circumstances and decisions would be the most vivid representation of the Absolute Idea in action? ...
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Can you list other Collingwood's Absolute Presuppositions?

Robin G. Collingwood's posited the existence of absolute presuppositions (AS). As a reminder, presuppositions are for Collingwood assumptions and guiding precepts that are closed to further analysis ...
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1 answer
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What does Hegel mean by “return to itself”?

I am reading a secondary source that has a section dedicated to Hegel. It says “For Hegel, the whole of history is such a dialectical process—one that is driven by Geist returning to itself, having “...
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What does this quote from Hegel mean? [closed]

On account of this general connection between political freedom and the freedom of Thought, Philosophy only appears in History where and in as far as free institutions are formed. Since Mind requires ...
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What is the "fourth term" of the Hegelian dialectic?

Paul accomplishes his objective only by defining a fourth discourse, which could be called mystical, as the margin for his own. As if every schema of discourses had to configure a quadrangle. But is ...
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Relation of dialectics, as of Hegel and Marx, toward Enlightenment liberalism

I wish to understand how Hegelian dialectics, further carried, through Marxism, from an idealist to materialist orientation, positions itself with respect to the Enlightenment and liberalism. It is ...
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How is Hegel's dialectic a logic?

There are several features of this account that Hegel thinks raise his dialectical method above the arbitrariness of Plato’s dialectics to the level of a genuine science. First, because the ...
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What philosopher said that knowledge is about discerning differences?

I have heard that knowledge is discerning differences or to that effect. For example, if all things are the same such that there is no differentiating qualities, we can't really speak of anything ...
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What did Hegel meant when he said that the universal continually engenders itself while maintaining its identity throughout the process?

The patriotic sentiment acquires its specifically determined content from the various members of the organism of the state. This organism is the development of the Idea to its differences and their ...
9 votes
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If Hegel was so hard to read, how did he become so popular?

I find that it is a popular/fashionable opinion that Hegel is a difficult to read writer. See eg. If this is the case, then how did his writings become mainstream/gain popularity at all? It's quite ...
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1 answer
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Question about Hegel

My professor said Hegel believes that the progress of rationality roots in the contradiction. One of the example is that to Kant's Antinomy, Hegel said we can know two opposite prepositions lead to ...
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Why does Hegel suggest that rationality may go against itself eventually?

Hegel's view on Kant's antinomy is that it uncovers the inherent contradiction of rationality. I don't get it that the concept negates itself through logical deduction. My example is sponetanity vs ...
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How does Hegel's Ontology overcome issues in Spinoza's?

I'm trying to write a paper and I've tried to reconstruct an argument about this on my own with no luck so far. It's about Hegel's criticism of Spinoza. As far as I understand, Hegel's main critique ...
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2 answers
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Why Hegel thinks that A and not-A will entail each other?

According to Hegel, he claims that both contradictory concepts are eventiually found to be included in the upper one. I don't really know what this means, it sounds like a ridiculous joke.
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Was Hegel a Neoplatonist?

I have started reading a book by Philip Stanfield, Hegel the Consummate Neoplatonist where he claims (page 1): From a materialist perspective (‘matter’ or objective reality is primary to ...
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What would be the difference between Fichte and Hegel?

I am quite confused how Fichte's ideas (and Schelling's ideas) and Hegel's ideas differ. There seem to be some common elements, but I am unsure how to pinpoint the difference between Hegel's and ...
5 votes
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Why is Hegel more important than Schelling?

I am curious why Hegel became more important than Schelling. First of all, how would Schelling's ideas differ from Hegel's? I read that there are some supernatural elements in Schelling's, but do not ...
3 votes
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How does Hegel account for the laws of physics?

This is related to: How do non-theist idealists account for laws of physics? But I'm narrowing down this question specifically to Hegel. If reality is Geist (which is something like mind/spirit), and ...
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What is the intellectual import of a work of art (geistiger Gehalt) for Hegel?

What is the intellectual import of a work of art (geistiger Gehalt) for Hegel? I've not read much Hegel, and feel very unfamiliar with his ideas, but it comes up in discussions of critical theory.
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How to fully understand the first three chapters of Phenomenology of Spirit?

