Questions tagged [history-of-philosophy]

The history of philosophy is the study of philosophical ideas and concepts through time. Issues specifically related to history of philosophy might include (but are not limited to): How can changes in philosophy be accounted for historically? What drives the development of thought in its historical context? To what degree can philosophical texts from prior historical eras be understood even today?

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How Biases and Prejudices Deviate the Philosophy of Peace in round table meeting of world politics

Why do politically strengthened nations deviate from the ideal of peace building and misuse power through bias, prejudice, and subjugation of others towards "peace," but not actual, absolute ...
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Generating the simplest sort of Cosmological Argument

First, I am not a philosopher, but rather an applied mathematician. However, the Cosmological Argument has always intrigued me. At times I feel that all attempts are necessarily hopeless, at other ...
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What happened after “In Defense of Transracialism”?

In 2017, Rebecca Tuvel published "In Defense of Transracialism" in the feminist philosophy journal Hypatia. This article received an enormous amount of public attention and stirred a fair ...
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Inhowfar is scientific inquiry modeled on the interrogation of witches?

(Carolyn) Merchant sees proof in the link between persecution of witches and development of modern science in the work of Francis Bacon, one of the reputed father of the new scientific method, showing ...
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Is there a clear cut distinction between Philosophy and Philology?

I’ve been recently mulling over semantic and linguistic issues and I realized that my understanding of these fields may not correspond to the commonly accepted wisdom, so to speak. Although the ...
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Did the philosophy of Heidegger lead to any advances in scientific knowledge? [closed]

Heidegger seems to be one of ther most controversial figures in philosophy as some philosophers consider him the greatest philosopher of the 20th century and others a charlatan. Analytic philosophers ...
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What is the origin of the idea that moral realism requires a god?

This idea has always been very strange to me. The first time I encountered this idea was when I was required to read about the Euthyphro Dilemma in college. It felt like a whole dialogue about ...
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Word for an unending task that one is compelled to do

Absurdism uses The Myth of Sisyphus to give a metaphor for the unending human need to attribute meaning to life. What would be the most well-understood (or established) word that means: "a ...
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What's the background and meaning of this philosophy quote?

I'm new here and this is my first question. My professor gave me an assignment that let me choose any philosophy quote and talk about it. I want a quote that sound COOL so I go to Google and search it ...
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What was the need to create the concept of art and science? [closed]

It sounds like a very basic question, but I have often wondered why the concept of art and science exist as two distinct disciplines when there is actually very little to distinguish or separate the ...
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What do you make of Marimba Ani's critique of European philosophy?

Ani's 1994 work, Yurugu: An Afrikan-Centered Critique of European Cultural Thought and Behavior, examined the influence of European culture on the formation of modern institutional frameworks, through ...
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Is there, in Aristotle, a broad concept of thinking ( noèsis) that includes imagination ? Or is imagination a purely sensible power?

In Aristotle's De Anima, Bk. III, Part 3 ( http://classics.mit.edu/Aristotle/soul.3.iii.html) one can read this : "Thinking is different from perceiving and is held to be in part imagination, in ...
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Historically, were most philosophers moral realists before the rise of physicalism?

Moral facts seem weird because they don't seem to mesh too well with a purely physicalist ontology (although there is such a thing as ethical naturalism). It somehow seems odd that alongside the facts ...
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Did Clausewitz's On War influence later non military/political philosophy?

Clausewitz's On War has influenced countless politicians and people with military related jobs. Did On War influence later non military/political philosophy?
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Oppenheimer on Piaget: “… he is almost a philosopher …”. Is the status of Philosopher a pinnacle? [closed]

In an interview (4:10) while Director of Institute for Advanced Study, J. Robert Oppenheimer states quite plainly and sincerely: We had here this year a Swiss French psychologist - he is almost a ...
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How do the works attributed to Aristotle are determined to originate from him?

