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Is the doctrine of modern Human Rights considered to be supreme form of Ethics by modern philosophers?

I am from a suburban place in India and honestly, people usually look towards common sense, combined with some Hindu Ethics to live their lives here. Pretty much nobody knows or cares about Human ...
Suradoe Uchiha's user avatar
1 vote
3 answers
175 views

Should all cultures be maintained?

I think Chomsky has argued that no states have the right to exist. What about cultures? Some cultures practised human sacrifice: if they existed now, should the culture be preserved completely, in ...
user avatar
0 votes
1 answer
70 views

Did Ibsen originate this statement?

In an article I am writing, I am using a quotation from the Norwegian playwright Henrik Ibsen, who wrote in what is effectively Danish: "Ak ja, retten, retten; hvad hjælper det, at du har retten, ...
Laska's user avatar
  • 103
3 votes
3 answers
290 views

How do concepts like human rights apply to an Artificial Intelligence agent?

Say one day we have created an artificial intelligence (AI) agent with self conscious and capable of thinking in a loop of thought under bounded rationality just like humans do... As human can inject ...
user5372874's user avatar
0 votes
3 answers
112 views

Are humans still bipedal if a child is born without legs? [closed]

I am aware of a type philosophical argument that relies on a single counterexample to falsify an absolute statement: All swans are white. But here is a black swan. Your claim is false. But I have ...
user avatar
0 votes
8 answers
196 views

Objectiv requirements for human rights/natural rights

Some ethical problems I've run into while writing a story set in a near future where general artificial intelligence, mind upload and radical genetic engineering are a thing. If you could scan someone'...
Paulo Raposo's user avatar
1 vote
5 answers
216 views

What are the philosophical justifications for the creation of rights?

Just like the title states, I am referring only to philosophical justifications, not legal, historical, or religious justifications. To me, it seems that the use of rights, specifically human rights, ...
Ariel Farzan's user avatar
-1 votes
1 answer
53 views

Does Human Pride degrade Peace? [closed]

I've been thinking about this question, and I think the reason countries go to war with each other is for their own pride, people die for their own pride. So if the entire world is one country and we ...
Tardy's user avatar
  • 101
0 votes
2 answers
103 views

The Philosophy of War and Value Judgement [closed]

With the war in Ukraine, I think a field has been opened up for studying the philosophy of war deeper. First of all, I would like to state that I oppose the war in Ukraine and Russian government's ...
Xemorphy's user avatar
2 votes
1 answer
418 views

Is beauty a basic human need?

Did any philosopher argue that beauty is a basic human need? By "beauty" (pulchritudo) I mean, as St. Thomas Aquinas defines it ([II-II q. 145 a. 2][4] co.), that which results from the ...
Geremia's user avatar
  • 8,024
0 votes
1 answer
179 views

Do some philosophies hold there are limits to free speech?

Imagine many philosophers believe that the right to freedom of speech of everyone in the world should be ensured without exception. Now think about a situation where a huge number of citizens in a ...
Sazzad Hissain Khan's user avatar
0 votes
0 answers
30 views

Which most modern populous countries exhibit rabble or pure oligarchy according to Aristotle?

It is therefore the greatest happiness which the citizens can enjoy to possess a moderate and convenient fortune; for when some possess too much, and others nothing at [1296a] all, the government must ...
William's user avatar
  • 101
5 votes
3 answers
363 views

Is "human dignity" sufficient to be a "foundational value"? Why?

Is "human dignity" sufficient to be a "foundational value"? Why? Human dignity as per human rights (and associated laws) use them. I personally have great difficulties in subscribing to the idea of: ...
mavavilj's user avatar
  • 3,036
4 votes
6 answers
583 views

Are "universal human rights" demonstrable? How?

Are "universal human rights" (as per definitions by United Nations or others who try to argue for them) demonstrateable? How? I personally question this concept due to several reasons: Universality ...
mavavilj's user avatar
  • 3,036
3 votes
2 answers
405 views

Is it immoral to kill a philosophical zombie?

Is unplugging a robot from power the same as killing a person? As the commenters said this does not quite work because robots can be plugged back in. So let's replace robots with philosophical zombies,...
4HonorNDFame's user avatar
2 votes
1 answer
103 views

Ethics of saying "this cause is a just cause, but now is not the time to fight for it"?

This question stems from a discussion I heard with regards to LGBTQ rights in Arab and Muslim communities: Arab progressive: LGBTQ rights are very important, and I respect LGBTQ people and think ...
Alexander S King's user avatar
67 votes
12 answers
17k views

Does human life have innate value over that of other animals?

