Questions tagged [history-of-philosophy]

The history of philosophy is the study of philosophical ideas and concepts through time. Issues specifically related to history of philosophy might include (but are not limited to): How can changes in philosophy be accounted for historically? What drives the development of thought in its historical context? To what degree can philosophical texts from prior historical eras be understood even today?

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49 views

Who is author of “a human is an animal but unhappy because of mindfulness”?

A while ago I heard the phrase like this: A human is just an animal but unhappy because of mindfulness It may differ cuz I heard it in other language I remembered that it was said by Arthur ...
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Why is science treated as if it is entirely separate from philosophy? [duplicate]

A lot of people who I have spoken with in philosophy courses treat science as if it is completely separate from philosophy. Some scientists, like Stephen Hawking when he was still alive, seem to agree ...
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Is there a journal or organization where one can submit (not necessarily professional) philosophical articles?

I am neither a professional philosopher nor an academic. But I do seem to like to engage in philosophical thought and sometimes have different ideas about different topics in life. I was wondering if ...
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359 views

Is C.G. Jung considered a respectable philosopher by professional philosophers?

I thought he was mainly a philosopher since his theories are mostly philosophical (or at best quasi scientific). Since he is rarely cited by philosophers it makes me wonder if he is considered a ...
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142 views

Philosophy histories adopting the topical approach, presenting each branch independently ? (Reference request)

There are mainly two ways to expose the history of philosophy : (1) by presenting authors in a chronological order, and explaining one at a time the whole system of each author ( with maybe altering a ...
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Does the concept of thinking/learning of something better when you have “skin in the game” originate with Taleb?

I recently read the book by Taleb in which he writes that having skin in the game with respect to something allows one to have insights about it which one wouldn't (easily?) otherwise. Since Taleb ...
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Why does Hayek refer to French 'individualism' as the “Cartesian” school?

I am reading Frederick Hayek right now and saw that he refers to the French liberal tradition, what he calls French "individualism (vs the English liberal tradition of Smith, Ferguson, Burke, etc.) ...
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112 views

Purpose and history of university examinations in philosophy

Perhaps naively, a person outside of academia could think that, given the multitude of philosophy schools and the apparent "instability" of the subject as compared e.g. to physics or mathematics, ...
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Why did Kant write in German and not in Latin? How did Latin influence Kant’s German?

Kant wrote his works in notoriously difficult and elaborate German. I’ve once heard that his strict and peculiar style is in parts explained and made more accessible by the view point that he was ...
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Were the Greek outstanding in Philosophy compared to China, India or other cultures? [closed]

On the so called axis age, the Euro-Asian cultures are said to have incorporated, as I understand it, to a larger extent than before ideas on thinking about thinking, i.e. philosophy. To me, the ...
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Is there any classic argument supporting freewill?

As much as I read about history of philosophy, I saw that a vast majority of ancient philosophers supported determinism(like Cynicists, Stoicists, Buddha etc.). Did any body support freewill in ...
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Original Text Sources for 2 Aristotle ideas - 1/ nous on nous , 2/ sprial of knowledge - which texts did Aristotle first mention these in?

I am trying to track down the first mention original sources of some ideas of Aristotle in philosophy that some philosophy professors made in some university lectures. The first idea is 1/ Nous on ...
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Are there any predecessors to the leveling concept of Kierkegaard?

What were the most likely sources of inspiration of Kierkegaard in creating the leveling concept?
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Which Greek Philosopher talked about most men falling in between good and evil?

I am doing an assignment and I am looking to quote a Greek philosopher who said that some men are evil and some men are good but most fall in between good and evil. I don't know if it was Socrates, ...
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61 views

Who are the philosophical successors of Kuhn?

That improved and extended his concepts in the 'Structure of the scientific revolution'.
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What did Aristotle and Plato think of each other?

