Questions tagged [kant]

Immanuel Kant was a German Enlightenment philosopher.

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Is Kant's transcendental logic a kind of erotetic logic?

In the first Critique, Kant presents a "problematical" concept of the ideation of reason, e.g. he talks about a focus imaginarium or something at one point. And his discourse on noumena as not "...
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Is Kant committing the reflection fallacy? ( Kant's epistemology)

(1) I see a tree. (2) Therefore the tree is the object of my perception. (3) So I see the object of my perception. (4) Hence, without grasping the concept of object in general and subsuming the ...
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How would Hume reply to Kant saying there are synthetic a priori propositions?

In my intro to philosophy class, our teacher presented us with "Kant's revolutionary thesis": There are synthetic a priori propositions. They must be [necessarily are] true without appealing to ...
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Is Deleuze saying that the “virtual” generates beauty and lies outside affect?

This article says All this is most fully worked out in Difference and Repetition(1994). What Deleuze calls the virtual is the there posed as the transcendental condition of all ...
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Have Kant, Hegel or Fichte. etc. talked about hallucination or illusion?

How do Kant (a Constructivist), idealists such as Hegel, or subjectivists like Fichte deal with hallucination or illusion, given that it appears to show their beliefs of the world are uncertain? Are ...
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Why does Kant say that some imperatives are analytically justified?

In the Groundwork and the second Critique, IIRC, Kant for some reason tries to explain the "argument" for the categorical imperative as synthetic a priori. He does this not just for assertoric forms ...
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KANT “Rational beings exist as an end in themselves, and never merely as a means to an end”

What does Kant mean when he says rational beings exist as an end in themselves, and never merely as a means to an end? Immanuel Kant - From Wikipedia, the Free Encyclopedia
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Understanding Kant vs. Hume for a non-philosopher

I am trying to self-study a bit of philosophy. I am an applied mathematician by trade, and am therefore drawn to Kant's work on the limits of human knowledge, in particular his exchange with Hume. I ...
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Are ideas in the prolegomena meant to be the failure of understanding?

In the third section of the Prolegomena, Kant explains in section 40 (at least how I understand it) that ideas are merely the analogues categories of those concepts that cannot be experienced. As I ...
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Is my understanding of Kant's arguments for the categories correct?

So from what I understand from my reading of the Critique of Pure Reason, specifically in the Transcendental Deduction, is that Kant states that in order to have a unified self-conscious (a unified "I"...
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Why did Kant condemn masturbation?

That such an unnatural use (and so misuse) of one's sexual attributes is a violation of one's duty to himself and is certainly in the highest degree opposed to morality strikes everyone upon his ...
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Kant's Notion of Synthetic A Prioiri as Logical Entailment

Is there something wrong about interpreting Kant's notion of synthetic a priori statements to be logical entailments? I understand, I think, that Kant didn't want to say such statements (e.g math ...
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The idealism of Kant and Berkeley [closed]

What are the key differences between Kant's idealism and Berkeley's idealism? Could someone please elucidate this?
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Why did Kant think that you should be responsible for the consequences of lying but not for the consequences of telling the truth?

Can someone here clarify what Kant meant with the following statement: if you have by a lie prevented someone just now bent on murder from committing the deed, then you are legally accountable for ...
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The synthetic apriority of the categorical imperative

Weirdness I noticed about Kant's theory of the categorical imperative: he says that the CI is "synthetic," in the second Critique using the very imposing phrase "sic volo, sic jubeo" to characterize ...
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Could hypothetical imperatives be fictions?

Hypothetical imperatives are practical imperatives that show how to achieve some goal. An example from wikipedia is: "I must study to get a degree." I believe they are part of Sellar's "manifest ...
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What is the status of the impossibility of metaphysics?

SEP describes the thesis that metaphysics is impossible as follows: Let us call the thesis that all metaphysical statements are meaningless “the strong form” of the thesis that metaphysics is ...
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Is brain reward hacking immoral?

Consider the following scenarios, each of which at their core refer to a form of 'reward hacking'. Based on personal observation, each scenario below generally elicits an immediate, visceral feeling ...
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The notion of knowledge for Kant and mathematical objects

As far as I understand the notion of knowledge in Kantian philosophy, we cannot speak of knowing something unless there is a relation between its concept and some object of intuition in experience. ...
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Did Kant classify the same proposition as both pure and impure a priori?

I'm confused about what seems to be a contradiction between statements from sections I and II of the introduction of (Meiklejohn's translation of) Kant's Critique of Pure Reason. The section I ...
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Is the beginning of Hegel's philosophy an example of foundationalism?

one preliminary remark: this post could be of interest to anyone engaging with the thought of Hegel (especially his theoretical philosophy) or who is interested in fundamental metaphysical problems. ...
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Categorical Imperative vs. Utilitarianism

I'm watching philosophy crash course, and the narrator claimed that Utilitarianism is the antithesis of the of Kant's categorical imperative. However, on the surface, I can't see a major difference. ...
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Could an almighty Creator make something that existed for its own sake?

If someone sees their existence as an end in itself, yet also admits that they did not create themselves, then are they not saying that whatever created them had done so for their [the created thing's]...
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Is Kant's thing-in-itself equivalent to Freud's unconscious?

In this video on Youtube (Kant, la experiencia posible y la experiencia imposible) at about 12minutes 50seconds, the presenter seems to say (my translation from the Spanish subtitles) ... Kant's ...
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What does Kant mean by the terms “objective” and “subjective”?

