Questions tagged [human-nature]

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What are society's assumptions about the essential goodness of people? [closed]

What are society's assumptions about the essential goodness of people? Does society assume that people are essentially good, bad, or both?
rita umugwaneza's user avatar
4 votes
6 answers
498 views

Nature of Values: Is There Such a Thing as a Universal Value?

Introduction The inquiry into the nature of values isn't merely theoretical; it is a matter of existential importance, especially when the values you've grown up with have been rooted in deception, ...
Davit Janashia's user avatar
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4 answers
184 views

The nature of illogic

For many years, it deluded my mind. Someone told me there has to be more to life than logic. Through many years of analysis. I came to the conclusion that, it is impossible to understand illogical ...
Danish A. Y.'s user avatar
0 votes
1 answer
60 views

Is the task of philosophy to reduce fear?

There seems little contemporary work on 'fear'. I certainly couldn't see anything which gave it such important a role. But Fear, in the Ethics, seems to be government’s most valuable means of ...
user avatar
3 votes
2 answers
294 views

Is human nature a problem for Marxists?

Is human nature a problem for Marxists? So I am very broadly speaking familiar with the idea that before the scientific phase of Marx's work he was more humanist, argued that human nature was being ...
user avatar
5 votes
1 answer
110 views

Are there similar theory to Nikolay Bugaev's idea of "emergent morality"?

I need someone's insight to put into perspective the thoughts of an author I discovered only recently. Although this author's idea seems very intuitive - the kind of idea you might have as a child or ...
user21102's user avatar
2 votes
2 answers
216 views

How can nature without self-awareness and intelligence create living beings with self-awareness and intelligence?

Look at the nature around you. Nature does not have intelligence and self-awareness, but it has created living beings with intelligence and self-awareness (an example of which is us humans). ...
user avatar
0 votes
0 answers
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Roughly when did humans become attentive to their own look for external gratification

I read that there are objects that were used as mirrors dating back to 8000BCE. If so, it’s clear that humans needed a quality view of themselves at the very least to see what they looked like. Is ...
Justin's user avatar
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1 vote
0 answers
21 views

Seeking Clarification on the Terminology Used in Spinoza and Locke's Epistemologies

I'm currently studying the works of Spinoza and Locke and I'm struggling to fully comprehend their respective epistemologies. Specifically, I'm trying to understand the relationship between Spinoza's ...
cricket900's user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
184 views

The aggregate effects of human-human interaction

It can be seen that individual human-human interactions vary widely, from positive to neutral to negative. However, I have no empirical evidence on the effects of human-human interactions as an ...
Young Jun Lee's user avatar
5 votes
1 answer
259 views

Are there secular philosophers who argue for predetermined and given meaning/value in life and essentialism?

In continental philosophy particularly existentialism, thinkers reject the idea that there are any predetermined or given meanings/values in life, and stresses that we must take up our freedom and ...
user65383's user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
145 views

How could we disprove the notion that society is a conscious entity?

Humans are made up of billions of cells. You and I are human, and we can perceive our existence. Cells and their consciousness can be debatable, but they indeed operate in a way that indicates they ...
Young Jun Lee's user avatar
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2 answers
201 views

Humans’ goodness and happiness in hippies’ philosophy

It seems to me that for the hippies, humans are inherently good, and also that for them humans should seek to be happy (in a hedonistic way) if not all, at least most of the time. Is it correct? By “...
Starckman's user avatar
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1 answer
73 views

How to act smartly so that people don't take you for granted? [closed]

In our daily life, we meet some people & friends who will make you part of their tough times (share about tough days/Seek support and help) but They don't make you part of his/her happy times (...
Satya's user avatar
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2 votes
1 answer
191 views

Are people naturally cooperative or selfish?

