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Questions tagged [individualism]

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8 answers
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Is it true that a technological society has to weaken family ties and local communities if it is to function efficiently?

From The Unabomber Manifesto by Ted Kaczynski: The breakdown of traditional values to some extent implies the breakdown of the bonds that hold together traditional small-scale social groups. The ...
Nitin Sheokand's user avatar
7 votes
1 answer
4k views

Can a person be Psychological Egoist and Ethical Egoist at the same time?

Can a person be Psychological Egoist and Ethical Egoist at the same time? Or those terms are not mutually exclusive and one can be both?
Darius's user avatar
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5 votes
4 answers
4k views

What did Kierkegaard consider to be "reflection"?

After mentioning Kierkegaard's leveling and mathematical equality concepts, this passage is quoted: The individual no longer belongs to God, to himself, to his beloved, to his art or to his science;...
LitheOhm's user avatar
  • 159
5 votes
5 answers
3k views

Is it fair to characterise Ayn Rands philosophy 'Objectivism' as a blending of Nietzsche's Übermensch and American individualism?

I said this to a friend once, but told her to keep it quiet as I couldn't back it up as I haven't read any of her works, nor even a solid introduction. I formed my snap judgement on the basis of a ...
Mozibur Ullah's user avatar
4 votes
1 answer
467 views

Exploring philosophy behind "Catch-22" novel: individual in war

I am looking for the name and possibly deeper development of the system of ethics / morality exemplified by the attitude of Yossarian, the main protagonist of Catch-22 novel by Joseph Heller. ...
Roger V.'s user avatar
  • 1,565
4 votes
2 answers
213 views

Are methodological individualism and materialism compatible?

One of the fundamental principles of the Austrian school of economics, particularly the kind promoted by Ludwig von Mises and Murray Rothbard, is methodological individualism, according to which the ...
Keshav Srinivasan's user avatar
3 votes
4 answers
3k views

What is the value of the individual in Marx's writing?

Very obviously, Marx put emphasis on changes to, and the value of, society. But in his writing is he doing away with the value of the individual? Or does it simply go without saying, that individuals ...
user avatar
3 votes
1 answer
76 views

Was John Stuart Mill really influenced by the romantics?

In this passage from Individualism and economic order (1948) (Chapter 1, pp. 25-26), Hayek, although he does not use the term, seems to accuse/disdain Mill for defending an individualism very much ...
Starckman's user avatar
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2 votes
2 answers
388 views

Are some narratives worse than death?

Are some narratives worse than death? I'm not talking about psychological or physical suffering, but narratives (what actually happens, as we understand that, as humans) that are worse than it just ...
user avatar
2 votes
1 answer
191 views

How does the Enlightenment philosophy tackle the asymmetry it has with non-Enlightenment societies/traditions?

The Enlightenment thinkers emphasize the individual human being, over his cultural or ethnical affiliation. This is done by a faith in a universal capacity which is reason, a distrust towards ...
Starckman's user avatar
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2 votes
2 answers
436 views

Are there any flaws in reasoning that collectivism can apply within a capitalist economy?

This question has more to do with ideology then philosophy but something seems off in terms of logic. The Oxford dictionary defines collectivism as: "The practice or principle of giving a group ...
James P.'s user avatar
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2 votes
3 answers
217 views

How do classical liberals reconcile individualism with nationalism?

Classical liberals are basically supporting individualism and a small government (Locke, Hayek, Friedman). The small government being there to insure basic services such as the military, the police, ...
Starckman's user avatar
  • 1,702
2 votes
1 answer
371 views

What is the difference between a "human being" and an "individual"?

What is the difference between a "human being" and an "individual"? I have the intuition that "human being" is more associated with concepts such as dignity, a ...
Starckman's user avatar
  • 1,702
2 votes
2 answers
234 views

How would Nietzsche metaphorically apply the concept of a 'mind control parasite' to human philosophy, in relation to the will to power?