This shows up a lot on his "Groundworks to the Metaphysics of Morals", without a prior definition, such as in Everything in nature works according to laws. Rational beings alone have the faculty ...
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Can the height in another dimension look different from different dimensions? [closed]

Can the height in another dimension look different from different dimensions that we know? For example, can the width looks different than we see it?
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Where can I read Kant's view of thinking as willing, spontaneity and re-presenting?

I am reading Martin Heidegger's Discourse on Thinking. At the beginning of "Conversation on a Country Path About Thinking*, the Scholar remarks: (page 58-9) But thinking, understood in the ...
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Are these Two Premises Potential Flaws in Kant's Moral Theory?

In the Preface of the Groundwork of the Metaphysics of Morals Kant says he believes that moral philosophy must be devoid of inputs from human nature (“anthropology”): [Starting at about 4:389] “...
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Is my understanding on Kant's section contained in the critique of pure reason “The transcendental Aesthetic” correct?

I'm attempting to 'self-study' Kant's "critique of pure reason". I've just finished the section "The transcendental Aesthetic"" from both versions of the book and I'm looking for feedback on what I ...
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What is Kant's Proof for the Existence of the Noumenal World?

I have yet to read any convincing evidence that we should accept Kant’s assertion that a world outside our senses exists. I think Occam’s Razor tells us it is simpler to assume there is just one ...
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For Kant, is it immoral to offer solutions that may backfire when generalized?

I once read long ago Immanuel Kant came up with a model of Maxim. What I interpreted of it is basically that "if everyone does this and it still works in the long run, then it is right." This makes ...
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Is there a perfect duty against self deception about imperfect duties?

I assume that Kant says that the categorical imperative exhausts all morality? I'm guessing so, both perfect and imperfect duties. There's, I think, a particular conclusion that appears a little ...
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Is the following application of Kant's Categorical Imperative valid?

I'm reading about Kantian ethics and my question is if the maxim/prescription "Increase my Darwinian Fitness" is valid according to Kant's Categorical Imperative.
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For Kant, is the bad will bad in itself?

I'm taking ethic classes in college and the last author we studied was Kant, in his Groundwork for the metaphysic of morals, of which we read only the first book, where Kant states the good will is ...
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Was Kant an Intuitionist about mathematical objects?

In regards to the ontology of mathematics, as far as I can understand, Kant believed that Mathematical objects existed only as features of our perception that influenced how we viewed things-in-...
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How Kant's second formulation of the categorical imperative interacts with consent

Kant's second formulation (or the "ends in themselves" formulation) says: use humanity, whether in your own person or in the person of any other, always at the same time as an end, never merely as ...
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Hiring someone is unethical to Kantians because you're treating them as a means?

I read it is unethical to hire someone because it breaks the second categorical imperative which is to treat people as an ends. If by hiring someone to do something you are treating them as a means to ...
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Why did Kant, Hegel, and Adorno leave some words and phrases in the Greek alphabet?

I know this mostly from continental philosophers, like Hegel, Adorno or Kant: they use the greek alphabet when writing ancient terminology like ergon, telos or megalopsychos, while MacIntyre for ...
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What are some realistic situations where Kantian ethics can be applied?

By 'realistic' I mean ones which have a good chance of happening with someone.
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What does proto-idealistic philosophy mean?

I am listening to a lecture on YT (https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=CbvG4KffgSI skip to 2:41) and the lecturer mentioned "Immanuel Kant's proto-idealistic philosophy." What does that mean?
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Is Kant an anarchist/libertarian while defending that the resistance to a resistance is legitimate by the same law?

While reading an excerpt of Kant's Metaphysique of morals I was shocked by the conclusion drawn from it. Resistance that counteracts the hinderig of an effect promotes this effect and is consistent ...
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How does Kant solve the problem of the difference between phenomenon and noumenon?

[I'm sorry for my incorrect English] Hello, I studied the Critique of Judgment of Immanule Kant, and I don't understand, how Kant solve the problem of the difference between Critique of Pure Reason ...
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The double interpretation of 'a priori' in Kant's metaphysics

I'm sorry if this question has been asked before. My question regards the apparent double nature of the term 'a priori' in Kant's Critique of pure reason. Namely, as a presupposition for experience ...
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Does Kant’s argument against idealism refute Cartesian epistemology?

While Kant arguably manages to show in section 65 of the Critique of Pure Reason (“Refutation of Idealism”) that the concept of a self existing through time cannot be reconciled with skepticism of the ...
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For Kant, why is the Cogito an analytical proposition?

Could someone please explain to me why is that Kant thinks of the Cogito as an analytical proposition? Is it only because the predicate of the Cogito is already presumed in the concept of an thinking ...
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Kant and the absolute a priori

Frome the Critique of Pure Reason: "First, then, if a proposition is thought along with its ne­cessity, it is an a priori judgment; if it is, moreover, also not derived from any proposition ...
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Is it the case that Kant was indirectly 'describing' the noumenon by defining phenomenon?

In all commentaries on Kant's philosophy and his Critique of Pure Reason, it is stated that noumenon is completely unknowable. For example in the entry of 'Appearance' in Encyclopaedia Britannica we ...
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Is is true that Kant's philosophy inspired Einstein's theory of relativity?

Could you explain how it did inspire Einstein, and if Einstein gave him any credit for any of his ideas?
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I've heard that Hegel's view on how to attain absolute truth differed from Kant's. In what ways?

I think, from memory, Hegel said that the absolute truth can be known through a dialectical process between the object and the thing-in-itself. But, how does that differ from Kant's opinion on the ...
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Critical rationalism and Evolution

Lets assume I. Kant would have became aware of Darwins theory of Evolution after writing his "Kritik der reinen Vernunft". How could the knowledge have affected his idea about the "ursprünglich ...