Machiavelli's The Prince has a rather low view of humanity. He paints humans as fickle, and ready to turn in desperate moments. This may be attributed to the fact that he was in exile and lived in a ...
DdogBoss's user avatar
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-1 votes
1 answer
53 views

Does Human Pride degrade Peace? [closed]

I've been thinking about this question, and I think the reason countries go to war with each other is for their own pride, people die for their own pride. So if the entire world is one country and we ...
Tardy's user avatar
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0 answers
305 views

What does postmodernism say about Human Nature?

Chomsky who is anti-postmodernism believes humans have a nature which makes them inherently creative which can be achieved in a free society. This is in opposition to Foucault who talks bout the ...
Ash Rivers's user avatar
2 votes
1 answer
140 views

If we had the ability to make humanity less war-like, should we? [closed]

Ok, this question is about both science and philosophy, but my focus is on the latter. Let’s assume that science and technology gave humanity the ability to „re-engineer“ itself on the genetic level. ...
BenTol's user avatar
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-3 votes
2 answers
174 views

Can there be war between male(humans) and female(humans) in distant future? [closed]

It's been a long time since I have been thinking this and haven't found answers but I do have some viewpoints. First of all let me describe the problem. We know that humans are the only species on ...
Ritanshu's user avatar
  • 111
1 vote
1 answer
123 views

What informs the value theory one practices?

Stanford Encyclopedia states: "In its broadest sense, “value theory” is a catch-all label used to encompass all branches of moral philosophy, social and political philosophy, aesthetics, and ...
More Anonymous's user avatar
2 votes
1 answer
86 views

Criticism to the premise of arbitrariness of moral desert in Rawls

I am aware of several criticisms to Rawls's redistributive mechanics in A Theory of Justice. I am wondering whether there are also criticisms on the premise of arbitrariness of moral desert. I have ...
delete000's user avatar
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0 votes
4 answers
211 views

What should we consider the evolution of the human species?

Nowadays we are living in a world that is emphasizing, in various ways, the concept that technological progress brings to our species welfare. There are a lot of technological tools that help us to ...
Emanuele Scarabattoli's user avatar
2 votes
2 answers
429 views

Why is the Hobbesian leviathan less fearful than the state of nature?

In Leviathan, Hobbes argues the importance of self-preservation and the fearful condition of the state of nature, which leads to the formation of a sovereign power that compromises natural liberties ...
The One's user avatar
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0 votes
0 answers
76 views

The philosophy of friendship

I am new to philosophy. Are there any good writings on what friendship means? I came across something on https://plato.stanford.edu/entries/friendship/. How good is this website? Is it good for ...
Ronit sharma's user avatar
3 votes
1 answer
172 views

What philosopher regarded the end and purpose of human life to be in relationships with other individuals?

I remember in my undergrad being taught about some philosopher who regarded the whole end and purpose of human existence to be primarily that of relationship with other people. I dont remember if he ...
Good Ol' Saint Nick's user avatar
5 votes
4 answers
2k views

Why did Nietzsche call Spinoza his 'precursor'?

In a letter Nietzsche made the following comment about Spinoza; "I am utterly amazed, utterly enchanted! I have a precursor, and what a precursor! I hardly knew Spinoza: that I should have turned ...
user avatar
1 vote
3 answers
172 views

How can we question someone, for their ethical behavior, if it's the result of an evolutionary process

Supposedly, nature is evolving human minds and its behavior to find an optimal point. But if "bad" behaviour is nothing but an expression of nature's evolution towards an optimum, how does it make ...
thegoodguy's user avatar
0 votes
4 answers
2k views

If one can identify as transgender, can one identify as trans-age or trans-species? [closed]

I feel that I have to make absolutely clear that this whole trans-age and trans-species thing was something which I came across because of politically right-wing media, and most of it likens the ...
English Learner's user avatar
2 votes
1 answer
149 views

Which fallacy is it to justify doing something because the effect of one's own actions is small?

I had a debate with a friend regarding his uprooting of interesting plants in a woodland. He argued that it's a big forest and he only took a few plants, so doesn't cause much damage. He also ...
Ken J's user avatar
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0 votes
0 answers
133 views

Do you actually believe something or you think you believe something because you have accumulated?

