Questions tagged [human-nature]

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14
votes
3answers
3k views

What essential properties make us human?

(Correct me if I am wrong) In ontology, essentialism is the belief that object O has property P, property P is therefore an ESSENTIAL property if there is something else which is not property P it is ...
6
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2answers
233 views

Why do humans make infants? [closed]

Considering that humans are the most intelligent species on earth, why do humans make infants? I cannot understand the reason why humans make infants, when humans can't predict whether the ...
4
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9answers
6k views

Where is the line drawn on cheating Darwin/genetics? How does one accept this? [closed]

It is stated that cosmetic surgery is cheating genetics if the end result is aimed at increasing one's physical attraction and thus ultimately affecting natural selection in this person's favor. But ...
4
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4answers
387 views

How to live the present instead of just surviving?

When I was younger, I always tried to imagine how my future would be, and how it would feel like. I tried to imagine how my relationships would be, how my house would be, what my job would be, etc., ...
4
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1answer
322 views

Why did Nietzsche call Spinoza his 'precursor'?

In a letter Nietzsche made the following comment about Spinoza; "I am utterly amazed, utterly enchanted! I have a precursor, and what a precursor! I hardly knew Spinoza: that I should have turned ...
4
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1answer
489 views

Is there any author that argues for radical moral pluralism?

Let me first clarify what I mean with "radical" here. While many modern authors, if not all, accept moral pluralism of sorts, all that I know of express either the hope, if not the conviction, that ...
3
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2answers
465 views

Can a human being not be a part of the human species?

I know that this question may sound silly, that it may look like the asker is just trying to acquire attention, that it may seem as if by one's asking this question one is partaking in something ...
2
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2answers
450 views

History of Noble Savage idea

I used to believe that the idea of noble savage, that humans are innately well natured and corrupted into bad bahavior by socialization was originated by Rousseau. However, I just accidentally came ...
2
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2answers
85 views

If this is a logical fallacy, does it have a specific name?

I had a debate with a friend regarding his uprooting of interesting plants in a woodland. He argued that it's a big forest and he only took a few plants, so doesn't cause much damage. He also ...
2
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1answer
36 views

Criticism to the premise of arbitrariness of moral desert in Rawls

I am aware of several criticisms to Rawls's redistributive mechanics in A Theory of Justice. I am wondering whether there are also criticisms on the premise of arbitrariness of moral desert. I have ...
2
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2answers
169 views

Why is the Hobbesian leviathan less fearful than the state of nature?

In Leviathan, Hobbes argues the importance of self-preservation and the fearful condition of the state of nature, which leads to the formation of a sovereign power that compromises natural liberties ...
2
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1answer
70 views

What philosopher regarded the end and purpose of human life to be in relationships with other individuals?

I remember in my undergrad being taught about some philosopher who regarded the whole end and purpose of human existence to be primarily that of relationship with other people. I dont remember if he ...
1
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3answers
156 views

How can we question someone, for their ethical behavior, if it's the result of an evolutionary process

Supposedly, nature is evolving human minds and its behavior to find an optimal point. But if "bad" behaviour is nothing but an expression of nature's evolution towards an optimum, how does it make ...
1
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2answers
2k views

What does Plato think of human nature in the Republic?

In his Republic, Socrates describes the basic principle of the ideal society to be the separation, classification, and employment of men according to their natural abilities: a man is born with a ...
1
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2answers
177 views

Why do humans feel guilty? [closed]

Why do humans feel guilty when they do something wrong ? Humans feel guilty when they realize they have done something wrong , people don't feel guilty when they commit mistake . But they feel ...
1
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1answer
51 views

What law/razor is it that says that providing an opportunity severely increases a person's use of that opportunity?

In a previous workplace we had a system that had a potential for failure - as many systems do. Two solutions were proposed: Reduce the potential for failure. (Build a more robust system.) Provide ...
1
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1answer
406 views

Natural sociality in Rousseau and Aristotle

Are we social or solitary by Rousseau's reckoning? How do his arguments stand in relation to Aristotle's idea of humans as essentially social or political?
1
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2answers
54 views

How does regret work for the people who have lost their memories, by accident or some other reasons? [closed]

The person who has lost his or her memories will have no regrets, then how would he learn the lessons of life? I have asked the same question in Psychology and Neuroscience SE as well. What I am ...
0
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4answers
642 views

If one can identify as transgender, can one identify as trans-age or trans-species? [closed]

I feel that I have to make absolutely clear that this whole trans-age and trans-species thing was something which I came across because of politically right-wing media, and most of it likens the ...
0
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3answers
774 views

The powerful will always exploit the weak! [closed]

"The powerful will always exploit the weak no matter how backward or advanced a society is." I mean this is the law of nature which apply not only to humans but to every living creature. Dogs always ...
0
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3answers
118 views

What should we consider the evolution of the human species?

Nowadays we are living in a world that is emphasizing, in various ways, the concept that technological progress brings to our species welfare. There are a lot of technological tools that help us to ...
0
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0answers
66 views

Humanistic Philosophies and how to achieve it?

Question So I believe in humanism but I often feel while there is a disconnect between the lofty ideals of humanism and how to achieve it. For example, I could have someone practicing an anti-...
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0answers
195 views

According to Nietzsche nature is "extravagant" and "unfair". How did he come to this conclusion?

I am reading beyond good and evil and Nietzsche critics the core of Stoic philosophy. That "we must live according to nature". He then proceeds to doubt the idea that nature is wise, fair ...
0
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0answers
53 views

The philosophy of friendship

I am new to philosophy. Are there any good writings on what friendship means? I came across something on https://plato.stanford.edu/entries/friendship/. How good is this website? Is it good for ...
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0answers
124 views

Do you actually believe something or you think you believe something because you have accumulated?

So what exactly is the dot line or a break point between knowing something and believing in something, level plus from basic philosophy. When you think you believe in something, is that actually just ...
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0answers
31 views

How many sensations can we localize? [closed]

Can human localize five sensation? I mean sound, taste, smell and feeling have location to human? Thank you.
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4answers
856 views

Become immortal - blessing or curse? [closed]

This question is really important for understand what's actually matter to us as humans. Having a limited life span is factor by which everyone of us is driven to something (goals/dreams/fulfilling ...