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Questions tagged [kant]

Immanuel Kant was a German Enlightenment philosopher.

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Where can I read Kant's view of thinking as willing, spontaneity and re-presenting?

I am reading Martin Heidegger's Discourse on Thinking. At the beginning of "Conversation on a Country Path About Thinking*, the Scholar remarks: (page 58-9) But thinking, understood in the ...
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Are these Two Premises Potential Flaws in Kant's Moral Theory?

In the Preface of the Groundwork of the Metaphysics of Morals Kant says he believes that moral philosophy must be devoid of inputs from human nature (“anthropology”): [Starting at about 4:389] “...
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Is my understanding on Kant's section contained in the critique of pure reason “The transcendental Aesthetic” correct?

I'm attempting to 'self-study' Kant's "critique of pure reason". I've just finished the section "The transcendental Aesthetic"" from both versions of the book and I'm looking for feedback on what I ...
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What is Kant's Proof for the Existence of the Noumenal World?

I have yet to read any convincing evidence that we should accept Kant’s assertion that a world outside our senses exists. I think Occam’s Razor tells us it is simpler to assume there is just one ...
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For Kant, is it immoral to offer solutions that may backfire when generalized?

I once read long ago Immanuel Kant came up with a model of Maxim. What I interpreted of it is basically that "if everyone does this and it still works in the long run, then it is right." This makes ...
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Is there a perfect duty against self deception about imperfect duties?

I assume that Kant says that the categorical imperative exhausts all morality? I'm guessing so, both perfect and imperfect duties. There's, I think, a particular conclusion that appears a little ...
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Is the following application of Kant's Categorical Imperative valid?

I'm reading about Kantian ethics and my question is if the maxim/prescription "Increase my Darwinian Fitness" is valid according to Kant's Categorical Imperative.
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For Kant, is the bad will bad in itself?

I'm taking ethic classes in college and the last author we studied was Kant, in his Groundwork for the metaphysic of morals, of which we read only the first book, where Kant states the good will is ...
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Was Kant an Intuitionist about mathematical objects?

In regards to the ontology of mathematics, as far as I can understand, Kant believed that Mathematical objects existed only as features of our perception that influenced how we viewed things-in-...
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How Kant's second formulation of the categorical imperative interacts with consent

Kant's second formulation (or the "ends in themselves" formulation) says: use humanity, whether in your own person or in the person of any other, always at the same time as an end, never merely as ...
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Hiring someone is unethical to Kantians because you're treating them as a means?

I read it is unethical to hire someone because it breaks the second categorical imperative which is to treat people as an ends. If by hiring someone to do something you are treating them as a means to ...
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Why did Kant, Hegel, and Adorno leave some words and phrases in the Greek alphabet?

I know this mostly from continental philosophers, like Hegel, Adorno or Kant: they use the greek alphabet when writing ancient terminology like ergon, telos or megalopsychos, while MacIntyre for ...
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What are some realistic situations where Kantian ethics can be applied?

By 'realistic' I mean ones which have a good chance of happening with someone.
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What does proto-idealistic philosophy mean?

I am listening to a lecture on YT (https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=CbvG4KffgSI skip to 2:41) and the lecturer mentioned "Immanuel Kant's proto-idealistic philosophy." What does that mean?
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Is Kant an anarchist/libertarian while defending that the resistance to a resistance is legitimate by the same law?

While reading an excerpt of Kant's Metaphysique of morals I was shocked by the conclusion drawn from it. Resistance that counteracts the hinderig of an effect promotes this effect and is consistent ...
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How does Kant solve the problem of the difference between phenomenon and noumenon?

[I'm sorry for my incorrect English] Hello, I studied the Critique of Judgment of Immanule Kant, and I don't understand, how Kant solve the problem of the difference between Critique of Pure Reason ...
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The double interpretation of 'a priori' in Kant's metaphysics

I'm sorry if this question has been asked before. My question regards the apparent double nature of the term 'a priori' in Kant's Critique of pure reason. Namely, as a presupposition for experience ...
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Does Kant’s argument against idealism refute Cartesian epistemology?

While Kant arguably manages to show in section 65 of the Critique of Pure Reason (“Refutation of Idealism”) that the concept of a self existing through time cannot be reconciled with skepticism of the ...
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For Kant, why is the Cogito an analytical proposition?

Could someone please explain to me why is that Kant thinks of the Cogito as an analytical proposition? Is it only because the predicate of the Cogito is already presumed in the concept of an thinking ...
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Kant and the absolute a priori

Frome the Critique of Pure Reason: "First, then, if a proposition is thought along with its ne­cessity, it is an a priori judgment; if it is, moreover, also not derived from any proposition ...
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Is it the case that Kant was indirectly 'describing' the noumenon by defining phenomenon?

In all commentaries on Kant's philosophy and his Critique of Pure Reason, it is stated that noumenon is completely unknowable. For example in the entry of 'Appearance' in Encyclopaedia Britannica we ...
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Is is true that Kant's philosophy inspired Einstein's theory of relativity?

Could you explain how it did inspire Einstein, and if Einstein gave him any credit for any of his ideas?
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I've heard that Hegel's view on how to attain absolute truth differed from Kant's. In what ways?

I think, from memory, Hegel said that the absolute truth can be known through a dialectical process between the object and the thing-in-itself. But, how does that differ from Kant's opinion on the ...
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Critical rationalism and Evolution

Lets assume I. Kant would have became aware of Darwins theory of Evolution after writing his "Kritik der reinen Vernunft". How could the knowledge have affected his idea about the "ursprünglich ...
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What did Kant say on the invention of new terms?