So what exactly is the dot line or a break point between knowing something and believing in something, level plus from basic philosophy. When you think you believe in something, is that actually just ...
PaPa Tunde's user avatar
1 vote
2 answers
3k views

What does Plato think of human nature in the Republic?

In his Republic, Socrates describes the basic principle of the ideal society to be the separation, classification, and employment of men according to their natural abilities: a man is born with a ...
WolandBarthes's user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
54 views

What law/razor is it that says that providing an opportunity severely increases a person's use of that opportunity?

In a previous workplace we had a system that had a potential for failure - as many systems do. Two solutions were proposed: Reduce the potential for failure. (Build a more robust system.) Provide ...
tudor -Reinstate Monica-'s user avatar
3 votes
2 answers
678 views

Can a human being not be a part of the human species?

I know that this question may sound silly, that it may look like the asker is just trying to acquire attention, that it may seem as if by one's asking this question one is partaking in something ...
OneWhoBelievesInPeace's user avatar
-2 votes
3 answers
1k views

Become immortal - blessing or curse? [closed]

This question is really important for understand what's actually matter to us as humans. Having a limited life span is factor by which everyone of us is driven to something (goals/dreams/fulfilling ...
earthling's user avatar
15 votes
3 answers
4k views

What essential properties make us human?

(Correct me if I am wrong) In ontology, essentialism is the belief that object O has property P, property P is therefore an ESSENTIAL property if there is something else which is not property P it is ...
user avatar
5 votes
3 answers
554 views

How to live the present instead of just surviving?

When I was younger, I always tried to imagine how my future would be, and how it would feel like. I tried to imagine how my relationships would be, how my house would be, what my job would be, etc., ...
Rafs V.'s user avatar
  • 59
0 votes
2 answers
1k views

The powerful will always exploit the weak! [closed]

"The powerful will always exploit the weak no matter how backward or advanced a society is." I mean this is the law of nature which apply not only to humans but to every living creature. Dogs always ...
Arqam's user avatar
  • 9
1 vote
1 answer
522 views

Natural sociality in Rousseau and Aristotle

Are we social or solitary by Rousseau's reckoning? How do his arguments stand in relation to Aristotle's idea of humans as essentially social or political?
Abhed Manocha's user avatar
5 votes
2 answers
269 views

Why do humans make infants? [closed]

Considering that humans are the most intelligent species on earth, why do humans make infants? I cannot understand the reason why humans make infants, when humans can't predict whether the ...
Absolute Idiot's user avatar
1 vote
2 answers
83 views

How does regret work for the people who have lost their memories, by accident or some other reasons? [closed]

The person who has lost his or her memories will have no regrets, then how would he learn the lessons of life? I have asked the same question in Psychology and Neuroscience SE as well. What I am ...
Jayant's user avatar
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4 votes
9 answers
6k views

Where is the line drawn on cheating Darwin/genetics? How does one accept this? [closed]

It is stated that cosmetic surgery is cheating genetics if the end result is aimed at increasing one's physical attraction and thus ultimately affecting natural selection in this person's favor. But ...
Runner Ice's user avatar
4 votes
1 answer
537 views

Is there any author that argues for radical moral pluralism?

Let me first clarify what I mean with "radical" here. While many modern authors, if not all, accept moral pluralism of sorts, all that I know of express either the hope, if not the conviction, that ...
Philip Klöcking's user avatar
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3 votes
3 answers
796 views

History of Noble Savage idea

I used to believe that the idea of noble savage, that humans are innately well natured and corrupted into bad bahavior by socialization was originated by Rousseau. However, I just accidentally came ...
amphibient's user avatar
  • 1,438
1 vote
2 answers
200 views

Why do humans feel guilty? [closed]

Why do humans feel guilty when they do something wrong ? Humans feel guilty when they realize they have done something wrong , people don't feel guilty when they commit mistake . But they feel ...
Amruth A's user avatar
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