Does human life have innate value over that of other animals? If so, why? And is it wrong to murder another human, but morally permissible to hunt or fish?
user37214's user avatar
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5 votes
4 answers
357 views

If you know something has the potential to be sentient is it unethical to intentionally prevent it from gaining sentience?

In Star Trek TNG, TOS and Voyager they at some point debate what sentience is and what makes a person a person. Picard with Data/Moriarty, Janeway with The Doctor/holos, Kirk and Spock with the Horta ...
TheIcePhoenix's user avatar
2 votes
1 answer
120 views

Is there a better word than "equity" to describe fairness, equal rights and inclusive positive behaviour towards other people?

Disclaimer, this is NOT a question about whether or not equality, equity or equal rights are good or bad, applicable to humans in general or anything the like. The only intent of this question is to ...
All Bits Equal's user avatar
8 votes
7 answers
8k views

What arguments are there for considering forced sterilization a human rights violation? Rather than not consider it?

What arguments are there for considering forced sterilization a human rights violation? Rather than not consider it? I have a hard time in understanding why such being a human rights violation could ...
mavavilj's user avatar
  • 3,036
1 vote
2 answers
275 views

Capitalism stance on natural disasters

This question is not really related to objectivism, but I am somewhat intersted in "What would Ayn Rand say?", with emphasis on her defense of capitalism rather than her general philosophy. Accepting ...
Ariel's user avatar
  • 129
2 votes
2 answers
470 views

What is meant by: "Human rights were discovered (not invented!)"?

I recently encountered the claim that "Human rights were discovered (not invented!) during the French Revolution" by a person who appears to be quite a Hegel fan (this might make the question easier ...
mart's user avatar
  • 557
1 vote
2 answers
277 views

Does being humane imply being human?

Is the altruism separating the quality of humanity (virtue) from the quality of justness (by which we will all probably be governed in one way or the other through social devices) essentially rooted ...
Ropstah's user avatar
  • 153
3 votes
1 answer
263 views

Is the right to an abortion the same as the right to kill human being? [closed]

If a fetus could be safely and simply removed from a woman and put in an artificial womb where it could grow normally, would a woman have a right to kill it instead?
Yurii Khalaim's user avatar
2 votes
2 answers
73 views

philosophy of government

I wonder if it would be possible to describe freedom's in the language of set theory so that the goal is to optimize the cardinality of the set of freedoms. Basically we want as many freedom except ...
marshal craft's user avatar
8 votes
2 answers
289 views

Contemporary objections to "human nature"

Motivation The sentiment that Human Rights are not universal poses legal, political, and philosophical problems. Stephen C. Angle cites the head of a Chinese delegation, Liu Huaqiu (1995), in his book ...
Philip Klöcking's user avatar
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1 vote
1 answer
3k views

Why is invasion of privacy necessarily a bad thing? [closed]

In discussions of all kinds of topics, the notion of invasion of privacy can often come up, and it is usually invoked as something which is matter-of-factly wrong, with no further arguments presented ...
Dalshim's user avatar
  • 11
7 votes
7 answers
2k views

What philosophers argued that human rights can be forfeited?

I'm writing an argumentative paper on a controversial topic, and the stance I want to take is that there are certain actions that an individual can take (such as terrorism, child molestation) that ...
jack's user avatar
  • 71
-1 votes
1 answer
89 views

How can we define "human rights" [duplicate]

What are human rights? With so many cultures in the world, is it possible to determine what rights should be intrinsic to all humanity? Is it fair to criticize a separate culture's "human rights" ...
Linnea's user avatar
  • 11
1 vote
1 answer
202 views

What is the relation of natural rights to human rights ? [closed]

Assuming that there are natural rights and human rights, are they co-extensive - so that to have (all) natural rights is to have (all) human rights and vice versa? Is there any difference in their ...
Ying Xiong's user avatar
0 votes
2 answers
111 views

Have philosophers covered the subject of how individual rights could lead to absurdities?

For example, one person or more could hypothetically acquire all fresh water in the world and limit or bar other people from having access to drinkable water (see Tragedy of the anticommons, Inelastic ...
James P.'s user avatar
  • 385
-2 votes
3 answers
273 views

Is an AI the kind of entity that would qualify for basic human rights? [closed]

If hypothetically someone were to create an artificial intelligence possessing systemic consciousness nearby that of humans, then would that separate entity be entitled to basic rights such as those ...
axolotl's user avatar
  • 123
0 votes
5 answers
286 views

Does the potential to be an intelligent life not qualify an organism as being equally valuable?

This question made an argument about abortion "based on the philosophical concept of intelligent life being valuable". This answer to that question claimed that an early-stage fetus isn't yet "...
J.Todd's user avatar
  • 610
4 votes
5 answers
601 views

Would a theoretical decision maker subscribing to the following principles decide against human abortion?

