Questions tagged [justice]

The tag has no usage guidance.

Filter by
Sorted by
Tagged with
0
votes
2answers
105 views

What is wrong in the reasoning that someone's accidental death is justified by his troubled past? [closed]

It seems to challenge the idea of the justice system, but in a very subtle way. Are there other flaws with this reasoning? Is the confusion between the idea of a greater power's justice (law of nature,...
2
votes
3answers
113 views

What are the most important responses to the claim that utilitarianism is compatible with extreme injustices?

Utilitarianism is often accused of being compatible with extreme injustices. If by tormenting a minority, a great amount of happiness is generated for a large majority, this situation would be ...
-1
votes
1answer
47 views

What is justice? Is justice blind?

Is justice something you find at a courthouse? Where would you find justice? From my perspective there is no justice until the one being judged has a say in how he is being judged. I believe ...
1
vote
0answers
56 views

What are the main differences and similarities between Rousseau and Kant's moral philosophy?

Main differences and similarities between Rousseau and Kant, especially in the subjects of justice, morality and also how Rousseau influenced Kant.
0
votes
0answers
30 views

How would luck egalitarianism deal with AI and automatisation in production?

Mainstream theories of justice, particularly luck egalitarianism, accept that the "good fortune," the goods that result from endowments, not from choice or effort, be redistributed to aid those ...
0
votes
0answers
274 views

Opposite of victim blaming?

If victim blaming is the fallacy of automatically assigning fault to the victim ("it's her fault because she was dressed that way"), what is the fallacy of exonerating a person simply by virtue of ...
-1
votes
3answers
87 views

Is a good being, also just?

Question: Does a good being, also have to be just/fair? Side Question: What philosophers/resources would be recommended to research such an idea?
1
vote
0answers
26 views

Fostering and nurturing moral ethics--does it depend partly on how society views a person?

Fostering and nurturing moral ethics--does it depend partly on how society views him or her as a person and so as a human? If a person feels in some cases they don't belong to society or where they ...
3
votes
0answers
64 views

How to argue that some inequality is justifiable in order to maximize the well-being of the worst off in Rawls's theory of justice?

In context, I have to describe what we think is a just society by Rawls theory of justice. I want to try and use Scandinavia, for example, the Nordic Model as a representation as a just society. ...
2
votes
1answer
213 views

Why do we punish crime?

I have no formal training whatsoever in philosophy but have a question nonetheless. I am sorry if this is way off topic for this site. Crime begets punishment: let us say that punishment is prison. ...
1
vote
0answers
52 views

Might Marx's argument in Das Kapital be less about justice and exploitation than it is about disenfranchisment?

Might Marx's argument in Das Kapital be less about justice and exploitation than it is about disenfranchisment? I specifically mean his analysis of work, the falling rate of profit, and movement of '...
1
vote
0answers
72 views

Why Nietzsche believes that victims barter the damage they receive with a violent feast to see their tormentor suffer in a feast?

In the second essay of On the Genealogy of Morality: Guilt, bad conscience and the like, 6, Nietzsche seems to defend the thesis that victims barter the damage they received with a violent feast to ...
2
votes
1answer
181 views

What is the historical entitlement conception of justice? How does it differ from the patterned conception?

Related to Nozick. What are the policy implications of the two approaches? Any examples?
1
vote
1answer
1k views

According to Nozick, what is a “patterned” conception of justice?

Any examples of a policy issue on which a patterned conception of justice might plausibly disagree with a historical entitlement based conception of justice
1
vote
2answers
168 views

Is Frank Herbert's view on 'equality' similar to Aristotle justice?

Herbert was not a philosopher, but a philosophically astute author that used futuristic fiction to comment on contemporary problems, "impossible to pin you down to neatly packaged ideas" according to ...
5
votes
2answers
887 views

Do descendants bear moral responsibility for the actions of their ancestors?

Consider the following two scenarios, a specific one, and a more general one: Specific Scenario A long time ago, a robber, Rob, stole a large sum of money from a bank, and "got away" with it. Rob ...
2
votes
1answer
335 views

How does Aristotle analyse justice in Nicomachean Ethics, V?

