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What moral philosophers would say it is ever permitted to dehumanize others?

What moral philosophers would say it is ever permitted to dehumanize others? Obviously, I haven't defined 'dehumanize', but that may not suffice to make the question unanswerable. I ask becasue I ...
andrós's user avatar
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5 votes
1 answer
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Philosophy as antithesis to intuition

I have recently come across a video that explains intuition and some of its challenges. One of the last challenges that came up in the video was the idea that one of the goals of philosophy is to ...
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2 answers
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What image to get an intuition of quantum interference? [closed]

I'm not unaware that formalism alone employs the right concepts to understand what quantum superposition is, and the interference it makes possible. Nevertheless, I'd like to know what images, in the ...
Husserliana's user avatar
3 votes
3 answers
520 views

Intuition in philosophy? [closed]

A lot of good math books I've used have helped me build intuition by lots of examples. There are philosophy books which employ the same technique in logic, etc. Are meditative practices the ...
More Anonymous's user avatar
4 votes
1 answer
188 views

Kant's analysis of self-consciousness in CPR

I am fairly familiar with the general scheme of Kant's philosophy. I started reading Critique of Pure Reason since a few weeks ago. I think I understood nearly all parts (but I maybe mistaken) but now ...
infatuated's user avatar
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Is the clear/unclear distinction itself clear, unclear, or something else?

Suppose that clarity occurs for two representations when one attends to what makes the representations different. (This is, to my knowledge, a somewhat common or accepted "definition" of ...
Kristian Berry's user avatar
1 vote
0 answers
60 views

Should intuitions cohere with your philosophy?

Suppose I enter a room. Someone tells me there is an invisible ghost on the chair. I think in my head “well, there’s no evidence there is.” I feel, intuitively, extremely confident there is no ghost. ...
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1 vote
1 answer
139 views

Is there a paradox of third-order arithmetic?

Calculus, sometimes analysis or second-order arithmetic, seems more intuitive when formulated in infinitesimal terms than in terms of real-valued limits. However, the meta-theory of analysis, i.e. its ...
Kristian Berry's user avatar
2 votes
0 answers
85 views

Is Deleuze an Intuitionist?

I am reading Difference and Repitition currently by Deleuze. In it he describes his metaphysics as subverting identity, and instead replacing how people could process the world as an endless series of ...
TCoff's user avatar
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3 votes
4 answers
359 views

Why should reason be used some times but not others?

People would find normal to plainly use reason in a lot of situations such as at work, designing a marketing project, writing a scientific article, drafting an architectural plan for a house, or in ...
Starckman's user avatar
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1 answer
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Is philosophy any different from emotional reasoning? [closed]

Emotional reasoning is considered a flawed form of reasoning because you essentially believe in something because you feel it to be true. But isn’t this the case for any question in philosophy? For ...
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2 votes
6 answers
2k views

Does philosophy rely on intuitions? If so, does this mean all of philosophy is nothing more than hunches?

Does philosophy rely on intuitions? If so, and all of philosophy comes down to intuition, how can one person be deemed to be more rational than other? In this world, most would agree that you cannot ...
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6 votes
2 answers
142 views

For Kant, why does temporal synthesis need to happen?

Taking our experience of time... this is how I understand what Kant is saying. There's this non-temporal manifold of sensation. I am picturing it like the pages of a flipbook. Images in succession ...
Ameet Sharma's user avatar
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2 answers
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Are moral intuitions considered equally valid as other intuitions?

In reading this article on SEP about intuition: https://plato.stanford.edu/entries/intuition/, the following statement is made: "Consider the claim that a fully rational person does not believe ...
user avatar
-1 votes
3 answers
79 views

Given the gambler's fallacy, why do we have a strong intuition of design if a remarkable result happens quickly in a game?

In any sort of game that involves selecting one out of many opportunities where one of those opportunities is a win, and each trial is independent and random, each trial has an equal chance of winning....
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2 votes
3 answers
175 views

Paradox involving the principle of indifference

The principle of indifference states that: "in the absence of any relevant evidence, agents should distribute their credence (or 'degrees of belief') equally among all the possible outcomes ...
1986's user avatar
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2 votes
2 answers
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In Kant, what would happen if singular objects that we perceive in space didn't necessarily have the spatial properties that we perceive them to have?

