Questions tagged [idealism]

Idealism is the metaphysical belief that reality is immaterial and based upon mental constructs.

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Why were the founders of quantum mechanics idealists?

Max Planck, Schrodinger, Bohr, and other founders of quantum mechanics have all expressed an idealist or subjective idealist position: in other words, they believed reality is created by or dependent ...
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Does introspection provide strong evidence for weak forms of solipsism and idealism? Are not all philosophical distinctions mind-dependent objects?

Philosophy in One Lecture Daniel Bonevac: https://youtu.be/AycTgPJtBP0 In this video lecture Daniel draws two stick figures on the blackboard, representing two human bodies, and attached to each ...
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Is Conscious Awareness of Phenomenal Experience a Correlate of the Constitutive Activity of Kant's Reason?

In the introduction to Kant's Critique of Pure Reason by Marcus Weigelt, Weigelt writes, "Reason, although sometimes understood as the faculty that encompasses all thought (for instance when we ...
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Interpreting this paragraph from Schopenhauer

I've read some posts here citing this very interesting paragraph (extract pasted below) from Schopenhauer, a refutation of materialism as ultimate explanation of reality: Of all systems of philosophy ...
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What is the difference between Anti - Realism vs. Subjective Idealism and Immaterialism?

My question is from the Metaphysical Anti - Realism's perspective which argues that "nothing exists outside mind". Are three of these philosophical approaches same terminologically? Or they ...
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Did Berkeley change his mind on his latest work "Siris" (1774)?

While studying Bishop Berkeley in depth I have faced some interesting arguments regarding his philosophy is shifted and changed on his later life. The main source of this argument is from his not ...
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How does Berkeley distinguish between illusion and reality and what are his arguments?

Does anyone know that how does he explains the effects of mind altering drugs according to his ideology? For example If God is the master perceiver, Does God also perceive the pink elephant or the ...
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If George Berkeley was an Anglican bishop, how his master arguments can be against biblical teachings which states that matter exists?

We all know that George Berkeley was a bishop.(Bishop of Cloyne of the Anglican Church of Ireland) However, how can a Christian ordained member of the clergy can make arguments against biblical ...
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Is private language argument against absolute idealism?

Wittgenstein famously proposed that private language is an incoherent notion. Does this refute some version of idealism which claims that the reality is totally mind-dependent ? For me an argument ...
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How can this argument by the philosopher Berkeley in favor of idealism be resisted?

I'd like to know how the following argument by George Berkeley can be challenged: (1) If primary qualities cannot be abstracted from secondary qualities, then primary qualities cannot exist apart from ...
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What is the relation between idealism and science?

My understanding of idealism is that it rests on the primacy of the mind and conscience over matter. The Encyclopædia Britannica provides the following "basic" forms of idealism: The two ...
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What did Hegel meant when he said that the universal continually engenders itself while maintaining its identity throughout the process?

The patriotic sentiment acquires its specifically determined content from the various members of the organism of the state. This organism is the development of the Idea to its differences and their ...
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Will you appreciate my arguments against solipsism? [closed]

A month ago I wrote here. As time passed, I was able to collect some interesting arguments against solipsism in my piggy bank. Let's discuss them! There is definitely me here. I can't exist alone by ...
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How shall I understand these two "oppositions": pragmatism against idealism, positivism against irrationalism?

https://www.britannica.com/topic/Western-philosophy/The-19th-century says As for the 19th century, however, if one single feature of its thought could be singled out for emphasis, it might be called ...
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How did German idealism influence Early German romanticism?

How did German idealism influence early German romanticism? We can read that there were intrinsic links between German idealism and early German romanticism. In (Bowie 2003), Chapter 2 "...
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What would it mean for time not to be real?

According to Kant, time is a pure intuition, meaning (in part) that its existence depends on the nature of human cognition. According to this doctrine, Other beings could in principle not experience ...
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What is the best metaphor for not being able to die?

There does seem something out of the ordinary, strange, about having thoughts and feelings, let alone mine. Allow me to say that my rarity makes me valuable. So dark matter - which makes up 27% of the ...
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Materialism can cover idealism but idealism cannot cover materialism?

It seems to me that materialism can cover idealism, but not the contrary. A materialist can recognize that reality is in part made of ideas, simply by saying that ideas are made of a bunch of ...
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Do ideas bring about "power"?

Do ideas bring about "power"? Primarily, I may be thinking of a quote about hedonic pleasure, and how these bodily sensations of power "cannot be satisfied unless the agent has a desire ...
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Why do these common counter arguments to direct realism work?

So, I understand Direct Realism to be the idea that our experience (mental activity/sense experience) gives us exact information about matter as it truly is. In other words, objects that exist in the ...
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Am I a materialist?

I believe that there is nothing even close to non-trivial certainty in philosophy, at least outside of ethics and psychology. For this reason, I believe in monism at about 60%. Furthermore, I believe ...
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Why does Schopenhauerian "Will" appear as the Representation(s) that it does?

I believe that Schopenhauer is the closest to describing true reality - at least as far as I have currently developed my thoughts. But if reality-in-itself is pure Will (or what you might call an ...
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Philosophers who explore the importance of history/culture giving us meaning in life?

Take the example of the concept of 'femininity': An existentialist thinker might suggest the meaning of femininity is completely subjective and one must decide the meaning of femininity for themselves ...
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What is the difference between metaphysics, supernaturalism, and idealism?

