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Immanuel Kant was a German Enlightenment philosopher.

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Problem of Affection in Kant's Thing in themselves as Causes, Neo Kantians and Post Kantians Responses

We all know "the problem of affection" raised by Schulze: "if causality is apriori structure of the mind and exist inside the mind, how can we claim thing-in-themselves cause phenomena ...
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Kant's "it is reprehensible in the highest degree" remark

At one point in the first Critique, Kant says: But as regards the principles of ethics, of legislation, and of religion, spheres in which ideas alone render experience possible, although they never ...
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Have any formal ontologies focused on the category of knowledge, rather than the content?

The ontologies I am aware of select core categories they believe the world may be constructed from, presumably because they take them as irreducible. Aristotle had what now appears a slightly quirky ...
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Kantian Subjectivism Contradiction?

Kant rendered the judgments of reason as subjective, neither narrating nor accurately reflecting the reality of things. "We only sense from external objects, thus perception does not express ...
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What amount of egoism is natural, even necessary, even moral? [closed]

In his second theorem in the Critique of Practical Reason, Kant states that a rational being's consciousness of the agreeableness of life accompanying his whole existence is happiness, and the ...
Gerry's user avatar
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Is it a common misunderstanding to claim that Kant considered time and space to be illusion?

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1nSS2XgWMAE Is it a common misunderstanding to claim that Kant considered time and space to be illusion? People don't seem to agree on this and some people claim that ...
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Per Kant's theory of radical evil/religion, is belief in individual saviors the result of a corrupt subconscious process?

Early enough on in the Religion, he does say: Now there appeared at a certain time among these very people, when they were feeling in full measure all the ills of an hierarchical constitution, and ...
Kristian Berry's user avatar
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Kant acknowledges physical needs as well as moral law, but has he adequately explained why one should win out over the other?

Theorem II, Book 1, of the Critique of Practical Reason acknowledges finite beings, as part of physical nature, and that they have desires and needs, specifically a need to be happy. But the Critique ...
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Is it knowledge about x to know that we can't know x?

I'm studying the Critique of Pure Reason. We have the claim: We can't know anything about things in themselves Which seems to have corollaries of the form: We can't know x about things in themselves ...
Mani's user avatar
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What did Kant mean when he said that desire is empirical and can thus furnish no basis for practical laws?

Source Critique of Practical Reason, Book I, Chapter I, Theorem I, 5:22 All practical principles that presuppose an object (matter) of the faculty of desire as the determining ground of the will are, ...
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What does Kant mean by "determination"?

Context from the opening of Chapter I of Book I from the Critique of Practical Reason. The opening of that chapter begins with a "Definition", 5:19 Practical principles are propositions ...
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Why is it invalid to conclude from ‘Some A is B’ and ‘One A does not differ the least bit from another’ that ‘Every A is B’?

I am reading a paper¹ which explains criticism of Kant’s putative argument that the cosmological argument reduces to the ontological one. To show that, a syllogism of this form is needed: (Major) The ...
TempLogicKant's user avatar
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Why does Kant refer to Hume's Enquiry as "otherwise uninstructive" in the Critique of Practical Reason?

The Critique of Practical Reason,5:14, seems to damn Hume with faint praise, acknowledging his service for initiating a critique of pure reason but being otherwise uninstructive. Was it in the ...
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Does Kant anywhere "rationalize" noumena on, say, moral grounds?

I ask in the context of reading various "new realists" or "objective oriented ontologists”. To my reading, many of these thinkers would like to return to Kant's attempt to unify both ...
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Which of the following are examples of Kantian noumena?

Which of the following are examples of Kantian noumena? a) Higgs boson particle b) A table c) A newly discovered planet d) All and none of the above [Mel Thompson - Philosophy in a week] The answer ...
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How should the footnote to BXVIII & BXIX in Kant's first Critique be understood? Does it even make sense?

Note: I am avoiding the typical use of object and subject as observed and observer since it can become exceedingly confusing in this context. I use topic in place of object. The footnote to BXVIII &...
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What does Kant mean by "objects" in BXVI-BXIX of his Critique of Pure Reason?

