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12
votes
5answers
486 views

Is there a philosophical basis for the conflation of the cultural left and the economic/fiscal left?

In the U.S and most of the West, the cultural left (used loosely to include movements like feminism, secularism, being pro-diversity and pro minority-rights, the LGBTQ movement, being pro-immigration, ...
7
votes
1answer
148 views

Are there any ancient Greek philosophers with a 'complete' philosophy that never made it to prime time?

There are at least a couple-dozen Greek Philosophers (in my estimation) whose ideas were both popular and comprehensive enough that they were taught throughout antiquity. Pythagoras, Democritus, Plato,...
4
votes
2answers
90 views

Eternity of the world in Greek philosophy

I am reading Sophie's World written by Jostein Gaarder. At the beginning, there was one fact which blew my mind (a little). According to this book, Greek philosophers thought that the world always ...
4
votes
1answer
57 views

Which ancient Greeks are known to have commentated on Zeno's Paradoxes?

The Stanford Encycl. of Philosophy mentions that we know of Zeno's work only through various secondary sources, "principally through Aristotle and his commentators." I was wondering, which other ...
4
votes
1answer
82 views

Historicism vs Determinism

Can anyone explain the difference between historicism and determinism (e.g. economic determinism)? I've found articles that describe them as different things, while others treat them as synonyms. If ...
3
votes
2answers
696 views

Is there an hypothesis about global features of polytheism and if so, what is it? [closed]

I understand that the fundamental well accepted definition of polytheism is usually The worship of two or more god deities But from studying about philosophy of god (concepts of god) and ...
3
votes
1answer
808 views

Was Popper against historicism?

I have some problems in reading whether Popper was a proponent or a critic of what's called "historicism". Historicism means belief systems that believe in some kind of logic in historical and ...
3
votes
1answer
75 views

Is there anything on early to mid Foucault and structuralism?

Is there anything on early to mid Foucault and structuralism? I've just started The Archeology of Knowledge, meant to be I think the bookend of his early writings, and he is going to some lengths to ...
3
votes
1answer
70 views

How can mereology be applied to the substantivalism and relationism spacetime discussion?

I've just began to try to understand mereology through this book with rather great difficulty. As i've dredged through it i've begun to wonder how it is that mereology could influence my favorite ...
2
votes
2answers
109 views

What's this historiographic method of argumentation used by Foucault?

I heard that Foucault, the French philosopher, uses this historiographic method of argumentation. What is this and is this a method of argumentation like Socrate's dialectic (not saying that they are ...
2
votes
3answers
233 views

Marx and teleology : what has happened, what will happen, or what could happen?

In Marxism the idea of history being a process with determinable characteristics is raised. History here being the relations of economic life and social reproduction, and the cultures they give rise ...
2
votes
1answer
51 views

Resources on materialism and physicalism?

I was wondering if there is anyone here who could recommend specific books or information specific resources from assorted philosophers on the topic of materiality and physicality? I've finished ...
2
votes
2answers
203 views

Weren't there any philosophers from Africa,America, Middle East before Socrates?

It seems that philosophy began from 2 locations, Asia and Europe, but were there any philosophers from Middle East ,America (south and north) and Africa? I mean, Asia and Europe weren't friends yet ...
2
votes
1answer
176 views

Did 20th-century Marxists acknowledge that the “social science” predictions of Marxism were wrong?

In this video, starting at 5:36, Stephen Hicks claims that there are three central "social science" Marxist predictions, which I would sum up as follows: Over time, in any capitalist society, The ...
2
votes
1answer
66 views

Socrates condemnation,King, unknown name

What was the full name of the king archon from Euthyphro, who condemned Socrates to death?
2
votes
0answers
93 views

Which major philosophers (if any) prior to the 1900s believed that consciousness was an emergent property of the brain?

I am going to be doing an Independent Study with one of my professors, and I am obligated (due to the professor's expertise) to choose a philosopher prior to the 1900s. Were there any philosophers ...
2
votes
0answers
68 views

Is there no basis for differentiating a personal from a historical narrative?

Is there no basis for differentiating a personal from a historical narrative? My narrative is a mess, so I'd like to get to grips with the question, ideally as it links to literature. Who in ...
1
vote
3answers
133 views

Could a Marxist claim that interpreting the world is all that a Marxist vanguard can do (but that the working class can still change it)? [closed]

Could a Marxist claim that interpreting the world is all that a Marxist vanguard can do, but that the working class can still change it? Marx, quite famously, said that philosophers have only ...
1
vote
1answer
131 views

Can Nietzsche's overman be thought of as a centripetal force?