The answer (by Wayfarer) to a SE philosophy question illustrates something I have a difficulty with: But this suggests that there is a metaphysical reality - a summum bonum or true good - that ...
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Are French postmodernism, Critical Theory and their heirs related to idealism?

Are French postmodernism (Foucault, Derrida, Deleuze, etc.), and Critical Theory (Adorno, Marcuse, etc.), and their heirs such as gender and postcolonial studies (Butler, Saïd) related to idealism? ...
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AI’s reflection of the Collective Unconscious

I’m very new to philosophy, only having read some Emerson and currently loving Kierkegaard, so I apologize in advance if this isn’t the right place to ask this or if it’s a very rudimentary question. ...
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Realism and idealism

If realism is not opposed to idealism, but to anti-realism, and realism is just a generic position applied to certain things but not others, why we often hear that idealism is anti-reality, that ...
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Arguments against idealism / arguments against materialism

Are there any counter-argument to these arguments against idealism on the one hand, materialism in the other? (1) Argument against idealism. What is the relationship between idealists and their bodies?...
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Does empiricism already possess the seeds of idealism?

Outside Berkeley's philosophy, does empiricism (not radical empiricism or Berkeley's idealist/radical? empiricism) possess the seeds of idealism? If yes, and if it is considered a problem: (1) What ...
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Freud and (German) idealism

The French wikipedia article on German romanticism mentions a very strong tie between Freud psychoanalysis and German romanticism. German romantism is also said to have strong link with German ...
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Can idealism be equated with supernaturalism?

Can the philosophy of idealism (in the quite broad sense, so including Platon, Leibniz, and the so-called German idealism with Kant, Fichte, etc.), be equated with supernaturalism? Below is provided a ...
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How does Hegel account for the laws of physics?

This is related to: How do non-theist idealists account for laws of physics? But I'm narrowing down this question specifically to Hegel. If reality is Geist (which is something like mind/spirit), and ...
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Should a solipsist get life insurance?

What are the reasons for a convinced metaphysical solipsist to get life insurance?
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How to know what life is?

What we call ‘our life’ is about a period of time from birth to death. During that period, some might like to devote themselves to certain virtues, some to the religions-promised afterlife, some to an ...
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On the ontology of ideas

There's a useful summary of the subject of universals in the public domain Encyclopedia.com. In it, we read: Realist and conceptualist theories of universals are, by long tradition, regarded as ...
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Idealism and Brain Lesion Research

How do idealists explain the predictable loss of function involved in brain lesion studies, or similarly, the predictable functions caused by stimulation of specific brain regions?
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How would you explain the fundamental difference between realism and idealism?

First of all, let me clarify that I'm talking about non-subjective idealism with respect to the physical world (Kant and Berkeley are two examples) and about indirect realists such as (I believe) most ...
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What is the name of this view, that consciousness builds reality?

The following is really my own conception, but I have no credentials in philosophy. Nevertheless, I find it quite compelling. It is said (Hegel?) that mind has the property that (a) it is inside ...
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What sort of logical relationship exists in Kant's idealism?

Space, time, and the categories are a priori intuitions/concepts of the mind. This entails the world we perceive is a world of mere appearance. Yet, I think I can also claim that the world being an ...
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Is there an alternative to substance or idea?

Substance is a philosophical term that seems to be often misunderstood (by non-professionals). In everyday language, "substance" is a mass term like "liquid". For example, there is ...
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What does Kant refer to when writing about "dreaming (träumenden) idealism" and "visionary (schwärmenden) idealism"?

In Note III to §13 of the Prolegomena, Kant seems to be answering some critics that have compared his transcendental idealism to the philosophies of Descartes (at least the skeptical part of it) and ...
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what does it mean the objectification of something?

For example: objectifications of self-consciousness objectifications of Will What does objetification means? Specially "objectification of Will" according to Schopenhauer. The Will becomes ...
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How do idealists understand neuroscience

For now I have one specific question. I’m reading Bernardo Kastrup’s “Why materialism is baloney”. I’ve watched his videos, and am familiar with his ideas. I’m just confused about a part of the book i ...
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Are idealists committed to claiming that every idea contains its inversion?

Are idealists - does anyone claim - about some domain - committed to believing that every idea contains its inversion? So that, e.g. when an effect depends on its cause, the cause also depends on its ...
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Analytic vs Dialectic logic

What are analytic and dialectic logic in Kantian philosophy? What's the difference between them and why can't we use analytic logic as an organon?
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Is Absolute Idealism like Shankara's Advaita Vedanta of Hindu philosophy?

Advaita Vedanta of Shankara of Hindu philosophy is monistic. It postulates that the world is utterly manifestation of Brahman, and the sense of separateness of the Souls from Brahman is an illusion. ...
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How does idealism deal with 'discovery'?

I just responded to a comment on an old post. At the time I was thinking about Richard Dawkins and his concept of a 'meme'. That is any concept that lives rent-free in the minds of humans and evolves ...
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How do non-theist idealists account for laws of physics?

Berkeley has a god that forces regularity of sensations/perception on all other minds. So a super-mind is the source of the laws of physics. I assume it's the same with any theistic idealism. But I ...
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What are some arguments against Idealism as presented by Bernardo Kastrup and others?

I want to know arguments for Space realism (space is real, mind independent substance or system of relations), because Kastrup seems to claim space and time are modes of perception ala Kant and ...
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"Objective" idealism: what is the reason for believing the perception is the perceived?

I'm looking at Objective Idealism: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Objective_idealism This includes some German idealists. Maybe all idealists other than Berkeley? So the way I understand it, this has 2 ...
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