Questions tagged [inference]

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Is a model of inference needed for reasoning?

In logic we can't make any deductions without rules of inference, predicates, and formulas. In probability/statistic we can't make any inferences without assuming some probabilistic model which might ...
3
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1answer
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Which of common rules of inference are rejected on some philosophical grounds?

My question is: is there a mathematical or philosophical basis for rejecting any of the following rules of inference? If yes, then what is the argument for rejecting any of them? I am asking this ...
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0answers
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Reasoning for deductive inference?

I got a quiz today in my classroom. I need to say True or False to the following: Deductive inferences are typically based on unfounded assumptions. For the valid deductive inference, the conclusion ...
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2answers
99 views

Incorrect statement in Suppes' Introduction to Logic

Chapter 2 of Suppes' develops the notion of sentential inference and how to construct rules of inference. However, there is one part in his development that seems incorrect no matter how I look at it. ...
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2answers
190 views

Tacit inferences?

Does anyone give a useful account of tacit inferences? I am interested in the psychological notion of inference here, and do not in the context focus upon the logical notions of validity and soundness....