I remember I once read in Kant's "Kritik der Reinen Vernunft" about the tendency to come up with or invent new terms/words, about which he was quite "critical" (pun intended). I need the exact quote, ...
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Universality of aesthetic judgment in Kant

In the Critique of Judgement Kant tries to characterise the aesthetic judgement as (among others) universal, i.e as a judgement that we can demand others to have as well as us. If I understand ...
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Kant and Utilitarians vs War

A soldier is about to execute 20 prisoners. He tells you that if you kill one of them, he'll let the other 19 go. This classic standoff between Kantian ethics and utilitarianism is discussed @ "...
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Had Kant ever said anything about “Beauty is not on the rosy cheeks of a maiden”?

My "Introduction to Aesthetics" textbook (a cheap-looking book made by people of questionable credentials) claims that Immanuel Kant had said something to the effect of "Beauty doesn't lie on the rosy ...
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Aesthetically judging without concepts?

In the Second Moment of the Critique of Judgement, Kant writes about how the universality of the judgment of beauty is without concepts. I understand what he is doing here, but keep wondering whether ...
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Kant and the ornament

I am getting somewhat confused about Kant's stance about ornaments. In the Critique of Judgement, Kant seems to make a strict distinction between parergon (the add-ons to say cruely) and ergon (the ...
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Is ethics the primary purpose of Kant's philosophy?

My professor said that he believes the primary purpose behind Kant's Critique of Pure Reason is to respond to the empiricist view that morals are ultimately subjective. He believes that the primary ...
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Does Kant think it's okay to lie to kids?

If Kant doesn't believe that kids are completely rational then would he say that it is okay to tell them a white lie?
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Kant and Theodicy

I am looking for some general overview on Immanuel Kant's theodicy. I need resources, such as an SEP page, on the topic of Kant's theodicy. Did Kant discuss theodicy at all? What possible ...
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How does the phenomenon of moral luck pose a problem for Kantian ethical theories?

I was reading the paper "Moral luck" by Thomas Nagel which left me rather confused. In the paper, he describes four different kinds of moral luck:: constitutive luck, resultant luck, circumstantial ...
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Kant: 7 + 5 = 12 and concepts

I have already read several posts on this topic but I have some other questions. According to Kant, 5 + 7 = 12 is synthetic a priori judgement. I want to know what the judgement really is. Is it ...
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How similar are Kantian Ethics to Virtue Ethics?

I am writing an essay for the question 'Critically evaluate the view that ethics should be more concerned with who you are than what you do'. I have done some of Kant's ethics and some virtue ethics,...
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What would Kant do in this situation of a drowning child in the pond? [closed]

Suppose you see a drowning child in a pond and there is no one else around except you. You want to save the child, but you know you cannot swim. And there is no other means other than swimming in the ...
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Superiority of the concept as opposed to synthetic apperception

In The Foundations of Arithmetic (§ 48, p. 61), after maintaining that statements of numbers are indeed statements of fact, Frege asserts that: The concept has a power of collecting together far ...
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Is globalization immoral? [closed]

My question pertains to when Morality becomes so defined and homogenous to the entire population if this isn’t immoral to the diversities that it umbrellas. In a world that now demands membership as ...
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Does a priori knowledge exist and can we prove objectivity through it?

My friend and I got into an argument around Kant's categorical imperative. Eventually, ignoring all of that rigmarole, he argued that a priori knowledge was subjective. Things like 4 > 3 don't have to ...
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Does it matter if we never achieve the results of our being good? [closed]

I mean "good" broadly speaking. That could mean anything. It seems like we are bombarded with people who live, at least overtly, moral lives but who are somehow fake. The word "result" reminds me of ...
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Schopenauer's critique of Kant: the distinction between knowledge of perception from abstract knowledge

I am reading "The World as Will and Representation" by Arthur Schopenhauer (Norman, J., Welchman, A., & Janaway, C. (Eds.). (2010). Schopenhauer: 'The World as Will and Representation'). In the ...
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Why did Hegel consider Kant's definition of marriage crude and shameful?

Why did Hegel* consider Kant's definition of marriage crude and shameful? Kant** defines marriage as: the union between two persons of opposite sex with a view to the lifelong reciprocal ...
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How does autonomy as defined by Kant relate to respect for others?

I understand what Autonomy means. However, I fail to understand how it maps on to respect for others.
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What is the relationship between Autonomy and Virtue for Kant?

I understand autonomy to me decisions made through reasons and Kant defines virtue as “the moral strength of a human being's will in fulfilling his duty”. How is autonomy related to virtue?
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How is Kantian's Universality Formulation identical to his Humanity Formulation (Principle of Ends)?

Kant states that the humanity formulation was substantively identical with his first formulation of the categorical imperative (universal law of nature), but I do not see how he came to that ...
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Explain kant's conception of causality as an a priori category prescribed by the understanding to all possible objects of experience?

How does causality relate to the a priori and experience? I am having trouble connecting the dots. Any help would be great!
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Why does Russell's writing suggest that Kant was right about mathematics being synthetic a priori?

As I was reading "The problems of philosophy" by Bertrand Russell I got the impression that Kant was right and Hume was wrong in the case of a priori knowledge of synthetic mathematic nature and I'm ...
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In the Critique of Pure Reason, what is the difference between “schema” and “synthesis”?

I don't understand the difference between Schema and Synthesis. I have read the First Critique and I see Kant is using the words "schema" and "synthesis" as "intermediate" between intuitions and ...
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What exactly is Kant's argument for the universality of judgements of beauty?

Why am I allowed to demand that everyone agree with me when it comes to judgement of beauty? I see two places in the critique where Kant answers this: The first place is in section 6 (second moment)...