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Questions tagged [identity]

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34
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12answers
1k views

How can one differentiate nonexistent entities?

How is it possible for things that do not exist to not be the same? How can one differentiate nonexistent entities? How can I know the difference between ghosts and werewolves if neither exist?
14
votes
5answers
867 views

How can a stream of thoughts and perceptions have freewill?

William James believed that there was no central entity or ego that embodied the "I" in "I feel" or "I think". That the continuous stream of thoughts and sensations generated the illusion of their ...
14
votes
9answers
948 views

Why am I this particular human being?

Some philosophers dismiss this as a question about a tautology: when Alice asks "Why am I Alice?", this is equivalent to her asking "Why is Alice Alice?", which is not an interesting question. But ...
11
votes
7answers
2k views

When and why do we say that two things are the same?

In a preceeding question I have asked about the foundations of rational reasonning. It seems the concept of identity plays a key role. However "identity" is not observed in the real world: our mind ...
11
votes
2answers
1k views

Why should we care about personal identity?

I just read a book about personal identity and it gave me insights in different theories about personal identity. But after all, I still don't get, why we should care about personal identity. Being ...
10
votes
15answers
3k views

If I upload my brain into a computer is it still me?

I think the answer is yes but I know a lot of people disagree. So, I would like to ask these people when exactly does it stop being me. Let's say I want to upload my brain into a computer using the ...
6
votes
3answers
214 views

What's a name for the impossibility of identity?

It appears to me that no two things can ever be identical, yet the notion that they can has been deployed rather without pause about a billion times in theoretical literature in philosophy and ...
6
votes
2answers
364 views

Are there thought experiments about physicalism?

Other than Mary's Room and maybe Searle's Chinese Room are there any other interesting thought experiments against the ideas of physicalism, and the idea our minds are identical to our brains?
6
votes
1answer
635 views

Does the 'too many thinkers' argument cripple Locke's conception of Man and Persons?

Does the too many thinkers problem present a counter-argument to John Locke's account of personal identity, if we apply it to his conceptions of Man and Person? If so, how might Locke answer this ...
6
votes
1answer
562 views

Why is violating “the only x and y principle” a problem in personal identity theory?

The only x and y principle states that the relation between "x=y" only depends on facts about x & y. So if we say something like "Bob is this particular human being" then this relationship is only ...
5
votes
4answers
2k views

What is the status of the statement: “I am here now”?

The statement "I am here now" seems to have many peculiar properties that I am not sure how to express. It appears analytically and equally true for any speaker anywhere at anytime. Yet its truth is ...
5
votes
3answers
806 views

Does a transgender person become a different person after transitioning?

Perhaps this is an odd question, but... Question: Does a transgender person become a different person after transitioning? I'm seeking an answer from a philosophical point of view (hence why I ask ...
4
votes
2answers
976 views

Is there a philosophical word to describe “Trigger's Brush”?

In the TV show Only Fools and Horses a character called Trigger has a sweeping brush. He is proud that he has had the same brush for 17 years. However he reveals he's replaced both the head and ...
4
votes
4answers
131 views

Can a reason cost 5 dollars?

Imagine a school where no one can wear a red hat. John goes to school with a red hat costing 5 dollars. Someone says John's red hat "is" the reason why he can't get into the school. What is the ...
4
votes
2answers
71 views

Can fictional entities have capacities?

Can fictional entities have capacities? I think in Buddhism there is a definite trend to claim that every entity is fictional, but has causes and effects. i wouldn't really assent to the idea that ...
4
votes
1answer
75 views

How to account for the identity of books or theories? Inquiries into qualitative identity

I'm looking for articles or books that discuss how we account for qualitative identity. The distinction between qualitative and numerical identity is often drawn, but then the discussion tends to veer ...
4
votes
1answer
179 views

Did Locke reject the idea that people had temporal parts?