Can Nietzsche's overman be thought of as a centripetal force? Centripetal is an adjective describing a force that brings things toward the center, not unlike the force of a black hole. ...
1
vote
2answers
62 views

Was there any philosopher named Lexiphagoras?

I am reading this book: There's A Word For It! and the author Charles Harrington Elster claims that a particular excerpt was written by an ancient Greek philosopher Lexiphagoras of Alphasia. I did ...
1
vote
1answer
96 views

Popper, scientific laws and historical explanation

If you extracted theories in connection with descriptions of things in the past, thereby producing historical explanations, would you not then expect these theories – in a general enough form - to be ...
1
vote
5answers
295 views

Why do physicists increasingly seek to understand more fundamental pieces of matter?

Why do physicists seek to study and explain more fundamental qualities of matter as opposed to stopping at a certain point and testing more predictions of macro-level models? What benefit does the "...
1
vote
1answer
100 views

Against Historical (or Geographical) Determinism

It seems that determinism has gained tremendously in terms of being accepted as a general theory of everything by a large number of people. Books like The Selfish Gene and Guns, Germs, and Steel have ...
1
vote
1answer
65 views

Can descriptive accounts of distant past or future be falsified?

An earlier question Can explanatory historical accounts (as opposed to descriptive ones) ever be falsified? seems to contain the opinion that descriptive accounts can be falsified. In connection with ...
1
vote
0answers
35 views

Did (religious) dogmatism killed causality and provoked rationalism and empiricism?

Context Originally, the causality described by Aristotle is a concept that includes 4 causes and that aim to answer the question of "why" (Falcon, 2009). Among the 4 causes, the final or teleological ...
1
vote
0answers
87 views

Does peace allow for ignorance or does it require communication?

As philosophy is the basis for all science (through the philosophy of science) and as it seems to implicitly denote the devices* of religion and any other abstract and concrete things (this and that), ...
1
vote
0answers
47 views

There is consistency among whole indian philosophical schools?

i try to prove this by Buddha's &sankara's concept of Consciousness".bcoz both are represent two different tradition (Samanic & Vedic). 2. Both stressed the impermanence of worldly life. 3. ...
1
vote
0answers
50 views

Historical Accuracy of Foucalt's works [duplicate]

I am beginning the "History of Sexuality" and wanted to ask to what degree should I take what Foucalt states about historical events in any of his works as accurate? From my understanding from looking ...
0
votes
2answers
178 views

Who first studied asymmetric relations qua relation?

Who first asymmetric relations qua relation, viz., the fact that A relates to B by some relation does not always/necessarily imply that B relates to A by the same relation. ?
0
votes
1answer
361 views

What does Marx mean in the quote from the bible?

The social revolution of the nineteenth century cannot take its poetry from the past but only from the future. It cannot begin with itself before it has stripped away all superstition about the ...
0
votes
1answer
57 views

Was Shakespeare a member of the lower classes? [closed]

Am I correct to assume there is a feud between academics considering Shakespeare's social origins? I understand that he was probably born as a member of the working classes (or even the Elizabethan ...
0
votes
1answer
58 views

Causality of effects of alcohol to the brain [closed]

According to Judea Pearl's book The book of Why it took several decades to establish a scientific consensus that smoking causes lung cancer (amongst other diseases). I was wondering whether it took a ...
0
votes
2answers
123 views

Is it true that Scientific “discovery” has more to do with notation and symbolic abstraction?

https://twitter.com/kixxonlee/status/550323075858722816 I was reading this twitter thread by the scholar, Greg Carr and he mentions how much of western science was discovered locally of already ...
0
votes
0answers
72 views

Can any of Adorno's critical terms, including non/identity thinking, be defined?

A fundamental mistake in many interpretations of Dialectic of Enlightenment occurs when readers take such theses to be theoretical definitions of unchanging categories rather than critical ...
0
votes
0answers
60 views

Authors on Social Evolution, Personal Liberties and Corruption

Institutional corruption as been associated with excessive hedonism eg. libertinism. In history there have been recurring cycles in which economic depression has led to the uprising of authoritarian ...
0
votes
1answer
117 views

Is is true that Kant's philosophy inspired Einstein's theory of relativity?

Could you explain how it did inspire Einstein, and if Einstein gave him any credit for any of his ideas?
-1
votes
2answers
92 views

Why that cave dweller is called a misogynist? [closed]

I was reading this article on coindesk.com. The first line of this article says "For all we know, the first cave-dweller to rub two sticks together was a misogynist. Or maybe just a mean person."...