Questions tagged [hume]

David Hume is a 18th century philosopher and contemporary of Immanuel Kant. He is best known for his skeptics views, empirical analysis, and naturalist positions.

Filter by
Sorted by
Tagged with
1
vote
1answer
114 views

Who was the Philosopher who said to jump into the fire if you think it is not real?

Just as the title says. There was a philosopher who said that you should jump into a fire if you think it might not exist and see how it goes. I cannot find it on google, maybe I am typing in the ...
2
votes
3answers
106 views

Have any philosophers written about why they write philosophy?

I'm thinking particularly about Hume's and Moore's assertions that you can't get an "ought" from an "is". The trouble is if you can't get an ought from an is, why write that down at all, if your ...
0
votes
1answer
671 views

How is Hume's criticism of causality tied to his epistemological presuppositions? What responses can be offered by challenging them?

Hume once criticized the principle of causality, claiming that the causal connection between two objects was a projection of the mind. To what extent is Hume's criticism of causality linked to his ...
1
vote
2answers
215 views

Empiricism out the door

I remember having read something like No matter how long we debate about the existence of the external world, at the end of the evening we all exit the room through the door Or something like ...
1
vote
1answer
755 views

Hume on substance

I know Hume believes substance is an illusion based on habit but how does he arrive at this belief? Related to this what is his opinion on physical objects?
3
votes
2answers
2k views

Hume (Cause and Effect and Substance)

I am having trouble understanding how Hume arrives at the concepts of cause and effect and of substance. Does any of it have to do with every perception being a distinct experience or that causation ...
0
votes
1answer
361 views

David Hume - Reason being a slave the passions [duplicate]

In David Humes' book, "A Treatise of Human Nature" he states that reason is the slave to the passions. "Reason is, and ought only to be the slave of the passions, and can never pretend to any other ...
6
votes
2answers
509 views

Kant and causality as custom

According to Hume, causality cannot be found in "things themselves", nor can it be empirically accessible. Instead, it is we, the observers, who attach causal relations among things merely because we ...
1
vote
2answers
559 views

What was Kant's particular rejection of the virtue of benevolence based in?

Kant notoriously rejects the utilitarian model of a supreme principle of beneficence, but he still finds a vital place in the moral life for beneficence. He seeks universally valid principles (or ...
2
votes
0answers
57 views

What were the most influential concepts in Hume's 'Treatise on Human Nature'?

Is there thought within this work that is considered the most revelatory and influential of all ideas presented, or is it just thought of as a generally well written work? If it does contain specific ...
3
votes
2answers
212 views

Hume on contingent existence

In A Treatise of Human Nature, Hume says, "To form a clear idea of any thing, is an undeniable argument for its possibility, and is alone a refutation of any pretended demonstration against it." I ...
2
votes
2answers
399 views

Does Hume's skepticism about causality depend on his belief that all ideas are derived from sense impressions?

I'm aware of Hume's argument and definitions of cause (though I'm very much open to any kind of discussion around the topic). But I'm most interested in how important his assertion that all ideas are ...
1
vote
1answer
1k views

Hume on matters of fact and mathematics

Hume thinks that we can have relations of ideas, but we can't have matters of fact by them. Thus we cannot relate matters of fact with the real world so certain truth cannot be found. My question is ...
6
votes
3answers
8k views

What is the contrast between Hume's and Locke's philosophies of science?

I'm writing an essay on Hume and was hoping to contrast his empiricism to Locke's in it. I have come across a commentary, which doesn't go into great depth; could someone explain it in a little ...
1
vote
0answers
362 views

Why did Hume opine that 'Truth is disputable; not taste'?

Source: p , Introducing Philosophy for Canadians: A Text with Integrated Readings (2011 1 ed). Primary Source: Paragraph 5, Section 1, An Enquiry Concerning the Principles of Morals (1751) by David ...
2
votes
0answers
92 views

How did Hume remain 'jovial', 'merry' and 'unperturbed' despite philosophy's difficulty?

Source: p 231 Bottom, Introducing Philosophy for Canadians: A Text with Integrated Readings (2011 1 ed). How did Hume remain 'jovial', 'merry' and 'unperturbed', despite the difficult perennial ...
1
vote
1answer
641 views

Can the “Ship of Theseus” apply to thoughts?

