Questions tagged [identity]

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Use-mention distinction

Is it 1+1 or “1+1” that is a formula of addition? To my intuition, it is the former, and the latter seems to be a name of the formula. The reason why I ask this question is that provided my intuition ...
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94 views

Why do we personally identify with our future selves, but not mental copies? [closed]

I'm sure this question has been asked somewhere before, but I don't know the name of this type of question, and so I've been unable to find it. Any pointer to literature written on the topic would be ...
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138 views

What determines a person's gender identity?

I've noticed that when many transgender allies and even some transgender people themselves have their claims investigated that they, in my estimation, can never really answer them too adequately: one ...
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109 views

Is the permanent self still tenable? [closed]

I wonder what a possible objection could be: P1) The self is static in change; P2) If P1 is true then change cannot be the self otherwise the self wouldn't be static; C) Therefore, change is the ...
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What is it when someone from some group (ethnic, religious, disability, etc.) can automatically talk for others from it?

Is there a term for being for and against the view that (only) someone from some group (ethnic, religious, disability, etc.) can automatically talk for others from it? It's kind of a political and ...
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Is there a branch of philosophy that rejects identity per se?

I see references to arguments against the concept of identity itself (Hegel, Wittgenstein) here: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Identity_(philosophy). But based on discussions under my question here: ...
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The Immortal Jellyfish

I watched an episode of "The Blacklist" which is a popular show on the TV streaming service Netflix. In the episode, the main character refers to a very tiny marine creature commonly known as the "...
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1answer
163 views

Does the Law Of Excluded Middle Apply to the Principle Of Identity and Non Contradiction? [closed]

This argument will seem confusing, precisely because it observes the laws of identity being subject to equivocation. If this is kept in mind, the following should make more sense and explain why the ...
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How strong are arguments realting to cosmology in problems of personal identity?

Cosmology, with fairly low confidence, predicts that the universe (or multiverse) is infinite in both time and space. While this does not directly follow, it is also predicted that every possible ...
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120 views

Self contradictory things that can't really exist: can they be fully conceived of?

It seems like we can conceive of self contradictory things that can exist. e.g. the proposition expressed by "this sentence is false" is self contradictory but I don't seem to have any trouble ...
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Why is logical possibility relevant to the persistence questions of personal identity?

I can imagine splitting my brain in two and placing the individual hemispheres in individual bodies. This affects the psychological continuity view of personal identity because then I would not be ...
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What makes you, you? [closed]

Is it your name or your body or your mind? Also, similarly, fans of a certain sports club will cheer for the sports kit and the name. The players change and so does their coach, but the name and kit ...
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Is a Reflection on a Bus, part of the Bus?

Riding the bus I wondered to myself what does it mean to be a part of this bus. From a physics/ computer vision interpretation one may collect all parts that are moving in unison with the larger whole ...
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60 views

Where does 'numerical' in 'numerical identity' come from?

L.S., the word numerical has several meanings. E.g. numerical in the meaning ''given by numbers', and when saying Numerical Identity, meaning 'only one'. When was the first time the word was ...
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224 views

Where do thoughts come from?

When the next thought comes, try to catch its source. Is there an entity "you" there? Or does the thought come from silence/nothingness? Is this "you" is just a thought that comes from this silence/...
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Circularity in identity definition

It is written in the SEP: Identity is often said to be a relation each thing bears to itself and to no other thing (e.g., Zalabardo 2000). This characterization is clearly circular (“no other ...
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3answers
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can you rationally believe in an ever changing identity, but also believe that parts of us persevere?

Is it possible to rationally believe that certain aspects of the identity don't change, while still acknowledging the fact that we are not the same person we were an instant ago? In other words, is it ...
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Can a reason cost 5 dollars?

Imagine a school where no one can wear a red hat. John goes to school with a red hat costing 5 dollars. Someone says John's red hat "is" the reason why he can't get into the school. What is the ...
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1answer
59 views

Combining causal and identity relations

Suppose I have the causal relation C causes E, and the symmetric identity relation E is (E1 ^ E2 ^ E3), which have the following probability functions: E = bC and E = E1 * E2 * E3 where E, C, E1, E2 ...
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Why am I this particular human being?

Some philosophers dismiss this as a question about a tautology: when Alice asks "Why am I Alice?", this is equivalent to her asking "Why is Alice Alice?", which is not an interesting question. But ...
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Are there any arguments for why something past-eternal must necessarily be future-eternal as well?

If we assume that something has always existed in the past, what reason is there to assume that it won't perish in the future? I pondered on it and I wondered whether the following argument works: ...
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2answers
106 views

Conundrum of the self?

I've been thinking about this topic in relation to artificial consciousness. Specifically self-awareness. (I can define terms precisely if requested, but usually prefer to be as general as possible:)...
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Constitutive Identity

What is the term for the alteration or change in self-indentification consequent to interaction with an authority or professional? For example, you are stopped on the street by a policeman. By his ...
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Dawkins' gene-centered view on personal identity

Looking at the following quote by Richard Dawkins: We are going to die, and that makes us the lucky ones. Most people are never going to die because they are never going to be born. The potential ...
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Does anyone say that mind/brain type identity theory is just vacuous without scientific evidence that some part brain state is always the exact same?

Does anyone say that mind/brain type identity theory is just vacuous without scientific evidence that some part brain state is always the exact same experience? I think that's what type identity ...
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Has anyone claimed that any eternal return is not for and to me, because “a perfect repletion is the same”?

