Questions tagged [history]

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88 views

Popper, scientific laws and historical explanation

If you extracted theories in connection with descriptions of things in the past, thereby producing historical explanations, would you not then expect these theories – in a general enough form - to be ...
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59 views

Authors on Social Evolution, Personal Liberties and Corruption

Institutional corruption as been associated with excessive hedonism eg. libertinism. In history there have been recurring cycles in which economic depression has led to the uprising of authoritarian ...
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0answers
51 views

How can mereology be applied to the substantivalism and relationism spacetime discussion?

I've just began to try to understand mereology through this book with rather great difficulty. As i've dredged through it i've begun to wonder how it is that mereology could influence my favorite ...
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1answer
66 views

Historicism vs Determinism

Can anyone explain the difference between historicism and determinism (e.g. economic determinism)? I've found articles that describe them as different things, while others treat them as synonyms. If ...
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2answers
163 views

Who first studied asymmetric relations qua relation?

Who first asymmetric relations qua relation, viz., the fact that A relates to B by some relation does not always/necessarily imply that B relates to A by the same relation. ?
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2answers
62 views

Was there any philosopher named Lexiphagoras?

I am reading this book: There's A Word For It! and the author Charles Harrington Elster claims that a particular excerpt was written by an ancient Greek philosopher Lexiphagoras of Alphasia. I did ...
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1answer
46 views

Was Shakespeare a member of the lower classes? [closed]

Am I correct to assume there is a feud between academics considering Shakespeare's social origins? I understand that he was probably born as a member of the working classes (or even the Elizabethan ...
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1answer
116 views

Are there any ancient Greek philosophers with a 'complete' philosophy that never made it to prime time?

There are at least a couple-dozen Greek Philosophers (in my estimation) whose ideas were both popular and comprehensive enough that they were taught throughout antiquity. Pythagoras, Democritus, Plato,...
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2answers
106 views

What's this historiographic method of argumentation used by Foucault?

I heard that Foucault, the French philosopher, uses this historiographic method of argumentation. What is this and is this a method of argumentation like Socrate's dialectic (not saying that they are ...
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1answer
106 views

Is is true that Kant's philosophy inspired Einstein's theory of relativity?

Could you explain how it did inspire Einstein, and if Einstein gave him any credit for any of his ideas?
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0answers
85 views

Which major philosophers (if any) prior to the 1900s believed that consciousness was an emergent property of the brain?

I am going to be doing an Independent Study with one of my professors, and I am obligated (due to the professor's expertise) to choose a philosopher prior to the 1900s. Were there any philosophers ...
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0answers
68 views

Is there no basis for differentiating a personal from a historical narrative?

Is there no basis for differentiating a personal from a historical narrative? My narrative is a mess, so I'd like to get to grips with the question, ideally as it links to literature. Who in ...
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1answer
69 views

Is there anything on early to mid Foucault and structuralism?

Is there anything on early to mid Foucault and structuralism? I've just started The Archeology of Knowledge, meant to be I think the bookend of his early writings, and he is going to some lengths to ...
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1answer
288 views

What does Marx mean in the quote from the bible?

The social revolution of the nineteenth century cannot take its poetry from the past but only from the future. It cannot begin with itself before it has stripped away all superstition about the ...
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3answers
203 views

Marx and teleology : what has happened, what will happen, or what could happen?

In Marxism the idea of history being a process with determinable characteristics is raised. History here being the relations of economic life and social reproduction, and the cultures they give rise ...
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2answers
192 views

Weren't there any philosophers from Africa,America, Middle East before Socrates?

It seems that philosophy began from 2 locations, Asia and Europe, but were there any philosophers from Middle East ,America (south and north) and Africa? I mean, Asia and Europe weren't friends yet ...
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1answer
49 views

Resources on materialism and physicalism?