In the discussion leading up to BXVI Kant consideres the application of reason to empirical cognition as in physical experiments, or to theoretical cognition as in mathematics. In these cases the ...
Steven Thomas Hatton's user avatar
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(Where) In his Critique of Pure Reason did Kant say that things-in-themselves represented in thought are persumed to exist?

Reading Kant in the German language original is probably challenging enough. Being at the mercy of a translator certainly exacerbates the difficulty. So, this may have appeared in one, but not all ...
Steven Thomas Hatton's user avatar
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Given there are many relevant act descriptions, how can anyone obey the moral law?

we end up with either multiple maxims to test (and the possibility of conflicting results) or a single “relevant” maxim... [universalisability] should not be viewed as testing the actual maxims on ...
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How do I track down Kant reference AK 3:556

Trying to figure out how to understand references to the works of Kant. The context is from a translator introduction of Critique of Practical Reason that is referring to the Critique of Pure Reason. ...
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What did Kant mean when he said that phoronomically motion is subjective but dynamically objective?

Reference: Kant's footnote, 4:559-560, "General Remark to Phenomenology," Metaphysical Foundations of Natural Science In logic the either-or always signifies a disjunctive judgment, where, ...
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What did Kant mean by "cognition" in the Metaphysical Foundations of Natural Science?

"Every doctrine that is supposed to be a system, that is, a whole of cognition ordered according to principles, is called a science.". From second paragraph of the preface to the ...
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Is Conscious Awareness of Phenomenal Experience a Correlate of the Constitutive Activity of Kant's Reason?

In the introduction to Kant's Critique of Pure Reason by Marcus Weigelt, Weigelt writes, "Reason, although sometimes understood as the faculty that encompasses all thought (for instance when we ...
Aditya Verma's user avatar
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Are Kant's arguments in the transcendentalist aesthetic circular?

"Space is not an empirical concept that has been drawn from outer experiences. For in order for certain sensations to be relatedd to some thing outside me, . . thus in order for me to represent ...
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Are Kant's arguments in the Metaphysical Foundations of Natural Science meant to be synthetic a prori arguments?

The work is entitled Metaphysical Foundations of Natural Science, and elsewhere, as in the Groundwork of the Metaphysics of Morals, Kant describe his metaphysics as the non-empirical element in the ...
Gerry's user avatar
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What is this passage from Proposition 4 of Kant's Metaphysical Foundations of Natural Science saying?

In the following passage, Kant discusses the infinite divisibility of matter: Matter is impenetrable, through its original expansive force…But this is only a consequence of the repulsive forces of ...
Gerry's user avatar
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If Kant doesn't have the empirical world as a determinate whole, does this rule out a possible-worlds semantics for his modal logic?

For example, take actualist representationism: Kant's "whole world" doesn't seem to be a finished totality, so referring to "a maximal set of consistent propositions" seems amiss, ...
Kristian Berry's user avatar
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Are transcendental and indispensability arguments reciprocally structured?

This question occurred to me in the course of addressing a recent question about what counts as evidence in philosophy. There, I offered that transcendental arguments are structurally akin to ...
Kristian Berry's user avatar
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What does "giving rule to art" means?

"Genius is the talent that gives the rule to art", says Kant, what does "giving rule to art" means?
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Are noumena and phenomena relativistic concepts?

God , soul can be considered noumena , existing as thing in itself ,and while what we perceive through six senses can be called phenomena. However I can say that what we perceive through six senses is ...
Dheeraj Verma's user avatar
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Does Kant anywhere address a possible argument for immateriality of soul from pure concepts?

Pure concepts which are recognized by Kant for their epistemological functions may themselves serve an argument for immateriality of the soul. The argument can look like this Pure concepts don't ...
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Why does the fact that moral laws or universal maxims are pure truths of reason imply they are the right or moral thing to do for Kant?

The question is based on an explanation from https://iep.utm.edu/kantview/ which states that what you should do, for Kant, is to "act rationally, in accordance with a universal moral law." ...
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Kant on paralogism of pure reason

In the following passage, I am not sure if I understand Kant. I do not cognize any object merely by the fact that I think, but rather I can cognize any object only by determining a given intuition ...
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Is God a noumenon? And why?

