Questions tagged [history-of-philosophy]

The history of philosophy is the study of philosophical ideas and concepts through time. Issues specifically related to history of philosophy might include (but are not limited to): How can changes in philosophy be accounted for historically? What drives the development of thought in its historical context? To what degree can philosophical texts from prior historical eras be understood even today?

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303 views

Why are theories of Greek philosophers so ineffectual?

The philosophy of science is to explain many natural phenomena with simple and least number of axioms(=hypothesis). As Albert Einstein writes in his book, The Evolution of Physics at page number 56: ...
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What's the role of logic in logical positivism?

I'm reading up on a bit of the ideas of logical positivism. It seems that the main components were the distinction of synthetic and analytic statements, and the verification principle. Without giving ...
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How does philosophy influence the art and the aesthetic preferences of a culture?

I read an article sometime back stating that the western school of thought is more "fragmentary" as compared to the "holistic" approach of eastern philosophy. Not that I ...
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67 views

Is there any formal studies of why philosophers think a certain way or focus on certain topics?

In other words, I looking for a formal study of philosophers and their thinking as the object to be studied. Parts of what philosophers think about is influenced by history, of course. It is no ...
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95 views

Why did Western Science/Philosophy “Desacralize” nature? [closed]

What I mean is, i have heard it claimed that European science and thought "Desacralized" nature in the sense taking away the mysticism and spirituality of nature. I'm thinking of Marimba Ani'...
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Does the Platonic triad originate with Plato?

A Platonic triad of Good, True, and Beautiful is something I run into online and in popular philosophy books. For example: https://catholicgnosis.wordpress.com/2014/11/10/the-platonic-triad/ It's been ...
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Why did the mid-19th century and earlier thinkers fixate on one-place predicates?

A book I'm reading mentions the following: A major barrier to the development of first-order logic had been the concentration on one-place predicates to the exclusion of many-place relational ...
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Who was the first to posit that “culture determines the moral status of things within that culture”? [closed]

I am studying moral philosophy and I wish to learn who was the first to posit the above quote, preferably in similar wording as above.
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239 views

Do you know any gurus/saints/philosopher who talked about the idea of immortality/defying death?

I always hear about the principle of life and death. That death is necessary to one's life. Not only to give your life meaning and balance but to also to give balance to mother nature. This is further ...
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55 views

Which philosopher should be attributed the saying 'I know that I know nothing': Plato or Socrates?

As per Wikipedia, the paraphrased quotatation is found in Plato's account of Socrates, but it is not confirmed whether Socrates really said such a thing. Is it then okay to say that Plato said 'I know ...
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Does this sentence of Kant contains in an embryonic form some of the critical parts of his later work, “Critique of Pure Reason”?

In the universal silence of nature and in the calm of the senses the immortal spirit’s hidden faculty of knowledge speaks an ineffable language and gives [us] undeveloped concepts, which are indeed ...
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What did Jean-Jacques Rousseau mean by these below mentioned lines?

They stifle in men’s breasts that sense of original liberty, for which they seem to have been born; cause them to love their own slavery, and so make of them what is called a civilised people. ...
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Has there been systematic studies of how historical contexts and social factors influenced various philosophers?

While I learn a lot from philosophers, I can't help but think that their minds (just like mine) are somewhat tied to the exact times they were born into. The historical context and social factors ...
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When did philosophers decide philosophy was not useful, and why? [closed]

Academics treat philosophy like more of a discipline one does simply because one can. If you were to ask an academic what the purpose of philosophy is, they're likely to be confused by the question. ...
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philosophy magazine which would cover new findings

I have a question about which magazine or journal for general public would you recommend as the best to follow current developments in philosophy without geting into too much detail? Due to last ...
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Who said: “Everything is meaningless, but nothing is chance”?