I was wondering if there is anyone here who could recommend specific books or information specific resources from assorted philosophers on the topic of materiality and physicality? I've finished ...
2
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1answer
174 views

Did 20th-century Marxists acknowledge that the “social science” predictions of Marxism were wrong?

In this video, starting at 5:36, Stephen Hicks claims that there are three central "social science" Marxist predictions, which I would sum up as follows: Over time, in any capitalist society, The ...
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2answers
117 views

Is it true that Scientific “discovery” has more to do with notation and symbolic abstraction?

https://twitter.com/kixxonlee/status/550323075858722816 I was reading this twitter thread by the scholar, Greg Carr and he mentions how much of western science was discovered locally of already ...
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5answers
291 views

Why do physicists increasingly seek to understand more fundamental pieces of matter?

Why do physicists seek to study and explain more fundamental qualities of matter as opposed to stopping at a certain point and testing more predictions of macro-level models? What benefit does the "...
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1answer
94 views

Against Historical (or Geographical) Determinism

It seems that determinism has gained tremendously in terms of being accepted as a general theory of everything by a large number of people. Books like The Selfish Gene and Guns, Germs, and Steel have ...
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1answer
56 views

Which ancient Greeks are known to have commentated on Zeno's Paradoxes?

The Stanford Encycl. of Philosophy mentions that we know of Zeno's work only through various secondary sources, "principally through Aristotle and his commentators." I was wondering, which other ...
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0answers
86 views

Does peace allow for ignorance or does it require communication?

As philosophy is the basis for all science (through the philosophy of science) and as it seems to implicitly denote the devices* of religion and any other abstract and concrete things (this and that), ...
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2answers
85 views

Eternity of the world in Greek philosophy

I am reading Sophie's World written by Jostein Gaarder. At the beginning, there was one fact which blew my mind (a little). According to this book, Greek philosophers thought that the world always ...
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0answers
47 views

There is consistency among whole indian philosophical schools?

i try to prove this by Buddha's &sankara's concept of Consciousness".bcoz both are represent two different tradition (Samanic & Vedic). 2. Both stressed the impermanence of worldly life. 3. ...
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1answer
66 views

Socrates condemnation,King, unknown name

What was the full name of the king archon from Euthyphro, who condemned Socrates to death?
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49 views

Historical Accuracy of Foucalt's works [duplicate]

I am beginning the "History of Sexuality" and wanted to ask to what degree should I take what Foucalt states about historical events in any of his works as accurate? From my understanding from looking ...
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2answers
92 views

Why that cave dweller is called a misogynist? [closed]

I was reading this article on coindesk.com. The first line of this article says "For all we know, the first cave-dweller to rub two sticks together was a misogynist. Or maybe just a mean person."...
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1answer
62 views

Can descriptive accounts of distant past or future be falsified?

An earlier question Can explanatory historical accounts (as opposed to descriptive ones) ever be falsified? seems to contain the opinion that descriptive accounts can be falsified. In connection with ...
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5answers
470 views

Is there a philosophical basis for the conflation of the cultural left and the economic/fiscal left?

In the U.S and most of the West, the cultural left (used loosely to include movements like feminism, secularism, being pro-diversity and pro minority-rights, the LGBTQ movement, being pro-immigration, ...
3
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1answer
783 views

Was Popper against historicism?

I have some problems in reading whether Popper was a proponent or a critic of what's called "historicism". Historicism means belief systems that believe in some kind of logic in historical and ...
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3answers
130 views

Could a Marxist claim that interpreting the world is all that a Marxist vanguard can do (but that the working class can still change it)? [closed]

Could a Marxist claim that interpreting the world is all that a Marxist vanguard can do, but that the working class can still change it? Marx, quite famously, said that philosophers have only ...
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1answer
113 views

Can Nietzsche's overman be thought of as a centripetal force?

Can Nietzsche's overman be thought of as a centripetal force? Centripetal is an adjective describing a force that brings things toward the center, not unlike the force of a black hole. ...