I read The Phenomenology of Spirit like 10 years ago, but I felt like it was very vague and abstract. Hegel seemed to have been describing the development of human thought with respect to the absolute ...
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1 answer
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An sich and Für sich (in itself and for itself)

For use in annotating the work of an Italian poet, I wish to explain a reference to An sich and für sich: What would be a brief, straightforward, and yet accurate definition of these concepts in Hegel'...
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What does Hegel mean by "Geist returning to itself"?

I am reading a secondary source that has a section dedicated to Hegel. It says “For Hegel, the whole of history is such a dialectical process—one that is driven by Geist returning to itself, having “...
1 vote
1 answer
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On Kierkegard's definition of the Self: " a relation that relates itself to itself" ( question based on an SEP's quote)

In The Sickness unto death , Kierkegaard says in a sybilline way that the self is (1) a relation that relates itself to itself (2) a synthesis of finite and infinite. Should I understand that " ...
2 votes
1 answer
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According to Horkheimer and Adorno, how is the Enlightenment Dialectical?

In 1947 the Frankfurt School philosophers Max Horkheimer and Theodor W. Adorno published their seminal work "Dialektik der Aufklärung", first translated to English in 1972 as "Dialectic ...
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What is the current state of translation of Hegel's Lectures on the History of Philosophy in English?

There seem to be quite a few different versions of Hegel's Lectures on the History of Philosophy floating around. What gives?
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The necessity of shine in Hegel's Logic

In the Doctrine of Essence Hegel begins with shine [schein] as "all that remains of the sphere of being" (WL, p.342). He further qualifies it as a "nothingness or a lack of essence......
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Is Egoism of Max Stirner idealization of Free consciousness?

In more simple language when Stirner talks about having no fix ideas or not treating ideas as sacred somehow makes it (Egoism of Stirner) having a fix idea itself ? Is creative nothing an idea or ...
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A couple of small questions on Ven.Ñanavira's note on Kamma

On his note on Kamma from his book Notes on Dhamma The question of kamma or action- what should I do? is the ethical question for all personal action done by me is either akusala or kusala, unskilful ...
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Why didn't Nietzsche's work take off in his time? [closed]

Was it becaue he just didn't breakout as a writer or was it because of the dominance of certain philosophical narratives that made his philosophy unacceptable ? he did attack everything ever
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1 answer
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Is Wittgenstein's proposition "the world is a collection of facts not things" similar to Hegel's claim that objects are not things but forces?

They both seem to suggest that objects are not defined by their discrete appearances but rather by the conceptual framework which allows us to perceive them. In case of Wittgenstein the world is all ...
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1 answer
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Where does Hegel say the following?

Where does Hegel say the following or something like it? Our universities . . . are our churches.
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What is meant by “dialectical overcoming”?

In Alexandre Kojéve’s Introduction to Hegel, the author is explaining, in the first chapter, about the self-consciousness of a human as it is originated only in the presence of another human. He says ...
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How's Hegel's conception of Geist different from the bible's conception of the holy spirit?

I was seeing a documentary on Christianity, in it many times the word "Holy spirit" was mentioned with subtext that it was something written in the bible. I had previously heard Hegel came ...
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What is the post-modernist response to Francis Fukuyama's theory that technological developments give history a specific direction?

Since post-modernists reject unity points and Foucault's work shows one episteme to the other evolves completely randomly without any pattern, Fukuyama's theory here: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=...
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How has Foucault and post modernism in general become the dominant lense of analysis in Western Academia and how do Hegelians and others oppose that?

I have read of the strong impact of Foucault (the most cited author ?) and post-modernist lenses in particular in Academia. From Edward Said's Orientalism to Spivak's work (which even doe was a ...
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What does it exactly mean to be a Hegelian in terms of politics what are they opposed to?

Does it simply mean viewing the progression of history as dialectic where internal contradictions within the imagining of a thesis sort themselves out dialectically ? Does it mean a belief in ...
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Hegel's Actual and Real

Hegel uses the terms Actuality (Wirklichkeit) and Reality (Realität) often in his works. Can anyone help make determinations about the relation of these two terms? How are they distinguished from each ...
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Is Absolute Idealism like Shankara's Advaita Vedanta of Hindu philosophy?

Advaita Vedanta of Shankara of Hindu philosophy is monistic. It postulates that the world is utterly manifestation of Brahman, and the sense of separateness of the Souls from Brahman is an illusion. ...