In the German movie series Heimat 2 (episode 8), the philosophy student Alex says at one point: Everything is meaningless, but nothing is chance [my tentative transcription from German: Alles ist ...
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Is there a history of science concept of a demon who tries to mislead man or something along the same line? [closed]

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Laplace%27s_demon Is there a history of science concept of a demon who tries to mislead man or something along the same line? I am thinking of something like Laplace's ...
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Descartes and the concept of motion

Even if we believe that calculus satisfactorily solves Zeno's paradoxes, we can't earnestly say that conceptual clarity was achieved before Cauchy's definition of the limit in the 19th century. For ...
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1answer
54 views

Who is author of “a human is an animal but unhappy because of mindfulness”?

A while ago I heard the phrase like this: A human is just an animal but unhappy because of mindfulness It may differ cuz I heard it in other language I remembered that it was said by Arthur ...
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Why is science treated as if it is entirely separate from philosophy? [duplicate]

A lot of people who I have spoken with in philosophy courses treat science as if it is completely separate from philosophy. Some scientists, like Stephen Hawking when he was still alive, seem to agree ...
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Is there a journal or organization where one can submit (not necessarily professional) philosophical articles?

I am neither a professional philosopher nor an academic. But I do seem to like to engage in philosophical thought and sometimes have different ideas about different topics in life. I was wondering if ...
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1answer
426 views

Is C.G. Jung considered a respectable philosopher by professional philosophers?

I thought he was mainly a philosopher since his theories are mostly philosophical (or at best quasi scientific). Since he is rarely cited by philosophers it makes me wonder if he is considered a ...
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Philosophy histories adopting the topical approach, presenting each branch independently ? (Reference request)

There are mainly two ways to expose the history of philosophy : (1) by presenting authors in a chronological order, and explaining one at a time the whole system of each author ( with maybe altering a ...
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Does the concept of thinking/learning of something better when you have “skin in the game” originate with Taleb?

I recently read the book by Taleb in which he writes that having skin in the game with respect to something allows one to have insights about it which one wouldn't (easily?) otherwise. Since Taleb ...
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Why does Hayek refer to French 'individualism' as the “Cartesian” school?

I am reading Frederick Hayek right now and saw that he refers to the French liberal tradition, what he calls French "individualism (vs the English liberal tradition of Smith, Ferguson, Burke, etc.) ...
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113 views

Purpose and history of university examinations in philosophy

Perhaps naively, a person outside of academia could think that, given the multitude of philosophy schools and the apparent "instability" of the subject as compared e.g. to physics or mathematics, ...
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72 views

Why did Kant write in German and not in Latin? How did Latin influence Kant’s German?

Kant wrote his works in notoriously difficult and elaborate German. I’ve once heard that his strict and peculiar style is in parts explained and made more accessible by the view point that he was ...
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194 views

Were the Greek outstanding in Philosophy compared to China, India or other cultures? [closed]

On the so called axis age, the Euro-Asian cultures are said to have incorporated, as I understand it, to a larger extent than before ideas on thinking about thinking, i.e. philosophy. To me, the ...
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71 views

Is there any classic argument supporting freewill?

As much as I read about history of philosophy, I saw that a vast majority of ancient philosophers supported determinism(like Cynicists, Stoicists, Buddha etc.). Did any body support freewill in ...
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Original Text Sources for 2 Aristotle ideas - 1/ nous on nous , 2/ sprial of knowledge - which texts did Aristotle first mention these in?

I am trying to track down the first mention original sources of some ideas of Aristotle in philosophy that some philosophy professors made in some university lectures. The first idea is 1/ Nous on ...
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Are there any predecessors to the leveling concept of Kierkegaard?

What were the most likely sources of inspiration of Kierkegaard in creating the leveling concept?
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65 views

Which Greek Philosopher talked about most men falling in between good and evil?

I am doing an assignment and I am looking to quote a Greek philosopher who said that some men are evil and some men are good but most fall in between good and evil. I don't know if it was Socrates, ...
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69 views

Who are the philosophical successors of Kuhn?

That improved and extended his concepts in the 'Structure of the scientific revolution'.
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What did Aristotle and Plato think of each other?

