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Questions tagged [justice]

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1answer
42 views

What is the historical entitlement conception of justice? How does it differ from the patterned conception?

Related to Nozick. What are the policy implications of the two approaches? Any examples?
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1answer
32 views

According to Nozick, what is a “patterned” conception of justice?

Any examples of a policy issue on which a patterned conception of justice might plausibly disagree with a historical entitlement based conception of justice
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2answers
100 views

Is Frank Herbert's view on 'equality' similar to Aristotle justice?

Herbert was not a philosopher, but a philosophically astute author that used futuristic fiction to comment on contemporary problems, "impossible to pin you down to neatly packaged ideas" according to ...
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0answers
44 views

Is there anything interesting to read that unpacks the meaning of “ought” rather than what we ought to do or be?

Is there anything interesting to read that unpacks the meaning of "ought" rather than what we ought to do or be? I just wanted to read something of someone trying to make sense of the term, in the ...
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2answers
153 views

Do descendants bear moral responsibility for the actions of their ancestors?

Consider the following two scenarios, a specific one, and a more general one: Specific Scenario A long time ago, a robber, Rob, stole a large sum of money from a bank, and "got away" with it. Rob ...
2
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1answer
96 views

How does Aristotle analyse justice in Nicomachean Ethics, V?

Aristotle draws a distinction between general and particular justice at the start of Nicomachean Ethics, V. Can anyone explain this distinction to me? General justice seems like merely all-round moral ...
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2answers
71 views

Are any ethicists totally unconcerned with the other side of the story?

Are any ethicists totally unconcerned with the other side of the story? So allow me to write up an example. David is fat, I mean morbidly obese. And David keeps stealing all Mary's food then ...
2
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4answers
147 views

Is injustice the “Achilles Heel” of materialism?

Under materialism (the notion that origins of the world and human society are unguided natural processes), it may be difficult to ground ethics in reality but nevertheless, materialists can be ...
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1answer
205 views

DIFFERENCE PRINCIPLE DEFINED by Rawls vs Nozick

I currently started reading Rawls and Nozick. I have found out that Nozick's "Distributive Justice" is a libertarian analysis of John Rawls. I was wondering if anyone knows what Nozick's opinion is on ...
3
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1answer
72 views

Is Fairness just an Anomaly?

Everyone knows the universe isn't fair, yet many, if not most, people believe that we should strive for fairness. However, some people don't care about fairness, instead being led by greed and the ...
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1answer
47 views

According to Nozick people should not view goods like property and wealth as a gift from heaven

Does Nozick not say that distributive justice is incompatible with the rights of individuals and he reduces the question of what justice is to an issue of violation of rights and things should be ...
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2answers
86 views

Does being humane imply being human?

Is the altruism separating the quality of humanity (virtue) from the quality of justness (by which we will all probably be governed in one way or the other through social devices) essentially rooted ...
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2answers
499 views

How would Plato view a just soul?

Does Plato view a just person as someone who three parts of their soul are equal? Or would reason win over appetite and spirit?
2
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2answers
90 views

The Dogpile Factor (Evil acts committed by groups)

Imagine seeing a man kicking a puppy (A) that's chained up to a tree. Most people would be outraged and would even call for his punishment. Now imagine seeing a gang of six men kicking another puppy (...
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2answers
265 views

Does natural justice exist in this world?

Does natural justice exist? How does natural justice unfold?
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0answers
28 views

In bioethics, are the harms that arise secondary to the failure to treat a violation of the Principle of Non-Maleficence?

I am trying to understand the principles relevant to a particular bioethics scenario. For simplicity, I will describe it as follows: A doctor refuses to treat a patient suffering from an illness ...
5
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3answers
342 views

Socrates as a foot soldier and his political philosophy

Socrates is well known for his participation of several wars during his life span (for almost 30 years). It is believed that he was 48 at his final participation in a war. As an armed foot soldier, ...
5
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1answer
85 views

How does Anselm define justice

The concept of justice occurs frequently in Anselm's writings. On his view (e.g. in 'Cur Deus Homo') it is perfectly just for God to condemn a sinner for the least offence to eternal Hell on the Day ...
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4answers
4k views

Who was first to say that justice is “to give each his due”?

May I know which Greek or Roman philosopher is the first to define justice as "giving each his due"? And what arguments have he put forward to justify this definition?
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1answer
194 views

What is the content of “equality”?

Much attention focuses on the inequalities within American society. As a single example, note the comparisons of income earned by people in the top one percent versus income earned by the remainder. ...
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263 views

Why is “an eye for an eye” an important philisophical idea? [closed]

In the code of Hammurabi, one of the first laws put forth was "an eye for an eye." We've come a long way since those times both as a society, and in terms of making laws - as well as the ability to ...
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1answer
159 views

What are different philosophical approaches to conceptualizing or evaluating “fairness”?