Has anyone claimed that any eternal return is not for and to me, because "a perfect repletion is the same"? I use quotes cos it's something a friend said, and I reckon that (if their original ...
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170 views

Questions about personal identity and materialism with QM and spacetime

Let's assume for a moment that the materialistic view of the universe is correct. There exists a universe that contains energy in various states spread out in the dimensions of space and time that is ...
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Is there any evidence for 'identity epistomology'?

Thomas Chatterton Williams writes: For having the temerity to defend himself, Mr. Packer was accused on social media of “excusing racism” and “whitesplaining.” Such logic extends a disturbing trend ...
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Is my personal identity physical? [duplicate]

In the context of physicalism, Is it consistent to think that I am what I experience and also the physical processes which give rise to my experiences?
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273 views

What's an intuitive way of thinking about type versus token identity?

What's an intuitive way of thinking about type versus token identity? I have read and understand the difference between those two terms: tokens are things in space and time; types are abstract and ...
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1answer
169 views

What areas within philosophy look at continuity of personality and self-hood?

I'm sure these kinds of questions fall within some fairly central fields of philosophy: what makes "me now" and "me 10 seconds, months, or decades ago", the same person? In what sense are these "the ...
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Examples of known or fallow existential symbioses between different scientific disciplines (in an essential, not merely engineering, sense)

The film “The Proud Rebel” plays in the time after the American Civil War, featuring a father (John Chandler) who travels with his son David (that is also in real life actor Alan Ladd's son) who is ...
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Historiography of the Ship of Theseus

Does anybody know of a historiography or review of the discussion of the idea of the Ship of Theseus and things related thereto (I suppose this might also include Alan Gibbard's discussion of the ...
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Axiomatic Proof of Symmetry and Transitivity of Identity

Given the axioms below and the rules of Modus Ponens and Universal Generalization, how can you prove that t=s → s=t for any terms s and t? Additionally, how do you prove that t = s → (s = r → t = r) ? ...
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Could Napoleon have been born to different parents?

According to Kripke, things get their identities by being "baptized" with a rigid designator, and we refer to them by way of a causual chain. So it is not the case that Napoleon had to become Emperor ...
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Does a transgender person become a different person after transitioning?

Perhaps this is an odd question, but... Question: Does a transgender person become a different person after transitioning? I'm seeking an answer from a philosophical point of view (hence why I ask ...
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1answer
364 views

Are the laws of thought still accepted as the basis of logic?

The "laws of thought" refers to the three traditional principles said to underlie logical reasoning: identity, non-contradiction, and excluded middle. Are these principles still generally accepted? Is ...
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Why am I myself rather than someone else?

Why am I myself rather than someone else? I think I read something like this in an encyclopedia; that it's a question in philosophy. Not asking what makes me myself, my body, psychology, and ...
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Can fictional entities have capacities?

Can fictional entities have capacities? I think in Buddhism there is a definite trend to claim that every entity is fictional, but has causes and effects. i wouldn't really assent to the idea that ...
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115 views

What are objections to personality-theoretic identity branching? [duplicate]

I am currently watching the Yale open course "Philosophy of Death" with Shelly Kagan. So far he has made the case that there is not good enough reason to believe in the existence of an immaterial soul....
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449 views

Is your memory what makes you yourself? [closed]

Pardon if this sounds like one of those "Jaden Smith tweets" Say when you go to sleep all your conscious activities cease. Many times you won't even know how much time has passed since you went to ...
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722 views

What would be the implications if the equality of opposites was true?

Heraclitus famously believed in the equality of opposites, as do I. Would the truth of the equality of opposites have any significant implications for reason and logic?
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Mind-body problem: supervenience vs dependence vs realisation

Could someone shed some light on the differences of these 3 hypotheses? For me, it seems all 3 relations mean the same. I can't seem to grasp the difference between supervenience physicalism and ...
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Does every occurring type have at least one token?

Do all types which occur have tokens? It is that between a thing, or type of thing, and (what is best called) an occurrence of it—where an occurrence is not necessarily a token.
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Does pure mathematics express something about objects?

Do the expressions of pure mathematics express anything about objects? i.e. are the bearers of mathematical identity (e.g. the being number one of that number) themselves objects?
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Why should we care about personal identity?

I just read a book about personal identity and it gave me insights in different theories about personal identity. But after all, I still don't get, why we should care about personal identity. Being ...
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Who are the contemporary proponents of the metalinguistic view about idenity statements?

I am looking for contemporary proponents of the following thesis: Identity statements such as "a = b" are to be interpreted metalingustically, for example as "the names "a" and "b" are coreferential"....
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Question of Identity

Conversing with someone trying to convince me that 2 and 1+1 are not the same thing. His argument was that although 1+1 = 2, they are in fact different because the notation is different. We see "1+1" ...
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Do alternative theories of self eventually dissolve into either the substance theory or the bundle theory?

It seems upon first glance that attitudes towards the existence of the self must either be defending the notion that it exists in its own right as a real thing imbued with sensible and rational power (...
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Can Dennett's reciprocity be seen in social networks?

Maybe you know the Definition of a Person from Dennett: (1) persons are rational. (2) they are the subjects of Intentional ascriptions. (3) a certain stance or attitude must be taken towards them, ...