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Questions tagged [idealism]

Idealism is the metaphysical belief that reality is immaterial and based upon mental constructs.

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Have any modern philosophers redone Descartes' Meditations?

With insights we get from the cognitive sciences, and advancement in philosophy in general (such as the coherentist theory of Truth) we would definitely do the Meditations differently.
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Schopenauer's critique of Kant: the distinction between knowledge of perception from abstract knowledge

I am reading "The World as Will and Representation" by Arthur Schopenhauer (Norman, J., Welchman, A., & Janaway, C. (Eds.). (2010). Schopenhauer: 'The World as Will and Representation'). In the ...
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Dynamic concept of “truth”

I've recently read a book in which a certain sentence sparked a question in my mind: "the Platonic philosophy is a search for truth, the certain truth. Such truth... is necessarily static" (...
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In which context does “Idealism” mean “non-corporeal substance”?

"Idealism" is one of the most vague concepts I've faced in philosophy. According to Wikipedia: In philosophy, idealism is the group of metaphysical philosophies that assert that reality, or ...
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What is Light in Berkeley's Metaphysics?

What is light before we see it? For Berkeley, everything that has not been perceived doesn't exist, but light needs to exist unperceived before it reaches the eyes. How is this possible in Berkeley'...
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Does Plato’s theory of forms entail a kind of essentialism? Discuss [closed]

One of the questions asked in a paper I gave on philosophy, although I understand a bit of essentialism(based on what i read after facing the question in exam). I'd like to know the view of people who ...
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Does idealism allow other minds?

Wikipedia: Idealism is the group of metaphysical philosophies that asserts that reality, or reality as humans can know it, is fundamentally mental, mentally constructed, or otherwise immaterial. ...
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How can philosophy and soc. sci. avoid idealism, which seems so prevalent? [closed]

So, again and again I notice that even philosophers, soc. scientists etc. that claim to not be prone to be idealist (since it's unfashionable to be labeled as an idealist, because it's anti-realist), ...
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When Aristotle is speaking of things that are clear to us, is he thinking of entities or formulas?

I'm reading the commentaries of Aristotle's physics book I by William Charlton and he starts this debate in his commentaries. But it was too brief for me to grasp. As I understand, the question is ...
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Is mental “substance” quantifiable?

David Chalmers presents different options of idealism to approach the mind-body problem in his article, and his suggestions got me thinking. He presents ways of taking a sort of objective-idealism ...
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Is Idealism incoherent as incapable of explaining activities without entities

Late YouTube philosopher Knownnomore had a 3-part video series explicating his arguments against Metaphysical Idealism. One argument he had was this: that Idealism is incoherent because the notion ...
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What does Husserl say about 'space'?

What does Husserl say about 'space'? I'd like to know what it's real / ideal status is, especially, and if agreeing with him on what "space" is precludes all forms of scientific realism. Id there's ...
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Why do some physicists countenance a mind-dependent reality?

Bernard D'Espagnat in this article in Scientific American writes: Of the three premises realism is the most fundamental. Realism can be stated formally as the belief that a mere description of data ...
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What is the difference between idealism and materialism?

I understand what materialism is, but idealism - not so much. I know however they are opposing views, and would like to know what are the differences. Analogies would be greatly appreciated.
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Is an epistemological realism-idealism (at the same perspective) possible?

Can an idea/action/creation/perspective be both realistic and idealistic at the same time? For example, when I think of a form, or a matter, can I think about/create it as real and ideal? I know a ...
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Schelling: from where, or how exactly does the a priori ideas come?

I'm reading Schelling's System of Transcendental Idealism, and in the end of the 3rd part (the end of the theoretical philosophy) schelling disproves the idea that a priori ideas are inherent in us ...
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Have anyone found a good solution to Kant's dualistic approach to consciousness?

Kant, in his studies of transcendental idealism, made the "illogical gap" between theoretical philosophy and practical philosophy, at the end of theoretical study, by requiring the contemplation of ...
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What's the role of “idealistic” philosophies of well-regarded scientists?

What's the role of "idealistic" philosophies of well-regarded scientists such as Max Tegmark's "Mathematical Universe Hypothesis"? https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Our_Mathematical_Universe It has been ...
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In what ways are Kierkegaard and Hegel similar?

It is well known that Kierkegaard's philosophy is, in large part, a response to or critique of Hegel's philosophy. How, then, are they similar? Is there any way to reconcile their differences, or to ...
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Can you list other Collingwood's Absolute Presuppositions?

Robin G. Collingwood's posited the existence of absolute presuppositions (AS). As a reminder, presuppositions are for Collingwood assumptions and guiding precepts that are closed to further analysis ...
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Of which philosophy is this when these points stick together? [closed]

God made the Big-bang God created Earth God created creatures on Earth God created laws of nature including biology and evolution There are creatures created by God: Adam, Eva, other humans, … There ...
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According to Russell, are sense data NOT the only things immediately known, or are they not purely mental?

In Russell's Problems of Philosophy, in refutal Berkeley's argument for idealism -in Russel's words "whatever can be immediately known must be in a mind"- he states: Berkeley was right in ...
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What is Hegelian dialectic of good and evil and how does it relate to binary opposition in structuralism?

What relation does the Hegelian dialectic have to the structuralist notion of binary opposition? If it has any, where does the synthesis fit in to the dualistic nature of the structuralist system? ...
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How do those who think knowledge is self-constructed account for the phenomenological facts of surprise, error and ignorance?

If knowledge is entirely self-constructed, self-normed or self-given, how is it that the human person experiences such things as surprise, fear, annoyance, compulsion, error and ignorance? By self-...
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For Berkeley, how do subjective experiences exist?

