Questions tagged [humanism]

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Is the foundation of morality subjectively survival and happiness, and why or why not?

Many rational minds have come to attribute the foundation of morality to humankind's survival and happiness. I have been discussing with friends about why that 'humankind survival and happiness' must ...
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1 vote
1 answer
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What do Marxists make of contemporary technophobia?

What would Marxists make of contemporary luddism, technophobia, etc.? In 1867, Karl Marx wrote that it would be some time before workers were able to distinguish between the machines and "the ...
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3 votes
1 answer
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Is harming others always considered bad?

Do any philosophers either explicitly avoid condemning harm, or condone it, especially harming others, in their ethics? Why do humans consider causing bad to others as bad and represent it as bad act ...
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Humanitarianism of increasing world efficiency

After reading Factfullness by Hans Rosling and others I would like to claim the following: It is humanitarian to to spend one's life increasing world efficiency. I would like to verify / discuss ...
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1 answer
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Is it possible to live a life in which we never ever tell a lie? [closed]

How will we explain such a schema of life in which we never ever tell a lie according to the philosophical point of view?
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3 votes
2 answers
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What does the term "ego" really mean?

According to different sources and authors, ego is referred to as one's self-perception by one's self concept. It is sometimes considered as selfishism. But what can a person do that will not refer to ...
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1 vote
2 answers
987 views

Can objective morality exist apart from the existence of a transcendent being?

I've heard explanations by Sam Harris and Michael Schermer, but I'm not super convinced on this one. People like Harris and Schermer seem to be trying to get an ought from an is.
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0 answers
107 views

What evidence is there for Nietzsche's division of people into higher and lower types?

What evidence is there that there are two types of people, specifically an elite higher type? Did Nietzsche have authentic reasons to suppose that?
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Humanism and Its Aspirations (Humanist Manifesto III): Individual or collective "life fulfillment?"

Referring to Humanism and Its Aspirations (Humanist Manifesto III), the fourth premise is: Life’s fulfillment emerges from individual participation in the service of humane ideals. ...what does ...
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1 answer
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About ideologies or movements for an unwanted werewolf, is Dualism? [Spanish accepted] [closed]

Good Day, how are you? Today I want to ask about philosophical ideologies or movements that can help me understand what is happening behind a character that I want to analyze. First a bit of ...
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0 votes
1 answer
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Is anger an adaptive trait? If so why should/not we get rid of it in a progressing civilization [closed]

I am posting this question just out of curiosity. I don't support any side of the aisle of the answers it may receive, unless it is too convincing. But, I personally think we should start thinking ...
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1 vote
0 answers
964 views

The role of the fool in philosophy

The Shakespearean fool, though not necessarily well educated and by most appearances a simpleton, is nevertheless often wiser and cleverer than, and consequently outwits, his superiors of higher ...
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1 answer
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Has any philosopher, ever, claimed that the life of some people is of no value whatsoever?

Has any philosopher, ever, claimed that the life of some people is of no value whatsoever? Not just that someone is e.g. dangerous, but some people can have no moral claim whatsoever to life? ...
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0 votes
2 answers
115 views

Are "intelligent systems" really intelligent? [closed]

For the scope of this question, let's consider an intelligent system as something with the properties of accomplishing some kind of goal(s). By this definition, all people are technically intelligent ...
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-3 votes
2 answers
182 views

In a way, isn't everyone biased somehow? [closed]

You hear people say that you ought to see an "expert" to get unbiased viewpoints. Isn't that largely based on the assumption that experts are unbiased? Or is it believed that smarter people in, say, ...
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5 votes
3 answers
628 views

Is sophistry useful?

I read from Lazlo Versenyi's Socratic Humanism (p. 1-72, 1963). "The first part of this book offers a thoughtful and provocative defense of the Sophists" (D. A. Hyland, The Origin of Philosophy: Its ...
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2 votes
2 answers
3k views

Why does human race has to survive and continue to exist? [closed]

For some questions in philosophy and ethics, the ultimate answer is the welfare and continuation of the human race. Nations are spending millions of dollars on space programs in case of a global ...
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3 votes
0 answers
271 views

Why do we want to be happy? [closed]

The question is really simple, but at the same time really deep. Why do we seek for a life that would make us happy? Why for example wouldn't we want to be sad? Or to be neither happy nor sad? Why do ...
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4 votes
6 answers
624 views

Is there a secular argument for the immortality of the soul?

I was inspired by the following question, which is unfortunately on hold: Has the question of after-life been discussed in philosophy? There has also been some discussion about the general question ...
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2 votes
2 answers
328 views

How not to judge? [closed]

People constantly say not to judge people, but how is this possible? We all make mental remarks based on our past experience, for instance if I see a single mother smoking cigarettes, I will judge ...
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1 vote
1 answer
2k views

Moral Arguments for Deity? Russell's refutation

Reading Russell's Why I Am Not a Christian I stumbled upon a passage (The Moral Arguments for Deity) I don't seem to understand. Kant, as I say, invented a new moral argument for the existence of ...
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5 votes
1 answer
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Question on Thomas Hobbes De Ciev, Of Liberty

This mans will to hurt ariseth from Vain glory, and the false esteeme he hath of his owne strength; the other's, from the necessity of defending himselfe, his liberty, and his goods against this mans ...
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8 votes
4 answers
660 views

Where does 'continental' philosophy fit in the subcategories of modern philosophy?

If one considers a abstract systematization of what constitutes modern philosophy, it is very natural to come up with something like wikipedia's outline: metaphysics, epistemology, ethics, logic, ...
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32 votes
5 answers
3k views

Does humanism's rejection of God necesitate relativism?

I had the following discussion on Programmers.SE: @Peter Turner, Which is a good example of how religion warps morality, leading people to imagine their concerns are moral when they are profoundly ...
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