In Paul Guyer's Kant, section "Space and Time: the pure forms of sensible intuition", Guyer argues that "Kant’s argument for transcendental idealism is incomplete." For that, he ...
gsmafra's user avatar
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1 answer
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Problem with infinity? [closed]

Note: See PART 2 for a better question. 1 kg of matter has infinite number of parts. Infinite number of things together can make an infinite amount of matter. 1 kg is not equal to infinite amount. We ...
Koorosh's user avatar
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3 answers
229 views

What created the bias in humans that make us intuitively claim the refutation of the Continuum Hypothesis?

So I was watching this youtube video. We've got a well ordering of the real numbers but just between zero and one that'll do okay now comes a little statistical argument. You and I are gonna throw ...
More Anonymous's user avatar
0 votes
1 answer
113 views

Consequences and importance of the "No Free Lunch Theorem"?

So I was watching this and was wondering about the consequences and importance of the "No Free Lunch Theorem" David Wolpert: that if I have any particular reasoning algorithm be it in say ...
More Anonymous's user avatar
1 vote
4 answers
464 views

To what extent is mathematics a tool to grasp the world beyond human intuition?

To what extent are mathematical formalisms an extension of intuitive reasoning to grasp the world such as in the fields of Quantum Physics and Relativity? My first thought is that when intuitive ...
J.A's user avatar
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How does absurdism deal with conflicting notions of subjective meaning?

My understanding of Camus is that he thinks you should find your subjective interests and run with them, but what would he say to say to a clinical psychopath born without a conscience who says he ...
JCool's user avatar
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3 answers
306 views

When philosophers argue about "definitional questions," what exactly are they arguing about?

By "definitional question," I mean questions like what is knowledge, what is justice, what is love, etc - questions that relate to the definition of certain abstract concepts. Take the ...
Chris's user avatar
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0 answers
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Knowledge and epistemic intuition

Gettier famously argues against the traditional theory of knowledge that justified true belief may not always be knowledge. Basically, his examples can be summarized as whether we can have knowledge ...
Abdul Muhaymin -Free Palestine's user avatar
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1 answer
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Metaphilosophy and the nature of philosophical disagreement

I have a question on how “disagreement” generally occurs in philosophy. It seems that in the various traditions of Western philosophy, much work concerns a quest to externalize our human intuitions, i....
exp8j's user avatar
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5 answers
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Do modern philosophers of mind believe that thinking is a symbolic or visual process by nature?

Do some philosophers regard thinking as a symbolic process only because they don't actually think for themselves -- rather, like most of us, they are "having thoughts", their ...
Yuri Zavorotny's user avatar
1 vote
3 answers
162 views

Why do many philosophers attach so much importance to laymen intuition?

For instance, when discussing "what is Justice", one of Rawls's key argument for "justice has to be a universal concept" is that we do not talk about anything that is "just ...
J Li's user avatar
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0 answers
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Does modus tollens capture the essence of "necessary condition"?

Does modus tollens capture the essence of "necessary condition"? (1) P → Q, ¬Q, … so ¬P. (2) So Q is a necessary condition of P. Is (1) the inner structure of (2)? Are any of these true: The ...
Demogorgon93's user avatar
1 vote
0 answers
56 views

what is called the view that all knowledge "bottoms out" in intuition and/or psychological prejudice?

Suppose I see a tree through my window; I naturally believe that there's a tree outside. From my experience, I simply intuit (so it seems to me) the existence of that tree. Of course, I could ...
Ben W's user avatar
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3 votes
0 answers
276 views

Contemporary philosophers on intellectual intuition?

The 18th-19th century German philosophers (the so-called "German Idealists"), and other Post-kantian philosophers have used the term "intellectual intuition" in slightly different ways, but generally ...
Yechiam Weiss's user avatar
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3 answers
213 views

In mathematics , can't we say that the intuition of the original author of a true conjecture is the proof of it just indescribable on paper- pen

I think that when a person put on a true conjecture in mathematics (we have verified it to be true) ,proof must came in his mind in the form of what we called intuition. I mean if his saying is ...
ANUJ GUPTA's user avatar
-1 votes
1 answer
121 views

What is the difference between aptitude and Intuition? [closed]

What is the difference between aptitude and Intuition?
Suyash Prakash's user avatar
5 votes
3 answers
257 views

What properties does "intuition" need in order to be counted as philosophical evidence?

Timothy Williamson (2008) has argued that we should not construe philosophical evidence as consisting of intuitions. Do intuitions generate philosophical evidence? And, if so, what sort of evidence ...
user avatar
0 votes
0 answers
44 views

Is there a theory that trying to solve intuition and fear at the same time?