Are there other surviving works that were written at around the same time as Aristotle's that cite the works or concepts from the Aristotelian corpus?
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Evidences of Jewish Influence on Pre Socratic Philosophy [closed]

1 Kings 4:34 "From all nations people came to listen to Solomon's wisdom, sent by all the kings of the world, who had heard of his wisdom" Is it plausible to speculate that the widespread ...
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List of books which teaches historical Aristotelian logic

Background: I want to study philosophy and I think a good way is to first learn logic, so I tried reading The Categories. But even after trying so hard, I didn't understand it. The writing is very ...
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What do you call a non-philosophical opinion given by a philosopher?

What do you call a non-philosophical opinion given by a philosopher? Nietzsche wrote a lot of critical texts on religion, morality, contemporary culture, philosophy and science, but a lot of it is ...
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What is it called when two theories ultimately become one theory in science?

I am trying to think of an example of scientific explanation whose scope was in fact broader than we initially thought. The idea would be the following: Initially, we used H (the explanation) to ...
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Are there ethicists who defend the conclusion that “harm” be defined by the individual being harmed?

From WP: Some legal scholars... have argued that the traditional issues of free speech -- that "the main threat to free speech" is the censorship of "suppressive states", and that ...
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Why in the academic fields of art and design, the philosophy taught or mentioned is often Continental philosophy?

Is there any rationale to prefer, in academic fields of art, Continental philosophy over Analytic philosophy? I guess there might be a historical reason why philosophy evolved into two approaches but ...
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Was Peirce the first to distinguish objective and subjective possibilities?

I was reading IEP article about C.S Peirce where some of his logical notations for modal logic are presented, and one them seem to make a distinction between a subjective formula and an objective one....
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Do philosophers have some arguments regarding possible explanations for origin of free will?

Assuming that some free will exists or is real, what major philosophical arguments have been offered regarding the origin of free will? The Philosophy StackExchange post Is the theory of evolution a ...
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Did Charlies Peirce write this sentence or something closely related in meaning?

I saw the following phrase recently and I was surprised that it was ascribed to Peire: "We do not really think, we are barely conscious, until something goes wrong" Did Charlies Peirce write ...
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Did Peirce's semiotics influence Saussure's own semiotic theory?

I am assuming that Saussure's semiotic theory came after Peirce's. Is there any indication that Saussure was aware of Peirce's theory? If not then was there any philosophical/scientific development(...
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Which unary or binary logical operators existed in logic before 1854 besides 'and', 'or', and 'not'?

Logical operators are a central focus of logicians, and two important books with innovative thoughts on logic include Begriffsschrift (1879) by Gottlob Frege and The Laws of Thought by George Boole in ...
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Why is first-order logic interesting to philosophers?

This site had a question: Is First Order Logic (FOL) the only fundamental logic? Let me ask the opposite: Why is FOL still interesting or useful to philosophers? For example, the "ancestor" ...
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Why is a well-understood theory easier to understand, and does this answer the question “Why is older philosophy 'easier' to understand”?

I know the question sounds weird, so I'll bring an example coming from my field: mathematics. One of the greatest mathematicians of all time is Gauss. One of his results is the "Remarkable ...
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Internet Fora and Metaphilosophy

Prologue Given a look at the history of philosophy, one can argue that philosophical methods have evolved from those of the Pre-Socratics to contemporary methods which rely heavily on citations and ...
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Was the notion of mind-body dualism invented, or at least popularized, by Rene Descartes?

This dualism seems so compelling (from a layman’s perspective) that it seems difficult to imagine that Descartes invented or even popularized it. For instance, people kept using words like “soul” to ...
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Why are theories of Greek philosophers so ineffectual?

The philosophy of science is to explain many natural phenomena with simple and least number of axioms(=hypothesis). As Albert Einstein writes in his book, The Evolution of Physics at page number 56: ...
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What's the role of logic in logical positivism?