I'm currently studying Locke's theory of personal identity and wondered if his writing rejected the idea that people had temporal parts. Does anyone have any references that would support the idea ...
4
votes
1answer
560 views

Almost Sure Mind Transfer via Parfit's Identity Theory (interesting thought experiment)

Under Derek Parfit's theory of identity, we should direct our concern to future selves not because they are identical to us, but because they bear some special relation to our current self. He used ...
3
votes
3answers
95 views

Circularity in identity definition

It is written in the SEP: Identity is often said to be a relation each thing bears to itself and to no other thing (e.g., Zalabardo 2000). This characterization is clearly circular (“no other ...
3
votes
1answer
580 views

Historiography of the Ship of Theseus

Does anybody know of a historiography or review of the discussion of the idea of the Ship of Theseus and things related thereto (I suppose this might also include Alan Gibbard's discussion of the ...
3
votes
1answer
683 views

How does Parfit's “brain division” thought experiment refute the brain theory of personal identity?

Shoemaker proposes that identical persons are individuals who are psychologically continuous and share the same brain. This is the brain theory of personal identity. However, Parfit takes objection to ...
3
votes
4answers
104 views

Is a Reflection on a Bus, part of the Bus?

Riding the bus I wondered to myself what does it mean to be a part of this bus. From a physics/ computer vision interpretation one may collect all parts that are moving in unison with the larger whole ...
3
votes
1answer
49 views

Where does 'numerical' in 'numerical identity' come from?

L.S., the word numerical has several meanings. E.g. numerical in the meaning ''given by numbers', and when saying Numerical Identity, meaning 'only one'. When was the first time the word was ...
3
votes
2answers
242 views

Books/Pieces/Essays about self-worth? [closed]

I'm interested in reading some good books/pieces/essays about self-worth (ultimate meaning of life, learning, working, etc). It's hard to precisely define the topic, but anything you think is ...
3
votes
2answers
2k views

Definition of social personality from Dennett still working with digital Identities?

I am not sure how familiar you are with the definition of social personality from Dennett. It consits of 6 steps, like you can read here. (1) persons are rational. (2) they are the subjects of ...
3
votes
1answer
63 views

How do modern moralities obscure connections between identity and the good?

Charles Taylor writes in the preface of Sources of the Self (p. x, Harvard University Press 1989), emphasis mine: But because my entire way of proceeding involves mapping connections between senses ...
3
votes
1answer
322 views

What's the difference between cloning and metabolism in terms of affecting personal identity?

Suppose I'm cloned when I am alive. Provided there is a technology that can copy ALL my mental states into the clone, such as memories, values, beliefs and the like. No more, no less. Also there is ...
3
votes
1answer
74 views

identity and self

From "The Craft of Family Therapy" by Salvador Minuchin, etc.: A self is created in a context populated by significant "others" at different historical periods in the life of a person, but it has ...
3
votes
2answers
2k views

Can a persons continuity of consciousness be broken and a new person arise?

I realize that the person I am as I type these letters and the person I am at the end of this sentence is slightly different. Change occurs all the time and infact change within my brain is the reason ...
2
votes
4answers
702 views

What would be the implications if the equality of opposites was true?

Heraclitus famously believed in the equality of opposites, as do I. Would the truth of the equality of opposites have any significant implications for reason and logic?
2
votes
4answers
329 views

Question of Identity

Conversing with someone trying to convince me that 2 and 1+1 are not the same thing. His argument was that although 1+1 = 2, they are in fact different because the notation is different. We see "1+1" ...
2
votes
3answers
113 views

can you rationally believe in an ever changing identity, but also believe that parts of us persevere?

Is it possible to rationally believe that certain aspects of the identity don't change, while still acknowledging the fact that we are not the same person we were an instant ago? In other words, is it ...
2
votes
2answers
98 views

Where do thoughts come from?

When the next thought comes, try to catch its source. Is there an entity "you" there? Or does the thought come from silence/nothingness? Is this "you" is just a thought that comes from this silence/...
2
votes
2answers
258 views

Is there any evidence for 'identity epistomology'?