If we go by the ideas of philosophers (such as Hume) which take a person to be a collection of perceptions can we reduce and clone the mind of a person thus recreating the ship of theseus? UPDATE: As ...
4
votes
1answer
873 views

On the Objections to Compatibilism

I was reading An Enquiry Concerning Human Understanding by David Hume, specifically the section titled On Liberty and Necessity (both parts). Hume reconciles liberty with metaphysical necessity by an ...
3
votes
1answer
163 views

If it's impossible to separate science from metaphysics, is it is also impossible to separate science from ethics and values?

One of the most important results in philosophy of science is that every observation is "theory-laden", i.e. that the outcome of any scientific experiment is affected by the theoretical ...
2
votes
0answers
120 views

To what extent do variations of Hume's Fork permeate modern philosophy, and specifically the analytical community?

Hume's Fork, which divides knowledge into 'relations of ideas' and 'matters of fact' has had an incredible influence on philosophy ever since its conception (though it is sometimes claimed that others ...
1
vote
0answers
54 views

Does Hume face circularity in his understanding of impressions?

Hume held that all experience and under his empiricism all ideas and meaningful thoughts were reducible to impressions. Thus, for Hume an 'idea' is merely a faint impression. But why should ideas and ...
1
vote
1answer
669 views

Why would David Hume judge 'bread nourishes' as a Matter of Fact, and not a Relation of Idea?

Source: p 115, Philosophy: A Complete Introduction (2012) by Prof Sharon Kaye (MA PhD in Philosophy, U. Toronto). Caution: I rewrote numerals as integers for easier reading. 1 Relations of ideas ...
4
votes
2answers
927 views

Is number π empirical or a priori?

I used the example of π, but this applies to other transcendental numbers as well, such as e Kant classified statements into 4 epistemic categories based on two criteria: The Analytic/Synthetic ...
1
vote
3answers
94 views

Why cannot reports of a miracle overpower all our experience and laws of nature?

A novice, I do not feel prepared yet to, but shall in future, read Hume; please tell me if Hume's originals answer my question. Source: pp 30-31, Philosophy ; A Very Short Introduction (2002) by ...
3
votes
3answers
123 views

Hume held that the self could not be proved due to its not being an impression or idea, but is not the self necessary for associative capacities?

Associations are principles whereby impressions come to exist in different capacities than by what was received initially. So for example, in having the impression of brown, furry, smelly, and so on ...
2
votes
2answers
88 views

Is the capacity to form associations of impressions a passive reality or is it indicative rather of an active principle?

Hume famously held that all that was meaningful in the mind consisted of clear and distinct impressions and ideas. Now, notions such as causation, unity and identity are held to be a result of ...
5
votes
3answers
2k views

What is the difference between correlation and causation?

What is the difference between correlation and causation? Pirates and Global Temperature Example For example, how do we know when we're dealing with correlation only and not also causation here? ...
3
votes
3answers
135 views

Granted Hume's psychological perspective regarding impressions and ideas, doesn't this make his epistemology obscure?

Hume held that all that was meaningfully present to the mind consisted in matters of fact (impressions) and relations of ideas. But even ideas were faint impressions themselves, formed over time by ...
1
vote
1answer
862 views

Why does Hume believe a priori knowledge retains the value of meaning despite our not experiencing it?

Hume believes that the only meaningful thoughts are those about relations of ideas (known a priori, examples including mathematics and logic) and matters of fact (known a posterior, examples including ...
5
votes
2answers
203 views

How would Hume classify computer generated mathematical proofs?

Hume's fork divides knowledge of the world into: Analytic a priori: relations of ideas. Synthetic a posteriori: matters of fact, empirical statements about the world. How would Hume classify ...
3
votes
1answer
109 views

Hume's epistemology : impressions, causality, and judgment?

I'm thinking about the phrase of David Hume that suggests that causality fills the world of beings. I don't know how to understand that. This phrase indicates that causality makes experiences possible ...
1
vote
1answer
62 views

According to Humean analysis, if self-identity is but a stream of impressions, than what allows for imagination and associations to begin with?

Imagination is the recollection of certain impressions. But it seems necessary to believe that there is a difference between the recollection of certain impressions and the actual experience of ...
5
votes
1answer
142 views

If the Humean analysis of causality is correct, why don't we observe causeless events more often?