I'm reading up on a bit of the ideas of logical positivism. It seems that the main components were the distinction of synthetic and analytic statements, and the verification principle. Without giving ...
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How does philosophy influence the art and the aesthetic preferences of a culture?

I read an article sometime back stating that the western school of thought is more "fragmentary" as compared to the "holistic" approach of eastern philosophy. Not that I ...
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Is there any formal studies of why philosophers think a certain way or focus on certain topics?

In other words, I looking for a formal study of philosophers and their thinking as the object to be studied. Parts of what philosophers think about is influenced by history, of course. It is no ...
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Why did Western Science/Philosophy “Desacralize” nature? [closed]

What I mean is, i have heard it claimed that European science and thought "Desacralized" nature in the sense taking away the mysticism and spirituality of nature. I'm thinking of Marimba Ani'...
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Does the Platonic triad originate with Plato?

A Platonic triad of Good, True, and Beautiful is something I run into online and in popular philosophy books. For example: https://catholicgnosis.wordpress.com/2014/11/10/the-platonic-triad/ It's been ...
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Why did the mid-19th century and earlier thinkers fixate on one-place predicates?

A book I'm reading mentions the following: A major barrier to the development of first-order logic had been the concentration on one-place predicates to the exclusion of many-place relational ...
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Who was the first to posit that “culture determines the moral status of things within that culture”? [closed]

I am studying moral philosophy and I wish to learn who was the first to posit the above quote, preferably in similar wording as above.
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Do you know any gurus/saints/philosopher who talked about the idea of immortality/defying death?

I always hear about the principle of life and death. That death is necessary to one's life. Not only to give your life meaning and balance but to also to give balance to mother nature. This is further ...
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Which philosopher should be attributed the saying 'I know that I know nothing': Plato or Socrates?

As per Wikipedia, the paraphrased quotatation is found in Plato's account of Socrates, but it is not confirmed whether Socrates really said such a thing. Is it then okay to say that Plato said 'I know ...
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Does this sentence of Kant contains in an embryonic form some of the critical parts of his later work, “Critique of Pure Reason”?

In the universal silence of nature and in the calm of the senses the immortal spirit’s hidden faculty of knowledge speaks an ineffable language and gives [us] undeveloped concepts, which are indeed ...
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What did Jean-Jacques Rousseau mean by these below mentioned lines?

They stifle in men’s breasts that sense of original liberty, for which they seem to have been born; cause them to love their own slavery, and so make of them what is called a civilised people. ...
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Has there been systematic studies of how historical contexts and social factors influenced various philosophers?

While I learn a lot from philosophers, I can't help but think that their minds (just like mine) are somewhat tied to the exact times they were born into. The historical context and social factors ...
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When did philosophers decide philosophy was not useful, and why? [closed]

Academics treat philosophy like more of a discipline one does simply because one can. If you were to ask an academic what the purpose of philosophy is, they're likely to be confused by the question. ...
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philosophy magazine which would cover new findings

I have a question about which magazine or journal for general public would you recommend as the best to follow current developments in philosophy without geting into too much detail? Due to last ...
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Who said: “Everything is meaningless, but nothing is chance”?

In the German movie series Heimat 2 (episode 8), the philosophy student Alex says at one point: Everything is meaningless, but nothing is chance [my tentative transcription from German: Alles ist ...
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Is there a history of science concept of a demon who tries to mislead man or something along the same line? [closed]

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Laplace%27s_demon Is there a history of science concept of a demon who tries to mislead man or something along the same line? I am thinking of something like Laplace's ...
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Descartes and the concept of motion

Even if we believe that calculus satisfactorily solves Zeno's paradoxes, we can't earnestly say that conceptual clarity was achieved before Cauchy's definition of the limit in the 19th century. For ...
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Who is author of “a human is an animal but unhappy because of mindfulness”?

A while ago I heard the phrase like this: A human is just an animal but unhappy because of mindfulness It may differ cuz I heard it in other language I remembered that it was said by Arthur ...

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