Questions tagged [inference]

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Does meaning begin with what can usefully be inferred?

There's linguistic meaning, and then there's meaning in the sense of purpose. I want to talk about a kind of non-linguistic, non-purposeful meaning. Let me give a few examples. You see that the lower ...
causative's user avatar
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4 answers

Is religious authority justified?

Is religious authority justified? I mean religious broadly thought, as something that may be a mystic non-inferential claim (and I'm especially interesting in these). An inference is the process of ...
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Are there any examples of two theories that accurately describe a phenomenon where the more complex one was found to be correct?

I was reading this answer on how Solomonoff's theory of inductive inference can be used to posit the more correct theory amongst a set that provide the expected "answer", where the shorter, ...
joshperry's user avatar
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Would the imaginary unit be the truth-value of sentences formed using √𝐧𝐨𝐭?

Section 4.3 of "Sentence Connectives in Formal Logic" discusses a concept of demi-negation or what is (for the sake of the text) resolved to a concept of "the square root of negation&...
Kristian Berry's user avatar
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1 answer

What is a rule of inductive inference?

What is a rule of inductive inference? I'm not looking for any examples, but for definitions - what makes the logical form of an inductive argument a rule of inductive inference?
Turtur's user avatar
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Inference as tentative deduction

I've heard people make confident assertions about the categorical distinction between inference and deduction, but I'm not convinced. I'm curious to hear rebuttals to the assertion that "...
Robin Andrews's user avatar
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Axioms/premises vs. rules of inference

Deductive philosophical arguments are often presented semi-formally as a list of premises and the conclusion (and sometimes combinations of such sub-arguments). What is virtually never stated are the ...
viuser's user avatar
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Why are the laws of the universe so perfect and consistent?

First of all, for the premise of this question, let's disregard quantum mechanics and relativity (whose existence is another big question ─ why did either of these very complicated sets of physical ...
Max's user avatar
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4 answers

Can inferences be objective?

Is it correct to say that inferences are subjective at all times because they are always made by individual minds and depend on a range of factors influencing those particular minds? Or can inferences ...
Greendrake's user avatar
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2 answers

The logic of analytic inferences

Consider the following argument: P1: A is a father. Therefore: A is a parent. The above inference is analytic and valid: it is impossible that someone is a father without also being a parent. ...
Maverick's user avatar
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Does conjoining two questions count as an "erotetic inference"? [closed]

For example: Why is an eagle like a microscope? Who doesn't go here? "Therefore," why is an eagle like a microscope and who doesn't go here? Part of why I'm unsure about this being an &...
Kristian Berry's user avatar
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Examples of, or counterexamples to, the concept of erotetic inference?

Suppose that the generality-particularity ordering is the comprehensive ordering on inference. Compare: What is the first integer after 2? What is the first prime integer after 2? (2) would seem ...
Kristian Berry's user avatar
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5 answers

What is the relation between abductive reasoning and fallacy?

According to WP's article on abductive reasoning: [A]bduction is formally equivalent to the logical fallacy of affirming the consequent [citation needed] because of multiple possible explanations for ...
quanity's user avatar
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What is the correct consideration to give a hypothesis that a bacterium or a blade of grass has consciousness? Or the Sun?

In his 2021 book "Being You", Anil Seth writes: "There is something it is like to be me, something it is like to be you, and probably something it is like to be a sheep, or a dolphin. .....
Daniel Asimov's user avatar
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1 answer

Can someone explain why this immediate inference is valid?

everyone. Thank you very much in advance for any help you can give me with this issue. I'm enrolled in an Introduction to Logic course, and we're currently working on Categorical Propositions. I've ...
sixo33's user avatar
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The structure of the epistemic regress

I just read this essay on coherentism, and it resonated with a question I have about reconciling foundationalism, coherentism, and infinitism. The gist of the essay is that there are graph-theoretic ...
Kristian Berry's user avatar
2 votes
4 answers

Deductively valid arguments and situations

In book 'Logic: A Very Short Introduction', Graham Priest has quote about deductively valid arguments. Here is one problem. Assuming that the account is correct, to know that an inference is ...
danBeginner's user avatar
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1 answer

According to logic and argumentation theory, how does one build strong arguments?

I'm very new to philosophy and the formal study of argumentation. In every essay so far, I've argued against a thesis. I attack the validity or strength of premises and the soundness or strength of ...
haz's user avatar
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1 answer

Are inferences in everyday life often combinations of inductive, deductive and other possible methods of inference?

Logicians have distilled methods of inference into some fundamental kinds like deduction and induction. In everyday conversation, though, we are constantly making inferences both inductively and ...
Sunreeta Bhattacharya's user avatar
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Does the Multiverse Undermine argumente based on statistical inference? [duplicate]

In the last fifty years, eminent physicists have discovered that the physical parameters of our universe are fine tuned, which means that a slight change in these parameters would render life as we ...
Frank McCain 's user avatar
12 votes
10 answers

How can we overcome the challenge of the anti statistical philosopher?

Conventional statistical inference has been strongly challenged by the anti statistical philosopher who uses the following example: Imagine a man. Imagine that every time a man opens his front door ...
Frank McCain 's user avatar
1 vote
1 answer

What is the difference between statement and premise?

What are the differences between a Statement and a Premise? I wonder if they are same or not? Any counterexample where a statement is not a premise?
Sazzad Hissain Khan's user avatar
1 vote
1 answer

Is a model of inference needed for reasoning?

In logic we can't make any deductions without rules of inference, predicates, and formulas. In probability/statistic we can't make any inferences without assuming some probabilistic model which might ...
Peter's user avatar
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3 votes
1 answer

Which of common rules of inference are rejected on some philosophical grounds?

My question is: is there a mathematical or philosophical basis for rejecting any of the following rules of inference? If yes, then what is the argument for rejecting any of them? I am asking this ...
rfloc's user avatar
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Reasoning for deductive inference?

I got a quiz today in my classroom. I need to say True or False to the following: Deductive inferences are typically based on unfounded assumptions. For the valid deductive inference, the conclusion ...
user550103's user avatar
2 votes
2 answers

Incorrect statement in Suppes' Introduction to Logic

Chapter 2 of Suppes' develops the notion of sentential inference and how to construct rules of inference. However, there is one part in his development that seems incorrect no matter how I look at it. ...
hLance's user avatar
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-1 votes
2 answers

Tacit inferences?

Does anyone give a useful account of tacit inferences? I am interested in the psychological notion of inference here, and do not in the context focus upon the logical notions of validity and soundness....
Sapiens's user avatar
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