In Three Dialogues, Berkeley advances a theory of subjective idealism. Things only exist as experiences of individual consciousnesses. These things are static and themselves unthinking, as they are ...
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Is there an atheistic idealism that rejects noumena but isn't solipsism?

I know of one answered question on a similar subject, but mine is not quite the same thing. Berkeley's idealism holds that to be is to be perceived---nothing can exist, or can be thought to exist, ...
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Was Plato an idealist or a realist?

I'm a bit confused. As far as I know realism is opposed to idealism. But we can say that Plato was an idealist when speaking about Plato's forms. We also talk about Plato's realism in the philosophy ...
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How does Hegel's idea of labor connect to idealism?

Was Hegel a Marxist, in that, he also believed that labor had liberating and oppressive potential? How is the concept of idealism linked to labor in his view?
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What is the relation between Spirit and Time in Hegel?

Martin Heidegger in his Being and Time criticized the connection between Spirit and Time proposed by Hegel saying that: Hegel shows the possibility of the historical actualization of spirit "in ...
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Is the idealist thesis about unintelligibility of extra-mental reality intelligible/interesting?

Idealism, in all its varieties, comes down to asserting the (at least partial) dependence of intelligible reality upon the conceptual apparatus of human rationality. In its more strong form, it claims ...
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How does Berkeley's idealism differ from others that might be called idealist

Having read Berkeley's work, I am aware of his theory, and definitely disagree with large parts of it - I would like to know how his idealism compares with that of other philosophers, particularly ...
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How is the conflict between created by reason and external aspects of knowledge resolved?

Pragmatism is, roughly, the stressing of actions in talking about the content of knowledge. Externalism is, roughly, the stressing of dependence on the external public world in talking about ...
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Is Brandom's account of history satisfactory to justify itself against doubts?

Brandom's idealism is multi-faceted and complicated. A rough summary of it might be as follows: Rationality is a conceptual normality, a typical way we do things. Specifically, it is a practical ...
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Objection to Berkeley's Master Argument

The Master Argument (roughly) states that it is not possible for sensible objects to exist without a mind. Now part of Berkeley's Argument goes as follows: Suppose something exists without being ...
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Is the difference between logical possibility and physical possibility an argument against Idealism?

In typical sci-fi scenarios, the characters realize that they are living in a simulation, or that everything is a dream, etc....once they notice that the laws of physics don't always hold, or that ...
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Logical Inference and Idealism/Phenomenalism

I recently read a passage from Kenneth R. Westphal's Realism, Science, and Pragmatism that read: Or imagine, following Stout (1938-39), someone in a room which is supported by foundations which no ...
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Why do current academics refuse to acknolwedge idealism as viable?

Berkeley is often sited as the "ideal" of idealism. Most of the academic arguments attack his various points, but his finer points seems to escape the academic community. Kant gives some effort in ...
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How does Schopenhauer maintain idealism without God?

In Berkeley's idealism God holds the world together, enabling us to avoid chaos and experience a shared, orderly reality. But Schopenhauer is an idealist and an atheist. How can we then explain the ...
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Kant and Error in his Transcendental Idealism

How would Kant handle errors in our perceptions of the world in his transcendental idealism? If what is external to us is so heavily meditated and contributed to by our mental apparatuses, how do you ...
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Why should we consider Wittgenstein a Schopenhauerian idealist?

About the Tractatus, while explaining the similarities and differences between Wittgenstein and Kant with regard to the metaphysics, on the one hand (both track limits, according to which we cannot ...
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Kant's Transcendal Idealism and Empirical Realism

This confuses me. Transcendental idealism and an empirical realism seem to contradict each other; how can you believe in an empirically observable mind-independent reality (which I would presume would ...
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Is there a term for this poor idealist argument?

I am engaged in the neverending disagreement with someone who argues, based on theory-ladenness, that there are no facts. Seems like they implicitly make the following moves, without explicitly ...
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Have any thinkers applied empiricism to the dreaming and deep sleep states?

The Mandukya Upanishad is a philosophical text found in the Vedas, which are among the most important scriptures of Hinduism. Here is what V. Subrahmanya Iyer says in a foreword to a translation of ...
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Can a rationalist ever be a materialist?

Note that I am using rationalist in its strict philosophical sense, as in rationalist like Descartes or Leibniz, not rationalist as it might be understood colloquially. from the Encyclopedia ...
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Why are Idealists not entitled to believe in laws of nature?

Source: p 120, Philosophy: A Complete Introduction (2012) by Prof Sharon Kaye (MA PhD (Philosophy), U. Toronto). The following question appears in Chapter 8 entitled Hume and causality. Which of ...
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Is German idealism ontological, epistemic, or something more abstract?

On one hand Kant's transcendental idealism seems purely ontological: His noumena/phenomena distinction is essentially a form of dualism. Add to that: Marx considered himself a materialist in ...
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How might an idealist explain the empirical success of science?

In the miracles argument for scientific realism it is said that our best theories are extraordinarily successful: they facilitate empirical predictions, retrodictions, and explanations of the ...
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How are epistemological and ontological realism related?

The SEP article on idealism begins: ... [this article] examines the relationship between epistemological idealism (the view that the contents of human knowledge are ineluctably determined by ...
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How is Kant's transcendental idealism related to Berkeley's subjective idealism?

My understanding is that Berkeley considered the outside world to have no existence at all, and took the statement "It's all in the mind" literally, whereas Kant argued that the outside world exists ...
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Does idealism allow for thought without any sensory input?

As I understand, idealism is the view that the mind is fundamental and the body as well as the world we perceive are just derivatives of the mind. Is this right? If so, if we had a hypothetical being,...