Since Plato was a teacher of Aristotle and was living until Aristotle was 36 years old I was wondering of what kind of opinion Aristotle had of Plato's personality and work and vice versa
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Is there any conceptual influence of Sellar's 'Empiricism and the Philosophy of Mind' on “The Structure of Scientific Revolutions”?

I skimmed over Sellars paper and I noticed some (perhaps superficial) similarities with Kuhn's book. I suppose there were earlier works that are closely similar conceptually to Kuhn's work that may ...
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114 views

How was sadism viewed(if at all) in philosophy before Marquis de Sade? [closed]

Were there any preceding philosophers who wrote about concepts that were roughly equivalent to sadism?
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66 views

What are the reasons as to why many important ancient philosophers ascribed to stoicism whereas few ancient philosophers were epicurians?

It seems to me that there were relatively few prominent ancient (if not prominent at least with wikipedia entries with their names) philosophers that espoused Epicureanism while there were many ...
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Who were the key thinkers in classical metaphysics, and what were the main problems they were trying to solve? What can I read on this topic?

I'd like to read a history of classical metaphysics, but I am not even sure how to draw the boundaries of this topic to select a text for myself. I am specifically interested in system building, of a ...
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1answer
58 views

Good Translations of the Organon

I can't seem to find a translation of Aristotle's famous Organon that is consistently given good reviews. Does anyone have any recommendations?
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151 views

Who said 'You can't step into the same river once'?

Heraclitus traditionally said 'You can't step into the same river twice' Who, in response, said 'You can't step in the same river once'? I would like to attribute it to Parmenides or one the ...
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philosophers of the egoism

some time ago I heard about a sentence that struck my mind. It was a philosopher quote, like... the world would be a better place if everybody used to be more egoist I am looking for the ...
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2answers
359 views

Is Sam Harris's view of morality innovating? What philosophers innovated specifics on morality?

Sam Harris in his book, The moral landscape (2010), has certainly ignited discussions on morality, but did Sam Harris create his view or popularize someone else's? side== I am also curious if anyone ...
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Are beautiful things difficult?

As you may already know, the dialogue Hippias Major ends with the following asseveration by Socrates: So, I think, Hippias, that I have been benefited by conversation with both of you, for I think ...
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136 views

Is self-interest ethical even when it means not helping others?

I'm having trouble reconciling common sense self-interest with the mainstream systems in ethics. Say I'm taking a life-changing exam, and I've studied and am super prepared; yet, the guy behind me ...
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Reductionism about universals

David Armstrong's theory of universals is sparse: it's "mass", "electric charge", etc. that are true universals, not e.g. "redness". In pre-modern times this might be vaguely comparable to the ...
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Hierocles and Pythagorean Library

In Pythagorean Library, a complete collection of the surviving fragments from the Pythagoreans, the initials fragments are those that belong to Hierocles, and in several of them, between parenthesis — ...
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Jarrett’s Argument against an intuitive interpretation of P4, Part I of Spinoza’s Ethics

On first sight, an intuitive way of understanding proposition 4, part I, of Spinoza’s Ethics, is the following: For all x and for all y, if not x=y, then either (there is a z and a z' such that z ...
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What percentage of extant Greek texts from Antiquity constitute philosophy?

I recently asked on Literature Stack Exchange, What percentage of clay tablets found in Mesopotamia contain literature? and was only able to define an upper limit 4% literature in the overall corpus ...
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239 views

Metaphysicist or Metaphysician?

As a physicist who takes an interest in metaphysics, I was shocked to learn that practitioners of metaphysics call themselves metaphysicians. Why not metaphysicists? My first thought was that unlike ...
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224 views

Does the frequent study of the history of philosophy cause us to lose critical thinking? [closed]

Does the long and frequent study of the history of philosophy cause us to lose critical thinking and philosophical insight into the issues and, as Descartes puts it, "contaminate ourselves with past ...

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