I'd like to ask a purely logical question (with no regards to personal "opinion" or religion) about the interpretation of science on the matter of abortion in the situation of a decision being made ...
decisionmaker34567's user avatar
2 votes
3 answers
301 views

Do we have a right to die? [closed]

From the starting assumption that we have certain legal and human rights (as discussed here and here), such as the right to life, then does it follow that we also have a corresponding right to die? ...
ClickRick's user avatar
  • 167
2 votes
1 answer
130 views

Is forced labor without pay under poor work conditions , slavery?

In Canada, our prison system has a type of forced labor which the prisoners are not paid, the equipment is unsafe and has caused potentially life threatening injuries not limited to loss of limbs. "...
Kraang Prime's user avatar
0 votes
8 answers
2k views

Does a person have the freedom or the right to not work?

Ethically and morally, does a person have the freedom or the right to not work? If it is so, is it conditional or not and how? My first idea is that if everyone in the world does not work, then the ...
Kala's user avatar
  • 27
1 vote
1 answer
166 views

What is the name of the idea that humans are granted rights?

Some say that human beings are granted rights, and this becomes the basis for a claims in parts of the Western legal system. Other parts of the Western legal system consider these privileges that are ...
hawkeye's user avatar
  • 443
6 votes
1 answer
846 views

Generalize Article I of The Universal Declaration of Human Rights

I find Article I of The Universal Declaration of Human Rights to be fascinatingly insightful and concise: All human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights. They are endowed with ...
dotancohen's user avatar
2 votes
1 answer
129 views

Death penalty or isolation [closed]

If everybody's life is equal in rights, and has the basic same value. Let's say, there was a person who was considered a danger to all people(i.e. Serial killer) and was a harm to himself as well. ...
Kevin Hyun's user avatar
14 votes
4 answers
28k views

What is the Difference Between Human Rights and Natural Rights?

When people discuss the human rights and natural rights, there seems to be a distinction between the two, where standard interpretations of human rights (such as the Universal Declaration of Human ...
Kupyn's user avatar
  • 243
0 votes
1 answer
686 views

The right to posterity

In Thomas Paine's Common Sense he writes: To the evil of monarchy we have added that of hereditary succession; and as the first is a degradation and lessening of ourselves, so the second, claimed as ...
QMord's user avatar
  • 103
6 votes
5 answers
417 views

How do you tell what are human rights?

Recently on Google's homepage there is a quote attributed to the Olympic Charter: The practice of sport is a human right. Every individual must have the possibility of practicing sport, without ...
user avatar
6 votes
6 answers
1k views

Fanon's 'Concerning Violence' makes the point that Nazism was the culminating point of the project of European Colonialism, how valid is that?

Frantz Fanon, also known as Ibrahim Frantz Fanon wrote in his book, The Wretched of the Earth: Not long ago Nazism transformed the whole of Europe into a veritable colony meaning that the techniques ...
Mozibur Ullah's user avatar
9 votes
2 answers
374 views

Philosophical justification for giving certain animals rights of a person?

There is a growing movement for the bestowing certain non-human species with legal rights of a person. What might be some of the most significant or important philosophical arguments in favor of such ...
quant_dev's user avatar
  • 239
10 votes
2 answers
2k views

What are some good books on the relationship between animals and human beings?

So, there are a number of things I am actually after with this, but to try to encapsulate the concern briefly: which thinkers or writers might comment on the relationship between animals and human ...
Joseph Weissman's user avatar
  • 9,598
7 votes
3 answers
1k views

Is property an absolute or utilitarian right?

It seems to me that property cannot be considered an intrinsic part of human nature, not in the way life is, for example. Property defines a relationship between two objects that only has a basis in ...
yuttadhammo's user avatar
12 votes
5 answers
1k views

If the "right to life" is denied in abortion, isn't it also denied in the use of the death penalty?

Many people who support death penalty are also against abortion, and vice-versa. What is the moral difference between the two? In both cases, isn't the "right to life" of another being violated? ...
max0005's user avatar
  • 390
5 votes
4 answers
2k views

How much if any suspension of civil liberties can be ethically justified during a "state of war"? [closed]

We constantly see civil liberties getting sacked because the country/state/city/town is in a state of war (let it be curfews or bugging civilian mobile phones). How much is ok? At what level is it ...
ritwik's user avatar
  • 51
13 votes
4 answers
30k views

What were Plato's view on slavery, in particular with respect to his proposed Utopia?

In the Dialogues(specifically The Republic), when he is discussing his Utopia, At one point, he does say that children should not be treated differently based on their parent's status in life. However,...
apoorv020's user avatar
  • 913