Thomas Chatterton Williams writes: For having the temerity to defend himself, Mr. Packer was accused on social media of “excusing racism” and “whitesplaining.” Such logic extends a disturbing trend ...
2
votes
1answer
149 views

Could Napoleon have been born to different parents?

According to Kripke, things get their identities by being "baptized" with a rigid designator, and we refer to them by way of a causual chain. So it is not the case that Napoleon had to become Emperor ...
2
votes
2answers
103 views

What are objections to personality-theoretic identity branching? [duplicate]

I am currently watching the Yale open course "Philosophy of Death" with Shelly Kagan. So far he has made the case that there is not good enough reason to believe in the existence of an immaterial soul....
2
votes
1answer
196 views

Mind-body problem: supervenience vs dependence vs realisation

Could someone shed some light on the differences of these 3 hypotheses? For me, it seems all 3 relations mean the same. I can't seem to grasp the difference between supervenience physicalism and ...
2
votes
4answers
168 views

Is there a philosophical definition for “difference” and “similarity”? When are 2 logical arguments “different” or “similar”? [closed]

Is there a philosophical definition for "difference" and "similarity"? When are 2 logically valid arguments "different" or "similar"?
2
votes
1answer
130 views

The identity problem

Considering that I cannot feel my future self, why should I care for it more than I care about other people? In other words, from my present perspective, what differs future "me" from a different ...
2
votes
1answer
165 views

Questions about personal identity and materialism with QM and spacetime

Let's assume for a moment that the materialistic view of the universe is correct. There exists a universe that contains energy in various states spread out in the dimensions of space and time that is ...
2
votes
2answers
237 views

What's an intuitive way of thinking about type versus token identity?

What's an intuitive way of thinking about type versus token identity? I have read and understand the difference between those two terms: tokens are things in space and time; types are abstract and ...
2
votes
1answer
289 views

Are the laws of thought still accepted as the basis of logic?

The "laws of thought" refers to the three traditional principles said to underlie logical reasoning: identity, non-contradiction, and excluded middle. Are these principles still generally accepted? Is ...
2
votes
3answers
825 views

Why am I myself rather than someone else?

Why am I myself rather than someone else? I think I read something like this in an ecnyclopedia, one time, that it's a question in philosophy. Not asking what makes me myself, my body, psychology, ...
2
votes
1answer
113 views

Is there a philosophical categorization of mindsets?

This question is about personality and mindsets. I'm interested in categories of opinions, something more than left vs. right, conservative vs. liberal. Is there a set of basic questions that once ...
2
votes
1answer
464 views

A discussion of consciousness and existence

Consider the following three scenarios: 1) Two clones with the same memories, feelings, etc. are in a room. Clone A is killed by Clone B. Clone B immediately loses all memories of Clone A and the ...
2
votes
0answers
37 views

Is an “R connection” really all we care about in terms of personal identity?

Derek Parfit in his article Reasons and Persons brings the following scenario - your brain is split in 2 pieces, each capable of surviving on their own, and transplanted into 2 other people (Righty ...
1
vote
3answers
183 views

Dawkins' gene-centered view on personal identity

Looking at the following quote by Richard Dawkins: We are going to die, and that makes us the lucky ones. Most people are never going to die because they are never going to be born. The potential ...
1
vote
1answer
149 views

What areas within philosophy look at continuity of personality and self-hood?

I'm sure these kinds of questions fall within some fairly central fields of philosophy: what makes "me now" and "me 10 seconds, months, or decades ago", the same person? In what sense are these "the ...
1
vote
2answers
91 views

Conundrum of the self?

I've been thinking about this topic in relation to artificial consciousness. Specifically self-awareness. (I can define terms precisely if requested, but usually prefer to be as general as possible:)...
1
vote
2answers
118 views

Can Dennett's reciprocity be seen in social networks?

Maybe you know the Definition of a Person from Dennett: (1) persons are rational. (2) they are the subjects of Intentional ascriptions. (3) a certain stance or attitude must be taken towards them, ...