The Humean analysis of causation would hold that there is no actual relation between two events (being 'cause' and 'effect'), and that any sense of 'causal powers' can be reduced to talk about the ...
1
vote
1answer
44 views

Does induction presuppose simpler and more necessary inferences into the events in question, and if so, does this render the Humean analysis wounded?

Induction here is considered in light of the modern view, which is the practice of inferring from particulars to generals. Hume believes that such inference is very problematic since it holds two ...
0
votes
3answers
667 views

How does the Humean analysis of causation account for the following objections?

The Humean analysis of causation reads as follows: "We may define a cause to be an object, followed by another, and where all the objects similar to the first, are followed by objects similar to ...
5
votes
2answers
2k views

How “hard” is A Treatise of Human Nature to read?

Can someone, without any prior knowledge of philosophy, pick up Hume's A Treatise of Human Nature and read it without a problem?
3
votes
2answers
990 views

Hume's definition of cause and effect

I read on Wikipedia that Hume remarks that we may define the relation of cause and effect such that ``where, if the first object had not been, the second never had existed." I do not understand ...
4
votes
1answer
778 views

Why does Hume raise the Missing Shade of Blue?

From reading this question on Hume, having read the first seven sections of the Enquiry Concerning Human Understanding (which covers the relevant section), a further question hit me. Hume dismisses ...
8
votes
2answers
651 views

How does Hume's “Treatise of Human Nature” affect Kant's position on metaphysics?

Paul Strathern states that Kant never actually read David Hume's most celebrated work "A Treatise of Human Nature", although he read and spoke on his work "An Enquiry Concerning Human Understanding". ...
7
votes
1answer
778 views

Did the Logical Positivists accept synthetic a priori knowledge?

My understanding of Logical Positivists is that, following Wittgenstein, they accepted only 2 types of proposition as meaningful: Propositions based on formal logic (i.e. tautologies) Empirically ...
6
votes
1answer
528 views

Missing Shade of Blue in An Enquiry Concerning Human Understanding by David Hume [duplicate]

I was reading An Enquiry concerning Human Understanding by David Hume, and came across (a couple days ago) a part wherein Hume draws a counterexample towards his epistemological theory and drops it. ...
4
votes
1answer
588 views

Are Hume's “relations of ideas” the same as analytic a priori judgments?

In his Enquiry concerning human understanding, Hume provides the following definition: All the objects of human reason or enquiry may naturally be divided into two kinds, to wit, Relations of ...
5
votes
2answers
165 views

How does 'Is–ought' 'subvert all the vulgar systems of morality' ?

Source:: Hume discusses the problem in book III, part I, section I of his book, A Treatise of Human Nature (1739): ... But as authors do not commonly use this precaution, I shall presume to ...
5
votes
2answers
4k views

Hume and free will

What exactly does Hume consider acting out of free will/being free? Are those two things even the same to him? Now, I believed Hume's definition for being free, to be that if you are doing what you ...
9
votes
6answers
1k views

Why isn't existence a predicate?

According to SEP There are two sets of reasons for denying that existence is a property of individuals. The first is Hume and Kant's puzzlement over what existence would add to an object. What is ...
4
votes
4answers
391 views

Is anyone now writing philosophy in the style of Plato - the Dialogue?

Hume wrote some of his works in the style of a Dialogue following Platos lead; has any-one since? Or is it all prose?
5
votes
2answers
209 views

In regards to Hume, do geometry, algebra and arithmetic form ideas that do not come from sense perceptions?

"The less forcible and lively are commonly denominated Thoughts or Ideas. The other species want a name in our language, and in most others; I suppose, because it was not requisite for any, but ...
7
votes
1answer
166 views

Are miracles compatible with our belief in empirical predictions?

I read the SEP entry on miracles a while ago and plan to take a shot at Hume's Of Miracles soon. Before I get started - I cannot understand how miracles even make sense. Here's my thinking so far: ...
8
votes
1answer
7k views

How does Kant respond to Hume's problem of induction?

It's generally well-known that Kant was responding, amongst other influences, to Hume's critique of the empirical method on purely logical grounds. One could consider him as a modern-day Pyrrhonniste. ...
6
votes
1answer
138 views

Conditions for Deduction

Hume posited a well known critique of causality that goes back to al-Ghazali - that there is no necessary connection between a cause and an effect. The same argument it seems can be targeted to ...