Since Plato was a teacher of Aristotle and was living until Aristotle was 36 years old I was wondering of what kind of opinion Aristotle had of Plato's personality and work and vice versa
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Is there any conceptual influence of Sellar's 'Empiricism and the Philosophy of Mind' on “The Structure of Scientific Revolutions”?

I skimmed over Sellars paper and I noticed some (perhaps superficial) similarities with Kuhn's book. I suppose there were earlier works that are closely similar conceptually to Kuhn's work that may ...
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What types of philosophical works were more likely to disappear from history and not survive modernity?

Certain kinds of works were not replicated enough to survive and suppressed and discarted under certain regimes and cultures.Is there any indication of what kind of works were more likely to be "lost" ...
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How was sadism viewed(if at all) in philosophy before Marquis de Sade? [closed]

Were there any preceding philosophers who wrote about concepts that were roughly equivalent to sadism?
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What are the reasons as to why many important ancient philosophers ascribed to stoicism whereas few ancient philosophers were epicurians?

It seems to me that there were relatively few prominent ancient (if not prominent at least with wikipedia entries with their names) philosophers that espoused Epicureanism while there were many ...
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Who were the key thinkers in classical metaphysics, and what were the main problems they were trying to solve? What can I read on this topic?

I'd like to read a history of classical metaphysics, but I am not even sure how to draw the boundaries of this topic to select a text for myself. I am specifically interested in system building, of a ...
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48 views

Good Translations of the Organon

I can't seem to find a translation of Aristotle's famous Organon that is consistently given good reviews. Does anyone have any recommendations?
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Who said 'You can't step into the same river once'?

Heraclitus traditionally said 'You can't step into the same river twice' Who, in response, said 'You can't step in the same river once'? I would like to attribute it to Parmenides or one the ...
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philosophers of the egoism

some time ago I heard about a sentence that struck my mind. It was a philosopher quote, like... the world would be a better place if everybody used to be more egoist I am looking for the ...
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Is Sam Harris's view of morality innovating? What philosophers innovated specifics on morality?

Sam Harris in his book, The moral landscape (2010), has certainly ignited discussions on morality, but did Sam Harris create his view or popularize someone else's? side== I am also curious if anyone ...
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Are beautiful things difficult?

As you may already know, the dialogue Hippias Major ends with the following asseveration by Socrates: So, I think, Hippias, that I have been benefited by conversation with both of you, for I think ...
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114 views

Is self-interest ethical even when it means not helping others?

I'm having trouble reconciling common sense self-interest with the mainstream systems in ethics. Say I'm taking a life-changing exam, and I've studied and am super prepared; yet, the guy behind me ...
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74 views

Reductionism about universals

David Armstrong's theory of universals is sparse: it's "mass", "electric charge", etc. that are true universals, not e.g. "redness". In pre-modern times this might be vaguely comparable to the ...
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Hierocles and Pythagorean Library

In Pythagorean Library, a complete collection of the surviving fragments from the Pythagoreans, the initials fragments are those that belong to Hierocles, and in several of them, between parenthesis — ...
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Jarrett’s Argument against an intuitive interpretation of P4, Part I of Spinoza’s Ethics

On first sight, an intuitive way of understanding proposition 4, part I, of Spinoza’s Ethics, is the following: For all x and for all y, if not x=y, then either (there is a z and a z' such that z ...
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What percentage of extant Greek texts from Antiquity constitute philosophy?

I recently asked on Literature Stack Exchange, What percentage of clay tablets found in Mesopotamia contain literature? and was only able to define an upper limit 4% literature in the overall corpus ...
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Metaphysicist or Metaphysician?

As a physicist who takes an interest in metaphysics, I was shocked to learn that practitioners of metaphysics call themselves metaphysicians. Why not metaphysicists? My first thought was that unlike ...
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220 views

Does the frequent study of the history of philosophy cause us to lose critical thinking? [closed]

Does the long and frequent study of the history of philosophy cause us to lose critical thinking and philosophical insight into the issues and, as Descartes puts it, "contaminate ourselves with past ...
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What does it mean when Hobbes says “round quadrangle” signifies nothing?