I was searching for an article on fairness in a couple of online encyclopedias but had no success. There seem to be entries for various sorts of justice though, like the two I came across: ...
4
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1answer
316 views

Aristotelian views on Justice and Equality

Aristotle discusses two types of justice - one, more general justice that concerns having all the virtues, and a second justice concerning how a state should act. He believes, if I'm not mistaken, ...
2
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1answer
186 views

Assistance in interpreting this excerpt concerning political philosophy

The article comes from "The Rhetorical Functions of Slogans: Classifications and Characteristics" by Robert E. Denton. The title should give away what the entire article is about. I've come to the ...
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3answers
472 views

Why are equality and fairness valued so highly?

Some philosophies, such as Egalitarianism, highly value equality and fairness. My question is, why? What is so great about equality and fairness? For example, the Soviet Union was much more equal ...
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3answers
666 views

Why does Aristotle believe that friends of virtue need no justice?

Source: p 22, Philosophy: A Complete Introduction (2012) by Prof Sharon Kaye (MA PhD in Philosophy, U. Toronto) The doctrine of the golden mean is supported by Aristotle's theory of friendship. ...
3
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2answers
1k views

How might you apply John Rawls' theory of justice as fairness to the issue of privacy and security?

I'm a bit confused about how to apply John Rawls' theory of Justice as Fairness to the issue of privacy/security. Which statement below is correct? Justice as Fairness does not justify a decrease in ...
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0answers
53 views

Socially responsible surveillance? [closed]

Surveillance is an ever hotter topic - surveillance of communications and/or metadata and of physical spaces (i.e. cameras). I'm strongly sympathetic to the privacy advocacy movement - not because I ...
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3answers
106 views

Do we have to value possibilities just because they are possible?

I want to specify my question to theism (it should apply to all ideas) as an example. Some people believe in theism. The sole reason why they believe is because someone else believes it too and ...
3
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3answers
981 views

Rawls and the Categorical Imperative

Rawls A Theory of Justice according to Wikipedia, and by his own admission is 'strongly Kantian'. A foundational point or axiom is his 'Veil of Ignorance' - the original position. How can this ...
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3answers
159 views

Why Equal Rights?

It seems like the concept im describing is called Utilitarianism it is the greatest happiness of the greatest number that is the measure of right and wrong Update Clarification Rights(examples): ...
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4answers
730 views

Why would security ultimately cost freedom, equality, justice, and liberty?

I am trying to study for my Social Studies 30-1 Diploma Exam. One part of the exam will require me to analyse a source. A source example I am reading shows a picture of the words liberty, justice, ...
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2answers
283 views

Can There be no Justice and no Injustice at the Same Time?

As the title inquires, is there such a thing as a mean between justice and injustice? To put it in another way: can there be no justice in a society, but also no injustice? Or is there only one or the ...
4
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1answer
135 views

Is there a similarity between Justice in Plato's Republic and the definition of wealth in Judaism?

I was reading Republic, and when Plato finally "finds" justice in the city, he defines it as a kind of "doing one's own work", which to me implies also the necessity of finding a certain satisfaction ...
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1answer
101 views

Are public trials ethical?

A lot of us may remember Casey Anthony, OJ Simpson, George Zimmerman, and the the recent cases about police misconduct. In each of these cases, the individuals were found not guilty by a jury of their ...
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2answers
1k views

How does libertarian philosophy deal with voluntary cannibalism? [closed]

I came across the example in a book of consensual cannibalism: Person A gave his willing and explicit consent to be killed and eaten by person B, in exchange for nothing but the experience of it (No ...
3
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1answer
83 views

What kind of paradoxes might result from applying the maximin principle in a scheme of distributive justice?

I quote from John Harsanyi "Can the Maximin Principle Serve as a Basis for Morality? A Critique of John Rawls's Theory" (1975) (My italics). But then came a growing realization that the maximin ...
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2answers
573 views

Can Rawls justify eugenics?

Rawls seems partial to the idea of eugenics, as perhaps this is the corollary of the difference principle. Am I correct in this understanding? I refer to p.92 of A Theory of Justice (1999): In the ...
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1answer
125 views

Critique of Korsgaard's polis-comparison?

I am currently reading Korsgaard's Self-Constitution in the Ethics of Plato and Kant (which you can find here). I was wondering if the argumentative step from an injustice in the perfectly arranged ...
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2answers
559 views

Is justice a zero-sum game?

I'm studying Rawls and the notion of justice being a zero-sum game has been a recurring, underlying question. His theory seems to suggest that justice works in this way, however I wonder if there are ...
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5answers
223 views

Is not getting an incentive the same as being punished?

On the forums for a popular game distribution platform, I suggested that developers receive an additional percentage of sales as an incentive to include certain platform features. Someone replied and ...