I'm looking for a school of thought or theory that solves these problems, preferably at once: The way to make a profound, advanced knowledge more straightforward and imaginative, without having to ...
Ooker's user avatar
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3 votes
2 answers
208 views

At base, do all disagreements in philosophy come down to differences in intuition?

I am coming at this from outside philosophy, though I have had a lifelong amateur interest. It seems to me that rigorous philosophical writing sets out clear axioms before using propositional logic to ...
Sputnik's user avatar
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3 votes
2 answers
1k views

What is the nature of moral intuition according to Haidt?

Jonathan Haidt asserts that moral judgment is primarily given rise to by intuition. Now intuition is used in many different senses of which I want to emphasize the meaning "as opposed to instinct", ...
Ropstah's user avatar
  • 153
4 votes
2 answers
180 views

Do biological studies on intuition reject the idea of "intellectual intuition"?

Philosophers throughout the history (most known to me are from the German Idealism school) have used the idea of an "intellectual intuition" - often (in German Idealism) the way that a certain "genius"...
Yechiam Weiss's user avatar
8 votes
2 answers
705 views

What is the role of the a priori nature of time in intuitionism?

According to Brouwer, intuitionists abandoned Kant's apriority of space but adhered to the idea that time was a priori. This Intuitionism considers the "falling apart of moments of life into two ...
user avatar
10 votes
7 answers
7k views

What is "intuition" for Kant?

Intuition appears to be a relatively abstract concept, an incomplete cognition, and thus not directly experienceable. Kant says that all knowledge is constituted of two parts: reception of objects ...
Ootagu's user avatar
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8 votes
1 answer
902 views

Are analogies between ethics and mathematics philosophically coherent?

Analogies between ethics and mathematics are pretty common – probably because of their shared a priori nature. Philosophical laymen use them, like “Scott Alexander” (no, you don't need to know him), ...
viuser's user avatar
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10 votes
3 answers
801 views

How come intuitive thinking is related to constructing a proof?

I am researching Constructivism and Intuitionism. I can't understand why Intuitionism and Intuitionistic Logic are named as they are. Intuitionistic logic requires constructing a proof of every ...
NotSure's user avatar
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4 votes
4 answers
811 views

How can one intuit that P → Q ≡ ¬P ∨ (P ∧ Q)?

I have not succeeded in intuiting P → Q ≡ ¬P ∨ Q in the sense of imagining how one would conjecture or divine the equivalence without any "foreknowledge" of ¬P ∨ Q to invoke formal proofs or truth ...
user avatar
4 votes
1 answer
261 views

What do dual-intuitionistic and minimal logic model?

As someone interested in theoretical computer science, I'm fairly comfortable with what intuitionistic logic represents. An intuitionistic proof is a proof we can act upon algorithmically. The law of ...
mudri's user avatar
  • 153
6 votes
3 answers
2k views

Intuitively, why are Universal Statements true in the Empty Universe?

Source: p 165. Sweet Reason: A Field Guide to Modern Logic (2010 2 ed) by Henle, Garfield, Tymoczko. I read this on Math SE; please advise if it pertains to my simpler question.   One property of ...
user avatar
0 votes
2 answers
113 views

Is 'intuition' the most correct term?

What terms should I use to request (more verbal or informal) explanations like the answers to these questions tagged 'intuition'? I ask because the following comment implies that 'intuition' may not ...
user avatar
4 votes
8 answers
452 views

Intuitively, why does (B → S) ≡ (¬B ∨ S)?

I pursue only intuition; please do not answer with formal proofs or Truth Tables. I comprehend the following explanation, but it still does not supply the intuition and I sense a deeper, directer, ...
user avatar
5 votes
1 answer
1k views

What makes the material conditional material?

What makes the material conditional material (also called the material implication)? What does this logical connective have to do with matter? Googling doesn't seem to help.
Michael Smith's user avatar
0 votes
1 answer
215 views

Does this justify truth-table of material conditional?

I'm sure someone has thought of this before, but I haven't seen this justification (if it is one at all) for why the truth-table of the material conditional is the way it is in both literature on the ...
Michael Smith's user avatar
2 votes
6 answers
1k views

What is wrong with my intuition of Modus Tollens?

Abbreviate Modus Tollens to MT, Necessary Condition to NC, and Sufficient Condition to SC. I pursue only intuition; please do not answer with formal proofs or Truth Tables. I already know of the ...
user avatar