Questions tagged [idealism]

Idealism is the metaphysical belief that reality is immaterial and based upon mental constructs.

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Does Kant justify the intuitions existing without concepts?

Objects can indeed appear to us without necessarily having to be related to functions of the understanding. (A89/B122) Appearances can certainly be given in intuition without functions of the ...
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Contemporary philosophers on intellectual intuition?

The 18th-19th century German philosophers (the so-called "German Idealists"), and other Post-kantian philosophers have used the term "intellectual intuition" in slightly different ways, but generally ...
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Schelling: from where, or how exactly does the a priori ideas come?

I'm reading Schelling's System of Transcendental Idealism, and in the end of the 3rd part (the end of the theoretical philosophy) schelling disproves the idea that a priori ideas are inherent in us ...
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Are there any good arguments against Berkeley's immaterialism?

Basically, Berkeley writes that the only things that are real or existing are either (1) the active, perceiving mind or soul, or (2) the passive perceived things. He argues that we can only have ...
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Has there been any positive influence in current philosophical thinking which comes from Hans Vaihinger's 'As If'' Philosophy?

Hans Vaihinger- Born: Sep 25, 1852 · Nehren, Germany Died: Dec 18, 1933 · Halle, Germany Written works: The Philosophy of 'As if' · Die Philosophie Des ALS OB: System Der Theoretischen, Praktischen ...
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284 views

Is everything that exists an actual entity?

My professor asked us to think about this question as we go through the unit but I am not sure what the question means. I would greatly appreciate if you could help me understand the question or give ...
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Collingwood, existence of God and its relation to natural science

I am reading Collingwood's essay in metaphysics and I have hard time in understanding his argument to the conclusion that Catholic Faith consists in (part) of absolute presuppositions of Greek thought ...
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109 views

Schopenauer's critique of Kant: the distinction between knowledge of perception from abstract knowledge

I am reading "The World as Will and Representation" by Arthur Schopenhauer (Norman, J., Welchman, A., & Janaway, C. (Eds.). (2010). Schopenhauer: 'The World as Will and Representation'). In the ...
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In which context does “Idealism” mean “non-corporeal substance”?

"Idealism" is one of the most vague concepts I've faced in philosophy. According to Wikipedia: In philosophy, idealism is the group of metaphysical philosophies that assert that reality, or ...
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126 views

Is there anything left in contemporary epistemology and science from the German Idealism?

Kant, Reinhold, Fichte, Schelling, Hegel.. Is there anything left from the Kantian movement today in the thoughts of knowledge and nature? The question is focused especially after Popper essentially "...
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Have anyone found a good solution to Kant's dualistic approach to consciousness?

Kant, in his studies of transcendental idealism, made the "illogical gap" between theoretical philosophy and practical philosophy, at the end of theoretical study, by requiring the contemplation of ...
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How does Hegel's idea of labor connect to idealism?

Was Hegel a Marxist, in that, he also believed that labor had liberating and oppressive potential? How is the concept of idealism linked to labor in his view?
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How does Berkeley's idealism differ from others that might be called idealist

Having read Berkeley's work, I am aware of his theory, and definitely disagree with large parts of it - I would like to know how his idealism compares with that of other philosophers, particularly ...
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284 views

Why should we consider Wittgenstein a Schopenhauerian idealist?

About the Tractatus, while explaining the similarities and differences between Wittgenstein and Kant with regard to the metaphysics, on the one hand (both track limits, according to which we cannot ...
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111 views

According to Kant, while thinking of empty concepts without intuitions, what do we synthesise?

(This will be my last question on this book, for those of you getting bored of my questions). Very briefly I will describe the method of Transcendental Deduction (TD) in an over-simplistic manner, and ...
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What if the premise of CPR's Transcedental Deduction is wrong?

The transcendental unity of apperception is that unity through which all the manifold given in an intuition is united in a concept of the object. It is therefore entitled objective, and must be ...
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What is the Schillerian concept for sublime that at the same time means attraction and repulsion?

There is German word that Schiller uses to explain beauty, a word that at the same time means attraction and repulse. He uses that word instead of the Kantian "awe" for The Sublime. Does anyone ...
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Why Socrates thinks there arent Forms of mud and hair?

In the dialogue Parmenides, when Parmenides asks Socrates whether he accepts the existance of Forms of things like Mud and Hair, he refuses it, but i dont get it, what makes those forms unable to be? ...
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Is there a term for this interpretation of reality?

I am currently digging information in regards to subjective and objective realities and I was wondering if there is a name or a term for the following interpretation of reality. It goes like this: ...
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163 views

Kant, Idealism and Evolution

I'm certain this question must have been asked many times before, but I could not find an answer searching the archived posts here. So please excuse me as I am new to this forum and might have posted ...
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Reference request on Idealist ontology

Apologies if this is original, it may or may not already exist (I've no idea), but it may also be a restatement of an ontology like Meinong's jungle. It contemplates a conception of concentric spheres ...
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46 views

Subjective idealism of Berkeley and Social reality

If one were to accept immaterialist position that Berkeley takes. how can it explain social reality? From what I understand, Berkeley does not deny existence of physical objects, he says that ...
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Have any modern philosophers redone Descartes' Meditations?

With insights we get from the cognitive sciences, and advancement in philosophy in general (such as the coherentist theory of Truth) we would definitely do the Meditations differently.
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Is mental “substance” quantifiable?

David Chalmers presents different options of idealism to approach the mind-body problem in his article, and his suggestions got me thinking. He presents ways of taking a sort of objective-idealism ...
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175 views

What is the difference between Schelling and Hegel's philosophies

Two of the biggest German Idealism movement, Schelling and Hegel, have a very similar line of thought. I was wondering a simple question (with probably a long and complex question): What is the ...
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202 views

Is an epistemological realism-idealism (at the same perspective) possible?

Can an idea/action/creation/perspective be both realistic and idealistic at the same time? For example, when I think of a form, or a matter, can I think about/create it as real and ideal? I know a ...
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Questions about Marx's second, third, and fourth thesis in ''Theses on Feuerbach''

The question whether objective truth can be attributed to human thinking is not a question of theory but is a practical question. a. What does Marx mean here by ”objective truth,” what is he alluding ...
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Can somebody explain the second argument of B-deduction in CPR?

For me, the Transcendental Deduction aims at proving two things: Categories or pure concepts of understanding must be applied to the manifold of intuitions, i.e, they are necessary for cognition. ...
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An Idealistic account for Causal, Unperceived Objects without the invocation of God?

How would an idealist, without the use of god, make sense of something like a tumor which can go unperceived and sensationless while still causing bodily harm or anything which is unperceived, yet ...
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A possibly valid argument against eliminativism

I'm posting this despite the fact that I've little or no knowledge in metaphysics. The eliminativists claim that phenomenal consciousness is not "real". Would it help if we notice that phenomenal ...
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Kantian space and the Leibnitzian argument for Idealism

The paper "Kant's conception of Berkeley's Idealism" by G.J Mattey says that (1) Leibnitz's argument in defense of what Kant called dogmatic Idealism in the Pölitz lectures on Metaphysics in the late ...
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In the philosophy of Josiah Royce, is there a tension between the individual and society?

I'm reading through Josiah Royce's view on the self and this is what I think he believes the tension to be between the individual and society: "The tension between the individual and society is ...
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25 years of philosophy precisely the ones between Kant and Hegel, philosophy of freedom?

Why were THE 25 years of philosophy precisely the ones between Kant and Hegel, per Dieter Henrich and older writings on them? And what does this have to do with Kant and Hegel being first and ...