When Hobbes claims that “round quadrangle” (Leviathan, ch.IV) signifies nothing, what does that mean and why does it signify nothing?
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What did Hegel mean by 'world spirit'.? [duplicate]

I looked in the Hegelian dictionary and got more confused.
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Does Existence Belong to the Nature of Substance?

In Proposition 7, Part I of the Ethics Spinoza claims: Existence belongs to the nature of substance. This means that substance exists necessarily or, to put it even simpler, that each substance ...
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Prop. 2, Part I of Spinozas “Ethics”

Spinoza's proof for Proposition 2 of part I of the Ethics, "Two substances whose attributes are different have nothing in common", is confusing. This is the proof: 1, prop 2, demo - Also evident ...
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159 views

Is trans-humanism a philosophical approach towards technology, or is it sort of science fiction?

I've heard about the idea that in the not that far future technology would enable humans to become immortal or live for many hundreds of years. This idea sounded to me quite fictional - but then I ran ...
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Are there Identity Conditions for Spinoza's modes?

A common interpretation of the relation of Substance to it's modes in Spinozas states that modes are properties of the Substance [1]. Let's assume this for now: Modes are properties of Substance. I ...
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126 views

Before Gödel, was undecidability of axiomatic systems an issue at all?

Before Gödel, was the issue raised that there may be undecidable statements within axiomatic systems of thought? Gödel managed to answer affirmatively by proving that the assumption of the ...
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107 views

Are there historical connections between the concepts of apatheia/ataraxia and nirvana?

These concepts seem very similar to me: loosely speaking, it's all about how limiting our desires is good. Knowing that there was contact between ancient Greece and ancient India, could it be that one ...
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101 views

Spinoza's adequate knowledge: Can he avoid being called a dogmatist?

Within Spinoza's System (laid down in the Ethics), the difference of inadequate from adequate knowledge is crucial. Perhaps it is even the central cornerstone of his system, because adequate knowledge ...
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257 views

Which philosophers have left sucessful academic careers to pursue other work?

I'm looking for (names of) philosophers who had successful careers in academia but, for whatever set of reasons, chose to leave and pursue work outside of academia, even if only temporarily. For this ...
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Where in the Republic Plato says that disabled people should be put away in some mysterious places?

I'm looking for the quote/quotes in which Plato regards the disabled people as if they were "non-human." And - how did he justify his view?
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60 views

Aristotle's explanation of change

I am a bit confused as to how Aristotle accounts for change (accidental and substantial). I seem to understand the idea of a substance being the compound of material and form to some degree, but how ...
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Aside Nietzsche, who are some of other writers of aphorisms? [closed]

After reading Nietzsche, I got hooked on reading books full of aphorisms, especially when they touch a large number of topics. I am wondering if there's any other famous philosophers who like writing ...
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25 years of philosophy precisely the ones between Kant and Hegel, philosophy of freedom?

Why were THE 25 years of philosophy precisely the ones between Kant and Hegel, per Dieter Henrich and older writings on them? And what does this have to do with Kant and Hegel being first and ...
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Sets of Five in Plato

Numbers are abundantly found in Plato's works but it seems (to me at least) that 5 plays a rather important role. The platonic solids are five, of course, even if they come rather later, the Timaeus ...
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In essence, is there any real distinction between Democritus' conventions and the materialist sensible world

Democritus, the atomist offered what appears to be a strikingly similar description of the 'real' structure of the world in his philosophy as composed of indestructible 'atoms'. Similarly his '...
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266 views

Was there a “mechanist” program of early rationalists, like Descartes and Leibniz?

Leibniz and Descartes are said to put forth "mechanist philosophies," but I am having trouble identifying what "mechanist" means. Does it involve their affinity to natural science and mathematics and ...

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