Aristotle draws a distinction between general and particular justice at the start of Nicomachean Ethics, V. Can anyone explain this distinction to me? General justice seems like merely all-round moral ...
1
vote
2answers
109 views

Are any ethicists totally unconcerned with the other side of the story?

Are any ethicists totally unconcerned with the other side of the story? So allow me to write up an example. David is fat, I mean morbidly obese. And David keeps stealing all Mary's food then ...
2
votes
4answers
202 views

Is injustice the “Achilles Heel” of materialism?

Under materialism (the notion that origins of the world and human society are unguided natural processes), it may be difficult to ground ethics in reality but nevertheless, materialists can be ...
1
vote
1answer
566 views

DIFFERENCE PRINCIPLE DEFINED by Rawls vs Nozick

I currently started reading Rawls and Nozick. I have found out that Nozick's "Distributive Justice" is a libertarian analysis of John Rawls. I was wondering if anyone knows what Nozick's opinion is on ...
2
votes
1answer
101 views

Is Fairness just an Anomaly?

Everyone knows the universe isn't fair, yet many, if not most, people believe that we should strive for fairness. However, some people don't care about fairness, instead being led by greed and the ...
1
vote
1answer
90 views

According to Nozick people should not view goods like property and wealth as a gift from heaven

Does Nozick not say that distributive justice is incompatible with the rights of individuals and he reduces the question of what justice is to an issue of violation of rights and things should be ...
1
vote
2answers
199 views

Does being humane imply being human?

Is the altruism separating the quality of humanity (virtue) from the quality of justness (by which we will all probably be governed in one way or the other through social devices) essentially rooted ...
2
votes
2answers
1k views

How would Plato view a just soul?

Does Plato view a just person as someone who three parts of their soul are equal? Or would reason win over appetite and spirit?
2
votes
2answers
100 views

The Dogpile Factor (Evil acts committed by groups)

Imagine seeing a man kicking a puppy (A) that's chained up to a tree. Most people would be outraged and would even call for his punishment. Now imagine seeing a gang of six men kicking another puppy (...
0
votes
2answers
409 views

Does natural justice exist in this world?

Does natural justice exist? How does natural justice unfold?
1
vote
0answers
38 views

In bioethics, are the harms that arise secondary to the failure to treat a violation of the Principle of Non-Maleficence?

I am trying to understand the principles relevant to a particular bioethics scenario. For simplicity, I will describe it as follows: A doctor refuses to treat a patient suffering from an illness ...
5
votes
3answers
479 views

Socrates as a foot soldier and his political philosophy

Socrates is well known for his participation of several wars during his life span (for almost 30 years). It is believed that he was 48 at his final participation in a war. As an armed foot soldier, ...
4
votes
1answer
140 views

How does Anselm define justice

The concept of justice occurs frequently in Anselm's writings. On his view (e.g. in 'Cur Deus Homo') it is perfectly just for God to condemn a sinner for the least offence to eternal Hell on the Day ...
5
votes
4answers
10k views

Who was first to say that justice is “to give each his due”?

May I know which Greek or Roman philosopher is the first to define justice as "giving each his due"? And what arguments have he put forward to justify this definition?
-1
votes
1answer
261 views

What is the content of “equality”?

Much attention focuses on the inequalities within American society. As a single example, note the comparisons of income earned by people in the top one percent versus income earned by the remainder. ...
1
vote
1answer
274 views

What are different philosophical approaches to conceptualizing or evaluating “fairness”?

I was searching for an article on fairness in a couple of online encyclopedias but had no success. There seem to be entries for various sorts of justice though, like the two I came across: ...
4
votes
1answer
460 views

Aristotelian views on Justice and Equality

Aristotle discusses two types of justice - one, more general justice that concerns having all the virtues, and a second justice concerning how a state should act. He believes, if I'm not mistaken, ...
2
votes
1answer
229 views

Assistance in interpreting this excerpt concerning political philosophy

The article comes from "The Rhetorical Functions of Slogans: Classifications and Characteristics" by Robert E. Denton. The title should give away what the entire article is about. I've come to the ...
2
votes
3answers
733 views

Why are equality and fairness valued so highly?