Is God a noumenon and why God is considered a noumenon? If I have personally experienced God then is it a noumenon or phenomenon from my point of view ?
Dheeraj Verma's user avatar
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Is the law “matter attracts matter” a noumenon?

There is a law of gravity and it can be expressed as "matter attracts matter". Whether it is the matter of earth or sun or stars or atoms or dark matter etc , the law always holds. My ...
Dheeraj Verma's user avatar
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Self-duality (in category theory) and advaita (non-duality in metaphysics)

In category theory, there are self-dual objects, where A ≅ A∗ (A is isomorphic to its dual), with the strict, but possibly non-coherent, case being when A equals A∗ (see Selinger[??]). In some ...
Kristian Berry's user avatar
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How can I be proved wrong if I say “There are no noumena?”

Suppose I say, "There are no noumena." How can I be proved wrong without any doubt?
Dheeraj Verma's user avatar
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If the finite-indefinite-infinite distinction is not exhaustive, does this affect Kant's resolution of the antinomies?

From the modern point of view, infinity comes not only in various flavors (some of which Kant seems to have been aware of), but various sizes. So when Kant talks about conceptions as being too small ...
Kristian Berry's user avatar
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Kant's analysis of self-consciousness in CPR

I am fairly familiar with the general scheme of Kant's philosophy. I started reading Critique of Pure Reason since a few weeks ago. I think I understood nearly all parts (but I maybe mistaken) but now ...
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What is Kant's opinion on gossip?

Just curious this evening what Kant and other, contemporary, deontologists say about gossip. I don't mean deliberate lies, but a certain attitude to truth and truth telling in which both the ...
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Why does Immanuel Kant never doubt the existence of matter and external world themselves?

Why does Immanuel Kant never doubt the existence of matter and external world themselves? Does he presuppose their existence? If so, why? What I mean to ask is according to Immanuel Kant if we know ...
Adriraj Mukhopadhyay's user avatar
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Is the compound statement "Every bachelor is a man without a wife AND the Earth revolves around the Sun,” synthetic or analytic?

Is the compound statement "every bachelor is a man without a wife and the Earth revolves around the Sun” (where "and" is a conjunction) synthetic or analytic? Kant, for example, talks ...
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Is there at least one essay focused on Kant's definition of "notions" as intermediary between idea(l)s and conceptions?

I tried Googling "Kant 'notions'" but that doesn't seem efficient (from the results I've gotten). I assume that he appealed to the word for its being originally cognate with noesis and the ...
Kristian Berry's user avatar
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1 answer
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Does Kant think we have an imperfect duty to not take intoxicants?

I want to smoke a cigarette to feel better. I want to smoke opium to feel better. I think we can ignore the consequences of everyone performing this action (in similar situations), mass addiction and ...
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What dictates how we phrase a maxim of a situation?

Can Kantian Maxims have more than one goal? Suppose I tell the murderer at the door that my mother is not home in order to save her life. That itself may be fine, but equally I am saying that in order ...
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According to Kant, are bad consequences of permitted actions imputable to the agent?

According to Kant, can permitted actions have culpable consequences? bad consequences are not imputable to the agent who acts dutifully Does that mean bad consequences are not "imputable" ...
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3 answers
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For Kant, how can we have moral autonomy if there's just one correct moral law?

What else then can freedom of the will be but autonomy, that is, the property of the will to be a law to itself? Groundwork of the Metaphysics of Morals So that in a nutshell is autonomy and freedom ...
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Kant's "interpret them as divine commands" remark

I was thinking about the idea of teleological/natural-law ethics as founded in the will of a divine power, and I thought that there would be (A) a purpose that this power had set for Itself alongside (...
Kristian Berry's user avatar
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Does the Transcendental Dialectic destroy science?

Long story short, probably the most remarkable contribution of Kant's Critique of Pure Reason is the notion that the subject plays an important role on the definition of the object. However, if the ...
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Are there any well-grounded moral systems that can't be manipulated to justify whatever decision its acceptant wishes?

In §26 of A Theory of Justice (1999 ed.), Rawls writes: A problem of choice is well-defined only if the alternatives are suitably restricted by natural laws and other constraints, and those deciding ...
Kristian Berry's user avatar

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