In Frederich Nietzsche's works, when he discusses a 'parasite,' he is indicating the following: a complete lack of nobility of disposition when someone prefers to live in dependency, at the expense ...
James Hill's user avatar
2 votes
1 answer
558 views

What is John Locke's basic idea of individuality?

Are we social or solitary by Locke's reckoning? How can we use his argument to oppose Aristotle's idea of humans essentially being social or political? I have read the chapter 2 'Of the state of ...
Abhed Manocha's user avatar
2 votes
0 answers
216 views

How real is the distinction Durkheim makes between the 2 forms of individualism in his 'Individualism and the Intellectuals'?

A summary from Britannica: The French sociologist Émile Durkheim (1858–1917) identified two types of individualism: the utilitarian egoism of the English sociologist and philosopher Herbert Spencer (...
Nasan's user avatar
  • 21
2 votes
0 answers
84 views

Should Bergson be described as an individualist?

It's claimed that Bergson's "intuition of pure duration" is the "highest and most valuable form of human experience": is this an individualist or collectivist good? I'm asking because I'm interested ...
user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
336 views

What is the difference between individualism and collectivism, in simple terms?

Wikipedia says: “Individualism is the moral stance, political philosophy, ideology, or social outlook that emphasizes the moral worth of the individual.” I’m not quite sure what that means – does that ...
Tejas's user avatar
  • 19
1 vote
2 answers
836 views

According to Stirner, are other humans "spooks"?

Of course, Stirner was very much the individualist. I've not read much of The Ego and His Own, and doubt I'd make much sense of it. If I were to make a big thing about other humans not being "spooks",...
user avatar
1 vote
3 answers
314 views

How is the individualist position essential for peace and prosperity in a society

Mises stated that when people recognise and work towards their own goals they recognise the importance of cooperation, voluntary exchange and division of labor And that these social phenomena are ...
David's user avatar
  • 61
1 vote
4 answers
183 views

Do general "oughts" imply "cans"?

Does "ought" generally imply "can"? Suppose someone ought to change the flickering lightbulb. Does that mean someone can? Does it mean that someone who "ought to" can? ...
andrós's user avatar
  • 1,426
1 vote
1 answer
100 views

Is there an aspect of the person that is outside time and or size? Does anyone argue that to defeat nihilism?

Is there an aspect of the person that is outside time or scale? Does anyone argue that to defeat nihilism, and does that come up in discussing value nihilism? I just think that anyone who claims that ...
user avatar
0 votes
4 answers
306 views

Can either individualism or diversity casuse a stall to progress in societies?

This question is assuming that such a thing as 'progress' exists, but let's assume for this instance that it does. It is encouraged in our society to embrace and adapt to individualism because doing ...
Ava's user avatar
  • 117
0 votes
2 answers
899 views

Is there a name for the philosophy of increasing happiness more than reducing it is the only moral good?

I recently answered this question on the ethical duty to help educate others, where I wrote: I feel like if a person increases "happiness" more in his life then he decreases the "...
Xitcod13's user avatar
  • 170
0 votes
1 answer
148 views

Studies which which explore the relationship between collectivism empathy and individualism

I was recently having a conversation with people about a photograph which was posted depicting a dead man lying on the streets and a queue of people running up to a financial institution right beside ...
FoldedChromatin's user avatar
0 votes
0 answers
65 views

Putting together a book list on individual vs collective thinking

I am very interested on comparing the drives to and results from individualist vs collectivist thinking. I'd like about 5-10 books and for them to portray both sides of the argument. So far I have: &...
connor449's user avatar
  • 101
0 votes
0 answers
66 views

Philosophy of non duality or oneness it's equivalent in west

In India there is a philosophy of non duality / oneness / enlightenment... And people practice it... Is there something similar in western philosophy ? Also there is this idea that the individual the ...
Ronit sharma's user avatar
-1 votes
2 answers
165 views

How can one reconcile individual and social interests?

The conflict between the interests of an individual and those of a group/society plays on many levels: Economic relations It can be framed as a conflict between liberalism/individualism and socialism....
Roger V.'s user avatar
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