Some philosophies, such as Egalitarianism, highly value equality and fairness. My question is, why? What is so great about equality and fairness? For example, the Soviet Union was much more equal ...
4
votes
3answers
2k views

Why does Aristotle believe that friends of virtue need no justice?

Source: p 22, Philosophy: A Complete Introduction (2012) by Prof Sharon Kaye (MA PhD in Philosophy, U. Toronto) The doctrine of the golden mean is supported by Aristotle's theory of friendship. ...
3
votes
2answers
1k views

How might you apply John Rawls' theory of justice as fairness to the issue of privacy and security?

I'm a bit confused about how to apply John Rawls' theory of Justice as Fairness to the issue of privacy/security. Which statement below is correct? Justice as Fairness does not justify a decrease in ...
3
votes
0answers
65 views

Socially responsible surveillance? [closed]

Surveillance is an ever hotter topic - surveillance of communications and/or metadata and of physical spaces (i.e. cameras). I'm strongly sympathetic to the privacy advocacy movement - not because I ...
-1
votes
3answers
113 views

Do we have to value possibilities just because they are possible?

I want to specify my question to theism (it should apply to all ideas) as an example. Some people believe in theism. The sole reason why they believe is because someone else believes it too and ...
4
votes
3answers
1k views

Rawls and the Categorical Imperative

Rawls A Theory of Justice according to Wikipedia, and by his own admission is 'strongly Kantian'. A foundational point or axiom is his 'Veil of Ignorance' - the original position. How can this ...
2
votes
3answers
258 views

Why Equal Rights?

It seems like the concept im describing is called Utilitarianism it is the greatest happiness of the greatest number that is the measure of right and wrong Update Clarification Rights(examples): ...
1
vote
4answers
1k views

Why would security ultimately cost freedom, equality, justice, and liberty?

I am trying to study for my Social Studies 30-1 Diploma Exam. One part of the exam will require me to analyse a source. A source example I am reading shows a picture of the words liberty, justice, ...
0
votes
2answers
400 views

Can There be no Justice and no Injustice at the Same Time?

As the title inquires, is there such a thing as a mean between justice and injustice? To put it in another way: can there be no justice in a society, but also no injustice? Or is there only one or the ...
4
votes
1answer
163 views

Is there a similarity between Justice in Plato's Republic and the definition of wealth in Judaism?

I was reading Republic, and when Plato finally "finds" justice in the city, he defines it as a kind of "doing one's own work", which to me implies also the necessity of finding a certain satisfaction ...
2
votes
1answer
111 views

Are public trials ethical?

A lot of us may remember Casey Anthony, OJ Simpson, George Zimmerman, and the the recent cases about police misconduct. In each of these cases, the individuals were found not guilty by a jury of their ...
1
vote
2answers
2k views

How does libertarian philosophy deal with voluntary cannibalism? [closed]

I came across the example in a book of consensual cannibalism: Person A gave his willing and explicit consent to be killed and eaten by person B, in exchange for nothing but the experience of it (No ...
3
votes
1answer
92 views

What kind of paradoxes might result from applying the maximin principle in a scheme of distributive justice?

I quote from John Harsanyi "Can the Maximin Principle Serve as a Basis for Morality? A Critique of John Rawls's Theory" (1975) (My italics). But then came a growing realization that the maximin ...
8
votes
2answers
914 views

Can Rawls justify eugenics?

Rawls seems partial to the idea of eugenics, as perhaps this is the corollary of the difference principle. Am I correct in this understanding? I refer to p.92 of A Theory of Justice (1999): In the ...
3
votes
1answer
145 views

Critique of Korsgaard's polis-comparison?

I am currently reading Korsgaard's Self-Constitution in the Ethics of Plato and Kant (which you can find here). I was wondering if the argumentative step from an injustice in the perfectly arranged ...
6
votes
2answers
704 views

Is justice a zero-sum game?

I'm studying Rawls and the notion of justice being a zero-sum game has been a recurring, underlying question. His theory seems to suggest that justice works in this way, however I wonder if there are ...